About Port of Shanghai

May 6, 2018 | Author: Crimschi Marina | Category: Shanghai, Port, International Politics, China, Services (Economics)
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About Port of Shanghai Advantageous Geographical Location

Port of Shanghai is situated at the middle of the 18,000km-long Chinese coastline, where the Yangtse River, known as ³the Golden Waterway´, flows into the sea. It is the leading port in the T-shaped waterway network composed by the Yangtse River and the coastline, and is also China¶s largest comprehensive port and one of the country¶s most important gateways for  foreign trade. It is faced towards the northern and southern coastal seas of China and the oceans of the world, and is linked with the Yangtse River and the inland waterways of Yangtse River Valley region such as Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Anhui provinces etc. Expressway and state-level highways lead the Port to the national highway network to all regions of the country. Therefore, the Port enjoys an advantageous geographical location, favorable natural conditions, vast economically developed hinterlands, and complete inland distribution infrastructure and facilities. Vast Economic Hinterlands

Port of Shanghai serves vast hinterland in the Yangtse River Delta and the entire Yangtse River  valley.The Yangtse River Delta is home to a cluster of cities which are the most economically vibrant area in China. The Jianghan Plain and Sichuan Basin are areas that are densely populated and have a developed agriculture and a strong industrial base. These areas will prove to be the  powerhouse for the sustainable growth of the Port of Shanghai. The annual import and export trade through Shanghai, in terms of value, accounts for a quarter of  China¶s total foreign trade. The Port¶s container throughput in 2006 reached 21.71 million TEUs, ranking it the third largest container port in the world for three years running. Frequent Liner Services

Container liner services from the Port of Shanghai cover all major ports around the world. More than 2,000 container ships depart from the Port every month, en route to North America, Europe, the Mediterranean, Persian Gulf, Red Sea, Black Sea, Africa, Australia, Southeast Asia,  Northeast Asia, and other regions.

About SIPG

Shanghai International Port (Group) Co., Ltd. is the exclusive operator of all the public terminals in the Port of Shanghai. Incorporated in January 2003 by reorganizing the former Shanghai Port Authority, SIPG is a large-scale business conglomerate specialized in the operation of port and related businesses. In June 2006, SIPG was turned into a share holding limited company. After  listing as a whole company in October 2006, Shareholders of SIPG are: the municipal government of Shanghai with 44.23%, China Merchants International Terminals (Shanghai) Co., Ltd. With 26.54%, Shanghai Tongsheng Investment (Group) Corp. with 16.81%, Shanghai Stateassets Operation Co. and Shanghai Dasheng Assets Co. with 0.44% respectively.(shares that cannot be sold without certain conditions) The business scope of SIPG includes: the cargo handling (including transloading), transshipping, and marine and overland transportation of domestic and international cargo (including containers); the de-stuffing, consolidation, cleaning, repair, manufacturing and lease of  containers; international and domestic shipping service; warehousing, custody, processing, distribution, and logistics information management; provision of waiting, ship embarkation and disembarkation facilities and services for international passengers; ship pilotage, towage, ship agency, and freight forwarding; the provision of in-port services such as bunkering and shipchandling; lease of port equipment and facilities; port information and technical consultancy service; port and terminal construction, management and operation. In total, SIPG operates 125 berths on a total quay length of around 20 kilometers, among which, 82 of these berths can accommodate vessels of 10,000dwt class or above. QC. Except the container terminal, SIPG also owns public bulk, breakbulk, specialized Ro/Ro terminal and cruise terminal. SIPG operates warehouses with a total area of 293,000m 2, storage yards with a total area of 4,721,000m 2, and owns 5,143 units of cargo handling equipment. In total, SIPG currently has 16 branch companies, 8 wholly-owned subsidiaries, 9 majorityowned subsidiaries, and 3 companies with equity participation.


To become an outstanding global terminal operator is our vision; and ³further developing the home port while expanding to the world´ is our main strategy. In five years into the future, through the implementation of the Yangtse River Strategy, the  Northeast Asia Strategy and the Internationalization Strategy, SIPG will maintain a sustained, healthy and fairly fast growth of its container-related businesses, secure major breakthroughs in the transshipment business, and establish and reinforce Shanghai¶s position as an international shipping center. is designed, through the exportation of management, capital and technology, to foster the container market, strengthen cargo consolidation network and gather  The Yangtse River Strategy

hinterland cargo sources, with a view to serving the Yangtse River Delta and Yangtse River  Valley and achieving the sustainable development of SIPG. Through the implementation of the Yangtse River Strategy and on the basis of the framework  characterized by ³dot-line-plane´ that has already been accomplished, SIPG will carry out more in-depth optimization of its investment layout in Yangtse River ports, and foster a number of  main feedering hub ports in the Yangtse River represented by Chongqing, Wuhan and Nanjing. The potentials of the ³Golden Waterway´, that is, the Yangtse River, will be fully developed and exploited, and the advantages of intensive management of the Dispatch Center for Yangtse River  Inner Feeder Services will be further utilized. SIPG will join in the efforts to promote the upgrading of vessel size and standards on the Yangtse River, and the improvement of  navigational and shipping capacity. Eventually, as a result of consolidating port, shipping and agency resources, a regional cargo gathering network will take shape, one that has Shanghai as its terminus and covers the entire Yangtse River Valley. is designed to develop ship-to-ship transshipment operations with Yangshan port area as the center, establish the Port of Shanghai as an international shipping center, and achieve the rapid development of SIPG. The Northeast Asia Strategy

To implement the Northeast Asia Strategy, the functional positioning of Yangshan deepwater   port area, Waigaoqiao port area and Wusongkou port area will be decided so as to determine the focal aspects of the services provided by the respective port areas, to design a rational shipping service placement plan, to establish a highly efficient and economical barging system, and to enable integrated operation of the port areas. These efforts will lead to the decision by liner  companies to choose the Port of Shanghai as their priority hub for their container transshipment operations in Northeast Asia. The development of a coastal public feeder network will upgrade Shanghai¶s ability to gather cargo within the Northeast Asia region, and achieve seamless connections of Yangtse River, coastal and international transshipment. Overall marketing and major account management will be promoted so as to win customers with high-quality services. The concept of ³The Port of Shanghai, Your Best Choice´ will be publicized, and a good pattern will be take shape whereby various stakeholders and the Port can achieve mutual progress and growth. SIPG will also implement its Internationalization Strategy. To this end, it will foster its capability of international operations, improve its levels of international management, and gradually form a cross-regional and multinational operational pattern that is geared both to the domestic and international markets.

During the Ming Dynasty, what is now the city of Shanghai was a part of Jiangsu Province (with a small part in Zhejiang Province). While Shanghai had become a county seat in the Yuan Dynasty, it remained a relatively small town. Its location at the mouth of the Yangtze led to its development as coastal trade developed during the Qing Dynasty, especially the Qianlong era. Gradually, the port of Shanghai surpassed the  port of  Ningbo and the port of Guangzhou to became the largest port of China at the time. In 1842, Shanghai became a treaty port, thus developing into an international commercial city. By the early 20th century, it was the largest city in the Far East, and the largest port in the Far  East. In 1949, with the Communist takeover in Shanghai, overseas trade was cut dramatically. The economic policy of the People's Republic had a crippling effect on Shanghai's infrastructure and capital development. In 1991, the central government allowed Shanghai to initiate Economic Reform. Since then, the  port of Shanghai has developed at an increasing pace. By 2005, the Yangshan deep water port was built on the Yangshan islands, a group of islands in Hangzhou Bay, linked to Shanghai by the Donghai Bridge. This development allowed the port to overcome shallow water conditions in its current location, and to rival another deep-water port, the nearby  Ningbo-Zhoushan port.

Harbour zones Yangshan Deep-water Port The port of Shanghai includes 5 major working zones: y y


y y

Yangtze River estuary Huangpu River mouth at Wusongkou (Chinese: ) Waigaoqiao (  ) in Pudong Yangshan deep water port (Hangzhou Bay & East China Sea) Pudong coastline (East China Sea)

Economy The Port of Shanghai is a critically important transport hub for the Yangtze River region and the most important gateway for foreign trade. It serves the Yangtze economically developed hinterland of Anhui, Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Henan provinces with its dense population, strong industrial base and developed agricultural sector.

In 2003, postul Shanghai a realizat un trafic de 11 milioane 280 de mii de containere, înregistrând o cretere de 30% în comparaie cu anul precedent, situându-se pe locul al 3-lea în lume, dup Hongkong i Singapore. Pentru a satisface solicitrile dezvoltrii economiei chineze i în special a economiei din delta fluviului Yangzî, guvernul chinez a adoptat decizia strategic privind construirea la Shanghai a centrului internaional de transporturi maritime. In anii 2001-2005, investiiile totale la portul Shanghai se vor ridica la 70 de miliarde de yuani, majoritatea investiiilor sunt destinate construciei i modernizrii danelor pentru containere.


Dup ce a depit portul din Rotterdam în 2003, cel din Hong Kong în 2004, i cel din Singapore în 2005, Shanghai este, mulumit dinamismului Chinei, cel mai mare port al lumii. În acelai timp, este deja foarte aglomerat, având o rat de cretere a traficului de 30% anual. Deoarece vechiul port nu se mai putea extinde, în 2000/2001, s-a decis construirea unui nou  port în apa adânc de lâng insulele Yangshan în largul oraului. Acest port urmeaz s fie legat de cartierul Guoyuan printr-un pod gigantesc ²  podul Donghai, cel mai lung din lume la cei 32,5 kilometri ai si. Podul va avea numai puin de 470 de picioare, dintre care unele puse la o adâncime de 100 de metri i va costa 14-15 miliarde de Euro.

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