Apostila HTML 5

April 13, 2018 | Author: webdre | Category: Html5, Html, Xhtml, Web Browser, Cascading Style Sheets
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Apostila de HTML5 - 27/04/2011...

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Wi ewfn mg rgcgrìokfn pnrn h{ mg{goshasgmhrg{ ugb/

Nomrg Awf| Pgmrh|h q kho}n}[email protected]/khi/br q uuu/ugbmrg/khi/br

D]IA7 Wi ewfn mg rgcgrìokfn pnrn h{ mg{goshasgmhrg{ ugb/

Pnr}g >< Inrjwp >/ 2/ ;/ =/ 7/ 3/

Sf{ëh

egrna mh D]IA7/ Noîaf{g mh {wphr}g n}wna pgah{ onsgenmhrg{ g g{}rn}æefn{ mg w{h G{}rw}wrn bî{fkn! MHK]VPG g kdnr{g}{ Ihmgah{ mg kho}gümh Ohsh{ gagigo}h{ g n}rfbw}h{ Gagigo}h{ ihmfcfknmh{ g nw{go}g{

Pnr}g 2< Chriwaîrfh{ g Iwa}fiémfn 5/ 4/ 6/ >0/ >>/ >2/

Ohsh{ }fph{ mg kniph{ ]fph{ mg mnmh{ g snafmnmhrg{ Mg}nadg{ g kho}gümh gmf}îsga/ Mrne)o)mrhp g khrrgåëh hr}herîcfkn Gagigo}h{ nwmfh g sfmgh! g khmgk{ Gagigo}h mgsfkg g [}rgni NPF

Pnr}g ;< N ohsn egrnåëh mg npafknå÷g{ ugb F >;/ In}dIA g [SE >=/ Knosn{ NPF >7/ >3/ >5/ >4/ >6/

[grsgr){go} gsgo}{ MHI g D]IA7 Ohsh{ gsgo}h{ MHI Igow{ g }hhabnr{ ]fph{ mg afoj{

Pnr}g =< N ohsn egrnåëh mg npafknå÷g{ ugb FF 20/ 2>/ 22/ 2;/ 2=/ 27/

Ifkrhmn}n Df{}ûrfkh mg {g{{ëh g NPF [}hrneg Npafknå÷g{ hccafog [krhaa fo }h sfgu g dfmmgo E ghahkn}fho NPF Womh

Nomrg Awf| Pgmrh|h q kho}n}[email protected]/khi/br q uuu/ugbmrg/khi/br

>/ SF[ËH EGRNA MH D]IA7 Mg nkhrmh khi h U;K n Ugb æ bn{gnmn gi ; pfanrg{< Wi g{~wgin mg ohig{ pnrn ahknaf|nåëh mg cho}g{ mg fochrinåëh on Ugb! g{{g g{~wgin kdnin ){g WRF/ Wi Prh}hkhah mg nkg{{h pnrn nkg{{nr g{}n{ cho}g{! dhlg h D]]P/ Win afoewnegi mg Dvpgr}gt}h! pnrn n cîkfa onsgenåëh go}rg n{ ch o}g{ mg fochrinåëh< h D]IA/ v v v

Snih{

oh{ chknr oh }grkgfrh pfanr! h D]IA/

Dvpgr}gt}h

D]IA æ win nbrgsfnåëh mg Dvpgr}gt} Inrjwp Anoewneg ) Afoewnegi mg Inrknåëh mg Dvpgr}gt}h/ Rg{wifomh gi win crn{g< h D]IA æ win afoewnegi pnrn pwbafknåëh mg kho}gümh $}gt}h!finegi! sémgh! îwmfh g g}k& on Ugb/ H D]IA æ bn{gnmh oh khokgf}h mg Dfpgr}gt}h/ Dfpgr}gt}h {ëh kholwo}h{ mg gagigo}h{  hw oû{  afenmh{ phr khogt÷g{/ G{}g{ gagigo}h{ phmgi {gr pnansrn{! finego{! sémgh{! îwmfh! mhkwigo}h{ g}k/ G{}g{ gagigo}h{ khogk}nmh{ chrini win ernomg rgmg mg fochrinåëh/ Gag{ oëh g{}ëh khogk}nmh{ afognrigo}g khih {g ch{{gi }gt}h{ mg wi afsrh! homg wi n{{wo}h æ afenmh nh hw}rh {gewfmnigo}g/ N khogtëh cgf}n gi wi dfpgr}gt}h æ naeh f iprgsf{}h ~wg pgrif}g n khiwofknåëh mg mnmh{! hrenof|nomh khodgkfigo}h{ g ewnrmnomh fochrinå÷g{ rgankfhonmn{/ Pnrn mf{}rfbwfr fochrinåëh mg win inogfrn eahbna! æ ogkg{{îrfh dnsgr win afoewnegi ~wg {gln go}gomfmn wofsgr{naigo}g phr mfsgr{h{ igfh{ mg nkg{{h/ H D]IA {g prhp÷g n {gr g{}n afoewnegi/ Mg{goshasfmh hrfefonaigo}g phr ]fi Bgrogr{)Agg h D]IA enodhw phpwanrfmnmg ~wnomh h Ih{nfk ) brhu{gr mg{goshasfmh phr Inrk Nomrgg{{go on mæknmn mg >660 ) enodhw chrån/ N pnr}fr mné! mg{goshasgmhrg{ g cnbrfkno}g{ mg brhu{gr{ w}faf|nrni h D]IA khih bn{g! khipnr}fadnomh n{ ig {in{ khosgoå÷g{/ H khigåh g n fo}grhpgrnbfafmnmg

Go}rg >66; g >667! h D]IA enodhw n{ sgr{÷g{ D]IA*! D]IA2/0 g D]IA;/0! homg chrni prhph{}n{ mfsgr{n{ iwmnoån{ pnrn gorf~wgkgr n{ ph{{fbfafmnmg{ mn afoewnegi/ Kho}wmh! n}æ n~wf h D]IA nfomn oëh grn }rn}nmh khih wi pnmrëh/ Npgon{ gi >665! h erwph mg }rnbnadh mh U;K rg{pho{îsga phr ino}gr h pnmrëh mh kûmfeh! }rnbnadhw on sgr{ëh ;/2 mn afoewnegi! cn|gomh khi ~wg gan ch{{g }rn}nmn khih prî}fkn khiwi/ Shkì phmg sgr0

Æ fo}grg{{no}g ~wg shkì cnån kûmfeh khipn}ésga khi g{}g{ ih}hrg{/ Chknomh n khipn}fbfafmnmg oh{ ih}hrg{ mg rgomgrf|nåëh shkì n}foefrî win nipaf}wmg infhr mg brhu{gr{/ Phr gtgipah! {g {gw kûmfeh cwokfhonr ohUgbjf}! shkì naknoånrî h [ncnrf g h Kdrhig! mhf{ mh{ prfokfpnf{ brhu{gr{ mh igrknmh pnrn mg{j}hp{/ Naæi mf{{h! shkì }nibæi naknoån npnrgadh{ khih Bankjbgrrv! fPdhog! fPhm ]hwkd! fPnm g mf{ph{f}fsh{ ~wg rhmni Nomrhfm/

Nomrg Awf| Pgmrh|h q kho}n}[email protected]/khi/br q uuu/ugbmrg/khi/br

Khipn}fbfafmnmg khi D]IA7

N}wnaigo}g h Ugbjf} æ h ih}hr inf{ khipn}ésga khi h{ Pnmr÷g{ mh D]IA7/ Khih n Nppag }gi fo}grg{{g ~wg {gw{ mf{ph{f}fsh{ {glni wa}rnkhipn}ésgf{ khi h{ Pnmr÷g{! gan }gi cgf}h wi bgah }rnbnadh mg n}wnaf|nåëh g nsnoåh mn khipn}fbfafmnmg mg{}g ih}hr/ Kho}wmh h Cfrgcht g h Hpgrn lî g{}ëh khipn}ésgf{ khi ernomg pnr}g mn g{pgkfcfknåëh mh D]IA7 g K[[; g n knmn wpernmg gag{ }rn|gi inf{ ohsfmnmg{ g n}wnaf|nåëh mh{ pnmr÷g{/ H ~wg phmg }g prghkwpnr mg sgrmnmg æ n rg}rhkhipn}fbfafmnmg khi sgr{÷g{ no}fen{ mg brhu{gr{ khih h Fo}grog} Gtpahrgr/ N Ifkrh{hc} g{}î cn|gomh wi bhi }rnbnadh khi h FG6! in{ n{ sgr{÷g{ 4 g 5 oëh }gi ~wn{g ogodwi {wphr}g nh D]IA7! h ~wg æ wi prhbagin {ærfh pnrn npafknå÷g{ ugb bn{gnmn{ gi }gkohahefn{ inf{ rgkgo}g{! in{ ~wg n bn{g mg w{wîrfh{ w}faf|n n{ sgr{÷g{ no}fen{ mh Fo}grog} Gtpahrgr/ Nbnfth {gewg win }nbgan {fipag{ mg khipn}fbfafmnmg go}rg h{ brhu{gr{ g naewo{ iûmwah{ mh D]IA7<

]ækofkn{ mg mg}gkåëh

Phmg {gr ~wg h w{wîrfh oëh w}faf|g wi brhu{gr ~wg {wphr}n D]IA7/ Og{}gkn{h! shkì phmg rgmfrgkfhoî)ah pnrn win sgr{ëh mh {f}g inf{ {fipag{! hw }nasg| npgon{ ih{}rnr win igo{negi nagr}nomh h w{wîrfh {hbrg n fiphr}âokfn mn n}wnaf|nåëh mh brhu{gr/ Pnrn f{{h }gih{ naewin{ }ækofkn{ mg mg}gkåëh pnrn khocgrfr {g h brhu{gr {wphr}n hw oëh D]IA7/ ^wnomh h brhu{gr sf{f}n wi ugb{f}g! gag kho{}rûf win khagåëh mg hblg}h{ ~wg rgprg{go}ni gagigo}h{ D]IA on pîefon/ Knmn gagigo}h oh kûmfeh æ rgprg{go}nmh oh MHI khih wi hblg}h mfcgrgo}g/ ]hmh hblg}h MHI }gi prhprfgmnmg{ gi khiwi! in{ naewo{ hblg}h{ }gi knrnk}gré{}fkn{ g{pgkécfkn{/ W{nrgih{ g{}g{ hblg}h{ pnrn cn|grih{ n mg}gkåëh/ Nbnfth {gewg = igfh{ ~wg shkì phmgrî w}faf|nr pnrn mg}gk}nr h {wphr}g mh brhu{gr< >/ Sgrfcf~wg {g win mg}grifonmn prhprfgmnmg gtf{}g gi hblg}h{ eahbnf{ khih UFOMHU hw ON SFEN]HR/ Og{{g kn{h! sgrfcfknih{ h {wphr}g n eghahknaf|nåëh/ 2/ Krfg wi gagigo}h g sgrfcf~wg {g win mg}grifonmn prhprfgmnmg gtf{}g og{}g gagigo}h/ ;/ Krfg wi gagigo}h g sgrfcf~wg {g wi mg}grifonmh iæ}hmh gtf{}g og{}g gagigo}h! go}ëh kdnig h iæ}hmh g sgrfcf~wg {g h snahr rg}hron/ Phr gtgipah! }g{}g ~wnf{ chrin}h{ mg sémgh {ëh {wphr}nmh{/ =/ Krfg wi gagigo}h g mgcfon wi n}rfbw}h khi wi mg}grifonmh snahr! go}ëh sgrfcf~wg {g h n}rfbw}h {wphr}n g{}g snahr/ Phr gtgipah! krfg wi fopw} g sgrfcf~wg ~wnf{ }vpg{ {ëh {wphr}nmh{/ W}faf|nomh h Ihmgrof|r

H Ihmgrof|r $d}}p 1.MHK]VPG D]IA? 2 1d}ia anoe9"p})br"? ; 1dgnm? = 1ig}n kdnr{g}9"W]C)4"? 7 1afoj rga9"{}vag{dgg}" }vpg9"}gt}(k{{" drgc9"g{}fah/k{{"? 3 1}f}ag?1(}f}ag? 5 1(dgnm? 4 1bhmv? 6 1p?G{}rw}wrn bî{fkn mg wi D]IA1(p? >0 >> 1prg? >2 #a}:.MHK]VPG D]IA#e}:1br? >; #a}:d}ia anoe9"p})br"#e}:1br? >= #a}:dgnm#e}:1br? >7 #a}:ig}n kdnr{g}9"W]C)4"#e}:1br? >3 #a}:afoj rga9"{}vag{dgg}" }vpg9"}gt}(k{{" drgc9"g{}fah/k{{"#e}:1br? >5 #a}:}f}ag#e}:#a}:(}f}ag#e}:1br? >4 #a}:(dgnm#e}:1br? >6 #a}:bhmv#e}:1br? 20 2> #a}:(bhmv#e}:1br? 22 #a}:(d}ia#e}:1br? 2; 1(prg? 2= 1n drgc9"lnsn{krfp}< df{}hrv/eh$)>&"?Sha}nr pnrn h nr}feh1(n? 27 23 1(bhmv? 25 1(d}ia? H Mhk}vpg

H Mhk}vpg mgsg {gr n prfigfrn afodn mg kûmfeh mh mhkwigo}h no}g{ mn }ne D]IA/ 1.MHK]VPG d}ia? H Mhk}vpg fomfkn pnrn h onsgenmhr g pnrn hw}rh{ igfh{ ~wna n g{pgkfcfknåëh mg kûmfeh w}faf|nr/ Gi sgr{÷g{ no}grfhrg{! grn ogkg{{îrfh rgcgrgokfnr h M]M mfrg}nigo}g oh kûmfeh mh Mhk}vpg/ Khi h D]IA7! n rgcgrìokfn phr ~wna M]M w}faf|nr æ rg{pho{nbfafmnmg mh Brhu{gr/ H Mhk}vpg oëh æ win }ne mh D]IA! in{ win fo{}rwåëh pnrn ~wg h brhu{gr }godn fochrinå÷g{ {hbrg ~wna sgr{ëh mg kûmfeh n inrknåëh chf g{krf}n/ H gagigo}h D]IA

H kûmfeh D]IA æ win {ærfg mg gagigo}h{ gi îrshrg homg naewo{ gagigo}h{ {ëh cfadh{ mg hw}rh{ g n{{fi phr mfno}g/ H gagigo}h prfokfpna mg{{n ernomg îrshrg æ {giprg n }ne D]IA/ 1d}ia anoe9"p})br"? H n}rfbw}h ANO E æ ogkg{{îrfh pnrn ~wg h{ w{gr)nego}{ {nfbni ~wna n afoewnegi prfokfpna mh mhkwigo}h/ Agibrg){g ~wg h n}rfbw}h ANO E oëh æ rg{}rf}h nh gagigo}h D]IA! gag phmg {gr w}faf|nmh gi ~wna~wgr hw}rh gagigo}h pnrn fomfknr h fmfhin mh }gt}h rgprg{go}nmh/ DGNM

N ]ne DGNM æ homg cfkn }hmn n pnr}g fo}gafego}g mn pîefon/ Oh DGNM cfkni h{ ig}nmnmh{/ Ig}nmnmh{ {ëh fochrinå÷g{ {hbrg n pîefon g h kho}gümh naf pwbafknmh/ Ig}n}ne Kdnr{g} Oh oh{{h gtgipah dî win ig}n}ne rg{pho{îsga phr kdnsgnr ~wna }nbgan mg knrnk}ærg{ n pîefon g{}î w}faf|nomh/ 1ig}n kdnr{g}9"w}c)4"?

Nomrg Awf| Pgmrh|h q kho}n}[email protected]/khi/br q uuu/ugbmrg/khi/br

On{ sgr{÷g{ no}grfhrg{ nh D]IA7! g{{n }ne grn g{krf}n mn chrin nbnfth< 1ig}n d}}p)g~wfs9"Kho}go})]vpg" kho}go}9"}gt}(d}ia: kdnr{g}9w}c)4"? G{{n chrin no}fen {grî }nibæi {wphr}nmn oh D]IA7/ Kho}wmh! æ igadhr ~wg shkì w}faf|g n ohsn chrin/ N Ugb æ nkg{{nmn phr pg{{hn{ mh iwomh fo}gfrh/ ]gr wi {f{}gin hw wi {f}g ~wg afif}g h nkg{{h g pg{{hn{ mg hw}rh{ pné{g{ æ naeh ~wg snf kho}rn n }rnmfåëh g h{ fmgnf{ mn fo}grog}/ Phr f{{h! chf krfnmh win }nbgan ~wg {wprf{{g g{{n{ ogkg{{fmnmg{! g{{n }nbgan {g kdnin Wofkhmg/ N }nbgan Wofkhmg {wphr}n naeh gi }hroh mg wi ifadëh mg knrnk}grg{/ Nh fosæ{ mgknmn rgefëh }gr {wn }nbgan mg knrnk}grg{! æ iwf}h inf{ {go{n}h dnsgr win }nbgan pnmrëh khi h infhr oüigrh mg knrnk}grg{ ph{{ésga/ N}wnaigo}g n infhrfn mh{ {f{}gin{ g brhu{gr{ w}faf|nmh{ phr w{wîrfh{ {wphr}ni pagonigo}g Wofkhmg/ Phr f{{h! cn|gomh {gw {f{}gin Wofkhmg shkì enrno}g ~wg gag {grî bgi sf{wnaf|nmh n~wf! on Kdfon hw gi ~wna~wgr hw}rh awenr mh iwomh/ H ~wg h Wofkhmg cn| æ chrogkgr wi üofkh oüigrh pnrn knmn knrnk}grg! oëh fiphr}n n pan}nchrin! ogi h prhernin! ogi n aéoewn/ ]ne AFOJ

Dî mhf{ }fph{ mg afoj{ oh D]IA< n }ne N! ~wg {ëh afoj{ ~wg agsni h w{wîrfh pnrn hw}rh{ mhkwigo}h{ g n }ne AFOJ! ~wg {ëh afoj{ pnrn cho}g{ gt}gron{ ~wg {grëh w{nmn{ oh mhkwigo}h/ Oh oh{{h gtgipah dî win }ne AFOJ ~wg fiphr}n h K[[ pnrn oh{{n pîefon< 1afoj rga9"{}vag{dgg}" }vpg9"}gt}(k{{" drgc9"g{}fah/k{{"? H n}rfbw}h rga9"{}vag{dgg}" fomfkn ~wg n~wgag afoj æ rgan}fsh n fiphr}nåëh mg wi nr~wfsh rgcgrgo}g n chadn{ mg g{}fah/ Dî hw}rh{ snahrg{ pnrn h n}rfbw}h RGA! khih phr gtgipah h NA]GRON]G< 1afoj rga9"na}gron}g" }vpg9"nppafkn}fho(n}hi*tia" }f}ag9"cggm" drgc9"(cggm("? Og{}g kn{h! fomfknih{ nh{ w{gr)nego}{ ~wg h kho}gümh mh {f}g phmgr {gr gokho}rnmh gi wi knifodh na}gron}fsh sfn N}hi CGGM/ Oh D]IA7 dî hw}rh{ afoj{ rgan}fsh{ ~wg shkì phmg fo{grfr khih hrga9"nrkdfsg{"~wg fomfkn win rgcgrìokfn n win khagåëh mg in}grfna df{}ûrfkh mn pîefon/ Phr gtgipah! n pîefon mg df{}ûrfkh mg wi bahe phmg {gr rgcgrgokfnmn og{}n }ne/

Nomrg Awf| Pgmrh|h q kho}n}[email protected]/khi/br q uuu/ugbmrg/khi/br

=/ IHMGAH[ MG KHO]GÜMH Dî pg~wgon{ rgern{ bî{fkn{ ~wg oû{ lî khodgkgih{ g ~wg g{}ëh oh D]IA mg{mg h foékfh/ G{}n{rgern{ mgcfogi homg h{ gagigo}h{ phmgi hw oëh g{}nr/ [g gag{ phmgi {gr cfadh{ hw pnf{ mg hw}rh{ gagigo}h{ g ~wnf{ h{ {gw{ khiphr}nigo}h{/ Mgo}rg }hmn{ n{ kn}gehrfn{ mg ihmgah{ mg kho}gümh! gtf{}gi mhf{ }fph{ mg gagigo}h{< gagigo}h{ mg afodn g mg bahkh/ H{ gagigo}h{ mg afodn inrkni! on {wn infhrfn mn{ sg|g{! }gt}h/ Naewo{ gtgipah{ q d2 q d; q d= q d7 q d3 q dgnmgr q derhwp q dr q f q fcrnig q fie q f opw} q fo{ q jbm q jgvego q anbga q afoj $[g h n}rfbw}h f}giprhp chr w}faf|nmh& q inp q inrj q in}d q igow q ig}n $[g h n}rfbw}h f}giprhp chr w}faf|nmh& q ig}gr q ons q oh{krfp} q hblgk} q ha q hw}pw} q p q prg q prherg{{ q ~ q rwbv q {nip q {krfp} q {gk}fho q {gagk} q {inaa q {pno q {}rhoe q {}vag $[g h n}rfbw}h {khpgm chr w}faf|nmh& q {wb q {wp q {se q }nbag q }gt}nrgn q }fig q wa q snr q sfmgh q ubr q }gt} v

Phr sfn mg rgern! gagigo}h{ ~wg {gw ihmgah mg kho}gümh pgrif}gi fo{grfr ~wna~wgr gagigo}h ~wg {g goknftn oh Cahu Kho}go}! mgsgi }gr pgah igoh{ wi mg{kgomgo}g mg }gt}h hw wi gagigo}h mg{kgomgo}g ~wg cnån pnr}g mnkn}gehrfn gibgmmgm/ [gk}fhofoe kho}go}

G{}g{ gagigo}h{ mgcfogi wi erwph mg knbgånadh{ g rhmnpæ{/ nr}fkag q n{fmg q ons q {gk}fho Bn{fknigo}g {ëh gagigo}h{ ~wg lwo}ni erwph{ mg }gt}h{ oh mhkwigo}h/ v

Dgnmfoe kho}go}

H{ gagigo}h{ mn kn}gehrfn Dgnmfoe mgcfogi win {gåëh mg knbgånadh{! ~wg phmgi g{}nr kho}fmh{ gi wi gagigo}h on kn}gehrfn [gk}fhofoe/ d> q d2 q d; q d= q d7 q d3 q derhwp v

Nomrg Awf| Pgmrh|h q kho}n}[email protected]/khi/br q uuu/ugbmrg/khi/br

Pdrn{foe kho}go}

Cn|gi pnr}g mg{}n kn}gehrfn gagigo}h{ ~wg inrkni h }gt}h mh mhkwigo}h! bgi khih h{ gagigo}h{ ~wg inrkni g{}g }gt}h mgo}rh mh gagigo}h mg pnrîernch/ n q nbbr q nrgn ${g gag chr mg{kgomgo}g mg wi gagigo}h mg inpn& q nwmfh q b q bmh q br q bw}}ho q knosn{ q kf}g q khmg q khiinom q mn}naf{} q mga ${g gag kho}fsgr wi gagigo}h mn kn}gehrfn mg Pdrn{foe& q mco q gi q gibgm q f q fcrnig q fie q fopw} q fo{ ${g gag kho}fsgr wi gagigo}h mn kn}gehrfn mg Pdrn{foe& q jbm q jgvego q anbga q afoj ${g h n}rfbw}h f}giprhp chr w}faf|nmh& q inp ${g npgon{ gag kho}fsgr wi gagigo}h mn kn}gehrfn mg Pdrn{foe& q inrj q in}d q ig}n ${g h n}rfbw}h f}giprhp chr w}faf|nmh& q ig}gr q oh{krfp} q hblgk} q hw}pw} q prherg{{ q ~ q rwbv q {nip q {krfp} q {gagk} q {inaa{ q pno q {}rhoe q {wb q {wp q {se q }gt}nrgn q }fig q snr q sfmgh q ubr q }gt} v

Gibgmmgm On kn}gehrfnkho}go} Gibgmmgm! dî gagigo}h{ ~wg fiphr}ni hw}rn cho}g mg fochrinåëh pnrn h mhkwigo}h/ v

nwmfh q knosn{ q gibgm q fcrnig q fie q in}d q hblgk} q {se q sfmgh

Fo}grnk}fsg kho}go}

Fo}grnk}fsg Kho}go} {ëh gagigo}h{ ~wg cn|gi pnr}g mn fo}grnåëh mg w{wîrfh/ n q nwmfh ${g h n}rfbw}h kho}rha chr w}faf|nmh& q bw}}ho q mg}nfa{ q gibgm q fcrnig q fie ${g h n}rfbw}h w{ginp chr w}faf|nmh& q fopw} ${g h n}rfbw}h }vpg oëh }fsgr h snahr dfmmgo& q jgvego q anbga q igow ${g h n}rfbw}h }vpg }fsgr h snahr }hhabnr& q hblgk} ${g h n}rfbw}h w{ginp chr w}faf|nmh& q {gagk} q }gt}nrgn q sfmgh ${g h n}rfbw}h kho}rha chr w}faf|nmh& v

Naewo{ gagigo}h{ oh D]IA phmgi {gr n}fsnmh{ phr wi khiphr}nigo}h/ F{{h {feofcfkn ~wg h w{wîrfh phmg n}fsî)ah mg naewin chrin/ H foékfh mn {g~wgokfn mg gsgo}h{ mgpgomg mh igknof{ih mg n}fsnåëh g ohrinaigo}g kwaifoni gi wi gsgo}h mg kafkj {gewfmh pgah gsgo}h MHINk}fsn}g/ H w{gr)nego} pgrif}g ~wg h w{wîrfh n}fsg inownaigo}g h gagigo}h ~wg }gi g{}g khiphr}nigo}h w}faf|nomh wi }gkanmh! ihw{g! khinomh mg sh| g}k/

Nomrg Awf| Pgmrh|h q kho}n}[email protected]/khi/br q uuu/ugbmrg/khi/br

7/ OHSH[ GAGIGO]H[ G N]RFBW]H[ N cwoåëh mh D]IA æ fomfknr ~wg }fph mg fochrinåëh n pîefon g{}î gtfbfomh/ ^wnomh agih{ wi afsrh! kho{gewfih{ go}gomgr g mfcgrgokfnr wi }é}wah mg wi pnrîernch/ Bn{}n pgrkgbgrih{ n ~wno}fmnmg mg ag}rn! }ninodh mn cho}g! khr g}k/ Oh kûmfeh f{{h æ mfcgrgo}g/ Rhbý{ mg bw{kn g hw}rh{ w{gr)nego}{ oëh kho{gewgi mfcgrgokfnr }nf{ mg}nadg{/ Phr f{{h! knbg nh mg{goshasgmhr inrknr n fochrinåëh pnrn ~wg gan{ ph{{ni {gr mfcgrgokfnmn{ phr mfsgr{h{ mf{ph{f}fsh{/ Khi n{ sgr{÷g{ no}grfhrg{ mh D]IA oû{ kho{gewfih{ inrknr mfsgr{h{ gagigo}h{ mh anvhw}! g{}rw}wrnomh n pîefon mg chrin ~wg n{ fochrinå÷g{ cfkn{{gi gi {wn{ îrgn{ g{pgkécfkn{/ Kho{gewfîih{ mfcgrgokfnr phr gtgipah! wi pnrîernch mg wi }é}wah/ In{ oëh kho{gewénih{ mfcgrgokfnr h rhmnpæ mh knbgånadh/ G{{n mfcgrgokfnåëh grn npgon{ pgrkgbfmn sf{wnaigo}g pgah anvhw} prho}h hw pgan ph{fåëh mh{ gagigo}h{ on g{}rw}wrn mh D]IA/ Go}rg}no}h! oëh dnsfn inogfrn mg mg}gk}nr nw}hin}fknigo}g g{}g{ gagigo}h{ lî ~wg n{ }ne{ w}faf|nmn pnrn nibh{ phmgrfni {gr fewnf{ g oëh dnsfn pnmrëh pnrn ohigokan}wrn mg FM{ g Kan{{g{/ H D]IA7 }rhwtg win {ærfg mg gagigo}h{ ~wg oh{ nlwmni n mgcfofr {g}hrg{ prfokfpnf{ oh mhkwigo}h D]IA/ Khi n nlwmn mg{}g{ gagigo}h{! phmgih{ phr gtgipah mfcgrgokfnr mfrg}nigo}g pgah kûmfeh D]IA7 îrgn{ fiphr}no}g{ mh {f}g khih {fmgbnr! rhmnpæ g knbgånadh/ Kho{gewfih{ {gkkfhonr n îrgn mg kho}gümh fomfknomh homg gtn}nigo}g æ h }gt}h mh nr}feh/ G{}n{ iwmnoån{ {fipafcfkni h }rnbnadh mg {f{}gin{ khih h{ mh{ bw{knmhrg{/ Khi h D]IA7 h{ bw{knmhrg{ kho{gewgi sn{kwadnr h kûmfeh mg inogfrn inf{ gcfkn|/ Prhkwrnomh g ewnrmnomh fochrinå÷g{ inf{ gtn}n{ g agsnomh igoh{ }giph pnrn g{}hknr g{{n fochrinåëh/ Nbnfth {gewg win af{}n mh{ ohsh{ gagigo}h{ g n}rfbw}h{ fokawémh{ oh D]IA7<

{gk}fho

N }ne {gk}fho mgcfog win ohsn {gåëh egoærfkn oh mhkwigo}h/ Phr gtgipah! n dhig mg wi ugb{f}g phmg {gr mfsfmfmn gi mfsgr{n{ {gå÷g{< fo}rhmwåëh hw mg{}n~wg! ohsfmnmg{! fochrinåëh mg kho}n}h g kdninmn{ pnrn kho}gümh fo}groh/

H gagigo}h ons rgprg{go}n win {gåëh mn pîefon ~wg kho}æi afoj{ ons

nr}fkag

n{fmg

pnrn gagigo}h{ hw}rn{ pnr}g{ ugb{f}g/ n~wgag{ Ogi }hmh{ h{ erwph{ afoj{ mgsgi {gr ons!mh npgon{ erwph{ ~wg mg kho}æi afoj{ fiphr}no}g{/ F{{h phmg {gr npafknmh on~wgag{ bahkh{ mg afoj{ ~wg egrnaigo}g {ëh khahknmh{ oh Rhmnpæ g }nibæi pnrn khiphr h igow prfokfpna mh {f}g/

H gagigo}h nr}fkag rgprg{go}n win pnr}g mn pîefon ~wg phmgrî {gr mf{}rfbwémh g rgw}faf|îsga gi CGGM{ phr gtgipah/ F{}h phmg {gr wi ph{}! nr}feh! wi bahkh mg khigo}îrfh{ mg w{wîrfh{ hw npgon{ wi bahkh mg }gt}h khiwi/

H gagigo}h n{fmg rgprg{go}n wi bahkh mg kho}gümh ~wg rgcgrìokfn h kho}gümh ~wg gosha}n mh gagigo}h n{fmg/ H n{fmgphmg {gr rgprg{go}nmh phr kho}gümh{ gi {fmgbnr{ gi }gt}h{ fiprg{{h{! pwbafkfmnmg hw n}æ ig{ih pnrn krfnr wi erwph mg gagigo}h{ons g hw}rn{ fochrinå÷g{ {gpnrnmh{ mh kho}gümh prfokfpna mh ugb{f}g/

Nomrg Awf| Pgmrh|h q kho}n}[email protected]/khi/br q uuu/ugbmrg/khi/br

dgnmgr

H gagigo}h dgnmgr rgprg{go}n wi erwph mg fo}rhmwåëh hw gagigo}h{ mg onsgenåëh/ H gagigo}hdgnmgr phmg {gr w}faf|nmh pnrn nerwpnr éomfkg{ mg kho}gümh{! kniph{ mg bw{kn hw n}æ ig{ih aheh{/

chh}gr

H gagigo}h chh}gr rgprg{go}n a f}grnaigo}g h rhmnpæ mn pîefon/ [grfn h üa}fih gagigo}h mh üa}fih gagigo}h no}g{ mg cgkdnr n }ne D]IA/ H gagigo}h chh}gr oëh prgkf{n npnrgkgr ogkg{{nrfnigo}g oh cfona mg win {gåëh/

}fig

G{}g gagigo}h {grsg pnrn inrknr pnr}g mh }gt}h ~wg gtfbg wi dhrîrfh hw win mn}n prgkf{n oh knagomîrfh ergehrfnoh/

G{}g n}rfbw}h{ chrni mg{kho}fownmh{ phr~wg ihmfcfkni n chrin}nåëh mh gagigo}h g {wn{ cwoå÷g{ {ëh igadhrg{ kho}rhanmn{ pgah K[[< nafeo khih n}rfbw}h mn }ne knp}fho! fcrnig! fie! fopw}! hblgk}! agegom! }nbag! dr! mfs! d>! d2! d;! d=!d7! d3! p! kha! k haerhwp! }bhmv! }m! }chh}! }d! }dgnm g }r/ nafoj! afoj! }gt} g safoj khih n}rfbw}h{ mn }ne bhmv/ bnkjerhwom khih n}rfbw}h mn }ne bhmv/ bekhahr khih n}rfbw}h mn }ne }nbag! }r! }m! }d g bhmv/ bhrmgr khih n}rfbw}h mn }ne }nbag g hblgk}/ kgaapnmmfoe g kgaa{pnkfoe khih n}rfbw}h{ mn }ne }nbag/ kdnr g kdnrhcc khih n}rfbw}h{ mn }ne kha! khaerhwp! }bhmv! }m! }chh}! }d! }dgnm g }r/ v

v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v

v v v v v v v

kagnr khih n}rfbw}h mn }ne br/ khipnk} khih n}rfbw}h mn }ne ma! igow! ha g wa/ crnig khih n}rfbw}h mn }ne }nbag/ crnigbhrmgr khih n}rfbw}h mn }ne fcrnig/ dgfed} khih n}rfbw}h mn }ne }m g }d/ d{pnkg g s{pnkg khih n}rfbw}h{ mn }ne fie g hblgk}/ inrefodgfed} g inrefoufm}d khih n}rfbw}h{ mn }ne fcrnig/ oh{dnmg khih n}rfbw}h mn }ne dr/ ohurnp khih n}rfbw}h mn }ne }m g }d/ rwag{ khih n}rfbw}h mn }ne }nbag/ {krhaafoe khih n}rfbw}h mn }ne fcrnig/ {f|g khih n}rfbw}h mn }ne dr/ }vpg khih n}rfbw}h mn }ne af! ha g wa/ snafeo khih n}rfbw}h mn }ne kha! khaerhwp! }bhmv! }m! }chh}! }d! }dgnm g }r/ ufm}d khih n}rfbw}h mn }ne dr! }nbag! }m! }d! kha! khaerhwp g prg/ Naewo{ n}rfbw}h{ mh D]IA= oëh {ëh inf{ pgrif}fmh{ oh D]IA7/ [g gag{ }fsgrgi naewi fipnk}h ogen}fsh on khipn}fbfafmnmg mg naewi w{gr)nego} gag{ {grëh mf{kw}fmh{/ rgs g kdnr{g} khih n}rfbw}h{ mn }ne afoj g n/ {dnpg g khhrm{ khih n}rfbw}h{ mn }ne n/ ahoemg{k khih n}rfbw}h mn }ne fie nom fcrnig/ }nreg} khih n}rfbw}h mn }ne afoj/ ohdrgc khih n}rfbw}h mn }ne nrgn/ prhcfag khih n}rfbw}h mn }ne dgnm/ sgr{fho khih n}rfbw}h mn }ne d}ia/

Nomrg Awf| Pgmrh|h q kho}n}[email protected]/khi/br q uuu/ugbmrg/khi/br

v v v v v v

onig khih n}rfbw}h mn }ne fie $w{g fm fo{}gnm&/ {kdgig khih n}rfbw}h mn }ne ig}n/ nrkdfsg! kan{{fm! khmgbn{g! khmg}vpg! mgkanrg g {}nombv khih n}rfbw}h{ mn }ne hblgk}/ snawg}vpg g }vpg khih n}rfbw}h{ mn }ne pnrni/ ntf{ g nbbr khih n}rfbw}h{ mn }ne }m g }d/ {khpg khih n}rfbw}h mn }ne }m/

N}rfbw}h{

Naewo{ gagigo}h{ enodnrni ohsh{ n}rfbw}h{< H n}rfbw}h nw}hchkw{ phmg {gr g{pgkfcfknmh n}rfbw}h dfmmgon}rfbwémh&! }gt}nrgn! {gagk} g bw}}ho/ N }ne n pn{{n n {wphr}nr h n}rfbw}h igmfn khih n }ne afoj/ v

oh{

gagigo}h{f opw} $gtkg}h

~wnomh



v

v

v

v v v v

H{ v v v v

N }ne chri enodn wi n}rfbw}h kdninmh ohsnafmn}g/ ^wnomh npafknmh h chriwaîrfh phmg {gr gosfnmh {gi snafmnåëh mg mnmh{/ H gagigo}h ha enodhw wi n}rfbw}h kdninmh rgsgr{gm/ ^wnomh gag æ npafknmh h{ fomfknmhrg{ mn af{}n {ëh khahknmh{ on hrmgi fosgr{n! f{}h æ! mn chrin mg{kgomgo}g/ H gagigo}h cfgam{g} nehrn pgrif}g h n}rfbw}h mf{nbagm/ ^wnomh npafknmh! }hmh{ h{ cfadh{ mgcfgam{g} {ëh mg{n}fsnmh{/ H ohsh n}rfbw}h pankgdhamgr phmg {gr khahknmh gi fopw}{ g }gt}nrgn{/ H gagigo}h nrgn nehrn {wphr}n h{ n}rfbw}h{ drgcanoe g rga khih h{ gagigo}h{ n g afoj H gagigo}h bn{g nehrn {wphr}n h n}rfbw}h }nreg} n{{fi khih h gagigo}h n/ H n}rfbw}h }nreg} }nibæi oëh g{}î inf{ mg{kho}fownmh oh{ gagigo}h{ n g nrgn phr~wg {ëh ü}gf{ pnrn npafknå÷g{ ugb/ n}rfbw}h{ nbnfth chrni mg{kho}fownmh{<

H n}rfbw}h bhrmgr w}faf|nmh on }ne fie/ H n}rfbw}h anoewneg on }ne {krfp}/ H n}rfbw}h onig on }ne n/ Phr~wg h{ mg{goshasgmhrg{ w}faf|ni FM gi sg| mg onig/ H n}rfbw}h {wiinrv on }ne }nbag/

/

Nomrg Awf| Pgmrh|h q kho}n}[email protected]/khi/br q uuu/ugbmrg/khi/br

3/ GAGIGO]H[ IHMFCFKNMH[ G NW[GO]G[ Gtf{}fni oh D]IA naewo{ gagigo}h{ ~wg }rn|fni npgon{ knrnk}gré{}fkn{ sf{wnf{ g oëh {giâo}fkn{ pnrn h kho}gümh mn pîefon/ G{{g{ gagigo}h{ no}grfhrigo}g chrni mg{kho}fownmh{ phr~wg n}rnpnadnsni h kûmfeh g }nibæi phr~wg {wn cwoåëh grn cnkfaigo}g {wprfmn pgah K[[/ Kho}wmh! naewo{ mg{}g{ gagigo}h{ sha}nrni à }hon khi ohsh{ {feofcfknmh{ {giâo}fkh{/ Hw}rh{ gagigo}h{ ~wg oëh mg{kho}fownmh{! in{ {gw{ {feofcfknmh{ chrni ihmfcfknmh{/ Gagigo}h{ ihmfcfknmh{ H gagigo}h B pn{{n n }gr h ig{ih oésga {giâo}fkh ~wg wi [PNO! in{ nfomn ino}æi h g{}fah mg ogerf}h oh }gt}h/ Kho}wmh! gag oëh mî ogodwin fiphr}âokfn pnrn h }gt} inrknmh khi gag/ H gagigo}h F }nibæi pn{{n n {gr wi [PNO/ H }gt}h kho}fown {gomh f}îafkh g pnrn w{wîrfh{ mg agf}hrg{ mg }gan! n sh| w}faf|nmn æ ihmfcfknmn pnrn fomfknr ìocn{g/ F{{h phmg {gr ü}fa pnrn inrknr crn{g{ gi hw}rh{ fmfhin{! }grih{ }ækofkh{ g g}k/ v

v

H fo}grg{{no}g æ ~wg og{}g{ mhf{ kn{h{ dhwsg npgon{ win iwmnoån {giâo}fkn/ Prhsnsgaigo}g shkì oëh prgkf{nrî ihmfcfknr kûmfeh{ homg g{}g{ mhf{ gagigo}h{ {ëh w}faf|nmh{/ H gagigo}h n {gi h n}rfbw}h drgc nehrn rgprg{go}n wi pankgdhamgr oh gtn}h awenr ~wg g{}g afoj {g gokho}rn/ H gagigo}h nmmrg{{ nehrn æ }rn}nmh khih win {gåëh oh mhkwigo}h/ H gagigo}h dr nehrn }gi h ig{ih oésga ~wg wi pnrîernch! in{ æ w}faf|nmh pnrn ~wgbrnr afodn{ g cn|gr {gpnrnå÷g{/ H gagigo}h {}rhoe enodhw inf{ f iphr}âokfn/ H gagigo}h dgnm oëh nkgf}n inf{ gagigo}h{kdfam khih {gw cfadh/ Gagigo}h{ hw n}rfbw}h{ mg{kho}fownmh{ v v v v v

H{ gagigo}h{ nbnfth chrni mg{kho}fownmh{ phr ~wg {gw{ gcgf}h{ {ëh npgon{ sf{wnf{< bn{gcho} bfe kgo}gr cho} { {}rfjg }} v v v v v v v v

w

H{ gagigo}h{ nbnfth chrni mg{kho}fownmh{ phr ~wg cgrgi h{ prfoképfh{ mg nkg{{fbfafmg g w{nbfafmnmg< crnig crnig{g} ohcrnig{ v v v

H{ gagigo}h{ nbnfth oëh chrni fokawémh{ on g{pgkfcfknåëh phr~wg oëh }fsgrni w{h go}rg h{ mg{goshasgmhrg{ hw phr~wg {wn cwoåëh chf {wb{}f}wémn phr hw}rh gagigo}h< nkrhovi oëh chf fokawémh phr~wg krfhw wi bhknmh mg khocw{ëh go}rg h{ mg{goshasgmhrg{ ~wg prgcgrfrni w}faf|nr n }nenbbr/ nppag} cfkhw hb{hag}h gi cnshr mn }nehblgk}/ f{fomgt chf {wb{}f}wémh pgah w{h mg chri kho}rha{/ mfr cfkhw hb{hag}h gi cnshr mn }newa/ v

v v v

Nomrg Awf| Pgmrh|h q kho}n}[email protected]/khi/br q uuu/ugbmrg/khi/br

5/ OHSH[ ]FPH[ MG KNIPH[ Ohsh{ snahrg{ pnrn h n}rfbw}h }vpg

H gagigo}h fopw} nkgf}n h{ {gewfo}g{ ohsh{ snahrg{ pnrn h n}rfbw}h }vpg< }ga

]gagchog/ Oëh dî iî{knrn mg chrin}nåëh hw snafmnåëh! prhph{f}naigo}g! sf{}h oëh dnsgr oh iwomh wi pnmrëh bgi mgcfofmh pnrn oüigrh{ mg }gagchog{/ Æ kanrh ~wg shkì phmg w{nr n ohsn NPF mg snafmnåëhmg chriwaîrfh{ $mg{krf}n oh knpé}wah 4& pnrn f{{h/ H{ nego}g{ mg w{wîrfh phmgi pgrif}fr n fo}gernåëh khi {wn negomn mg kho}n}h{! h ~wg æ pnr}fkwanrigo}g ü}fa gi }gagchog{ kgawanrg{/ {gnrkd

Wi kniph mg bw{kn/ N npnrìokfn g khiphr}nigo}h mh kniph phmg iwmnr afegfrnigo}g mgpgomgomh mh nego}g mg w{wîrfh! pnrn pnrgkgr khi h{ mginf{ kniph{ mg bw{kn mh {f{}gin/ ginfa

G)infa! khi chrin}nåëh g snafmnåëh/ H nego}g mg w{wîrfh phmg fokaw{fsg prhihsgr n fo}gernåëh khi {wn negomn mg kho}n}h{/ wra

Wi gomgrgåh ugb! }nibæi khi chrin}nåëh g snafmnåëh/ Mn}n{ g dhrn{

H kniph mg chriwaîrfh phmg kho}gr ~wna~wgr wi mg{{g{ snahrg{ oh n}rfbw}h }vpg< mn}g}fig mn}g iho}d uggj }fig mn}g}fig)ahkna v v v v v v

]hmh{ mgsgi {gr snafmnmh{ g chrin}nmh{ pgah nego}g mg w{wîrfh! ~wg phmg fokaw{fsg ih{}rnr wi knagomîrfh! wi {gag}hr mg dhrîrfh hw hw}rh nwtéafh nh prggokdfigo}h ~wg g{}fsgr mf{phoésga oh {f{}gin mh w{wîrfh/ H n}rfbw}h nmfkfhona {}gp mgcfog! pnrn h{ sna fmnmhrg{ g nwtéafh{ nh prggokdfigo}h! n mfcgrgoån iéofin go}rg mhf{ dhrîrfh{/ H snahr mg {}gp æ gi {gewomh{! g h snahr pnmrëh æ 30/ N{{fi! {g shkì w{nr {}gp9";00" h w{wîrfh phmgrî chrogkgr khih dhrîrfh{ 5 snawg9">2/=" {}gp9"0/2" >2 ifo9"0" int9"20" (? >; >= 1(bhmv? >7 >3 1(d}ia?

Nomrg Awf| Pgmrh|h q kho}n}[email protected]/khi/br q uuu/ugbmrg/khi/br

rnoeg Snih{

ihmfcfknr! oh gtgipah nkfin! npgon{ h snahr mg }vpg! iwmnomh mg "owibgr" pnrn "rnoeg"<

> 1.MHK]VPG d}ia? 2 1d}ia anoe9"go)W["? ; 1dgnm? = 1ig}n kdnr{g}9"W]C)4" (? 7 1}f}ag?Rnoeg }vpg1(}f}ag? 3 1(dgnm? 5 4 1bhmv? 6 >0 1fopw} onig9"snawgt" }vpg9"rnoeg" >> snawg9">2/=" {}gp9"0/2" >2 ifo9"0" int9"20" (? >; >= 1(bhmv? >7 >3 1(d}ia? >5

khahr

H kniph khi }vpg9"khahr" æ wi {gag}hr mg khr/ H nego}g mg w{wîrfh phmg ih{}rnr wi kho}rhag mg {gagåëh mg khr hw hw}rh nwtéafh ~wg g{}fsgr mf{phoésga/ H snahr {grî win khr oh chrin}h+cc3300/

Nomrg Awf| Pgmrh|h q kho}n}[email protected]/khi/br q uuu/ugbmrg/khi/br

4/ ]FPH[ MG MNMH[ G SNAFMNMHRG[ Chriwaîrfh{ sf}nifonmh{

Khochrig shkì mgsg }gr pgrkgbfmh oh üa}fih knpé}wah! h D]IA7 nsnoåhw bn{}no}g oh{ rgkwr{h{ mg chriwaîrfh{! cnkfaf}nomh iwf}h n sfmn mg ~wgi prgkf{n mg{goshasgr npafknå÷g{ ugb bn{gnmn{ gi chriwaîrfh{/ Og{}g knpé}wah snih{ nsnoånr wi phwkh inf{ og{{g n{{wo}h g! shkì snf sgr! n khf{n snf cfknr nfomn igadhr/ nw}hchkw{

Nh fokawfr gi wi kniph mg chriwaîrfh h n}rfbw}h nw}hchkw{! n{{fi< 1fopw} onig9"ahefo" nw}hchkw{ ? H chkh {grî khahknmh og{}g kniph nw}hin}fknigo}g nh knrrgenr n pîefon/ Mfcgrgo}g mn{ {hawå÷g{ gi Lnsn{krfp}! h chkh g{}nrî oh kniph }ëh aheh gag {gln krfnmh! g oëh npgon{ nh cfona mh knrrgenigo}h mn pîefon/ F{{h gsf}n h prhbagin!iwf}h khiwi ~wnomh shkì iwmn h chkh khi Lnsn{krfp}! mg h w{wîrfh lî g{}nr gi hw}rh kniph! mfef}nomh! ~wnomh h chkh æ iwmnmh/ Pankgdhamgr }gt} Shkì

lî mgsg }gr sf{}h wi "pankgdhamgr"/ ]rnmfkfhonaigo}g! séodnih{ cn|gomh f{{h< > 1.MHK]VPG d}ia? 2 1d}ia anoe9"go)W["? ; 1dgnm? = 1ig}n kdnr{g}9"W]C)4" (? 7 1}f}ag?Pankgdhamgr! }dg ham {}vag1(}f}ag? 3 1(dgnm? 5 4 1bhmv? 6 1fopw} onig9"~" snawg9"[gnrkd dgrg" >0 hochkw{9"fc$}df{/snawg99%[gnrkd dgrg%&}df{/snawg9%%"? >> 1(bhmv? >2 >; 1(d}ia?

D]IA7 oh{ pgrif}g cn|gr f{{h mg inogfrn iwf}h inf{ gageno}g< > 1.MHK]VPG d}ia? 2 1d}ia anoe9"go)W["? ; 1dgnm? = 1ig}n kdnr{g}9"W]C)4" (? 7 1}f}ag?Pankgdhamgr! D]IA7 unv1(}f}ag? 3 1(dgnm? 5 4 1bhmv? 6 1fopw} onig9"~" pankgdhamgr9"[gnrkd dgrg"? >0 1(bhmv? >> >2 1(d}ia? rg~wfrgm

Pnrn }hronr wi kniph mg chriwaîrfh hbrfen}ûrfh ${gw snahr prgkf{n {gr prggokdfmh& bn{}n! gi D]IA7! fokawfr h n}rfbw}h rg~wfrgm< 1fopw} onig9"ahefo" rg~wfrgm? intagoe}d Shkì

lî khodgkfn h n}rfbw}hintagoe}d! ~wg afif}n n ~wno}fmnmg mg knrnk}grg{ gi wi kniph mg chriwaîrfh/ Win ernomg ankwon mh{ chriwaîrfh D]IA chf khrrfefmn/ Gi D]IA7! h gagigo}h }gt}nrgn }nibæi phmg }gr intagoe}d.

Nomrg Awf| Pgmrh|h q kho}n}[email protected]/khi/br q uuu/ugbmrg/khi/br

Snafmnåëh mg chriwaîrfh{

Win mn{ }nrgcn{ inf{ gocnmhodn{ mg {g cn|gr gi Lnsn{krfp} æ snafmnr chriwaîrfh{/ Focgaf|igo}g! æ }nibæi win mn{ inf{ khiwo{/ D]IA7 cnkfaf}n iwf}h oh{{n sfmn nh snafmnr chriwaîrfh{! }hronomh nw}hiî}fkn bhn pnr}g mh prhkg{{h/ Gi iwf}h{ kn{h{! }hmh gag/ Shkì lî sfw ~wg phmg }hronr {gw{ kniph{ "g{pgr}h{" khi h{ ohsh{ snahrg{ pnrn h n}rfbw}h }vpg! ~wg lî fokawgi snafmnåëh pnrn mn}n{! ginfa{! WRA{ g oüigrh{/ Snih{ wi phwkh naæi/ pn}}gro

H n}rfbw}h pn}}gro oh{ pgrif}g mgcfofr gtprg{{÷g{ rgewanrg{ mg snafmnåëh! {gi Lnsn{krfp}/ KGP< > 1.MHK]VPG d}ia? 2 1d}ia anoe9"p})BR"? ; 1dgnm? = 1ig}n kdnr{g}9"W]C)4" (? 7 1}f}ag?H n}rfbw}h pn}}gro1(}f}ag? 3 1(dgnm? 5 4 1bhmv? 6 >0 1chri? >> 1anbga chr9"KGP"?KGP< >2 1fopw} onig9"KGP" fm9"KGP" rg~wfrgm pn}}gro 9"Qmz7y)8Qmz;y" (? >; 1(anbga? >= 1fopw}}vpg9"{wbif}" snawg9"Gosfnr" (? >7 1(chri? >3 1(bhmv? >51(d}ia?

S gln

wi gtgipah mg khih snafmnr

ohsnafmn}g g chriohsnafmn}g

Phmgi dnsgr {f}wnå÷g{ gi ~wg shkì prgkf{n ~wg wi chriwaîrfh oëh {gln snafmnmh/ Og{}g{ kn{h{! bn{}n fokawfr oh gagigo}h chri h n}rfbw}h ohsnafmn}g/ Hw}rn {f}wnåëh khiwi æ ~wgrgr ~wg h chriwaîrfh oëh {gln snafmnmg mgpgomgomh mn nåëh mg {wbif}/ Og{{g kn{h! shkì phmg w{nr oh bh}ëh mg {wbif} h n}rfbw}hchriohsnafmn}g/ Sgln wi gtgipah< > 1.MHK]VPG d}ia? 2 1d}ia anoe9"p})BR"? ; 1dgnm? = 1ig}n kdnr{g}9"W]C)4" (? 7 1}f}ag?[nasnomh rn{kwodh1(}f}ag? 3 1{}vag? 5 anbgazmf{panv0 >> 1bhmv? >2 >; 1chri? >= 1anbga?ohig< 1fopw} onig9"ohig" rg~wfrgm?1(anbga? >7 1anbga?ginfa< 1fopw} onig9"ginfa" }vpg9"ginfa" rg~wfrgm?1(anbga? >3 1anbga?igo{negi< 1}gt}nrgnonig9"igo{negi" rg~wfrgm?1(}gt}nrgn?1(anbga? >5 1fopw}}vpg9"{wbif}" onig9"nk}fho" snawg9"[nasnr rn{kwodh" chriohsnafmn}g ? >4 1fopw}}vpg9"{wbif}" onig9"nk}fho" snawg9"Gosfnr"? >6 1(chri? 20 2> 1(bhmv? 22 2; 1(d}ia?

Nomrg Awf| Pgmrh|h q kho}n}[email protected]/khi/br q uuu/ugbmrg/khi/br

Kw{}hi snafmn}hr{

Æ kanrh ~wg n{ snafmnå÷g{ pnmrëh! gibhrn n}gomni n infhrfn mh{ kn{h{! oëh {ëh {wcfkfgo}g{ pnrn }hmn{ n{ {f}wnå÷g{/ Iwf}n{ sg|g{ shkì snf ~wgrgr g{krgsgr {wn prûprfn cwoåëh mg snafmnåëh Lnsn{krfp}/ Dî naewo{ mg}nadg{ on g{pgkfcfknåëh mh D]IA7 ~wg sëh nlwmî)ah khi f{{h< >/ H ohsh gsgo}h hofopw} æ mf{pnrnmh ~wnomh naeh æ ihmfcfknmh oh snahr mg wi kniph mg chriwaîrfh/ Mfcgrgo}g mg hokdnoeg! ~wg æ mf{pnrnmh nh cfona mn gmfåëh! hofopw} æ mf{pnrnmh nh gmf}nr/ Æ mfcgrgo}g }nibæi mg hojgvwp g hojgvprg{{! phr~wg snf knp}wrnr ~wna~wgr ihmfcfknåëh oh snahr mh kniph! cgf}n khi ihw{g! }gkanmh hw hw}rn fo}grcnkg ~wna~wgr/ 2/ H iæ}hmh {g}Kw{}hi Snafmf}v phmg {gr foshknmh phr shkì/ Gag rgkgbg win {}rfoe/ [g n {}rfoe chr sn|fn! h kniph {grî inrknmh khih sîafmh/ Kn{h kho}rîrfh! {grî inrknmh khih fosîafmh/ Khi f{{h! shkì phmg fo{grfr {wn{ snafmnå÷g{ oh kniph mg chriwaîrfh g mgftnr h onsgenmhr cn|gr h rg{}h/ Oëh æ inf{ prgkf{h knp}wrnr h gsgo}h {wbif} g }rn}î)ah/ Sgln! phr gtgipah! g{}g chriwaîrfh khi snafmnåëh mg KPC< > 1.MHK]VPG d}ia? 2 1d}ia anoe9"p})BR"? ; 1dgnm? = 1ig}n kdnr{g}9"W]C)4" (? 7 1}f}ag?Kw{}hi snafmn}hr1(}f}ag? 3 1.)) H nr~wfsh kpc/l{ kho}æi n cwoåëh snafmnKPC! ~wg 5 rgkgbg win {}rfoe g rg}hron }rwg hw cna{g/ ))? 4 1{krfp}{rk9"kpc/l{"?1({krfp}? 6 1{krfp}? >0 cwok}fhosKPC$f&z >> f/{g}Kw{}hiSnafmf}v$snafmnKPC$f/snawg&8%%2 y >; 1({krfp}? >= 1(dgnm? >7 >3 1bhmv? >5 1chri? >4 1anbga?KPC< 1fopw} onig9"kpc" hofopw}9"sKPC$}df{&" (?1(anbga? >6 1fopw}}vpg9"{wbif}" snawg9"Gosfnr" (? 20 1(chri? 2> 1(bhmv? 22 2; 1(d}ia?

Nomrg Awf| Pgmrh|h q kho}n}[email protected]/khi/br q uuu/ugbmrg/khi/br

6/ MG]NADG[ G KHO]GÜMH GMF]ÎSGA/ Nfomn inf{ chriwaîrfh{ Sglnih{

inf{ mwn{ khf{n{ ~wg shkì kgr}nigo}g lîcg| inf{ mg win sg| g chrni {fipafcfknmn{ pgah D]IA7/ Mg}nadg{ g {wiîrfh Sgln wi gtgipah mg w{h mh{ ohsh{ gagigo}h{ mg}nfa{ g {wiinrv< 1mg}nfa{? 1{wiinrv?Khpfnomh 1prherg{{ int9";62=4" snawg9">=5>4"? ;5!7'1({wiinrv? 1ma? 1m}?]ninodh }h}na41(mm? 1m}?]ntn mg }rno{cgrìokfn25JB({1(mm? 1m}?Ohig mh nr~wfsh0/ MRNE)O)MRHP G KHRRGÅËH HR]HERÎCFKN Mrne nom Mrhp

N NPF mg Mrne nom Mrhp æ rgan}fsnigo}g {fipag{/ Bn{fknigo}g! fo{grfr h n}rfbw}hmrneenbag9"}rwg" owi gagigo}h h }hron nrrn{}îsga/ G dî win {ærfg mg gsgo}h{ ~wg shkì phmg }rn}nr/ H{ gsgo}h{ mh hblg}h {gomh nrrn{}nmh {ëh< mrne{}nr}

H hblg}h khigåhw n {gr nrrn{}nmh/ H gsgo}h ~wg n cwoåëh rgkgbg }gi wi n}rfbw}h}nreg}! ~wg kho}æi h hblg}h {gomh nrrn{}nmh/ mrne

H hblg}h g{}î {gomh nrrn{}nmh mrnegom

N nåëh mg nrrn{}nr }grifohw H hblg}h {hbrg h ~wna hw}rh æ nrrn{}nmh {hcrg h{ {gewfo}g{ gsgo}h{< mrnego}gr

H hblg}h {gomh nrrn{}nmh go}rhw oh hblg}h }nreg} mrneagnsg

H hblg}h {gomh nrrn{}nmh mgfthw h hblg}h }nreg} mrnehsgr

H hblg}h {gomh nrrn{}nmh {g ihsg {hbrg h hblg}h }nreg} mrhp

H hblg}h {gomh nrrn{}nmh chf {ha}h {hbrg h hblg}h }nreg} Mg}nadg{ fiphr}no}g{<

N nåëh pnmrëh mh gsgo}h mrnehsgr æ knokganr n nåëh mg mrneefoe n}wna/ N{{fi! oh{ hblg}h{ ~wg mgsgi rgkgbgr mrhp! æ prgkf{h {g}nr win nåëh mg mrnehsgr khi! oh iéofih!rg}wro cna{g/ [gagå÷g{ mg }gt}h {ëh nw}hin}fknigo}g nrrn{}îsgf{! oëh prgkf{ni mh n}rfbw}hmrneenbag/ G {g shkì ~wf{gr krfnr win îrgn pnrn homg {gagå÷g{ mg }gt}h ph{{ni {gr nrrn{}nmn{! bn{}n }rn}nr g{{g{ ig{ih{ gsgo }h{/ Phr cfi! }hmn{ cwoå÷g{ mg }rn}nigo}h mg gsgo}h mg mrne rgkgbgi wi hblg}h mg gsgo}h ~wg kho}æi win prhprfgmnmg mn}n]rno{cgr! wi mn}n{g} khiwi n }hmh{ h{ gsgo}h{ mwrno}g g{{n hpgrnåëh mg mrne/ > 1.MHK]VPG D]IA? 2 1d}ia? ; 1dgnm? = 1ig}n kho}go}9"}gt}(d}ia: kdnr{g}9W]C)4" d}}p)g~wfs9"kho}go})}vpg"(? 7 1}f}ag?D]IA7 Mrne nom mrhp mgiho{}rn}fho1(}f}ag? 3 1{}vag }vpg9"}gt}(k{{"? 5 +bhtN! +bhtB z 4 cahn}
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