Anatomy Board Review

September 30, 2017 | Author: GLeen Rose Onguda AguiLar | Category: Anatomical Terms Of Motion, Anatomical Terms Of Location, Knee, Foot, Musculoskeletal System
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ANATOMY BOARD REVIEW PRE-TEST 1 NAME ________________________ Choose the best answer 1. The human body is in normal anatomical position with the A. body erect, head directed anteriorly and forearm on sides pronated. B. body erect, head directed anteriorly and forearm on sides supinated. C. body lying, eyes upward and forearm on sides pronated. D. body lying, eyes upward and forearm on sides supinated. 2. The following are paired skull bones: A. ethmoid C. maxilla B. parietal D. palatine 3. The point of meeting and articulation of the frontal, parietal, squamous temporal and the great wing of sphenoid is called as: A. glabella C. pterion B. bregma D. lambda 4. Primary curvature of the vertebral column corresponds to what segments? A. thoracic and sacral C. cervical and lumbar B. cervical and sacral D. thoracic and lumbar 5. Sternal angle of Louie marks the articulation of the costal cartilage of what rib? A. First C. Third B. Second D. Fourth 6. Belongs to the distal row of carpal bones : A. Pisiform C. Triquetrium B. Trapezium D. Scaphoid 7. Immovable joints are known as: A. Diarthroses C. Synathroses B. Amphiarthroses D. Enarthroses 8. A supracondylar fracture of the humerus would most likely cause a peripheral nerve injury involving what nerve? A. ulnar C. musculocutaneous B. median D. radial 9. Classified as Rotator cuff muscles EXCEPT: A. supraspinatus C. teres major B. infraspinatus D. teres minor 10. Each trunk of the brachial plexus divides into anterior and posterior divisions. The posterior cord is formed from the union of: A. anterior divisions of the superior and middle trunks . B. anterior divisions of all the three trunks . C. posterior divisions of the superior and middle trunks. D. posterior divisions of all the three trunks . 11. The defect called “winged scapula” is a result of damage to: A. a nerve arising from the root of the brachial plexus B. the dorsal scapular nerve C. a nerve arising from the upper trunk of the brachial plexus D. the thoracodorsal nerve 12. Inability to supinate the forearm could result from injury to which of the following pairs of nerves? A. musculocutaneous and median C. median and ulnar B. musculocutaneous and radial D. radial and median

13. A patient complains of sensory loss over the anterior and posterior surfaces of the medial third of the hand and the medial one and one half fingers. Which is the following nerve is injured? A. radial C. musculocutaneous B. median D. ulnar 14. The most frequently fractured carpal bone? A. hamate B. scaphoid C. trapezium D. pisiform 15. The nerve commonly injured in “foot drop”? A. common peroneal C. superficial peroneal B. deep peroneal D. tibial 16. The action of the gluteus maximus and hamstring muscles on the hip joint is: A. adduction B. extension C. abduction D. flexion 17. The only bone in the foot without muscular attachment: A. cuboid B. talus C. calcaneus D. navicular 18. Pain in sciatica is experienced along the: A. medial aspect of knees C. medial aspect of thigh B. anterior aspect of thigh D. post. And lateral aspect of legs 19. What ligament prevents the dislocation of the femur backwards at the knee joint? A. anterior cruciate C. lateral collateral B. posterior cruciate D. medial collateral 20. Which of the following muscles can flex the thigh and extend the leg? A. satorius C. rectus femoris B. vastus medialis D. gastrocnemius 21. A patient walks with a waddling gait that is characterized by the pelvis falling toward one side at each step, what nerve is involved? A. superior gluteal B. inferior gluteal C. obturator D. femoral 22. The dangerous area of the face: A. root of the nose and the two angles of the mouth B. tip of the nose and the two angles of the mouth C. root of the nose and the two angles of the jaw D. tip of the nose and two angles of the jaw 23. Grinning muscle is the common name of: A. Buccinator B. Mentalis C. Risorius D. Zygomaticus 24. A tumor infiltrating the foramen rotundum might result in all deficiencies supplied by what nerve? A. ophthalmic B. maxillary C. mandibular D. facial 25. Hyperacussis in Bell’s palsy is caused by involvement of: A. tympanic membrane C. cochlear nerve B. stapedius muscle D. tensor tympani muscle 26. Skin on the side of the nose is supplied by what nerve? A. maxillary division of trigeminal B. mandibular division of trigeminal C. ophthalmic division of trigeminal D. zygomatic branch of facial 27. In thyroidectomy, the nerve that maybe injures during ligation of superior thyroid artery: A. internal laryngeal C. external laryngeal B. superior laryngeal D. inferior laryngeal 28. Forms the laryngeal prominence in the neck: A. cricoid cartilage C. epiglottis B. thyroid cartilage D. arytenoids cartilage 20. Vertebra prominence is the other name of: A. C1 B. C2 C. C5 D. C7 30. The right common carotid artery originates from the: A. brachiocephalic trunk C. arch of aorta B. right subclavian D. ascending aorta

ANATOMY BOARD REVIEW POST-TEST NAME ________________________ 1. The hyoid bone approximately lies at what level of cervical vertebra? A. C2 B. C3 C. C4 D. C5 2. Primary cartilaginous joint is called as: A. Synchondroses C. Syndesmoses B. Symphisis D. Gomphoses 3. Which carpal bone represents the floor of the anatomical snuff box? A. Capitate C. Navicular B. Hamate D. Trapezoid 4. In Erb Duchene’s paralysis, the position assumed by the forearm is: A. pronation C. flexion B. supination D. extension 5. Nerve supply of hypothenar muscles is from what nerve? A. ulnar C. median B. radial D. musculocutaneous 6. What fascial compartment do you find the adductor longus and magnus muscles? A. lateral B. anterior C. posterior D. medial 7. If the foot is permanently dorsiflexed and everted, which nerve might be injured? A. deep peroneal C. common peroneal B. tibial D. superficial peroneal 8. If these is a loss of skin sensation and paralysis of muscles on the plantar aspect of the medial side of the foot, what nerve is damaged? A. tibial C. common peroneal B. superficial peroneal D. deep peroneal 9. Special sensations of taste from the posterior 1/3 of the tongue is innervated by what nerve? A. facial B. Trigeminal C. Vagus D. Glossopharyngeal 10. An extradural hematoma of the temple with consequent depressed fracture on the anterior inferior angle of the parietal bone, is most likely due to a tear of: A. middle meningeal artery C. vertebral artery B. middle cerebral artery D. superior sagittal sinus 11. Internal strabismus results as a consequence of an injury to what cranial nerve? A. optic B. occulomotor C. abducens D. trochlear 12. Bell’s palsy can involve corneal inflammation and subsequent corneal ulceration, which results from A. sensory loss of cornea and conjunctiva B. lack of secretion of the salivary glands C. absence of the corneal blink reflex due toi paralysis of the muscles that close the eyelid D. absence of the corneal blink reflex due to paralysis of the muscles that open the eyelid 13. If a benign tumor is found where the common carotid artery usually bifurcates it would be located at the level of: A. thyroid isthmus C. cricoid cartilage B. superior border of thyroid cartilage D. angle of the mandible 14. If patient is unable to abduct the vocal cords during quiet breathing. Which of the following muscles is paralyzed? A. posterior cricoarytenooid C. cricothyroid B. lateral cricoarytenoid D. thyroarytenoid

15. The structure that divides the posterior triangle of the neck into occipital and supraclavicular triangle: A. Anterior belly of digastric C. Superior belly of omohyoid B. Posterior belly of digastric D. Inferior belly of omohydoid 16. The sensory nerve to the face comes from: A. Facial B. Glossopharyngeal C. Trigenimal D. Vagus 17. The muscle responsible for “Grinning”. A. Buccinator B. Masseter C. Zygomaticus R. Risorius 18. A lady, after getting manicured, noticed numbness on the nail around the right thumb. Which nerve is probably injured? A. Radial B. Ulnar C. Musculocutaneous D. Median 19. A man who has been on crutches for quite sometime was noted to have wasting of the deltoid muscle. This is probably due to paralysis of what nerve? A. Axillary B. Radial C. Ulnar D. Median 20. In fracture of the medial epicondyle of the humerus, the nerve commonly injured is: A. Ulnar C. Radial B. Median D. Musculocutaneous 21. The manifestations of carpal tunnel syndrome are due to compression of: A. Median artery C. Radial artery B. Median nerve D. Radial nerve 22. The ossified anterior fontanelle is represented in the adult as: A. Lambdad C. Bregma B. Nasion D. Asterion 23. The sella turcica is part of which skull bone? A. Sphenoid C. Temporal B. Ethmoid D. Parietal 24. In the optic canal, the optic nerve is accompanied by: A. Opthalmic aartery C. Opthalmic nerve B. Opthalmic vein D. Trochlear nerve 25. The shoulder joint is what type of joint? A. Hinge C. Ball and socket B. Ginglymus D. Condyloid 26. The main supinator of the forearm is: A. biceps brachii C. Brachialis B. triceps brachii D. Brachioradialis 27. What muscle supports and steadies the hip opposite the raised leg when a person is walking? A. Gluteus maximus C. Gluteus medius B. Quadratus femoris D. Biceps femoris 28. A 40 year old man was diagnosed to have septic cavernous thrombosis. His main complaint was a double vision upon looking downward. Which of the following muscle is not acting effectively? A. Superior rectus C. Superior oblique B. Inferior rectus D. Inferior oblique 29. A 25 year old female was brought to the ER with a continous dripping of clear fluid from her nose associated with loss of the sense of smell. The most likely injury is: A. Fracture of the frontal sinus C. Fracture of the cribriform plate B. Fracture of the bridge of the nose D. laceration of the frontal lobe 30. Compression of the Facial nerve could result to: A. Paralysis of the ant. belly of digastric B. Loss of common sensation ant 2/3 of tongue C. Inability to whistle D. Paresthesia of Face

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