AP 5906Q Receivables

July 25, 2017 | Author: xxxxxxxxx | Category: Bad Debt, Debits And Credits, Financial Accounting, Money, Business Economics
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AUDITING PROBLEMS AUDIT OF RECEIVABLES – QUIZZERS PROBLEM NO. 1 During your examination of the 2005 financial statements of the Yesterday Company you find that the company does not provide allowance for doubtful accounts ever since it started operations in 2001. The company’s practice is to directly write-off as expense doubtful accounts and credit recoveries to income. The company’s contracts are generally for two years. Upon your recommendation, the company agreed to change its accounts for 2005 to give effect to doubtful treatment on the allowance basis. The allowance is to be based on a percentage of sales which is derived from the experience of prior years. Statistics for 2001 to 2005 are shown as follows: Year of Sale Charge Sales






P600,000 P1,500,000 P1,800,000 P1,950,000 P1,650,000

Accounts Written off & Year of Sale 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005

3,300 9,000 3,000

6,000 24,000 7,200

7,800 27,000 16,200

9,000 30,000


Recoveries & Year of Sale

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005

600 2,400 3,000 3,600

Accounts receivable at December 31, 2005 were as follows: From 2004 sales From 2005 sales Total

P90,000 810,000 P900,000

REQUIRED: Based on the above and the result of your audit, you are to provide the answers to the following: 1.

The average percentage of net doubtful accounts to charge sales that should be used in setting up the 2005 allowance is a. 2.05% b. 2.50% c. 1.90% d. 1.77%


How much is the doubtful accounts expense for 2005? a. P32,850 b. P54,600 c. P43,800

d. P41,250


The doubtful accounts expense for 2005 is over(under) stated by a. P13,350 b. P55,950 c. (P32,850) d. (P41,250)


The net realizable value of accounts receivable that should be presented on the December 31, 2005 balance sheet is a. P831,600 b. P853,800 c. P868,650 d. P810,000



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PROBLEM NO. 2 Your audit client, Help Corporation, provided for uncollectible accounts receivable under the allowance method since the start of its operations to December 31, 2005. Provisions were made monthly at 2 percent of credit sales; bad debts written off were charged to the allowance account; recoveries of bad debts previously written off were credited to the allowance account; and no year-end adjustments to the allowance account were made. Help's usual credit terms are net 30 days. The credit balance in the allowance for doubtful accounts was P260,000 at January 1, 2005. During 2005, credit sales totaled P18,000,000, interim provisions for doubtful accounts were made at 2 percent of credit sales, P180,000 of bad debts were written off, and recoveries of accounts previously written off amounted to P30,000. Help installed a computer system in November 2005 and an aging of accounts receivable was prepared for the first time as of December 31, 2005. A summary of the aging is as follows: Classifications by Month of Sale November-December 2005 July-October 2005 January-June 2005 Prior to January 1, 2005

Balance in Each Category P2,280,000 1,200,000 800,000 260,000

Estimated % Uncollectible 2% 15% 25% 80%

Based on the review of collectibility of the account balances in the "prior to January 1, 2005" aging category, additional receivables totaling P120,000 were written off as of December 31, 2005. Effective with the year ended December 31, 2005, Help adopted a new accounting method for estimating the allowance for doubtful accounts at the amount indicated by the year-end aging analysis of accounts receivable. QUESTIONS: Based on the above and the result of your audit, answer the following: 1.

How much is the adjusted balance of the allowance for doubtful accounts as of December 31, 2005? a. P537,600 b. P350,000 c. P633,600 d. P753,600


How much is the doubtful accounts for the year 2005? a. P427,600 b. P577,600 c. P547,600


d. P457,600

The recorded allowance for doubtful accounts should be increased by a. P283,600 b. P187,600 c. P67,600 d. P0

SUGGESTED ANSWERS: A, C, B PROBLEM NO. 3 Don’t Let Me Down, Inc. estimates its doubtful accounts by aging its accounts receivable. The aging schedule of accounts receivable at December 31, 2005 is presented below: Age of accounts 0 – 30 days 31 – 60 days 61 – 90 days 91 – 120 days over 120 days

Amount P1,264,800 691,500 288,600 114,975 59,100 P2,418,975

Don’t Let Me Down, Inc.’s uncollectible accounts experience for the past 5 years are summarized in the following schedule:


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Year 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000

A/R Balance Dec. 31 P1,968,750 1,500,000 697,500 1,224,000 1,865,500

0 – 30 Days 0.3% 0.5% 0.2% 0.4% 0.9%

31 – 60 Days 1.8% 1.6% 1.5% 1.7% 2.0%

61 – 90 Days 12% 11% 9% 10.2% 9.7%

91 – 120 Days 38% 41% 50% 47% 33%

Over120 Days 65% 70% 69% 81% 95%

The balance of the allowance for doubtful accounts at December 31, 2005 (before adjustment) is P126,750. QUESTIONS: Based on the foregoing, answer the following: 1.

How much is the adjusted balance of the allowance for doubtful accounts as of December 31, 2005? a. P126,750 b. P13,894 c. P140,644 d. P630,675


The necessary adjusting journal entry to adjust the allowance for doubtful accounts as of December 31, 2005 would include: a. No adjusting journal entry is necessary. b. A debit to retained earnings of P13,894. c. A debit to doubtful accounts expense P140,644. d. A credit to allowance for doubtful accounts of P13,894.

SUGGESTED ANSWERS: C, D PROBLEM NO. 4 The following were noted during your audit of the I Should Have Known Better Corp. for the calendar year 2005: Notes Receivable Date Particulars Debit Credit Sept. 1 Michelle, 21%, due in 3 months P320,000 1 Discounted Michelle note P320,000 Oct. 1 Mabelle Co., 24%, due in 2 months 1,200,000 Nov. 1 Eleanor, 24%, due in 13 months 2,400,000 30 Rigby Co., no interest, due in one year 2,000,000 30 Discounted Rigby Co. note 2,000,000 Dec. 1 Sgt. Pepper, 18%, due in 5 months 3,600,000 1 Ms. Anna, President, 12%, due in 3 months (For cash loan given to Ms. Anna) 4,800,000 All notes are trade notes receivable unless otherwise specified. The Michelle note was paid on December 1 as per notification received from the bank. The Mabelle Co. note was dishonored on the due date but the legal department has assured management of its full collectibility. The Corporation, with your concurrence, will not use the Notes Receivable Discounted account but will merely note on the face of the balance sheet the amount of notes receivable discounted but still outstanding. QUESTIONS: Based on the above and the result of your audit, answer the following: 1. 2.

At what amount on the current assets section of the balance sheet as of December 31, 2005 will Notes Receivable-trade be carried? a. P3,600,000 b. P7,200,000 c. P6,000,000 d. P8,000,000 How much is the accrued interest income as of December 31, 2005? a. P150,000 b. P270,000 c. P198,000 d. P222,000



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