analisis quimico de arcillas

June 19, 2018 | Author: Jose Andres Antonio Lora | Category: Clay, Hydrochloric Acid, Ceramics, Rock (Geology), Minerals
Share Embed Donate


Short Description

Descripción: analisis quimico y fisico de las arcillas desde el muestreo estadistico hasta un conocimiento en porcentaje...

Description

CARACTERIZACION QUIMICA DE ARCILLAS

  2010

INDICE……………………………………………………………………………….…1 INDICE……………………………………………………… ……………………….…1 INTRODUCCION……………………………………………………………………....2 ANTECEDENTES……………………………………………… ANTECEDENTES…………………… …………………………………………….…..2 ………………….…..2 OBJETIVOS………………………………………………………… OBJETIVOS…………………………… …………………………………………….…3 ……………….…3 FUNDAMENTO TEORICO………………… TEORICO……………………………………………… ………………………………………....3 …………....3 COMPOSICION QUIMICA…………………… QUIMICA………………………………………………… ……………………………….........4 ….........4 PROPIEDADES FISICAS……………………………… FISICAS…………………………………………………………....4 …………………………....4 GRUPO CERAMICO…………………… CERAMICO……………………………………………… ……………………………………..…….5 …………..…….5 GRUPO NO CERAMICO……………………… CERAMICO…………………………………..……………… …………..…………………..……6 …..……6 PARTE EXPERIMENTAL…………………………………………………………….8 DETERMINACION DE SILICE……………………… SILICE……………………………………………….. ……………………….. DETERMINACION DE CALCIO ! MAGNESIO……………………………11 MAGNESIO……………………………11 DETERMINACION DE OXIDO DE ALUMINIO EN ARCILLAS…………..12 DETERMINACION DE "IERRO …………………………………………….13 …………………………………………….13 DETERMINACION DE CLORUROS…………………… CLORUROS…………………………………………14 ……………………14 DETERMINACION DE SULFATOS………………………………………….15 DETERMINACION DE POTASIO POTASIO ! SODIO……………………… SODIO…………………………………16 …………16 PROCEDIMINETO EXPERIMENTAL………………………… EXPERIMENTAL………………………………………………..1# ……………………..1# DETERMINACION DE SILICE……………….……… SILICE……………….………………………………1# ………………………1# DETERMINACION DE CALCIO ! MAGNESIO…………………………….1 MAGNESIO…………………………….1 DETERMINACION DE OXIDO DE ALUMINIO EN ARCILLAS…………...21 DETERMINACION DE "IERRO ……………………………………………..23 ……………………………………………..23 DETERMINACION DE CLORUROS…………………… CLORUROS………………………………………….25 …………………….25 DETERMINACION DE SULFATOS…………………………………………..26 DETERMINACION DE POTASIO POTASIO ! SODIO……………………… SODIO…………………………………28 …………28 DATOS C$LCULOS ! RESULTADOS………………………………………………3% DETERMINACION DE SILICE……………………… SILICE……………………………………………….3% ……………………….3% DETERMINACION DE CALCIO ! MAGNESIO…………………………..…32 MAGNESIO…………………………..…32 DETERMINACION DE OXIDO DE ALUMINIO EN ARCILLAS……………35 DETERMINACION DE "IERRO ………………………………………………38 ………………………………………………38 DETERMINACION DE CLORUROS…………………… CLORUROS………………………………………….4% …………………….4% DETERMINACION DE SULFATOS…………………………………………. 41 DETERMINACION DE POTASIO POTASIO ! SODIO……………………… SODIO………………………………….42 ………….42 TABLA DE CONTENIDO DE MUESTRA DE ARCILLA……………………………44 CONCLUSIONES…………………………………………………..…………………..45 RECOMENDACIONES………………………………………………………………..45 BIBLIOGRAFIA………………………………………………………………………..46

MODULO EXPERIMENTAL

Página 1

CARACTERIZACION QUIMICA DE ARCILLAS

  2010

CARCATERI&ACION QUIMICA DE ARCILLAS INTRODUCCIÓN.L' '()*++' ,- ()'/ ()' 0,' ,-),-7' , -, 9' :(' ;' 7(,,7(,,- , +' '))*> ?+)@*)'/ '- 7'(, ,,-7' ' ),7(*'),7(*'- , *7,,(*,. *7,,(*,. L' '()*++' '()*++' 7*,, - (*, , ()'- :,+,-@7*)'-/ ,- ,)*( , )7*,, :,+,-'7. L' '))*> ,+ -+/ ?*,7/ +' ++?*'/ ,+ '*(, = ,+ ''/ (, ,-'- ()'- , '(70)+'- )'' ?, @- ,,', - 7('-(7''- ( *')*,- = ,-*7''- , +'-/ )'-/ '7'- = +''-. L- )';*- , +' )(7,' 7,((,-7(,/ , ,+ 7('-)(- , +- '-/ ,, ,>-*7,>-*7- , ,-7'- '()*++''()*++'- , -, ,),7(' ) :(,),)*' , +'- @(,,@(,,- ,*'',*''- , +- (0- = , +'- +',('- , +'- 7''-. L' '()*++' ,[email protected] )-7*7*' )-7*7*' ( '(,''(,'- , -*+*)'7-*+*)'7- , '+** 9*('7'/ 9*('7'/ (),,7, (),,7, , +' ,-)-*)*> , *,('+,- , '+**. P(,-,7' *?,(-'- )+(')*,- -, +'*(,'- , )7*,,/ -*, ;+')' )' ,- ('. S(, , +' ,-)-*)*> , ()'- , ()'- , )7*,, :,+,-'7/ :,+,-'7/ (**'' ,  (),- '7('+ , (' ,),'- , *+,, '-.

ANTECEDENTES. L' '()*++' ,-  ),-7 , +- ,+,,7- S*+*)* S* = A+** A+ ) '' 0*)',7, );*''. P,-7 , ,+ -*+*)* = ,+ '+** -, ,),7(' ,,('+,7, , );*')*> ) + *,/ ) >*-/ -, +,- ++'' S0+*), S*O2 = A+*' A+2O3. L' '()*++' ,- ))*' , 0*)' )  S*+*)'7 9*('7' , A+*'. L' '()*++' (' ,- ' );*')*> , ' +)+' , '+*'/ - +)+'- , -0+*), = , ''H A+2O3.2 S*O2.2"2O. E-7' ''  ,- +' , -, '', '(' 9'),( [email protected]*) ,+ '7,(*'+. L' '()*++' 77'+,7, -,)' ' ,(* ,+ '' , +, ' +'-7*)*' ,( 7*,, ' - '' 0*)'. P( + ,,('+ +' '()*++' ('  -, -' '(' +' ':')7(' , 7,-*+*-. S, +, );*' ) 7(- '7,(*'+,- ),(@*)- '(' '(+,- +'- )'+*',- ,),-'(*'- '(' )*,(7- ()7-. E- ,;* ' 7- -- ,+,,7- (,-,7,- , ,++' , -, ++,?' ' )';  '@+*-*- 0*)  '(' ,7,(*'( +' (,-,)*'  '-,)*' '- ,)*' , ,-7- ,+,,7- = -- (),7' ?+)@*)'/ '- 7'(, ,,-7' ' ),7(*'),7(*'- , *7,,(*,. *7,,(*,. L' '()*++' '()*++' 7*,, - (*, , ()'- :,+,-@7*)'-/ ,- ,)*( , )7*,, :,+,-'7. L' '))*> ,+ -+/ ?*,7/ +' ++?*'/ ,+ '*(, = ,+ ''/ (, ,-'- ()'- , '(70)+'- )'' ?, @- ,,', - 7('-(7''- ( *')*,- = ,-*7''- , +'-/ )'-/ '7'- = +''-. L- )';*- , +' )(7,' 7,((,-7(,/ , ,+ 7('-)(- , +- '-/ ,, ,>-*7,>-*7- , ,-7'- '()*++''()*++'- , -, ,),7(' ) :(,),)*' , +'- @(,,@(,,- ,*'',*''- , +- (0- = , +'- +',('- , +'- 7''-. L' '()*++' ,[email protected] )-7*7*' )-7*7*' ( '(,''(,'- , -*+*)'7-*+*)'7- , '+** 9*('7'/ 9*('7'/ (),,7, (),,7, , +' ,-)-*)*> , *,('+,- , '+**. P(,-,7' *?,(-'- )+(')*,- -, +'*(,'- , )7*,,/ -*, ;+')' )' ,- ('. S(, , +' ,-)-*)*> , ()'- , ()'- , )7*,, :,+,-'7/ :,+,-'7/ (**'' ,  (),- '7('+ , (' ,),'- , *+,, '-.

ANTECEDENTES. L' '()*++' ,-  ),-7 , +- ,+,,7- S*+*)* S* = A+** A+ ) '' 0*)',7, );*''. P,-7 , ,+ -*+*)* = ,+ '+** -, ,),7(' ,,('+,7, , );*')*> ) + *,/ ) >*-/ -, +,- ++'' S0+*), S*O2 = A+*' A+2O3. L' '()*++' ,- ))*' , 0*)' )  S*+*)'7 9*('7' , A+*'. L' '()*++' (' ,- ' );*')*> , ' +)+' , '+*'/ - +)+'- , -0+*), = , ''H A+2O3.2 S*O2.2"2O. E-7' ''  ,- +' , -, '', '(' 9'),( [email protected]*) ,+ '7,(*'+. L' '()*++' 77'+,7, -,)' ' ,(* ,+ '' , +, ' +'-7*)*' ,( 7*,, ' - '' 0*)'. P( + ,,('+ +' '()*++' ('  -, -' '(' +' ':')7(' , 7,-*+*-. S, +, );*' ) 7(- '7,(*'+,- ),(@*)- '(' '(+,- +'- )'+*',- ,),-'(*'- '(' )*,(7- ()7-. E- ,;* ' 7- -- ,+,,7- (,-,7,- , ,++' , -, ++,?' ' )';  '@+*-*- 0*)  '(' ,7,(*'( +' (,-,)*'  '-,)*' '- ,)*' , ,-7- ,+,,7- = -- (),7'/ :*+7(')*>/ +'?' = )'+)*')*> , -, ++,?' ' )'; , ('?*,7(0' = ,7,(*'( ,+ (,**,7 ,+  (,)**7'. D,7,(*'( +' )-*)*> (),7'+ , '()*++' , 7*,, )'' ,-7('.

FUNDAMENTO TEORICO L'- '()*++' '()*++'-- - ',++ ',++''- -;-7' -;-7')*' )*'-- 7,((-' 7,((-'-- :('':(''- (*)* (*)*'+ '+,7 ,7,, ( -*+*)' -*+*)'77'+0*)- ) '7,(*' )+*'+ = 7(- , :(',7- , ()'-/ , ,,('+,7, -, 9'), [email protected]*)'- )' ,[email protected] 9,'- = 7(,'- ( +' '))*> ,+ :,. E-7'- (*,',' ' +'- '()*++''()*++'- - 7*+*'/ 7*+*'/ ,-7 , -, +,- ,, +,'( +,'( , )'-* 7'- +'- :('-/ +')'+,- )-,(?' ,-- , -,( -,7*'- ' +' '))*> ,+ :,. L' '()*++' 7*,, )97(- -- ',@- , +' ),(@*)'/ (*)*'+,7, , +' )-7())*> = :';(*)')*>.

Granulometría D,7( , +' )+'-*:*)')*> )+'-*:*)')*> ('+7(* ('+7(*)' )' , +'- '(70)+''(70)+'- ,+ -,+/ +'- '()*++'- )' ,+ -**,7, +'(H G('+,7(0' P'(70)+' T'' A()*++' %/%%2  L*%/%%2%/%6  A(,'%/%62  G('?'2 6 ) C'7- ('- 625 ) B+,K25 )  N ;-7'7, + '7,(*(/ +' )+'-*:*)')*> USCS , ,- 7*+*'' 9';*7'+,7, , *,*,(0' -' +- +0*7,- , 7''- @*- , 4.#5  '(' +'- '(,'- = , %.%#5  '(' +''()*++'- = +*-.

L' '()*++'  ,-  *,('+ -*  '(,' , *,('+,- = , -;-7')*'- )+*'+,- , -, 9' 9' :( :(' ' ,* ,*'7 '7,, +' ,-* ,-*7 7, ,(') (')*> *> 0* 0*)' )' , +'+'- ()' ()'-- '+ '+0 0*) *)'-. '-. [email protected] [email protected] MODULO EXPERIMENTAL

Página 3

CARACTERIZACION QUIMICA DE ARCILLAS

  2010

), ),-7 -7'' (*) (*)* *'+ '+, ,7 7,, ( -0+* -0+*), ),// '+ '+*' *' = '' '' )7 )7, ,*, *,  7'; 7';* * 7(' 7('--;-7')*'-;-7')*'- ) :(',7:(',7- , ()'-/ , >*- 9*('7'9*('7'- , 9*,((/ @+)'+*@+)'+*- = '7,(*'+,'7,(*'+,)+*'+,-. E ,-,)*' +- *,('+,- , +' '()*++' - -*+*)'7- , '+**. E '+''()*++''()*++'- +- ,+,,7,+,,7- '+)'+*'+)'+*- -, (,-,7' (,-,7' ) )-7*7=, )-7*7=,7,- 7,- , 7('- ,+ ',-*/ ',-*/ ,+ 9*,((  ';- ,+,,7- --7*7=, 77'+  '()*'+,7, '+ '+**. L' '=(0' , +''()*++''()*++'- -, 9' :(' ( +' ,-*7,(')* ,-*7,(')*> > , ()'- )  '+7 )7,* )7,* , '+*'/ '+*'/ '  ,-'( , , '+'- - ()7 ,+ ,7'(:*-. E-7'- +7*'- ''(,), ->+ ,  ,,'- )'7*',-. C ()'/ , ,+0' ' '()*++' ,-  '7,(*'+ :*/ 7,((-/ '7('+/ ),-7 ( +- *,('+,- '()*++--. D, ,-7' :(' -, *)+=,/ ',@- , +''()*++'- (*',7, *)9'-/ +'- +7*7'- = +- -,+- , 7,' (*,',- '(*[email protected]),'-.

Como!"#"$n %uím"#a &e al ar#"lla C'+0H A+2O3.2 S*O2.2"2O

F,+,-'7H 2O. A+2O3. 6S*O2

L- )-7*7=,7,- 0*)- ,-,)*'+,- , +- *,('+,- , +' '()*++' ?'(0'  ->+ , )'7*' -* 7';* , ,+  , , -, );*'  -, (,-,7' , +- *:,(,7,*,('+,-. L- *,('+,- '()*++-- @- *(7'7,- -, ,),7(' , ,+ ( , +')'+**7'- = , +'- 7(*+*7'-. L'- '()*++'- ,-,)*'+,- , +- -,*,7- '()*++-- - ,+ (,-+7' , +' ,7,(*')* ,7,(*')*> > , ()'- 0,'- = ,7'>(:*)',7'>(:*)'-.. E )*)*,)*)*,- , ,-)'-'  (,)**7')*>/ ,+ ',-* , +'- ()'- 0,'- @:*)'- ,(',), , +' ' , ,7,(*')*> = +' '()*++' ()*' ,- 7(*+*7'. S* +' (,)**7')*> ,- )-*,(';+,/ -, ,:,)7' ' +**?*')*> +**?*')*> )+,7' , +' ()'/ ,+ ',-* ,- -,'(' = ,+ ()7 , +' ,7,(*')*> ,- )'+**7'. A '(7*( , ' ()' 0,' @)*' -, (**' *++*7' = 7(*+*7' , )*)*> , ,7,(*')*>/ ) 7'+ , )((' (,7,)*> , 7'-* = ',-*/ ,( -, :('(0' )'+**7' , (,?'+,),( ' +**?*')*> ,),-*?'. S, S, ,+ (*, (*, -, , ,, , *-7 *-7* ** *(( - )'7, )'7,( (0' 0'-- , '()*+ '()*++' +'-H -H +'+'- (,-* (,-* '+ '+,,- = +'+'7('-(7'('-/ ,7( , ,-7'- +7*'- -, ,),7(' +'- '(*'-/ +')-7(,-/ '+?*'+,-/ ,-7'(*'-/ ,+7'*)'-/ +')*'+,- = ,>+*)'-. P( )-**,7,/ ,-, ,+ 7 , ?*-7' ,+>*) +'- '()*++'- 7*,, ' *-7(*;)*> (@)7*)',7, *?,(-'+ ' ,-'( , ,++ +- =')**,7, '+7' )'+*' - *:0)*+,- , +)'+*'(.

'a! ro"e&a&e! (í!"#a! m)! "mortante! &e la! ar#"lla! !on* P+'-7*)*' , ,(*7, , -,' +,'' R,-*-7,)*' ' )(,-*>/ 7,-*>  )*'++'*,7 R,7('))*> 7'7 , ,+ -,)' ) *,7('- ,[email protected] , ,+ 9( T,,('7(' , )))*> = ?*7(*:*)')*> C+( , )'+)*')*> , -, ,;, (*)*'+,7, ' +- >*- , 9*,(( (,-,7,-. MODULO EXPERIMENTAL

Página 4

CARACTERIZACION QUIMICA DE ARCILLAS

  2010

L' )-*)*> = - '7('+,' ,7,(*' ,+ - = ,+ ?'+( , +' '()*++'. E+ )'( *-*=, +' +'-7*)*' = +' (,7('))*>/ = )7(*;=, ' 9'),(+' (,:(')7'(*'. L' -0+*), , :(' )+*'+ ',7' +' +'-7*)*'. L' '+*' +' 9'), (,:(')7'(*'. E+ >* , 9*,((/ '+ *'+ , ,+ :,+,-'7/ *-*=, +' 7,,('7(' , :-*>/ ')7' ) :,7, = 7';* ,-  ,(- ',7, )+('7,. U ) , >* , 9*,(( )+(,' *7,-',7, +' '()*++' 7-7''/ ,( ' (' )'7*' +' )?*,(7, ,  ()7 (-*7- @- *(7'7,- = (- , )'+*,- - ',++- , (*, (,-*'+. R,:(')7'(*'-. L'- '()*++'- (,:(')7'(*'- - 7'- ',++'- , 7,'  ) *(7(*) ,*?'+,7, -,(*( '+ 1 1.541 C. G,,('+,7, 7*,,  '+7 (),7'+,/ 7,7*+,- :,(7*+*'7,- = 7(- '()*++'- ) *,7- , *7('- =  [email protected]*)- '()*++'- ) '7(* , :*)*,- '()*++'- ) + , ,(:(')*,- , +' *-7(*' ,7(+,(' '()*++' , ),,7 = '()*++'- '(' *:**' , -- *-7(*'+,- , ,( *(7')*' 7'+,- ) )'7'+*'(,-/ ,7,(,7,-/ (,++, , ,*)*'*,(,';*+*'(,- , -,+-/ )'+'7,-/ )9,7,(0'/ ,7). L'- '()*++'- -, )+'-*:*)' , +- 7*- -**,7,-H A()*++'- )'+*,-. S '()*++'- (,-*'+,-/ +'- @- ('-/ , '+7 (),7' , ;+'). S, ,+,' , +' ':')7(' , +'. A()*++'- (,:(')7'(*'-. S '()*++'- , )7*,, ) >* ,[email protected]+*) = @+)'+*-/ = ,, (,-*-7*( 7,,('7('- ,+,?''- -* ,-'(,'(-,/ ( )=' ('> -, -' , +' )-7())*> , 9(-/ )(*-+,-/ ,-7:'- = ;('- -**+'(,-. A()*++'- , '+:'(,(0'. S '()*++'- -,*(,:(')7'(*'- , :,(7, '))*> = = -,, = +'(*++-. E +- *:,(,7,- ,*:*)*- -, ,+,' '(' +'(*++ , )-7())*>/ 7, , ',+ = )9- 7(- , ,( *(7')*'. PARTE EXPERIMENTAL

MODULO EXPERIMENTAL

Página #

CARACTERIZACION QUIMICA DE ARCILLAS

  2010

CARACTERI&ACION QUIMICA DE LA ARCILLA PARAMETROS PARA ANALI&AR   N

PARAMETRO

METODO

1

CLORUROS

METODO MO"R CON NITRATO DE PLATA

2

SULFATOS

METODO VOLUMETRICO RETROVALORACION

3

SODIO

METODO ESPECTOFOTMETRO DE EMISION

4

POTASIO

METODO ESPECTOFOTMETRO DE EMISION

5

CALCIO

METODO COMPLEXIOMETRICO

6

MAGMESIO

METODO COMPLEXIOMETRICO

#

SILICE

METODO GRAVIMETRICO

8

"IERRO

METODO VOLUMETRICO CON DICROMATO DE   



ALUMINIO

METODO VOLUMETRICO CON EDTA

MODULO EXPERIMENTAL

Página 8

CARACTERIZACION QUIMICA DE ARCILLAS

MODULO EXPERIMENTAL

  2010

Página 

CARACTERIZACION QUIMICA DE ARCILLAS

  2010

DETERMINACION DE CALCIO MUESTRA DE ARCILLA V'-  25%+

MODULO EXPERIMENTAL

Página 1%

CARACTERIZACION QUIMICA DE ARCILLAS

  2010

5+ "NO 1%+ "C+



"O ,-7 #5+ ₂

G7' N" O " ₄

(,-* M'7(' ,(+,,=,( 252+

P',+  " I (,* '

DETERMINACION DE MAGNESIO MUESTRA DE ARCILLA V'-  MODULO EXPERIMENTAL 25%+

Página 11

CARACTERIZACION QUIMICA DE ARCILLAS

  2010

5+ "NO 1%+ "C+

"O ,-7 #5+ ₂

G7' N" O " ₄

(,-* M'7(' ,(+,,=,( 252+

P',+  " I ,7

MODULO EXPERIMENTAL

Página 12

CARACTERIZACION QUIMICA DE ARCILLAS

MODULO EXPERIMENTAL

  2010

Página 13

CARACTERIZACION QUIMICA DE ARCILLAS

  2010

DETERMINACION DE CLORUROS M,-7(' , '()*++' MODULO EXPERIMENTAL

Página 14

CARACTERIZACION QUIMICA DE ARCILLAS

  2010

(,-*

MODULO EXPERIMENTAL

Página 15

CARACTERIZACION QUIMICA DE ARCILLAS

  2010

DETERMINACION DE SODIO ! POTASIO MUESTRA DE ARCILLA V'-  25%+

MODULO EXPERIMENTAL

Página 16

CARACTERIZACION QUIMICA DE ARCILLAS

  2010

5+ "NO



"O ,-7 #5+ ₂

G7' N" O " ₄

(,-*

C(?' '7(> %.1/2.5/5/#.5/ 1%  *  N'

 *  

PROCEDIMIENTO EXPERIMENTAL DETERMINACION DE SILICE MODULO EXPERIMENTAL

Página 1#

CARACTERIZACION QUIMICA DE ARCILLAS

  2010

MATERIALES ! EQUIPOS • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

B'+'' ''+07*)' M:+' E-@7+' P*,7' ) '' C(*-+ , (),+'' M'++' , '*'7 ,-,)'( P*' '(' )'-+' M(7,( P*' ,[email protected]+*)' "(*++' ,+)7(*)' E; '(' :*+7('(  P',+ :*+7( '9'7''  4% P(;,7' V'(*++' , ?*(* V'- , (,)**7' M'7(' ':(' , 1%% + V*(* , (,+< B(,7' P*,7' S(7, *?,(-'+

R,')7*?• •

A)* )+(90(*))),7(' "C+ A)* 07(*) )),7(' "NO3

P(),**,7 ,,(*,7'+ • • •







T'( ' ,-7(' ,,' (,(,-,7'7*?' , '()*++' = +,( = :*',7,. P,-'( , %.5 , ,-7(' ,  ?'- , (,)**7'. A(,'( -;(, +' ,-7(' ' -+)*> , '' (,*'/ 6 ' 1% ?,),- ,+ ,- , +' ,-7(' = ,-)+'( ) +' '=' ) ' ?'(*++' :*' , ?*(*  ' ,-@7+'. S, )+)' ,+ ?'- (,)**7' =  ?*(* , (,+< ) = -, )'+*,7' , ;' '(0'/ 9'-7' , -, ,-*7,(, ;*, ,+ ()7 , :-*>. A(,'( ' +' ,)+' *-,+7' 2% + , ')* )+(90(*) )),7(' = +,7',7, ) +' '=' , ' *,7'  ?'(*++' , ?*(*. S, )'+*,7' ' ;' '(0' 9'-7' , 7,(*, +' ,:,(?,-),)*' = ,+ ,-(,**,7 , CO2 9 '( ( , ' 9(*++' :(,7, 1% ' 2% *7-/ '(' *-+?,( +'- -'+,-+;+,-. F*+7('( , )'+*,7, +' ,)+' ,  '7(' , 1%% +/ -;(,  ,; 7' ,  ',+ :*+7( 4%/ , = +, *,(*( 9'-7' , -, 9'=' *-,+7 )'-* -,,'. A(,'( 1% + , "C+ '*)*'+,- , :(* '(' ,+**'( ,+ ,),,7, , +>*- , *7(>,. L+,?'( ,?',7, ' -,,'  )'-* -,,' -*  7*,, )9 C' = M. L'?'( ,+ ?*(* , (,+< = +'- '(,,- ,+ ?'- '(' (,),('( 7 ,+ ''+*7  -*;+, ) ()*,- :*'- , '' ,-7*+'' , *,*'7',7, )'+,7'(. L+,?'( ' " # ) 9*(>* , '* '+ 2%. D*+*( ) '' ,-7*+'' = :*+7('( , )'+*,7, '(' (,7,,( 7 ,+ S*/ A+/ F, = *,('+,- , (,)**7' ) 9*(>* , '* '+ 2% , -, ,' , ,+ ',+ :*+7(. E('-'( ,+ :*+7(' ' 1%% + ) '' ,-7*+'' = 9,*'(. C ' *,7' ?+7(*)' 7'( 1% + , +' ,-7(' , -+)*> = '-'( '  ?'- ,  , 25% +/ *+*( ) 13% + , ''/ ) +' -+)*> , N'O" '+ 5% ++,?'( ' " 12  12.5 '('  '*7'( '7*) = ",7(. C+)'( %.2  , **)'( (,*' , +? = 7*7+'( +,7',7, ) +' -+)*> , EDTA , %.%2345 M/ 9'-7' ,+ )';* , (-' ' ?*+,7'. D, +' *-' ',(' -, (),, '(' ,+ M/ ) ' *,7' 7'( 1% + , +' ,-7(' , -+)*> = '-'( '  ?'- , (,)**7' , 25% +/ *+*( ) 13% + , ''/ ) +' -+)*> 7'> , N"4C+N"3 ++,?'( ' 9 1%  1%.3 '(' ,+ '*7'( '7*) = ",7(. C+)'( %.2  , **)'( ,7 = 7*7+'( +,7',7, ) +' -+)*> , EDTA , %.%2345 M/ 9'-7' ,+ )';* , )+( , ( , " 6 '),7'7 , -* = ')* ')7*). S+)*> 7'> , N"₄O"N"₄C+.

MODULO EXPERIMENTAL

Página 22

CARACTERIZACION QUIMICA DE ARCILLAS

• •

  2010

I*)'( ,)+' , ''('. E:(*'( = :*+7('(/ +'?'( ,+ (,-* ) ')* )+(90(*) *+*. E+ :*+7(' = +' -+)*> , +'?' (,),( ,  '7(' ':(' , 1%% + = ,('-'( ) '' ,-7*+''. T'( '+0)7'- , 25+ = 7('-:,(*(+'- '  '7(' E(+,,=,( , 25% +/ '(,'( 5+ , "C+ )),7('/ )'+,7'( ),()' ,+ 7 , ,;++*)*>/ '(,'(  7' ' 7' +' -+)*> , SC+₂ 9'-7' , ,-''(,)' ( )+,7 +' )+(')*> ''(*++'  -* ,+ )+( -, 7('(' ( ) ANO₃ %.1 M '*7' +' -+)*> , :(' )-7'7,. E+ )';* ,+ **)'( ?' ,+ ''(*++ * )('7 9'-7' ,+ '( ( , )+(( , ;'(* B'C+₂ %.1 M. A' (,*' "NO3 = "C+ 1H3 A)* )+(90(*) "C+ S+)*> , N"₄O"'+ 2% I*)'( ')* (**).

MODULO EXPERIMENTAL

Página 2#

CARACTERIZACION QUIMICA DE ARCILLAS

  2010

P(),**,7 ,,(*,7'+ •









• •



P,-'( '(*'',7, %.2  , ,-7(' :*',7, +?,(*'/ )+)'( ,  ?'- , (,)**7' , 25% +/ '(,'( 2% + , '' (,*'. T''( ) ?*(* , (,+< 9'-7' , -, *,(' +- ?'(,- , *7(>, = +, *,(*( 9'-7' , -, 9'=' *-,+7 )'-* -,,'. A(,'( 1% + , "C+ '*)*'+,- , :(* '(' ,+**'( ,+ ,),,7, , +>*- , *7(>,. L'?'( ,+ ?*(* , (,+< = +'- '(,,- ,+ ?'- '(' (,),('( 7 ,+ ''+*7  -*;+, ) ()*,- :*'- , '' ,-7*+'' , *,*'7',7, )'+,7'(. L+,?'( ' " # ) 9*(>* , '* '+ 2%. D*+*( ) '' ,-7*+'' = :*+7('( , )'+*,7, '(' (,7,,( 7 ,+ S*/ A+/ F, = *,('+,- , (,)**7' ) 9*(>* , '* '+ 2% , -, ,' , ,+ ',+ :*+7(. E('-'( ,+ :*+7(' ' 1%% + ) '' ,-7*+'' = 9,*'(. C ' *,7' ?+7(*)' 7'( 1% + , +' ,-7(' , -+)*> = '-'( '  ?'- ,  , 25% +/ '(,'( 1% + , )+(( , ;'(* B'C+₂ '('  '*7'( '7*) = ",7(. C+)'( %.2  , **)'( , ')* (**) , +? = (,7( 7*7+'(  +,7',7, ) +' -+)*> , B'C+₂ %.1M/ 9'-7' ,+ )';* , )+( ' ''(*++.

MODULO EXPERIMENTAL

Página 28

CARACTERIZACION QUIMICA DE ARCILLAS

  2010

DETERMINACIN DE SODIO ! POTASIO MTODO ESPECTROFOTOMTRICO DE EMISIN FOTMETRO DE LLAMA M'7,(*'+,- = ,*-

• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

B'+'' ''+07*)' E-@7+' P*,7' ) '' C(*-+ , (),+'' M'++' , '*'7 ,-,)'( P*' '(' )'-+' P',+ **)'(  M'7(' ,(+,,=,(  M(7,( P*' ,[email protected]+*)' 7,( "(*++' ,+)7(*)' E; '(' :*+7('(  P',+ :*+7( '9'7''  4% P(;,7' V'(*++' , ?*(* V'- , (,)**7' V*(* , (,+< B(,7' P*,7' S(7, *?,(-'+ F7>,7( , ++''

R,')7*?• •

S+)*> , ')* )+(90(*) *+*. S+)*> , 9*(>* , '*.

MODULO EXPERIMENTAL

Página 2

CARACTERIZACION QUIMICA DE ARCILLAS

• •

  2010

S+)*> '7(> , )+(( , 7'-* C+1%%%  S+)*> '7(> , )+(( , -* N'C+ 1%%%

P(),**,7 ,,(*,7'+ •





• •

P,-'( '(*'',7, %.1 '%.25  , ,-7(' :*',7, +?,(*'' )+)'( ,  ?'- , (,)**7' , 25% +/ '(,'( 1% + , "C+ 11. T''( ) ?*(* , (,+ ,+ '7(> = -,*',7, , +' ,-7('/ ) ,-7- '7- (,'+*'( ' (,(,-*> +*,'+ ) +' )'+)+'(' ;7,*, +'- )-7'7,- AB = (.

P(,'(')*> , +' -+)*> '7(> , -*. P,-'( ,')7',7, 2%541  , N'C+ -,)/ *-+?,( , '' ,-7*+'' = ,('-'( '  +*7(/ +' )),7(')*> , ,-7' -+)*> -,(@ 1%%%. •

P(,'(')*> , +' -+)*> '7(> , 7'-* •

P,-'( ,')7',7, 1.%68  , C+ -,)/ *-+?,( , '' ,-7*+'' = ,('-'( '  +*7(/ +' )),7(')*> , ,-7' -+)*> -,(@ , 1%%%.

MODULO EXPERIMENTAL

Página 3%

CARACTERIZACION QUIMICA DE ARCILLAS

  2010

DATOS CALCULOS ! RESULTADOS DETERMINACION DE SILICE Datos:

₁W%.5343 ₂W%.558 ₃W%.5423 n

1 2 3

crisol 191 46.401 17.59 47.42



Donde:

muestra 191 0.5343 0.5598 0.5424

m

n'crisol + m Silice

M Silice 191

46.5191 17.7825 47.6302

0.1181 0.1925   0.2102  

= masa del crisol  = masa de la muestra = masa del crisol "mas" la masa del sílice posterior al calcinado

Reacción: si02 _> Si4+ +20-Durante el calentamiento de la muestra en resencia de a!ua re!ia " el osterior tratamiento con acido clor#$drico se rodu%o una dis!re!aci&n total de la muestra' ara de esta (orma oder  o)tener las s$lice *ue esta)a resente en los e*ueos !ranos de arena a tra,-s de una simle (iltraci&n " el osterior tratamiento con calor a 1100 /. Cálculos para Sí ⁴:

%.1181S* ⁴   1%%  . W

22.1% S*⁴

%.534. 0.1925  S* ⁴  

1%%  . W %.558 .

  0.2102  S* ⁴

 

 1%%  . W %.5423

34.38  S*⁴

38.#6  S*⁴

.

Cálculos para SiO2:

%.11#8. S* 

1+. S*4  1+.S*%  6%.%843. S*%  1%%.   28.%855. S*  4 1+. S*4 1+.S*% %.534

W 4#.16 S*%

%.125. S* 

1+. S*4  1+.S*%  6%.%843. S*%  1%%.   28.%855. S*  4 1+. S*4 1+.S*% %.558

W 53.56 S*%





MODULO EXPERIMENTAL

Página 31

CARACTERIZACION QUIMICA DE ARCILLAS

%.21%2. S*  ⁴

1+. S*4  1+.S*%  6%.%843. S*%  1%%.   28.%855. S*  4 1+. S*4 1+.S*% %.5423

  2010

W 62.2 S*%

.

Resultados: n

 S*%

 S*⁴

1 2 3

22.10 34.38 38.76

 Análisis estadístico para S4+ Des,iaci&n estndar:

47.16 73.56 82.29

   

 Análisis estadístico para Si' Des,iaci&n estndar:

s„-1 = √  !"#   1.998 

s„-1 = √  !"#   4.1678 

n1 /oe(iciente de ,ariaci&n:

n1 /oe(iciente de ,ariaci&n:

/..  s„-1  100  )&*+,% ;imite de con(ian , EDTA ) A13 ,- , 1H1/ +- +,- , ,),- , EDTA ,  (,'))*'( ) ,+ A 13 Z, +' ,)')*> 1 (,'))*'(' ) ,+  N'2 "2 , ' (,'))*> *7,(,*'/ '(' +, -,( 7*7+'- ) & 21 +' *:,(,)*' , +,- , EDTA , ,7('( '+ **)* , +' ,)')*> 1 = +- +,, & , (,'))*'( ) ,+ )+, , +'(*++- ),(@*)' = 7(- -- *-7(*'+,-.

MODULO EXPERIMENTAL

Página 46

View more...

Comments

Copyright ©2017 KUPDF Inc.