8 Haziran 2012 Dilko LYS 5 İngilizce Deneme Sınavı
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LYS 5 İngilizce Deneme Sınavı 1.-15. sorularda, cümlede boş bırakılan yerlere uygun düşen sözcük ya da ifadeyi bulunuz. 1. Cats possess excellent memory and exhibit considerable ---- for learning by observation and experience. A) elimination B) failure C) incidence D) contribution E) aptitude 2. In the past scientists classified tigers into eight subspecies. However, recent genetic studies show all tigers are nearly ---- both genetically and physically. A) steady B) identical C) vigorous D) solid E) evident 3. Every car owner must know that if they don’t have their car serviced ---- they increase the potential of breakdowns and expensive repairs. A) inefficiently B) hardly C) adversely D) sparsely E) regularly 4. The Nobel Prize in Physics is widely regarded as the most prestigious award that a scientist can ---- in Physics. A) solve B) charge C) receive D) strike E) vary 5. Plants naturally absorb carbon dioxide and ---oxygen gas in the process of photosynthesis. A) give off B) put out C) look up D) show up E) run over 6. The hearing of some animals is ---- sensitive ---- they can hear a wide range of sounds, including those in the ultrasonic range. A) so / that B) such / that C) as / as D) so / as E) such / as 7. ---- rain forests account for less than seven per cent of the land surface on Earth, they contain more than fifty per cent of the plant and animal species. A) Despite B) Moreover C) For D) Unlike E) Although 8. Acupuncture is a traditional Chinese medical technique ---- insertion and manipulation of needles at specific sites in the body to relieve pain and restore health. A) involved B) involving C) to be involved D) having been involved E) to have involved 9. Whales take in air through their blowholes that are on the top of their head ---- they can remain underwater only for a certain period of time. A) thus B) in spite of C) as well as D) in case E) lest 10. Parallel bars is an event in men’s gymnastics ---- a pair of wooden bars supported horizontally above the floor is used to perform acrobatic feats. A) in which B) which C) with whose D) for whom E) when 11. CERN is an international organization founded in 1954 ---- research in particle physics. A) promote B) promoted C) to promote D) being promoted E) to have been promoted 12. London ---- as a communications centre by the Romans shortly after they ---- Britain in AD 43. A) founded / had invaded B) was founded / invaded C) has been founded / has been invaded D) had founded / had been invaded E) had been founded / invaded 13. Risk of getting a heart attack is determined ---- by factors we are born with ---- those we develop throughout life. A) both / and B) not only / as well C) no sooner / than D) either / and E) neither / or 14. Scientists have been investigating for a long time ---- animals such as gorillas can develop a complex language system. A) whether B) of which C) whose D) whoever E) how many
1. Bu testte 80 soru vardır. 2. Yanıtlamaya, istediğiniz sorudan başlayabilirsiniz. 3. Sayfalar üzerindeki boş yerleri karalama için kullanabilirsiniz. 15. Coconut palms require warm conditions ---successful growth, and are intolerant ---- cold weather. A) out / with B) from / at C) on / about D) to / for E) for / of
16.-20. sorularda, aşağıdaki parçada numaralanmış yerlere uygun düşen sözcük ya da ifadeyi bulunuz. Ants are insects that live all over the world and are one of the animal groups (16) ---- live in organized colonies. Scientists estimate that ants (17) ---- on the Earth for more than 100 million years. (18) ---- ants are omnivores and eat fruit, seeds, other insects and honeydew. They have an average lifespan of 45-60 days but some worker and queen ants live (19) ----. Ants are normally 2-7mm long with 6 legs and they can (20) ---- as much as 20 times their own body weight. 16. A) that B) for which C) where D) in which E) with whom 17. A) had lived B) live C) are living D) have been living E) were living 18. A) Each B) Every C) Most D) Plenty E) None 19. A) longest B) longer C) as long as D) the longer E) so long as 20. A) create B) reject C) lift D) guide E) improve
21.-28. sorularda, cümleyi uygun şekilde tamamlayan ifadeyi bulunuz. 21. Heart attacks occur ----. A) thus classical symptoms of it include sudden chest pain B) when it was a medical emergency C) if the blood flow to the heart is interrupted D) that is responsible for 1 in 5 deaths in the U.S E) in which they can be prevented by maintaining a healthier lifestyle 22. Due to their enormous size, power and speed, ----. A) the Blue Whale weighs around 180 tons B) little had been known about the mating behaviour or breeding grounds of Blue Whales C) whether the global Blue Whale population is increasing or remaining stable D) the change in conditions had been affecting the Blue Whale’s food supply E) Blue Whales are not easy to catch or kill 23. The uranium-based Little Boy device became the first nuclear weapon used in war ----. A) in order that no nation will use them again against another country B) that it killed approximately 75,000 people C) when it was detonated over Hiroshima on 6 August 1945 D) if it hadn’t been for its destructive effects E) once it has been used again 24. Soon after she showed up, ----. A) Liz went to the manager’s room to explain why she was late B) Liz wasn’t expected to come to the party so late C) all the guests have come to see how Liz is D) the party had started with fireworks E) it has been announced that the singer has decided to cancel the concert 25. Humankind has had some positive or negative effects upon the environment since the Palaeolithic era ----. A) during which the ability to generate fire was acquired B) that they polluted the earth with various activities C) as motor vehicle emissions are one of the leading causes of air pollution D) while adverse air quality can kill many organisms including humans E) in which water pollution causes approximately ten thousand deaths per day
26. Mercury poisoning is a type of disease ----. A) if symptoms included sensory impairment and a lack of coordination B) where it must have affected children dangerously C) caused by exposure to mercury or its toxic compounds D) but the causes of it weren’t understood well at that time E) despite it being an element found in deposits worldwide 27. No sooner had they started to play football ----. A) when two players started to fight with each other B) than it suddenly began to rain C) that fans began to cheer loudly D) but also the favourite player twisted his ankle E) and we have found opportunity to watch it 28. ---- the thieves had already run away. A) Before the police moved in the bank B) When the police officers have stopped the drivers C) After they planted bombs in a car D) By the time the police have heard about their intentions E) While they were trying to open the safe
29.-31. soruları, aşağıdaki parçaya göre cevaplayınız. Wheat is a worldwide cultivated grass. Globally, after maize, it is the second most produced food among the cereal crops and rice ranks third. Wheat grain is mostly used to make flour for breads and pastries. Also, it is used for fermentation to make beer and vodka. Wheat is planted to a limited extent as a forage crop for livestock and the straw can be used as fodder for livestock or as a construction material for roofing thatch. World output of wheat at the beginning of the 21st century was more than 570 million metric tons, an increase of about 30 percent over 1980. China is the world’s leading producer, with 91 million metric tons, followed by India, Russia, and the United States. Other major wheat producers are France, Turkey and Ukraine. 29. It is understood from the passage that wheat ----. A) is the most produced grain crop in the world now B) ranks second in terms of the volume of production C) is produced globally more than maize D) together with rice is used by farmers to feed livestock to a large extent E) is the third most produced grain crop today 30. One can understand from the passage that the main use of wheat ----. A) was to construct buildings once B) is to produce alcoholic beverages C) is especially to feed farm animals to maximize their growth D) is in the manufacture of flour E) has been for animal consumption 31. We can understand from the passage that when we take the countries that produce wheat into consideration ----. A) China is the one where the production of wheat takes place most B) India and Russia are the leading producers with 91 million metric tons annually C) France, Turkey and Ukraine produce more wheat than Russia and the United States D) United States is the world’s leading producer with more than 570 million metric tons E) their productions of wheat have been gradually declining since 1980
32.-34. soruları, aşağıdaki parçaya göre cevaplayınız. In prehistoric times, camels roamed on all of the continents except Australia and Antarctica. They originated in North America but became extinct there about 11,000 years ago. Desert-dwelling people in Asia domesticated camels more than 3,000 years ago. Since then, people have relied on it as a means of transportation and a source of milk, meat and wool. The camel is known for its incredible endurance. It is unrivalled among mammals due to its ability to survive for long periods without food and water. There are two types of camels: the Arabian camel with one hump and the Bactrian camel, with two humps. Arabian camels make up about 90 percent of the estimated 20 million camels in the world and are found throughout North Africa and South and Southwest Asia. Most of the estimated 2 million domesticated Bactrians live in Mongolia and China. Fewer than 950 wild Bactrian camels live in nature, which makes them even rarer than the giant panda. 32. It is stated in the passage that camels ----. A) have been used as a source of food for 11,000 years B) especially Arabian ones are becoming rare day by day C) have served as a means of transportation since ancient times D) live only in Arabian countries now E) generally have two humps 33. We can understand from the passage that camels ----. A) were first domesticated in Asia nearly 11,000 years ago B) and some land mammals living in the desserts can survive for long periods without consuming any water C) evolved in North America where they don’t exist currently D) can’t carry on living without eating any food under harsh conditions E) do not store water in their humps as is commonly believed 34. It is understood from the passage that one of the differences between the Arabian camel and the Bactrian camel is that ----. A) the latter is basically distributed throughout China and Mongolia B) the Arabian camel typically has two humps C) the domestication of the Arabian camel preceded that of the Bactrian camel D) the number of the Bactrian camel left in the wild today exceeds that of the Arabian camel E) the former is not so physically strong
35.-37. soruları, aşağıdaki parçaya göre cevaplayınız. A virus is a sub-microscopic infectious agent that is unable to grow or reproduce outside a host cell. The first known virus, tobacco mosaic virus, was discovered by Martinus Beijerinck in 1899 and now more than 5,000 types have been described. The study of viruses is known as virology and is a branch of microbiology. Viruses consist of two or three parts: all viruses have genes made from either DNA or RNA, a protein coat that protects these genes and some have an envelope of fat that surrounds them when they are outside a cell. They are about 100 times smaller than bacteria. Scientists disagree about the origin of viruses. Some may have evolved from plasmids, pieces of DNA that can move between cells, while others may have evolved from bacteria. Not all viruses cause disease and many viruses reproduce without causing any harm to the organism. Antibiotics have no effect on viruses, but antiviral drugs have been developed to treat life-threatening infections. 35. We can understand from the passage that viruses ----. A) display a wide diversity of shapes and sizes B) are able to develop outside a host cell C) are basically made of three parts D) are not essentially harmful organisms for the human body E) can be nearly 100 times bigger than bacteria 36. It is understood from the passage that ----. A) it wasn’t until the late nineteenth century that the first virus was found out B) 5,000 types of viruses were identified by Martinus Beijerinck C) the study of viruses is known as microbiology D) according to the findings of Martinus Beijerinck, tobacco mosaic virus was made of RNA E) viruses can be destroyed by the use of antibiotics
LYS 5 İngilizce Deneme Sınavı 37. It is clear in the passage that among scientists, there is no consensus on ----. A) which viruses are made from DNA or RNA B) how viruses were formed initially C) whether the first discovered virus is tobacco mosaic virus D) whether antibiotics have any effect on viruses E) the origin of bacteria
38.-40. soruları, aşağıdaki parçaya göre cevaplayınız. The Niagara Suspension Bridge was the world’s first working railway suspension bridge. It stood 2.5 miles downstream of Niagara Falls from 1855 to 1897, when it was finally replaced by the Steel Arch Bridge. The bridge carried mixed traffic on its two decks across the Niagara River. Trains crossed over the river by way of the bridge’s upper deck while pedestrians and carriages used the lower. The bridge was the result of a collaboration of two companies from two countries. Three railway lines crossed over the bridge, connecting cities on both sides of the border. They brought a large influx of tourists into the region around the Niagara Falls. In the time leading to the American Civil War, the Underground Railroad helped slaves in the United States escape across the Suspension Bridge to freedom in Canada. 38. We can understand from the passage that the Niagara Suspension Bridge ----. A) has been serving for more than a century now as the world’s oldest suspension bridge B) consisted of three decks C) couldn’t allow the safe passage of trains D) was the world’s first suspension bridge E) played a significant role in the history of the region around Niagara 39. From the passage, we understand that the building of the Niagara Suspension Bridge ----. A) caused the cities on both sides of the border to lose their popularity B) was completed by the government of Canada in 1855 C) lasted from 1855 to 1897 D) was a cooperative enterprise E) had hardly any effects on the commercial development of the region around the Niagara Falls
42. We can understand from the passage that the ice age having taken place from 850 to 630 million years ago ----. A) was not a worldwide event B) finished due to the build up of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere C) is a geologic period that is mostly defined by continuous volcanic activities D) was less severe than the Andean Saharan glaciation E) was a minor one when compared to other ice ages 43. It can be understood from the passage that the Cambrian Explosion ----. A) was a result of the ice age called the Huronian B) occurred after the Andean-Saharan ice age C) has generated extensive scientific debate D) is an event marked by the emergence of developed life forms E) occurred before the first ice age
44.-48. sorularda karşılıklı konuşmanın boş bırakılan kısmını tamamlayabilecek ifadeyi bulunuz. 44.
40. It is clear from the passage that ----. A) the construction of the Niagara Suspension Bridge helped many slaves in Canada escape to the United States during the time of war B) the Suspension Bridge brought about the arrival of a great number of tourists to the area around the Niagara Falls C) the Steel Arch Bridge is considered as the world’s first railway suspension bridge D) the Suspension Bridge’s upper deck was designed to allow pedestrians and carriages to cross over the Niagara River E) many companies were involved in the construction of the Niagara Suspension Bridge
41.-43. soruları, aşağıdaki parçaya göre cevaplayınız. There have been some major ice ages in the Earth’s past. The earliest ice age, called the Huronian, was around 2.7 to 2.3 billion years ago. The earliest well-documented ice age and probably the most severe of the last 1 billion years occurred from 850 to 630 million years ago. The permanent ice covered the entire globe and was ended by the effects of the accumulation of greenhouse gases such as CO2 produced by volcanoes in the atmosphere. It has been suggested that the end of this ice age was responsible for the subsequent Cambrian Explosion which is characterized by the rapid appearance of most major groups of complex organisms around 530 million years ago as evidenced by the fossil records. A minor ice age, the Andean-Saharan, occurred from 460 to 430 million years ago during the Late Ordovician and the Silurian period. 41. It is understood from the passage that the Huronian ice age ----. A) took place between 850 and 630 million years ago B) covered the entire planet C) was preceded by the phenomenon known as the Cambrian Explosion D) was the most severe ice age during the history of the Earth E) is the first of all the ice ages that have occurred on the Earth so far
George : - Hi, Jill. Where are you going? Jill : - I am on my way to the library. George : - ---Jill : - I would like to but I can’t. I have lots of reading and I feel like I will never get through everything this semester. A) Would you take this book for me there? B) I have heard that the movie is really good. It is a murder mystery. C) I wonder if you want to go to a movie with me tonight. D) I have always hated writing all those term papers. E) I am sure I won’t go there as I don’t have much time. Mike : - How do you like your literature class? John : - I love it. The professor is terrific. Mike : - ---John : - I don’t think so. He is the best teacher I have ever seen up to now. A) Yes, he is an excellent person and an expert on English literature. B) Did you hear that another teacher will take over the class? C) This is my favourite course and I study it a lot. D) But others think that the class would be better with another teacher. E) When will you start to attend his classes? Alice : - I expected to see you at the party yesterday. John : - ---Alice : - But I remember saying last week that I would go there. John : - I am sorry to have forgotten it. A) I was also there and I saw you. B) If I had known that you were going, I would have gone there too. C) Are you sure you want go there alone? D) That’s right. It has been ages since I enjoyed myself so much at a social gathering. E) So, you say you called me to inform me about it in advance.
Adam : - How did your exam go? Mike : - ---Adam : - I am not surprised that you did so well. You studied hard for it. Mike : - Even so, the questions were challenging and I could have failed it. A) Unfortunately, all of us failed to pass the test as we hadn’t expected it to be so hard. B) I thought I did poorly, but I ended up with an A, the highest grade in the class. C) I got the lowest grade in the class and I have to study hard for the next exam. D) As always it was bad. The questions were mostly from the last chapters. E) It is the simplest exam I have ever taken so far.
48. Brad : - Are you going to the college dance tomorrow? Robert : - ---Brad : - Come on, everybody will be there and if you miss it, you will have to wait for a couple of months for another one. Robert : - I’d love to, but I promised my father I would take my sister to a show. A) I have been looking forward to it for a long time. I can’t miss this opportunity. B) Yes, as we planned I am coming with my sister. C) Well, I do have something else lined up. D) I would have gone there but I had to study for my maths exam. E) No, because I have to complete my school project by tomorrow. This is the most important thing for me now.
49.-53. sorularda verilen cümleye anlamca en yakın olan cümleyi bulunuz. 49. Because John behaved according to his manager’s advice, he was promoted. A) John acted in accordance with his director’s suggestion thus he was given a promotion. B) John wasn’t given a promotion as he reacted against his director’s advice. C) If John had listened to his manager’s advice, he would have been promoted. D) John could have listened to his director’s suggestions but he didn’t and failed to get a promotion. E) John was promoted on the grounds that he helped his manager. 50. India harbours a large population of tigers in the world, along with one of the highest human populations. A) India is the most populated place in the world and a number of tiger species live there. B) India is one of the most populated places as well as being home to a huge number of tigers in the world. C) India is one of the places where tigers live though the population of India is very high. D) Tigers used to live in large amounts in India, which is one of the most populated places in the world. E) In India, there was a large population of tigers. Moreover, it was one of the most populated places in the world. 51. Contrary to my expectation, many people failed to attend the conference due to the time of it. A) Many people were to have attended the conference but the time of it wasn’t suitable for everyone. B) I though that many people liked the conference but in fact they didn’t due to some conditions. C) I expected that few people would attend the conference at first. However, many people attended it as the time of it wasn’t so late. D) Due to the time of it, a few people were able to attend the conference just as I expected. E) I expected that more people would attend the conference but they didn’t owing to the time of it.
52. It wasn’t fair that Mike was punished by his father very severely. A) Mike should have been punished more severely by his father. B) Mike could have been punished harshly by his father. C) There was no need to punish Mike severely as he did nothing. D) Mike would have been punished severely by his father if he had got angry. E) Mike didn’t deserve to be punished by his father very harshly. 53. We ought not to have fallen back on John in this project. A) I wish we had trusted John in this project. B) It was wrong of us to trust John in this project. C) We should have trusted nobody but John in this project. D) We relied on John in this project as expected by others. E) This project should have been carried out by John.
54.-58. sorularda, verilen duruma uygun düşen cümleyi bulunuz. 54. While you are watching a movie in the cinema, the boys sitting in front of you start to talk with each other as they are bored. However, you are disturbed by this situation and think that if you don’t warn them seriously, they will keep on talking. So, you say: A) Why don’t you watch the movie with me? B) Please watch the movie or keep on talking outside. C) You are right. I am also bored with the film. D) I think we are disturbing the people around right now. E) Excuse me, when will the film finish? 55. You have been late for work for the second time this week so your boss gets angry and says that he will fire you if you come late once more. You apologise to him by giving the reason for your coming late and say: A) You are wrong as I wasn’t late for work today. B) If you fire me, I will definitely sue you. C) Unfortunately, the traffic here caused me to be fired. D) I am really sorry. I wish I had come early then you wouldn’t have got angry with me. E) Sorry, the buses were full and I had to wait for some time for an empty one. 56. You have had a trip to Egypt recently to see the pyramids and the Great Sphinx of Giza. However, in addition to the hot weather there, the hotel which you stayed at was rather terrible. When your friend asks how your trip has been, you tell him what you feel and say: A) The hotel was nice but the service not so we stayed at another one. B) It is not a place which you can go alone so I may accompany you. C) It is years since I enjoyed myself so much at a trip. D) To tell you the truth, I would rather not have spent my vacation there. E) I wish we would go there together next year. 57. Your son obviously didn’t study much last term and wasn’t able to get a passing grade from two of his exams. Now, he regrets not having studied enough. You, as a father, are very angry with him and you will scold him harshly. So, you say: A) What you must do now is to learn from your mistakes and not to repeat them. B) You know if you don’t study enough this term, you may fail so be careful. C) Will you be able to get a passing grade from your history exam? D) I wish you had studied more but you still have a chance to compensate your mistake. E) You ought to have studied hard last year. You have to face the consequences of your actions now.
Radikal okurları için Dilko Yayın Kurulu tarafından hazırlanmıştır. 58. The weather is cold and you have been spending your time eating and talking with your friends at the university canteen before the lesson. As almost everybody is smoking, one of your friends gets irritated by the cigarette smoke and asks you whether you mind if he opens one of the windows. You certainly don’t and say: A) Why don’t you stop complaining about here? B) You are right, let’s go outside to get some fresh air. C) Not a bad idea. We need some fresh air now. D) If you open one of them, we could catch cold easily. E) Don’t you see that the weather is cold outside? You will get ill.
59.-63. sorularda, boş bırakılan yere parçanın anlam bütünlüğünü sağlamak için getirilebilecek cümleyi bulunuz. 59. Melanism is an increased amount of black or nearly black pigmentation of an organism, resulting from the presence of melanin. ----. A synonym for this condition used in the context of human disease is melanosis. Melanism is often the result of genetic mutation but can result from other stimuli, such as exposure to abnormal temperature changes during gestation. A) However, it has been shown to occur in a variety of animals B) It is the opposite of albinism, which occurs due to lack of melanin C) Leopards and jaguars with these conditions were often examined by experts D) On the contrary, it results from the existence of much melanin in the body E) So, there is no evidence as to how it occurs 60. Ethiopia’s population is mainly rural, with most living in highlands above 5,900 ft. Almost half the people are Muslim while over a third belongs to the Ethiopian Orthodox Church and about 12 % practice traditional religions. ----. The Amhara and Tigreyans, who together make up about a third of the population, live mostly in the central Ethiopian Plateau and are Christian. The Oromo, who make up about 40 % of the country’s people, live in the Southern Ethiopia and are predominantly Muslim. A) Nevertheless, Ethiopia is an extremely poor and overwhelmingly agricultural country B) Amharic is the country’s official language, but a great many other languages are spoken C) There are a great number of distinct ethnic groups in Ethiopia D) According to tradition, the Ethiopian kingdom was founded by Solomon’s first son, Menelik I E) So, a substantial number of Ethiopians speak English, which is commonly taught in schools 61. English language is a member of the West Germanic group of the Germanic subfamily of the IndoEuropean family of languages. ----. It is also the mother tongue of about 60 million persons in the British Isles, from where it spread many other parts of the world owing to British exploring and colonizing from the 17th through 19th century. A) Greek and Latin words began to enter it in the 15th century and Modern English is usually dated from 1500s B) During these 300 or more years English remained the language of the common people C) Although the pronunciation of English has changed greatly, the spelling of English words has altered very little over the years D) Spoken by about 470 million people throughout the world, English is the official language of about 45 nations E) Like other languages, English changed greatly, albeit unnoticeably 62. Alcoholism is the popular term for two disorders: alcohol abuse and alcohol dependence. ----. For example, they affect an individual’s health and personal life, as well as having an impact on society at large. A) For this reason, they contribute to a variety of severe social problems including homelessness B) Such problems include poor nutrition, memory disorders and difficulty with balance and walking C) The term alcoholism was first used by a Swedish professor of medicine, Magnus Huss D) Pharmacotherapy for alcohol rehabilitation has been gaining wider acceptance E) Both these disorders can have serious consequences
63. Gregor Johann Mendel was an Austrian priest and scientist and is often called the father of genetics for his study of the inheritance of traits in pea plants. ----. The significance of Mendel’s work was not recognized until the turn of the 20th century but its rediscovery prompted the foundation of the discipline of genetics. A) Therefore, he turned to experimenting with honeybees B) Mendel showed that the inheritance of traits follows particular laws, which were later named after him C) It was not until the early 20th century that the importance of his ideas was realized D) Mendel’s experimental results have been the object of considerable dispute so far E) Mendel was born into a German-speaking family in Heinzendorf
64.-69. sorularda, verilen İngilizce cümleye anlamca en yakın Türkçe cümleyi bulunuz. 64. A lot of people believe that automobile was invented by Henry Ford nevertheless it was first invented by Karl Benz in 1885. A) Pek çok insan otomobilin Henry Ford tarafından icat edildiğini düşünmektedir ancak otomobil ilk defa 1885’te Karl Benz tarafından icat edilmiştir. B) Çoğumuz otomobilin Henry Ford tarafından icat edildiğini düşünürüz fakat otomobili 1885’te Karl Benz icat etmiştir. C) Otomobilin Henry Ford tarafından icat edildiği doğru değildir çünkü otomobil ilk defa 1885’te Karl Benz tarafından icat edilmiştir. D) Pek çok insan ilk otomobilin 1885’te Karl Benz tarafından icat edildiğini düşünmektedir ancak otomobili ilk icat eden kişi Henry Ford’ tan başkası değildir. E) Pek çok insan ilk otomobili icat edenin Henry Ford olduğunu düşünmektedir ancak otomobil 1885’te Karl Benz tarafından icat edilmiştir. 65. Many people in China believe that various organs of tigers have therapeutic properties however there is no scientific evidence to support this belief. A) Çin’de insanlar kaplanların çeşitli organlarının iyileştirici özelliklere sahip olduklarına inansa da bu fikir bilimsel olarak desteklenemiyor. B) Çin’de insanlar kaplanların organlarının iyileştirici özelliklere sahip olduklarına inanmaktadır ve bu inanışı destekleyecek bilimsel kanıtlar da vardır. C) Kaplanların çeşitli organlarının iyileştirici özelliklere sahip olduğuna Çin’de yaygın olarak inanılmaktadır fakat bu inanışı destekleyecek herhangi bir bilimsel kanıt yoktur. D) Çin’de pek çok insan kaplanların çeşitli organlarının iyileştirici özelliklere sahip olduklarına inanmaktadır fakat bu inanışı destekleyecek bilimsel kanıt yoktur. E) Çin’de herkes kaplanların organlarının iyileştirici özelliklere sahip olduğunu düşünse de bu inanış bilimsel olarak kanıtlanamamıştır. 66. Deserts which take up about one third of the Earth’s surface are regions which can provide a natural protection for fossils due to extreme dryness. A) Dünya yüzeyinin yaklaşık üçte birini kaplayan çöller aşırı kuraklık sebebiyle fosiller için doğal bir koruma sağlayabilen bölgelerdir. B) Aşırı kuraklık sebebiyle fosiller için doğal bir koruma sağlayabilen bölgelerden biri olan çöller dünya yüzeyinin neredeyse üçte birini kaplarlar. C) Çöller yeryüzünün yaklaşık üçte birini kaplarlar ve aşırı kuraklık yüzünden fosiller için doğal bir koruma sağlayabilirler. D) Yeryüzünün neredeyse üçte birini kaplayan çöller fosiller için doğal bir koruma sağlayabilen aşırı kurak yerlerdir. E) Dünya yüzeyinin yaklaşık üçte birini kaplayan çöller aşırı kurak bölgelerdir ve fosiller için doğal bir koruma sağlayabilirler.
67. Used extensively as a second or as an official language in many countries today, English with its nearly 375 million speakers is the third most spoken language after Chinese and Spanish. A) Yaklaşık 375 milyon konuşanıyla muhtemelen Çince ve İspanyolca’dan sonra üçüncü en çok konuşulan dil olan İngilizce, günümüzde birçok ülkede resmi ya da ikinci bir dil olarak yaygın bir biçimde kullanılıyor. B) Şu anda pek çok ülkede resmi ya da ikinci bir dil olarak yaygın bir şekilde kullanılan İngilizce, yaklaşık 375 milyon konuşanıyla Çince ve İspanyolca’dan sonra en çok konuşulan üçüncü dildir. C) İngilizce şu anda pek çok ülkede resmi ya da ikinci bir dil olarak kullanılmaktadır ve yaklaşık 375 milyon konuşanıyla Çince ve İspanyolca’dan sonra en çok konuşulan üçüncü dildir. D) Pek çok ülkede resmi ya da ikinci bir dil olarak yaygın bir şekilde kullanılan İngilizce’yi yaklaşık 375 milyon kişi konuşmaktadır ve bu da onu muhtemelen Çince ve İspanyolca’dan sonra üçüncü en çok konuşulan dil yapmaktadır. E) Resmi ya da ikinci bir dil olarak yaklaşık 375 milyon kişi tarafından konuşulan İngilizce Çince ve İspanyolca’dan sonra en çok konuşulan üçüncü dildir. 68. As many people have died after the earthquake that took place two days ago, the officials have decided to take some precautions against a possible epidemic. A) İki gün önce meydana gelen depremden sonra pek çok insan öldüğü için yetkililer olası bir salgına karşı bir takım önlemler almaya karar verdiler. B) İki gün önce meydana gelen depremden sonra pek çok insanın ölmesi yetkilileri olası bir salgına karşı bir takım önlemler almaya zorladı. C) İki gün önce meydana gelen deprem yüzünden pek çok insan öldükten sonra yetkililer salgın hastalıklara karşı bir takım önlemler aldılar. D) Depremden sonra pek çok insan öldüğü için yetkililer salgın hastalıklara karşı acil bir takım önlemler aldılar. E) Depremden sonraki iki gün içinde pek çok insan öldüğü için yetkililer olası salgın hastalıklara karşı bazı önlemler almaya karar verdiler. 69. Royal Ascot, where you can arrive by a short train ride from London, is the place of traditional horse racing which the queen generally watches as well. A) Kraliçenin de genellikle izlediği geleneksel at yarışlarının mekanı Royal Ascot’a gitmek istiyorsanız, Londra’dan kısa bir tren yolculuğu yapabilirsiniz. B) Kraliçenin de genellikle izlediği geleneksel at yarışlarının mekanı Royal Ascot’a Londra’dan kısa bir tren yolculuğuyla varılır. C) Kraliçenin de genellikle izlediği geleneksel at yarışlarının mekanı Royal Ascot’a gitmek isteyenler Londra’dan kısa bir tren yolculuğu yapabilir. D) Londra’dan kısa bir tren yolculuğuyla varabileceğiniz Royal Ascot, genellikle Kraliçenin de izlediği geleneksel at yarışlarının mekanıdır. E) Genellikle Kraliçenin de izlediği geleneksel at yarışlarının mekanı Royal Ascot’a Londra’dan kısa bir tren yolculuğuyla varabilirsiniz.
70.-75. sorularda, verilen Türkçe cümleye anlamca en yakın İngilizce cümleyi bulunuz. 70. Dünyanın en güzel mimari eserlerinden biri olan Eyfel Kulesi adını tasarımcısı Gustave Eiffel’den almıştır. A) Regarded as the world’s most attractive architectural work, Eiffel Tower took its name from its designer, Gustave Eiffel. B) Taking its name from its designer, Gustave Eiffel, Eiffel Tower is one of the world’s most beautiful architectural works. C) One of the world’s most attractive architectural works, Eiffel Tower was constructed by Gustave Eiffel and was named after him. D) Eiffel Tower is considered as the world’s most beautiful architectural work and was named after its designer, Gustave Eiffel. E) One of the world’s most beautiful architectural works, Eiffel Tower took its name from its designer, Gustave Eiffel.
71. Edison ampul de dahil olmak üzere insanların hayatlarını büyük ölçüde etkileyen pek çok aygıt geliştirmiş Amerikalı bir mucitti. A) Edison was an American inventor who developed many devices, including the light bulb, and he influenced people’s lives to a great extent. B) As an American inventor, Edison developed many devices, including the light bulb, which influenced people’s lives significantly. C) Edison was an American inventor who developed many devices, including the light bulb, which greatly influenced people’s lives. D) Edison, who was an American inventor, influenced people’s lives significantly and developed many devices, including the light bulb. E) Edison who greatly influenced people’s lives by developing some devices, including the light bulb, was an American inventor. 72. Aynı zamanda Nobel ödülü kazanmış bir yazar olan Winston Churchill 1940’tan 1945’e kadar İngiltere’nin başbakanıydı. A) Winston Churchill was the Prime Minister of England from 1940 to 1945, when he won a Nobel Prize. B) Winston Churchill won a Nobel Prize while he was serving as the Prime Minister of England between 1940 and 1945. C) Winston Churchill, who was also a Nobel Prize-winning writer, was the Prime Minister of England from 1940 to 1945. D) Winston Churchill, who was the Prime Minister of England from 1940 to 1945, was a Nobel Prizewinning writer. E) Winston Churchill was the Prime Minister of England from 1940 to 1945 and he was also a writer who won a Nobel Prize. 73. Geç gelişinin asıl sebebini öğretmenine söylemiş olsaydın, o kadar kızmazdı. A) If you had told your teacher the real reason why you came late, he might have got angrier. B) Had you told your teacher the real reason for your coming late, he wouldn’t have got so angry. C) The real reason for your coming late was what made your teacher so angry. D) Only if you had told your teacher the real reason why you came late, he might not have got angry with you so much. E) If you told tour teacher the real reason for your coming late, he might get angry. 74. Sirkeci-Halkalı hattında çalışan banliyö trenleri güvenlik açısından o kadar zayıf ki neredeyse her gün istenmeyen bir sürü olay yaşanıyor. A) The reason why lots of unpleasant events happen in the suburban trains which are working on the Sirkeci-Halkalı line is that they are so poor in terms of safety. B) Due to the poor safety conditions, you can witness lots of unpleasant events in the suburban trains of Sirkeci-Halkalı line. C) The suburban trains which are working on the Sirkeci-Halkalı line are so poor in terms of safety that lots of unpleasant events happen almost every day. D) Sirkeci-Halkalı line has got such unsafe suburban trains that lots of unpleasant events take place every day. E) Since the suburban trains working on the Sirkeci-Halkalı line are poor in terms of safety, lots of unpleasant events happen there.
LYS 5 İngilizce Deneme Sınavı 75. Osteoporoz en yaygın kemik hastalıklarından biridir ve vücut yeterince yeni kemik oluşturamadığı zaman meydana gelir. A) One of the most common bone diseases, Osteoporosis occurs when the body can’t form enough new bone. B) Osteoporosis, occurring when the body can’t form enough new bone, is one of the most common bone diseases. C) The most common bone disease, Osteoporosis occurs when the body fails to form enough new bone. D) Osteoporosis is one of the most common bone diseases and it occurs when the body can’t form enough new bone. E) When the body can’t form enough new bone, a condition called Osteoporosis occurs and it is one of the most common bone diseases.