September 4, 2017 | Author: Fernand Falconi | Category: Poverty, Poverty & Homelessness, Sustainability, Preventive Healthcare, Teachers
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CITY OF MUNTINLUPA City Planning and Development Office


i Comprehensive Land Use Plan

FOREWORD The City of Muntinlupa is the first LGU in the National Capital Region to have an approved Comprehensive Land Use Plan (CLUP) and Zoning Ordinance in 1993. Thus, establishing the veracity that the city is indeed the forefront of developmental planning in the Metropolitan Manila.

But due to a dramatic

change in land use utilization over the years, there is a strong need to update the CLUP to make it more proactive to the present problems besetting the city. The City Planning and Development Office act as the spearheading committee in the amendment of CLUP as it performs tasks related to planning, research, budgeting and implementation of development programs, projects and activities of the LGU.

The comments and recommendations of all the

stakeholders generated during the strategic planning workshop and public hearings conducted were considered in the formulation of CLUP. The CLUP incorporates a framework that outlines sectoral goals and objectives into priority projects and programs of the city. It is reflective of the city’s vision and mission as advocated by the present leadership. It shall be the blueprint in setting the direction of the development of Muntinlupa towards the realization of becoming the leading investment and business center in the Philippines but still withstanding sustainable use of scarce resources ensuring a better quality of life and an improve living environment.

i Comprehensive Land Use Plan






Spatial Development Framework Plan for Muntinlupa



Social Development Plan



Economic Development Plan



Infrastructure Development Plan



Local Administration and Finance Development Plan



Environmental Plan



Land Use Plan


ii Comprehensive Land Use Plan





Location Quotient of Muntinlupa with NCR and Southern Tagalog Indicating the Economic Base and Relative Role of the City for Points Above 1



Projected Population for year 2001-2011



Projected Health Requirements for year 20012011



Projected Protective Requirements for year 2001-2011



Projected Housing Requirements



Projected Play Field Requirement



Projected Enrollment for year 2001-2010



Projected Classroom and Teacher Requirements for year 2001-2010



Road Requirement



Projected Garbage Generation



Communication Services


iii Comprehensive Land Use Plan





Projected Income and Expenditures


Projected Area Requirement



Land Use Allocation








iv Comprehensive Land Use Plan

Chapter 1



The Municipality of Muntinlupa was created in 1917, many events have transpired in the locality and brought to its current level of progress. Muntinlupa is now regarded as one of the fastest growing urban centers in the country. The transformation of Muntinlupa from a Municipality to a first class city in 1995 is reflective of the rapid development transpiring in the city. As the new millennium beckons, the City Government of Muntinlupa is prepared to face new challenges with the same zeal and dynamism that has led them to becoming a premier locality in Metro Manila. The 2001-2011 Comprehensive Land Use Plan (CLUP) of the City of Muntinlupa shall be the blue print in setting the direction of its development. In its effort to attain and sustain the status of being a Premier City, the City shall give primary emphasis to the provision of necessary services for its constituents that would in turn provide a better life to the people. This framework shall serve as an outline of the priority programs and projects of the City for the next five to ten years. It contains the sectoral goals and objectives, which are reflective of the City’s vision and mission espoused by the City’s incumbent Mayor—Atty. Jaime R. Fresnedi.



“We envision Muntinlupa as a well-planned premier city of the 21st century, in perfect harmony with nature, its people with a sense of pride and civic-mindedness, highly educated and competent, enjoying a world class quality of life with an enlightened and responsive community leadership drawing inspiration and guidance from God.” The CLUP promulgates the overarching objective of making the City Government customer-friendly, which can be attained through a multi-stakeholder approach involving a dynamic and world-class business sector, a vigilant and responsible civil society in an efficient and less expensive government. The success of this partnership shall be measured by its achievements in uplifting the quality of life of the City’s constituents, reducing poverty, generating productive employment and giving priority to the needs of the poor.

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In Line with this overarching vision, the City Government’s policy shall be directed towards the following priority areas of action. 1. Delivering basic social development services in health and nutrition, education and training, housing and social welfare, and implementing human capital investment programs; 2. Raising productivity and enhancing competitiveness of industry and services towards sustaining growth in output and employment. 3. Strengthening the partnership between National and Local Government and among other local governments, the business community, the civil society; and 4. Maintaining peace and order in the city.



Toward this end, Muntinlupa shall pursue an integrated and sustainable development strategy, anchored on responsible stewardship, democratic institution, and efficient and effective management that will provide world-class infrastructure and support services in order to: 1. Promote a broad economic base The harnessing of the comparative advantages of the city in terms of its potential is necessary in achieving growth. The government shall continue to attract sector to flourish as the true engine of city growth. Foreign capital and technology shall also be encouraged to augment domestic resources and improve the City’s economic base; 2. Create a business-friendly environment, which will attract environmentfriendly business. The establishment of competitive, one-stop, career-development centers offer skills assessment, information on jobs and business opportunities, and access to education and training as well as market demands and opportunities. The City Government shall continue market-oriented policies that will motivate investments. 3.

Institutionalized community participation People’s participation in the development process will institutionalize consensus-building mechanism and keeping faith with democratic processes. The City Government shall encourage partnerships to improve public service. Public hearings and consultations will always be a policy in eliciting ideas and reactions from the people on various issues. 2

Comprehensive Land Use Plan


Provide quality social services. Access to basic services and development opportunities shall be the main concern of the City Government in giving preferential attention to vulnerable groups. Focus will be given primarily basic services, such as basic education, basic health care and immunization, which have greater impact on alleviating the plight of the urban poor.

5. Ensure equity in the distribution of goods and services. The primary consideration of the City Government is to enhance government responsiveness to the poor by ensuring that policies on poverty alleviation are supported by specific programs and projects. In relation to this, there is a need to adopt and enforce standards of efficiency and reliability in the distribution of the fruits of development.



In pursuit of its vision and mission, the City Government shall be guided by the following principles: 1. Equity All policies, strategies, programs, and projects must improve the quality of life of the City’s constituents, particularly the poor, and must lead more equitable distribution of income and opportunities. As development progresses, the various stakeholders of society---government, business and civil society—will share the burden of redistributing the fruits of development equally. 2. Effectiveness The City Government shall focus on doing what it does best and let go of activities that it should not be doing. It shall seek to deliver intended results with the least unintended consequences. Under an effective leadership, the Government shall steer the City by providing a clear and coherent policy framework. It will be decisive and consistent in activities it will undertake. 3. Efficiency This will be achieved through adherence to market competition and continued integration with the national and global economies. City institutions and establishments that have comparative advantages and are efficient shall deliver economic services. The City Government shall adhere to fiscal discipline and shall follow the principle of cost recovery in the provision of government services. 3 Comprehensive Land Use Plan

Information technology shall be increasingly used to effect significant expansion in productivity. 4. Environment and Ecological Sustainability The policies to be pursued shall be in line with the objective of insuring the optimal use of the city’s resources. The scope of economic development programs shall consider the carrying capacity of the environment. 5. Empowerment and Gender Equity in Development The most vulnerable sectors of society shall be economically empowered by expanding their capabilities and opportunities to generate sustainable sources of income. All Policies shall be supportive of gender equity in the development process. 6. Accountability and Transparency Decision-making by The government shall be subjected to full public disclosure at every stage in order to restore and maintain public confidence in and honesty of their leaders and the integrity of public policies and government processes. Moreover, the government shall hold itself accountable to the people for its actions and operations.



Among the 17 Cities and Municipalities that comprise Metropolitan Manila, The City of Muntinlupa has been at the forefront of development planning. Reflective of this, is the fact that Muntinlupa was the first LGU in The National Capital Region to have an approved Comprehensive Land Use Plan (CLUP) and Zoning Ordinance. These documents were approved in 1993. Since then, however, numerous developments and changes have marked significant changes in the present character of The City of Muntinlupa. Similar changes are likewise observed in the land use pattern of The City. Through it generally adheres to The CLUP of 1993, The proportions of land utilization has dramatically changed, brought about by The rapid urbanization of settlements which in turn is brought by rapid population growth in The locality. There is thus a need to update the CLUP and the zoning ordinance to make them more proactive to the present problems besetting the City. In this document, spatial development pattern refers to the evolution of a system of areas with potential linkages for the following purposes: (a) to facilitate the flow and exchange of goods, information and services; (b) to rationalize the distribution of population and economic activities; (c) to promote sound environmental management; 4 Comprehensive Land Use Plan

(d) to provide accessible public utilities and services; (e) to reserve open spaces for recreational and conservation purposes and (f) forge unity and cohesion among the barangays.

1.5.1 SPATIAL DEVELOPMENTAL PATTERN The spatial development pattern appropriate for the city of Muntinlupa for its CLUP 2001-2011 is the linear corridor pattern. This form of urban growth and change is developed based on the principle of linear extension along identified main lines of communication with high intensity activities, such as commercial and industrial centers and major institutional use like a university. The object is to create new strong activity and/or employment center along the main communication axis, instead of continuous suburbs or sprawl. Among the intended effects of the approach are: to minimize journey-to-work trip of workers, encourage local civic consciousness and promote orderly and economical urban expansion. In the case of the city, the omni-presence of the South Luzon Expressway (SLEX), which straddles the whole city and cuts the city into two halves, has played a significant role in the city’s past and present development. Future development will revolve around SLEX’s presence and capacity to achieve the intended effects and achieve the city’s vision, mission, guiding principles and the CLUP’s goals and objectives. In this pattern, the downtown center, in this case the Alabang area is encouraged to continue its central function. The corridor, as the SLEX represent, is provided with improved transport services and access from all the city’s barangays. Future expansion of the corridor centers follows a carefully guided scheme for utilizing their surroundings open spaces. In the case of Muntinlupa business and commercial expansion will occur in the downtown area of Alabang, around the Sucat Interchange area and around the Susana Heights area. A big chunk of the Bilibid area will be retained as open spaces for recreational use by the city’s residents. Consistent with the linear approach, existing pattern of specialization of activities shall be reinforced such as in the Alabang area where the public market and business centers are located (Madrigal Park, Filinvest, and Intersection of SLEX and the Alabang-Zapote Road) to make them offer better and upscale service sector activities of Cavite, Laguna, Batangas and Quezon. However, Alabang area could become too congested (as experienced in the intersection area) that the development of limited urban expansion area is deemed quite desirable in the Sucat and Susana HeightsBilibid/Poblacion areas. The objective here is to create an interrelated linear activity centers with possibly unique identities. The advantage of the linear approach is that it provides for more efficient use of existing local transport as the SLEX, makes the movement and congestion problems of the Alabang area more capable of reasonable solution, and it provides for a better balance of business and commercial activities in the whole city. In view of these advantages, the linear approach fit well with the idea of development following an ideal pattern as well as development focusing on areas with the economic potentials in the city. 5 Comprehensive Land Use Plan

1.5.2 SPATIAL PROFILE In spatial development planning, parts of whole are assessed with respect to the overall contributions of the sector to the total development of the city. Hence, the role played by the various barangays in the total development of the City is primary to the achievement of the goal of becoming the Premiere City of the 21st Century. Barangay Tunasan – being the southernmost area of the City, the barangay links the locality to the Province of Laguna. It is home to numerous residential establishments with sixty five percent (65%) of the total land area of the barangay being used for residential purposes. The remaining area is devoted to mixed uses and industrial activities. Preference for residential land use has been advocated so as to safeguard the development of the locality. Barangay Poblacion – It is host to the country’s National Bilibid Prisons. The NBP alone comprises 84.15 percent of the land in this barangay. As such, it is currently considered as institutional zone. However, much speculation has cropped up as to the development of the area. In anticipation of the impending development moves, the City of Muntinlupa has proposed a Master Development Plan for the NBP area. The plan proposes to contain the commercial area of District I, comparable in development to that of the Alabang area in District II. The barangay is mostly zoned for residential use, although few medium-to-low scale commercial activities can be noted along the national road and some parts of the barangay where people converge. Barangay Putatan – It is home to the most number of subdivisions the sitios and it is largely residential in use. Putatan comprises 14.44 percent of the total land area of the city. It has been proposed in the past that the barangay shall be divided into four smaller localities instead of just one. This proposal was brought about by the need to effectively target public service and utilities to the area’s residents. Barangay Bayanan – This is another area classified mainly as residential. Like most of the barangays in District I, commercial activities/zones line the barangay area along the national road is spanning the whole length of the district in Alabang. Barangay Alabang- It is the most commercialized barangay in the City of Muntinlupa. With Filinvest Corporate City inside it as well as the close proximity of the Alabang Commercial Center and Madrigal Park, it is projected to be the backbone of the city's economic development. It is projected fuel the city's development making it the Premier City of the 21st Century. These developments have transformed this once, fishing and agricultural village into a highly urbanized modern area characterized by increasing commercial activities and dwindling residential uses. At present, even the residential portion of the barangay along the old provincial road (Aplaya Rd.) is now lined with commercial establishments, reflecting the fast-paced commercialization being experienced by the locality.

6 Comprehensive Land Use Plan

Barangay Ayala Alabang- In terms of land area, this is the third largest barangay of the City. It is known to be the home of rich and well-known personalities in the country who settle here for its distinct features. The area has widely planned land uses, with the establishment of the first-class residential and commercial areas being among its concerns. It is a self-contained community wherein development harmonizes with nature. Barangay Cupang- It is dubbed as the “Most Blessed Barangay in the City of Muntinlupa”. The development activities that have occurred in this locality are enough to warrant this reputation. From frugal activities such as fishing and farming, the barangay is now the proud host to some 50 major industries of the City, not to mention 11 first class subdivisions. Land use is mainly industrial with sporadic residential zones. Barangay Buli- This is the smallest barangay in terms of land area. However, it is characterized by a mixed land se of industrial the residential activities owing to the spillover of these uses from Barangays Cupang the Sucat. Barangay Sucat- this is home of the 600 megawatt power of the National Power Corporation. There are about 27 major industries located in the locality plus five (5) large subdivisions and vast open spaces targeted to absorb the commercial activities, which are expected to spill over from Barangay Alabang.

1.5.3 OVER-ALL DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY Spatial development shall be pursued on a strategy of effective networking of the nine (9) barangays. This shall be accompanied by establishing linkages and optimal use of resources.

1.5.4 SPATIAL DEVELOPMENT ROLES Despite the varying strategic roles being played by the barangays, the City of Muntinlupa aims to move forward into the new millennium on the basis of a common vision of the future. This is the vision anchored on becoming a Premiere City by the next century. For practical development planning and management purposes, the City of Muntinlupa shall be divided into two districts – each of which have spatial factors favorable to the needs of rational and sustainable approach, Muntinlupa City would be able to maximize its potential both as premiere center of commerce and industry as it retains its “provincial” ambiance. With its strategic location as the gateway to the CALABARZON sub region capturing most of its population, Muntinlupa shall emerge as the center for finance, 7 Comprehensive Land Use Plan

banking, insurance, recreation, trade, commerce the industry in the southern part of Metro Manila to the CALABARZON area. It shall be the service center that will provide particularly residential, entertainment and financial services to the CALABARZON labor force. In relation to Metro Manila, it will serve as the absorber of the light industrial and residential for people looking for smooth interpersonal relationships and clean environment of rural areas. Based on the economic base studies of the city using location quotient analysis (Table 1), the city has comparative advantages relative to NCR, Batangas, Cavite, Laguna and Quezon in manufacturing especially in the following: 1) Textiles, Wearing Apparel, Leather; 2) Basic Metal and Fabricated Metal Products; 3) Machinery; 4) Other Manufacturing and 4) Electricity, Gas and Water. In services, the city has no advantage over NCR but has advantages relative to Batangas, Cavite, Laguna and Quezon in Restaurant and Hotels, Post and Communication, Financial Intermediation, Real Estate and Renting and Domestic Services. This comparative advantage shall be one of the bases of the spatial role and definition of the city’s barangays as stated below: District I comprises of Barangays Tunasan, Poblacion, Putatan, and Bayanan which shall remain as residential areas with Barangay Poblacion emerging as its center of commerce and trade. District II comprises Barangays Alabang, Cupang, Buli, Sucat and Ayala Alabang shall serve as components of an industrial and commercial network with Alabang as the primary growth center.

8 Comprehensive Land Use Plan

Table 1 Location Quotient of Muntinlupa with NCR and Southern Tagalog Indicating the Economic Base and the Relative Role of the City for Points Above 1 Major and Minor Industry Group


Agriculture, Hunting and Forestry Palay Farming Corn Farming Coconut Farming Banana Farming Sugarcane Farming Farming Of Animal Other Agricultural Crops and Services Hunting and Forestry Fishing Fishing Mining and Quarrying Metallic Ore Mining Non-Metallic Mining and Quarrying Manufacturing Food and Beverage Manufacturing Tobacco Manufacturing Textiles, Wearing Apparel, Leather Paper and Publishing and Printing Petroleum, Chemicals, Rubbers and Plastic Non-Metallic Mineral Products Basic Metal and Fabricated Metal Products Wood, Cork, Cane, Bamboo Furniture Manufacturing and Repair

0.91 0.80 0.55 0.79 0.46 0.39 0.98 1.58 0.41 0.74 0.74 0.81 0.75 0.89 1.62 1.09 0.64 1.66 0.66 0.86 0.94 1.37 0.91 1.20

BATANG AS 0.03 0.01 0.04 0.05 0.05 0.01 0.03 0.04 0.20 0.14 0.14 1.02 1.52 0.76 2.02 1.88 2.98 1.45 2.83 2.62 2.33 1.51 0.64 3.35

CAVITE 0.08 0.04 0.21 0.25 0.11 0.26 0.35 0.05 0.22 0.22 0.22 0.74 1.45 0.49 1.56 1.64 1.01 1.62 1.61 2.57 0.76 1.45 0.81 1.77

LAGUNA QUEZON 0.05 0.02 0.18 0.02 0.10 0.17 0.14 0.08 0.05 0.32 0.32 0.69 1.01 0.52 1.24 0.58 1.88 1.30 0.91 1.45 1.00 1.51 0.27 1.61

0.01 0.01 0.01 0.00 0.02 0.33 0.10 0.05 0.03 0.07 0.07 0.56 1.72 0.33 4.18 1.90 4.46 4.60 6.37 12.81 1.20 7.22 0.26 1.68 9

Comprehensive Land Use Plan

Machinery Transport Equipment Other Manufacturing Electricity, Gas and Water Electricity, Gas and Water Supply Construction Construction Transport Equipment Post and Communication Financial Intermediation Real Estate and Renting Private Business Government Services Private Education, Health and Social Work Other Community, Social and Personal Services Activities Domestic Services Not Stated

2.24 1.44 3.54 1.29 1.29 1.06 1.06 0.91 0.66 1.03 1.05 0.84 0.82 0.64 0.76 1.17 0.36

4.23 1.10 4.31 1.59 1.59 0.90 0.90 1.26 2.62 2.12 3.15 1.65 0.93 1.04 1.52 1.72 1.67

3.14 1.62 1.25 1.13 1.13 0.76 0.76 0.82 1.20 1.76 1.50 0.99 0.72 0.74 0.85 2.05 1.43

2.43 0.89 1.74 1.19 1.19 0.98 0.98 0.91 1.51 1.91 1.63 1.62 0.85 0.93 0.84 1.91 2.26

9.27 6.42 9.56 3.20 3.20 1.51 1.51 1.72 4.41 5.43 7.40 3.43 1.11 2.34 1.19 3.09 3.30

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Chapter 2

SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT PLAN The goal for the social development of Muntinlupa is to enhance the quality of life of its residents. The idea is to manage the population growth rate to prevent depletion of limited government resources.

OBJECTIVES 1. To have sufficient basic social services for the Muntinlupa residents; 2. To increase the performance level of critical social indicators; 3. To provide for the future needs in the social services of Muntinlupa.

POLICIES AND STRATEGIES 1. A plan that would manage the rapid population growth. 2. Supplicate additional funding source for the socioeconomic development programs. 3. A program between the development and private housing groups to provide for a more affordable housing unit. 4. A guiding principle on the protection and well being of the women, children, disabled and other less fortunate members of the city.

POPULATION GOALS AND OBJECTIVES 1. To reduce population growth rate 2. To regulate the entry of illegal migrants. 3. To divert the number of people in high built-up areas to the other least dense areas of the city.

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TARGETS 1. A reduced population growth rate that is lower than that of the regional rate of 3.54. 2. A reduction of in-migration to the city for 75 percent of population growth is attributed to in-migration. 3. A spread of population from barangays Bayanan, Buli and Sucat to the less builtup areas of the city.

STRATEGIES 1. Strengthening of family planning programs of the city. 2. Recruitment of NGO and cause oriented groups that are involved in population management. 3. Strengthening the task force that impede and monitor in a barangay level entry of illegal dwellers. 4. Promote low density areas for socialized housing

POLICIES 1. Ratification of an ordinance penalizing on family planning and population control that will indoctrinate knowledge that would lead to smaller family sizes. 2. To establish an effective family planning clinics specially in high-populated areas that would educate married couples to the proper and effective way of family planning. 3. Strengthening the Migration Monitoring Center 4. A program that will discourage the entry of illegal migrants specially squatters. Like periodic anti-slum swelling drives that will clear vacant lots and banks of rivers and creeks of illegal occupants.

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ISSUES 1. Averaged 7.5 percent growth rate annually, the highest in the National Capital Region. The absence of a systematic population management programs for the city may strain both financial and fiscal resources needed to sustain its future development. 2. Doubling time of only nine years 3. High population density for barangays Bayanan, Buli and Sucat recorded at 45,400, 23,684, 19,268 persons/sq.km respectively. 4. Immigration is a serious concern since it contributes 75 percent of overall population growth. Add to the fact that most in-migrants come from rural areas and do not have the necessary skills in the urbanizing environment.

EDUCATION GOALS AND OBJECTIVES 1. to improve the educational services of the city to meet the demand for the growing school population. 2. to increase the level of educational attainment. 3. to achieve the ideal standards for education in classrooms, teachers, books and facilities. 4. to increase access of disadvantaged groups to all educational levels.

TARGETS 1. A teacher-student and classroom-student ratio of 1:40 in public schools. 2. to have a total number of 1362 classrooms and teachers by the year 2010 for the primary level 3. A total of 745 classrooms and teachers for the secondary level by the year 2010. 13 Comprehensive Land Use Plan

4. A total of 39 classrooms and teachers for the tertiary level by the year 2010. 5. A rehabilitation and enhancement of all educational materials and facilities. 6. to increase the participation rate in all levels particularly in the tertiary level.

STRATEGIES 1. Improvement of the quality and relevance of education training in the city schools. 2. Unbiased access to education training and opportunities 3. Inculcation of proper values education beneficial to socio-economic development. 4. Institutionalization of functional linkages and collaboration between formal and non-formal educational and training institutions. 5. Continuous education for teachers 6. Promotion of entrepreneurial education and training. 7. Increase in non-formal education. 8. Increase in budgetary allotment for education. 9. Execute a mechanism to support the schools through the help and assistance of private sector/business establishments.

PROGRAMS AND PROJECTS 1. Curriculum development projects. 2. A project that would grant scholarship to ideal and deserving students. 3. Technical educational projects to introduce and campaign for more technical vocational issues. 4. A program that would increase the number of teachers in all levels. 5. Add, repair and rehabilitate school buildings and their interior instructional components. 14 Comprehensive Land Use Plan

ISSUES 1. A declining educational attainment rate for elementary level for it registered at 25.52 percent lower than the regional average of 26.62 percent and 1990’s performance rate of 31.25 percent. 2. Muntinlupa registered an 11.19 percent for the educational attainment for the college level. This figure is lower than the NCR average of 12.83 percent and 1990’s attainment rate of 12.35 percent. 3. Muntinlupa recorded a 12.54 percent academic degree holder for the year 1995. this figure is below the NCR’s 15.41 percent. 4. for the academic year 1990-2000 the public elementary registered a ratio of 1:43 for the teacher ratio and 1:94 for the classroom ratio. 5. the public high School has a ratio of 1:29 for the teacher to student ratio 1:91 classroom to student ratio. 6. Desk ratio of 1:6 for the public elementary schools. 7. Textbook ratio of 1:2 for the public elementary schools. 8. A low participation rate of 3.5 percent for the tertiary level.

PROTECTIVE SERVICES GOALS AND OBJECTIVES 1. to sustain a peace and order condition that is favorable for socio-economic development. 2. To safeguard the residents from dangers to life and property caused by fire and other man-made calamities. 3. To augment and personnel, equipment and vehicle requirement of for local protective personnel. 4. To perk up crime-solving capabilities of the Police Department. 5. To improve the response capability of the protective force to different kinds of emergency. 15 Comprehensive Land Use Plan

TARGETS 1. A total of 981 policemen serving the city compared to the current total of 244. 2. An additional of 900 fire fighting personnel. 3. A total of 10 fire trucks by the year 2010. 4. A total of 49 police outposts based on the standard of 1 outpost per 10,000.

STRATEGIES 1. Promote the active participation of the general public of Muntinlupa in anti-crime efforts and fire prevention. 2. Look for additional funding for police and fighting personnel and equipments. 3. Develop a training program for protective services personnel to effectively maintain peacefulness and tranquility in the city.

POLICIES 1. Enforcement of PD 1185 (Fire Code of the Philippines), provisions of laws regarding Fire Safety.

PROGRAMS AND PROJECTS 1. An Information, Education and Communication campaign among the residents to maintain peace and order. 2. A community-based management.







3. An agenda to increase the number of protective personnel of the city. 4. A training course to improve skills and response capability of the police department. 5. Continuous conduct of intelligence operations. 6. Train additional SWAT personnel for special operations. 16 Comprehensive Land Use Plan

7. Continuous training and retaining of firemen for fire protection and suppression. 8. A petition for the acquisition of additional fire trucks, police cars, and other vital protective equipments from national and international organization. 9. Construction of 3 permanent Fire sub-station at barangays Tunasan, Putatan and Sucat.

ISSUES 1. A total of 231 effective police personnel was recorded for the year 1999 or a current ratio of 1:1854. 2. The MCPS has a total of 10 service vehicles. 3. A total of 3 city police precincts located at Tunasan, Alabang and Sucat. 4. The MCPS has only 3 detention cells namely City hall, Tunasan and Sucat. 5. The MCPS has a total lot area of 972 sq.m. This is below the PNP standard of 2500 sq.m. Lot requirement for police station. 6. 173 traffic enforcers ensure the continuous flow of traffic within in the City. 7. A total fire power of 1,653 serviceable 9mm Berretta pistol, 10 high-powered M16 rifles, 5 12-gauge shotguns and 25 CZ m Pistols. 8. Increasing number of committed crimes every year (1,103 reported crimes the year 1999) (704 for 1998) (685 for 1997 and (499 for 1996). 9. At present there are three (3) Fire Stations in the city namely Muntinlupa City Central Fire Station located at Alabang-Zapote road, New Bilibid Prison (NBP) fire sub-station located at NBP compound, Barangay Poblacion and Ayala Alabang Fire sub-station located at STP compound, Ayala Alabang Village. The MCFS has a total lot area of 600 square meter land. 10. The MCFS has a total number of 81 fire fighting personnel or a current ratio of 1:6543. 11. The city maintains a total of 8 fire trucks with different water capacity. 12. Lack of portable pumps, breathing apparatus and other fire fighting equipment. 13. MWSS fire hydrants are non-operational. 17 Comprehensive Land Use Plan

HOUSING GOALS AND OBJECTIVES 1. To increase the accessibility of home ownership to city's families especially those in lower income house holds. 2. To encourage private sector investment in residential construction especially mass housing. 3. To prevent squatting-related activities in the city. 4. To strengthen the awareness of the people of Muntinlupa of the needs to increase savings through membership in a national provident funds for housing that will increase residential improvements and expansions. 5. Upgrading of existing settlements especially in the depressed communities.

TARGETS 1. To provide for a decent house for every household in Muntinlupa. 2. An additional 81,248 housing units by the year 2010.

STRATEGIES 1. Obtain access to funds of the National Shelter Agencies. 2. Institutionalized the Muntinlupa City Housing Board. 3. Draft IRR for the Land Banking/Interim Financing of the city government for the implementation of housing projects of the city government as mandated by UPAO. 4. To provide incentives to the private sector to increase its participation in the provision of housing facilities. 5. Identify possible areas for housing projects. 6. Secure separate funding for Housing Program Implementation. 18 Comprehensive Land Use Plan

POLICIES 1. To strictly implement R.A.7279 or the law that requires subdivisions to allocate 20 percent for socialized housing. 2. Draft a City Shelter Plan 3. Strengthen UPAO. 4. Allocate budget for the SHOPCOM inclusive of UPAO. 5. Utilized P10 million per year CDF allocation for Land Banking along side land inventory, which will include PDA sites. 6. Institutionalized local CASSPS. 7. Establish Muntinlupa Task Force on Relocation and Resettlements. 8. Procure the equity of the Local Government on the national wealth.

PROGRAMS AND PROJECTS 1. Information campaign for the advantages of a legal, decent and orderly living. 2. Create a land inventory and acquisition database. 3. To relocate squatters from depressed areas like along the railroads tracks, banks of the river systems, and the shorelines of Laguna De Bay. 4. To recommend land use areas suitable for Socialized Housing Programs through the City Government Land Bank/Interim financing. 5. Shelter Finance Program that will focus on redirecting loans to lower income groups in the city and formulating a self-sustained program through efficient cost recovery and cross-subsidy schemes. 6. Encourage industrial firms to provide housing programs for their employees at terms within their reach. 7. Convince property owners to dispose their squatted properties to its tenants through the Community Housing Program.

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8. A program that would increase compliance with the provisions of UDHA regarding the 20 percent allocation of subdivisions projects to socialized housing program. 9. A project that would increase livelihood and employment opportunities of families living in depressed areas to widen their disposable income and thus enable them to avail of low amortization housing programs.

ISSUES 1. 120 depressed areas with 29,799 households have been identified. This means that 7 percent of the population needs affordable housing units. 2. 88 residential subdivisions or about 46 percent of the city's land are residential in nature however there is still a shortage in housing because most those subdivisions are for the high-income bracket. 3. The increasing housing backlog of the City Government. 4. Limited areas for socialized housing. 5. Lack of capability of urban poor leaders in handling organization and project management. 6. Sites for socialized housing are tentative and are still under private ownership. 7. The continuing influx of immigrants.

HEALTH GOALS AND OBJECTIVES 1. To ensure the efficient delivery of health and sanitation services by ‘professionalizing’ government health workers and encouraging volunteerism and the active participation of health professionals in the private sector. 2. To minimize the prevalence of communicable and non-communicable diseases through health and sanitation programs. 3. To increase awareness and knowledge of our people in the families and community on basic health and situation programs.

20 Comprehensive Land Use Plan

4. To identify target families and communities who need health and sanitation support services the most.

TARGETS 1. An infant morality rate of 14.7 and child mortality rate of 0.61 comparable to that of the regional rate. 2. A total of 98 Barangay Health Centers by the year 2010. 3. 25 Doctors by 2010. 4. 98 Midwives by 2010.

STRATEGIES 1. Focus on preventive and control aspects of health and sanitation programs. 2. To increase awareness and knowledge of people in the families and community on basic health and sanitation programs. 3. To identify target families and communities who need health and sanitation support services the most. 4. Mobilize NGO’S to support and participate in programs related to health and sanitation through organization linkages and the promotion of the spirit of “volunteerism”. 5. Adopt a community-based approach encouraging families and communities to participate in planning, implementing, monitoring, and evaluating of programs for greater self-reliance. 6. Make a primary health care and sanitation more accessible and affordable especially for those members of the community who are greatly at risk.

PROGRAMS AND PROJECTS 1. Family Health Programs • • •

Comprehensive Maternal and Child Health Nutrition Program Dental Program 21

Comprehensive Land Use Plan

• •

Under Five Program Reproductive Health

2. Communicable Disease Control Program • • • • • • •

Control of Acute Respiratory Illness Control of Diarrhea Disease Expanded Program on Immunization National Tuberculosis Program Rabies Leprosy Control Program STD/HIV AIDS Dengue Control Program

3. Non-communicable Disease Control Program • • • • •

Cancer Control Program Cardiovascular Disease Control Program Diabetes Control and Prevention Primary Eye Care Mental Health Program

4. Environmental and Occupational Health Program • • • • •

Dengue Control Program Water and Food Sanitation Market Sanitation School Sanitation Sanitary Toilet Facilities Provision

5. Health Promotion and Communication • • •

Information, Education and Communication Campaigns Social Mobilization Household Teaching Study Groups

ISSUES 1. High cost of health services 2. Poor condition and lack of health centers. 3. Lack of health personnel. 22 Comprehensive Land Use Plan

SOCIAL SERVICES GOALS AND OBJECTIVES 1. To ensure sustained and total well being of individuals, families and communities of the City of Muntinlupa specially to the poorest of the poor. 2. Enhancement of day care centers. 3. Protecting and upholding the right of the women, children, disadvantaged, disabled and the elderly. 4. Tapping the help of the local residents, NGO and private companies in the provisions of basic needs of the impoverished sector of the community. 5. Strengthen community structure for Crime Prevention and Disaster management.

POLICIES 1. An ordinance that will impose stiff fines for the violations of the rights of Women, Children and the Elderly of Muntinlupa.

PROGRAMS ANDS PROJECTS 1. A Family and Community Welfare Program 2. A plan That would improve the women’s Welfare 3. Child and Youth Welfare Program 4. Elderly and Disables Welfare Program 5. Anti-drug Abuse Programs 6. Emergency Assistance Program 7. An agenda that would promote community based livelihoods programs. 23 Comprehensive Land Use Plan

8. A program that would improve the social cultural and moral values of the residents. 9. A plan that would improve the services of the Muntinlupa City Social Development Workers.

SPORTS AND RECREATION SERVICES GOALS AND OBJECTIVES 1. To augment the sport and recreation facilities of the City 2. To intensify sports awareness among the people as a way of improving their physical and mental conditions. 3. To raise cultural awareness among the people.

TARGETS 1. To have 24.5 hectares of play field by the year 2010.

STRATEGIES 1.Allot budgets sports, leisure and recreational projects. 2. Construction of more sports centers at strategic location in the city. 3. Strengthening of physical education and sports development program in schools. 4. Observation of cultural feasts and festivals. 5. Stress of Filipino cultures in school curricula.

POLICIES 1. Requiring subdivisions to allocate lands for sport facilities 2. Creation of a task force will enforce PD 957.

PROGRAMS AND PROJECTS 24 Comprehensive Land Use Plan

1. A program that will establish more sports, leisure and recreational facilities. 2. A program on sports and physical education promotion in schools and among residents. 3. Projects that will implement sport competition between schools and barangays in the City. 4. A project that would involve all residents in cultural activities

ISSUES 1. Inadequate number of sport facilities within the city.

25 Comprehensive Land Use Plan

Table 2 PROJECTED POPULATION FOR YEAR 2001-2011 Year 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

Population 396,024 406,533 417,042 427,551 438,060 448,570 459, 079 469,588 480,097 490,606 501,115

Based on Census 2000 results thru NSO Projections are computed using Population Growth Rate with formula [(p1/p2)^1/10]

26 Comprehensive Land Use Plan

Table 3 PROJECTED HEALTH REQUIREMENTS For year 2001 to 2011 Year




Sanitary Insp.



2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

396,024 406,533 417,042 427,551 438,060 448,570 459, 079 469,588 480,097 490,606 501,115

20 20 21 21 22 22 23 23 24 25 25

20 20 21 21 22 22 23 23 24 25 25

20 20 21 21 22 22 23 23 24 25 25

79 81 83 86 88 90 92 94 96 98 100

20 20 21 21 22 22 23 23 24 25 25

Standards Barangay station Physician Dentist Nurse Sanitary Inspector Midwife

Barangay Health Station 79 81 83 86 88 90 92 94 96 98 100

1:5000 1:20000 1:20000 1:20000 1:20000 1:5000

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2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

396,024 406,533 417,042 427,551 438,060 448,570 459, 079 469,588 480,097 490,606 501,115

792 813 834 855 876 897 918 939 960 981 1002

Standards Police Fireman Traffic Enforcer Fire Truck Outpost

Traffic Enforcer 132 136 139 143 146 150 153 157 160 164 167


Fire Truck


792 813 834 855 876 897 918 939 960 981 1002

8 8 8 9 9 9 9 9 10 10 10

40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50

1:500 1:500 1:3000 1:50,000 1:10,000

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2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

4.33 4.26 4.19 4.12 4.05 3.98 3.92 3.86 3.8 3.74

Projected Projected Existing Population Household Housing Units DECLINING HOUSEHOLD SIZE 396,024 91,461 88,979 406,533 95,430 88,979 417,042 99,533 88,979 427,551 103,775 88,979 438,060 108,163 88,979 448,570 112,706 88,979 459, 079 117,112 88,979 469,588 121,647 88,979 480,097 126,341 88,979 490,606 131,178 88,979

Houses for Replacement

Housing Gap

39,049 39,049 39,049 39,049 39,049 39,049 39,049 39,049 39,049 39,049

41,531 45,500 49,603 53,845 58,233 62,776 67,182 71,717 76,411 81,248

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2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

4.86 4.86 4.86 4.86 4.86 4.86 4.86 4.86 4.86 4.86

Projected Projected Existing Population Household Housing Units CONSTANT HOUSEHOLD SIZE 396,024 81,486 88,979 406,533 83,649 88,979 417,042 85,811 88,979 427,551 87,973 88,979 438,060 90,136 88,979 448,570 92,298 88,979 459, 079 94,461 88,979 469,588 96,617 88,979 480,097 98,785 88,979 490,606 100,948 88,979

Houses for Replacement

Housing Gap

39,049 39,049 39,049 39,049 39,049 39,049 39,049 39,049 39,049 39,049

31,556 33,719 35,881 38,043 40,206 42,368 44,531 46,687 48,855 51,018

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Projected population

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

396,024 406,533 417,042 427,551 438,060 448,570 459, 079 469,588 480,097 490,606

Projected Area For Recreational Park in sq. m 198,012 230,267 208,521 213,776 219,030 224,285 229,540 234,794 240,049 245,303

In Hectares 19.80 20.32 20.85 21.38 21.90 22.43 22.95 23.48 24.00 24.53

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Table 7 Projected Enrollment for 2001-2010 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Elementary 43,987 45,154 46,322 47,490 44,736 49,852 50,990 52,158 55,980 54,493

High School 24,040 24,677 25,316 25,954 26,592 27,106 27,868 28,506 29,143 29,782

College 1,256 1,289 1,320 1,356 1,389 1,438 1,456 1,489 1,523 1,556

Participation Rate Elementary 97.6% High School 77.4% College 3.5%

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Table 8 Projected Classroom and Teacher Requirements For 2001-2010 Elementary (50) students 880 903 926 950 895 997 1020 1043 1120 1090

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Standard Classroom Teachers

High School (50) students 481 494 506 519 532 542 557 570 583 596

College (50) students 25 26 26 27 28 29 29 30 30 31

Elementary (40) students 1100 1129 118 1187 1118 1246 1275 1304 1400 1362

High School (40) students 601 617 633 649 665 678 697 713 729 745

College (40) students 31 32 33 34 35 36 36 37 38 39

1:40 1:40

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Chapter 3

ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT PLAN The goal of the economic development plan of Muntinlupa is to increase an economic base that will provide a sustainable source of income and employment for the city’s entrepreneurs/businessmen and residents, respectively. Constant with the development vision and strategy of the city, the economic sector shall expand and strengthen its service function (commerce, transport, banking, housing/hotels, high-end retail actos like alls and restaurants). The city has the geographic, economic head start, and infrastructure advantages over the rest of CALABARZON. Its rational to expect that needs of CALABARZON for higher-order services will be sourced from the city. With CALABARZON and its international networks as clients, the city shall create a cellularlike economy where activities in which it has comparative advantage (called basic sector in theoretical pamance) shall be interlinked closely with activities that caters to needs of local residents (e.g. retails) This will encourage more circulation of economic activities in city and minimize leakages outside of the city in terms of income and employment source.

OBJECTIVES 1. To increase the number of Commerce, Trade and Services establishments; 2. To maintain existing commercial areas as primary community-oriented shopping and service focal points for the and nearby towns. 3. To encourage and creation of industry that are export-oriented.

STRATEGIES 1. Strengthening the local chamber of commerce and industry to protect the interests of the local business; 2. Encouragement of outside investors through grant of tax incentives; 3. Improvement and increase of infrastructure facilities and services vital to business operations like roads, garbage collection, power, water supply and communications; 4. Promotion of export-oriented industries that will allow capital from the other parts of metropolis to trickle down to the city economy; 34 Comprehensive Land Use Plan

5. To prioritize employment and livelihood programs responsive to increasing demand for commerce and trade; 6. To encourage entrepreneurial endeavors among the populations.

PROGRAMS AND PROJECTS 1. Rebuilding and expansion of the market in Alabang and to provide more access to it; 2. Fiscal incentive program to interested investors; 3. Enterprise development programs that will provide financial, technical and managerial training for local entrepreneurs; 4. Continuing capability-building program for local labor. 5. ONE STOP BUSINESS CENTER

AGRICULTURE GOALS AND OBJECTIVES 1. To ensure the agricultural requirements of the city. 2. To increase the production of the remaining production lands especially in National Bilibid Prison. 3. To improve the standard of living of the remaining farmers. 4. To effect a smooth transition of remaining crop activity to urban activity.

TARGETS 1. To be able to ensure the agriculture consumption requirements of the city for the year 2010. • • • •

Cereal Vegetable Fish Meat

53,574 metric tons 26,861 metric tons 15,042 metric tons 16,254 metric tons 35

Comprehensive Land Use Plan

STRATEGIES AND POLICIES 1. Enhancement to farming and fishing technologies. 2. Lowering the cost to farming and fishing inputs such as fertilizers, fingerlings and seeds. 3. The city's farmers and fisher folks shall organize themselves into self-reliant, empowered and dynamic groups, preferably cooperatives, so they could take advantage of opportunities to better credit access, acquisition of productive technologies, and capability building through livelihood training and education. 4. Promoting sustainable agriculture and aquaculture through proper management. 5. Approval of loans for agricultural purposes especially fishing. 6. Introduction of high yielding varieties and fingerlings.

PROGRAMS AND PROJECTS 1. Promotion of improved Crop, Animal and Fish production Technologies such as: a. Soil Analysis/ Soil Resources Conservation- soils are analyzed in order to determine the actual soil requirements and types of plants to be planted. After harvest, the soil is gain analyzed to determine what kind of soil nutrients were absorbed by the plants and how much nutrients leach out. b. Quality Seeds Distribution- high quality vegetable seeds will be distributed to the clientele in order to ensure good or high production. c. Provision of Technical Assistance- the project will increase farm income and crop productivity through the promotion of improved crop production technology and the provision of technical supervision to the clientele such as farm planning, budgeting, recording and improved farm management practices. d. Provision of Technical Assistance- by enumerating animal inventory and conducting preventive measures regarding pest, diseases, castrate. Deworm and treatment of animals. e. Provision of Technical Assistance- through planning and design of fish cages, fish planning, budgeting, recording and other appropriate technology to ensure better living. f. Fish Seeds Distribution- high quality fingerlings will be distributed to the clientele in order to ensure high production. 36 Comprehensive Land Use Plan

2. Selective community income generating projects/ Home food production for families inn agriculture sector. a. Members of the community will undertake continuous production/ planting of subsidiary crops and raising of swine and livestock on backyard or home lot scale to increase the availability of highly nutritious foods. 3. Entrepreneurship Developments and Management through Micro-Enterprise Development Program and Entrepreneurial Growth and Development. a. Financial assistance for micro enterprise: Activities – sourcing of funds, interview clients, assessment, recommendation for seminar/approval. b. Establish an income generating projects. c. Marketing assistance: There must be a product promotion/ advertisement through clients to clients within the community. Product must be advertised through inter-city/municipality; through cooperative movement. Establishments of a selling center. Promotion through the use of mass media. d. Product Development through generation of technology e. Small & Medium Enterprise Management Training such as simplified bookkeeping, financial, production, marketing, management, product planning, costing and pricing, etc. f. Tele-aralan wherein clients will be brought to audio-visual room for film showing. 4. A program that will establish and strengthen cooperatives.

ISSUES 1. Low output production for agriculture sector a. Rice b. Vegetable c. Fish d. Meat

None 512.34 metric tons 10,869.84 metric tons 36.292

37 Comprehensive Land Use Plan

2. Low capita income for the farmers, fisher folks and livestock raisers a. Livestock Raiser 3,120.00 b. Fishermen 3,000.00 c. Farmers 3,541.60 3. Absence of farming and fishing cooperatives. 4. High cost of farming and fishing inputs. 5. Passe kind of farming and fishing technologies.

INDUSTRY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES 1. To enlarge the number of light industries consistent with vision and development strategy. 2. Diversify the type of light industry 3. Protect the health of the people of Muntinlupa form pollutive effect of existing heavy industries. 4. Lessen the number of the unemployed population of Muntinlupa. 5. Encourage outside investors to invest in Muntinlupa.

TARGETS 1. by the year 2010, heavy industries will be phased out, and will be replaced instead with light industries. 2. To improve the trade skills of Muntinlupa work force. 3. To improve the employment rate of Muntinlupa.

38 Comprehensive Land Use Plan

STRATEGIES 1. Local fiscal incentives for investors such as special rates for real property taxes and business taxes. 2. Special Tax incentives for light industries. 3. Impose bigger fines and penalties for industries that are pollutive in nature. 4. To have a training program for trade skill development. 5. An agreement between the local government and industries that they should prioritize the residents of Muntinlupa regarding employment.

PROGRAMS AND PROJECTS 1. Lobby with the SP for the activation of anti-pollution laws and to the need for stricter monitoring. 2. A program that would enhance the trade skills of Muntinlupa’s work force. 3. A law requiring industries that 70 percent of their workers are residents of Muntinlupa. 4. Advertisement campaign promoting the geographic location of Muntinlupa and steady source of power, water, and skilled workers.

ISSUES 1. Declining employment rate. 2. 93% of the work force does not have a trade skill.

39 Comprehensive Land Use Plan

COMMERCE OBJECTIVES 1. To make Muntinlupa City as the center of commerce, trade and services in Southern Luzon. 2. To attract commerce, trade and services investors to invest in Muntinlupa. 3. Encourage Entrepreneurial spirit among the people of Muntinlupa.

TARGETS 1. To make Muntinlupa the center of commerce, trade and services in Southern Luzon by the year 2010.

STRATEGIES 1. Special economic and spatial incentives for would-be investors. 2. Development of infrastructure facilities that are important for commerce operation such as parking space, roads, garbage collection, power, water supply and communication. 3. Strengthening the local chamber of commerce. 4. To conduct product fairs and exhibit to attract investors in the city.

PROGRAMS AND PROJECTS 1. Institutionalized ONE STOP SHOP SYSTEM 2. A program that will develop all the infrastructure and transportation requirements of all the city of Muntinlupa. 3. Conduct Annual Trade Fair. 4. Create a Tax Campaign Task Force. 5. Full implementation of regulatory laws on taxes must be instituted. 40 Comprehensive Land Use Plan

6. Creation of Consumer Welfare Office. 7. To Hold Trade/tourism tour package.

ISSUES 1. Effective and efficient tax administration is needed to ensure optimum revenue with which to finance operations and development. 2. Additional investors are needed to provide jobs for the city residents.

TOURISM OBJECTIVES 1. To develop tourism into one of the magnets of growth for the city of Muntinlupa. 2. To preserve and promote the city's historical heritage as a tourist attraction. 3. Develop Muntinlupa as the Emerald City of the 21st century. 4. To develop the infrastructure and transportation facilities as a way of developing tourism potential.

TARGETS 1. To employ the help of the Department of Tourism and private sector in developing the tourism sector of the city. 2. To formulate a comprehensive tourism and cultural development plan. 3. To maximize the advocacy and of the strength of the City of Muntinlupa as a viable and best location for corporate centers. 4. To strengthen the support systems such as power, telecommunications, water, housing and transport. 5. To provide incentives and support for tourism related activities. 6. To promote the national Heritage Area of the City. 41 Comprehensive Land Use Plan

7. To make the people of Muntinlupa participate in tourism development. 8. To develop the natural resources of the City.

PROGRAMS AND PROJECTS 1. A program that would strengthen the partnership of the Department of Tourism and private sector in developing the tourism capabilities of the city. 2. An Information and education campaign to promote the tourist attraction of the city. 3. A citywide tourism activity that would invoke the help of all the residents of Muntinlupa. 4. A program/project that would protect the five existing historical sites of the city. 5. A program that would develop a comprehensive tourism and development plan of Muntinlupa. 6. A plan that would strengthen the infrastructures facilities of Muntinlupa. 7. Conservation and rehabilitation of the natural resources of the city. 8. Enactment of an ordinance that would institutionalize the historical areas of the City.

ISSUES 1. The City of Muntinlupa lacks the natural resources that are usually associated with tourism such as beaches and forest resources. 2. The absence of a comprehensive tourism and cultural development plan for Muntinlupa. 3. The Lack of interest of the general population towards culture and tourism.

42 Comprehensive Land Use Plan

Chapter 4

INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT PLAN The goal of the Infrastructure Development Plan of Muntinlupa is to make the City an ideal place for investment, pleasant urban living and equitable access. The idea is to provide for the entire infrastructure requirements of the city, thus maximizing the potential of the city to become the service center for CALABARZON.

GOAL AND OBJECTIVES 1. To build additional and rehabilitate existing infrastructure and utilities to support the overall physical/development strategy of linear corridor pattern. 2. To construct and maintain infrastructure and utilities that will address demand of a growing population for adequate physical amenities. 3. Set up infrastructure that will enhance economic activities in the city.

TRANSPORTATION OBJECTIVES 1. To improve the circulation of existing transport system to address the growing traffic demand within and outside of the city; 2. To construct additional roads and bridges to heighten the efficiency and increase the traffic volume capacity of the transport system. 3. To prepare a plan for the transport sector covering new land routes, vehicular traffic management and road project packaging; 4. To accelerate the movement of people, goods and services to expedite trade and commerce within the City; 5. To ease prevailing traffic situation to hasten the mobility in the locality; and 6. To minimize the occurrence of road mishaps to reduce damages to life and property. 43 Comprehensive Land Use Plan

TARGETS 1. To construct an additional 769 kms. Of road within the City by the year 2010. 2. 100 pavements of all existing roads. 3. To have a road widening. 4. Construction of inter-city and inter-modal terminal. 5. To construct bridges that will link villages.

STRATEGIES 1. Assessment of existing transport situation to determine the possibility for road construction, improvement and widening. 2. Establishments and improvement of the drainage system of Muntinlupa. 3. Encourage subdivisions to support the traffic improvement program through the use of their roads during peak as part of the secondary road network. 4. Creation of lobby group and using it to lobby for funds from Congressman, DOTC and DPWH.

POLICIES 1. Strict implementation of traffic rules and regulations and other traffic related ordinances i.e. ordinance on road set-back requirement; 2. Enforce existing laws pertaining to parking requirements for the construction of buildings, as well as parking of vehicles along roads.

44 Comprehensive Land Use Plan


1. Construction of East Kabulusan Road consisting of 700 linear meter access from the East Service toward PPTA Road in Barangay Cupang (with drainage); 2. Construction of Concepcion St. access road from East Service Road towards PPTA Road, Buli. This involves construction of approximately 100 linear meters of road together with the corresponding expropriation of lot to be affected; 3. Construction of Soldiers Hills main entrance road of around 800 linear meters long and 12 linear meters width, which will benefit Camella 2d Subdivision, Mutual Homes, Soldiers Hills Q other subdivisions; 4. Road concreting and expansion of Rizal St. extension leading to the entrance of New Bilibid Prison (NBP) which will benefit Katarungan Village, NBP and Muntinlupa Polytechnic College. 5. Interconnection of the Daang Hari Road, a previous project of the Urban Road Project Office of the DPWH with the main road of Katarungan Village and the arterial road of Victoria Homes; and 6. Opening of Subdivision Roads.

ISSUES 1. Inadequate road network, there is a need for road widening in the major thoroughfares in the city; 2. Non-compliance with the National Bilibid Code of 1979, provision on the setback requirement;

45 Comprehensive Land Use Plan

3. Lack of parking spaces located within Muntinlupa; 4. Traffic congestion; and 5. Longer travel time.

DRAINAGE OBJECTIVE 1. To come up with a flood control and drainage master plan for Muntinlupa. 2. To minimize the effect of flooding on lives and property. 3. To develop a systematic approach to waste management to ensure that the waterways are free from waste so as to impede the free flow of water runoffs.

TARGETS 1. To have a drainage and sewerage master plan by the end of 2003. 2. To make Muntinlupa a flood free City.

STRATEGIES 1. Formulation of an overall flood control and drainage master plan. 2. Acquire additional drainage right-of-way (ROW) for future flood-control purposes. 3. Use of mitigating measures that are corresponding to engineering measures. 4. Encourage people’s participation in cleaning and protecting the rivers, especially industrial companies and business establishments and those living near floodprone areas.

46 Comprehensive Land Use Plan

POLICIES 1. Enforcement of at least three to five meter easement along riverbanks. 2. Enactment of ordinances that would impose stiff penalties against dumping of waste into rivers, creeks, and canals.

PROGRAMS AND PROJECTS 1. An in-dept study on the cause of flooding in the city. 2. Formulation of a drainage master plan. 3. Installation of new drainage pipes as well as repair of old ones. 4. A citywide program of constructing parks-cum-embankments along banks of Rivers. 5. Dredging or desilting projects that will deepen rivers and creeks. 6. Education campaign on proper waste disposal among the people of Muntinlupa especially those living near rivers and creeks.

ISSUES 1. Absence of a drainage master plan. 2. Flooding on the eastern parts of the City.

COMMUNICATIONS OBJECTIVES 1. To set up an efficient telecommunication system that will enhance its rate as a service center of CALABARZON and as attractive residential sites for middle income to high-income residents.

47 Comprehensive Land Use Plan

2. To further expand the coverage of the present telecommunication facilities and network in the city to address the future commercial and industrial demands of Muntinlupa; and 3. To Improve non-digital communication systems such as postal services and telegraphs for faster and more efficient deliveries of these telecommunication services.

TARGETS 1. To attain 98 letters carriers by the year 2010. 2. To install 102,210 telecommunication lines by the end of the 10-year planning period.

STRATEGIES 1. Upgrading of all telecommunication facilities to meet the current and future demands of urban development and increase commercialization of the city; 2. Promoting private participation in the provision of telecommunication facilities to enhance local telecommunication coverage; 3. Requesting









telecommunication companies to comply with their investment plans to install additional lines.

PROGRAMS AND PROJECTS 1. A program to increase postal and telegraph personnel and equipment; and 2. A program to increase the number of telephone landlines in the city.

ISSUES 1. The total of 5 letter carriers is inadequate to meet the growing demand of the city.

48 Comprehensive Land Use Plan

WATER SUPPLY OBJECTIVES 1. To enlarge the coverage of the Water System of Maynilad. 2. To meet the water requirements of the residential, commercial, industrial and institutional sector of the city for the next ten years. 3. To implement a medium term program to avert a city-wide acute water shortage and to meet with the demands of infrastructure growth in the area; and 4. To limit the extraction of ground water for commercial activities especially in the eastern part of Muntinlupa.

TARGETS 1. To tap additional water supply 2. To identify potential site for the withdrawal of ground water which will not aggravate land subsidence. 3. To hire a consultant that will prepare a study for another possible source of water.

STRATEGIES 1. To prioritize policies that address the inadequacy of potable water at the barrage level; 2. Improved water coverage especially residents in depressed areas through a government subsidized program, “Libreng Patubig”, in depressed areas; 3. A city ordinance that regulates the extraction of ground water for commercial purposes; 4. Preservation of Laguna Lake as a potential domestic water source for Muntinlupa; 49 Comprehensive Land Use Plan

5. Survey the possibility of private sector participation In providing water supply through BOT related schemes; and 6. Seek financial and technical assistance from local and international agencies for the upgrading the quantity and quality of water supply in the area.

POLICIES 1. Joint City Government and Barangay Units (BU’s) and Sub-Barangay Units (SBU’s) efforts on active coordination and monitoring. 2. Effective maintenance and generation of water appurtances and fair schedule of potable water deliveries joint and collectively by an Ad Hoc Office (under the Office of the Mayor) and BU’s and SBU’s of which accomplishment reports shall be submitted regularly to the Mayor. 3. Amending of RA 1634 through exempting or excluding the City of Muntinlupa from the service area of MWSS so that the City Council, through interplay of intellect and reason, may arrive at a homogeneous solution to the city water supply problem. 4. To resolve and recommend the commissioning or assistance of the Local Water Utilities Administration (LWUA) in a feasibility study for a water sourcing, treatment and distribution system in the city. 5. Seek for local and international funding for the development of the water supply lines in the City.

PROGRAMS AND PROJECTS 1. Short-listing of Qualified Area Beneficiaries. 2. Construction of additional public faucet and deep wells to augment the water supply of water deficient areas. 50 Comprehensive Land Use Plan

3. Checking and upgrading existing water lines to minimize losses resulting from leaks.

ISSUES AND CONCERNS 1. Due to the large coverage area of sMaynilad it could not effectively manage the water distribution; 2. Lack of potable water and inadequate water supply for commercial and industrial use; and 3. Presence of industrial estates that require huge volumes of water in their operation.

POWER SUPPLY OBJECTIVES 1. To enhance the development of Muntinlupa through the provision of an adequate and efficient power system; 2. To limit the reloading of transformers in depressed areas in the locality; 3. To construct additional lamp posts in streets and alleys that need lighting for the convenience and safety of residents, and to lessen criminal activities in the locality; 4. To remove squatter near power transmission lines for their welfare as well as to prevent power interruptions.

TARGETS 1. To construct 300 additional street lights in various locations of the city.

STRATEGIES 1. Conduct an extensive power connection inspection of various areas within the city to determine; 2. Installation of additional street lights to encourage criminal activities;d 51 Comprehensive Land Use Plan

3. Conduct of study to determine the possible relocation of squatters near transmission lines;

POLICIES 1. A Task force that will monitor all illegal power connection in the City. 2. An ordinance that would make use of high-pressure sodium bulbs as a way of improving visibility at night.

ISSUES 1. Persistence illegal power connections along depressed areas of the Muntinlupa that result to the overloading of transformers; 2. Location of transmission lines are illegally occupied by squatters despite apparent hazard the area present to these illegal occupants; 3. Faulty electrical wirings that may cause power interruptions or the outbreak of fire; and 4. Inadequate lighting of alleys and streets within the area.

SOLID WASTE OBJECTIVES 1. To lessen the volume of waste generated by the City specifically in the domestic level. 2. To identify a potential controlled dumpsite or landfill that would cater to the nontoxic residual solid waste of the City. 3. To compel industries to have their own solid waste disposal system. 4. To promote an environmental solid waste management system like segregation, composting and recycling. 5. Encourage partnership between the City Government and people’s participation in the waste reduction programs. 52 Comprehensive Land Use Plan

6. Rehabilitate the river systems in Muntinlupa.

TARGETS 1. A total of 75 garbage trucks by the year 2010. 2. Identification of a dedicated landfill. 3. To recover at least 50 percent of the recyclables.

STRATEGIES 1. Information, Education, Campaign that would educate the residents of Muntinlupa to the proper waste disposal practices. 2. Equipped the working team (Eco-Waste Management Board) with information relative to waste management and environmental protection by means of “Lakbay Aral” wherein trips are made in different places to have first hand information and demo presentation about waste management planning. 3. Acquisition of lots for sanitary landfill use and garbage dump trucks for garbage collection in coordination with the Mayors and Members of the Council and other sectors. 4. Passing of a resolution/ordinance of the City Council to establish a Solid Waste Management Program of the city. 5. Joining the “Clean and Green” contest.

POLICIES 1. A City Ordinance that will impose penalties for the violation of environment protection and other activities that will result in pollution or ecological imbalance. 2. Enforce in the form of incentives, awards and merits and in the form of strict implementation of guidelines pertaining to waste management reduction scheme.

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PROGRAMS AND PROJECTS 1. An extensive Information Dissemination Campaign to inform people of the importance of environmental solid waste management system. 2. A program will put up and material recovery facilities in the whole city. 3. Establishment of an Eco-Center that will process the biodegradable materials thru composting and sell recyclables to factories and junkshop. 4. A petition to National and International agencies for acquisition of funds for additional garbage trucks. 5. Enhance linkages with recycling factories to maximize the type and volume of recoverable waste and with other factories through “Waste Exchange Program” 6. An ordinance that would impose stiff fines for improper waste disposal practices. 7. Enforcement of MMDA regulations and city ordinances. 8. A “Clean and Green” Contest that would involve the participation for all Muntinlupa residence. 9. Establishment of six sites for Material Recovery Facility.

ISSUES 1. The city generates 832.12 cu.m. Of solid waste every day. 2. The city is projected to generate 1,373.70 cubic meter of garbage everyday for the year 2010. 3. The city makes use of 28 drivers and 125 paleros and garbage crew to collect the garbage. 4. 25 units (18.0 cu.m) 10 wheeler dump trucks and 2 units (12.8 cu.m) compactors are being utilized by the city in garbage collection. 5. The city is only able to collect 86.58 percent of the total waste generated. 6. MMDA have designated the Las Piñas transfer station for the temporary transfer of garbage, but is limited up to 5 truck trips per LGU, while the least required number of trips/day for the City of Muntinlupa is 60 truck trips. 7. The sub-contractor with legitimate disposal site can only collect a maximum of 10 truckloads of garbage per day. No other trucks are permitted to dump garbage at the sub-contractor disposal site. 8. Lack of a sanitary landfill. 54 Comprehensive Land Use Plan

Table 9 Road Requirement Year 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

Projected Population 385,515 396,024 406,533 417,042 427,551 438,060 448,570 459, 079 469,588 480,097 490,606 501,115

Existing (km) 408,196 408,196 408,196 408,196 408,196 408,196 408,196 408,196 408,196 408,196 408,196 408,196

Requirement 925 950 976 1,001 1,026 1,051 1,077 1,102 1,127 1,152 1,177 1,203

Net Requirement 517 542 567 593 618 643 668 694 719 744 769 794

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Table 10 Projected Garbage Generation Year


Waste Generated (cu.m.)

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

396,024 406,533 417,042 427,551 438,060 448,570 459, 079 469,588 480,097 490,606

1,108.87 1,138.29 1,167.72 1,197.14 1,226.57 1,256.00 1,285.42 1,314.76 1,344.27 1,373.70

Trucks Needed daily (18 cu.m) 62 63 65 67 68 70 71 73 75 76

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Table 11 Communication Services Year

H.H. size


HH Population

Letter carrier

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

4.86 4.86 4.86 4.86 4.86 4.86 4.86 4.86 4.86 4.86

396,024 406,533 417,042 427,551 438,060 448,570 459,079 469,558 480,097 490,606

81,486 83,649 85,811 87,973 90,136 92,298 94,461 96,617 98,785 100,948

79 81 83 86 88 90 92 94 96 98

Telephone Land Line Requirement 81,486 83,649 85,811 87,973 90,136 92,298 94,461 96,617 98,785 100,948

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Chapter 5

Local Administration And Finance Development Plan The goal for the Local administration Development Plan of Muntinlupa is to be able to enhance and improve governance and fiscal management. Thus ensuring the delivery of various development projects and basic services. The plans are to professionalize the Local government staff and make Muntinlupa financially selfsufficient.

OBJECTIVE 1. To be able to professionalize the Local government staff to ensure the effective and proper delivery of development programs in the city. 2. To make the City of Muntinlupa financially self-sufficient by maximizing income potentials.

STRATEGIES 1. To conduct seminars, trainings and sponsorships of further studies for government personnel. 2. To create new income generating projects. 3. To enlarge the revenue base of Muntinlupa.

PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION GOALS AND OBJECTIVES 1. To effectively manage and administer development plans, programs and policies. 2. To fill up important positions in the local government as provided for in the Local Government Code. 3. Professionalization for the Local Government personnel. 58 Comprehensive Land Use Plan

4. To make the officials responsive and proactive. 5. Institutionalized the local planning process.

STRATEGIES 1. A Training-Workshop on capability development for local government employees. 2. Attend seminar-workshop that focuses on investments planning and evaluation of projects and programs. 3. A monthly performance report for all local government staff. 4. Development of a corps of employees committed to public service; a public office being a public trust. 5. Ensuring the success of development programs through coordination, monitoring and improvement of development and implementation capability. 6. Institutionalize merit and fitness indicators in the hiring of personnel. 7. Design and implement a workable career development plan for all employees.

PROGRAMS AND PROJECTS 1. Set up Employee Development Program. 2. Sustain manpower planning activities implementation of an approved merit promotion. 3. Training, Seminars, and workshops on skills enactment as well as on values/work attitude. 4. Capability Building Program.

ISSUES 1. Need to strengthen the career service; 2. Difficulty in the implementation of merit and fitness principles and the persistence of job mismatch and qualifications; 3. Insufficient benefits programs for the employees; 4. Lack of comprehensive development plans.

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PUBLIC FINANCE GOALS AND OBJECTIVES 1. To increase the local revenue collection of the City of Muntinlupa. 2. To minimize the expenditures of the City incurred yearly. 3. To strengthen the ability of Local Government Unit in allotting funds for various expenditures.

TARGETS 1. An annual growth in city income of by 47 percent is comparable to the current rate of increase of the city expenditures. 2. A reduction of the city expenditures from a high of 47 percent to 34 percent growth rate every year.

STRATEGIES 1. Create more revenue-generating enterprisers and facilities. 2. Choosing of a more appropriate city revenue mobilization tools from the local government code of 1992. 3. Increase efficiency in tax collection through tax mapping and updated tax database of real estate properties and establishments. 4. Exploration of other funding sources for prioritized programs and projects. 5. Improvement of real property, business and community assessment to reflect more relevant market prices. 6. Develop a Collection System that would fast track and prevent any spillage of collectable fees and charges.

POLICIES 1. An ordinance that would impose higher penalties for delinquent taxpayers. 60 Comprehensive Land Use Plan

2. A decree that would freeze the hiring of non-essential personnel.

PROGRAMS AND PROJECTS 1. Continues operation of the Business One-Stop Shop that would expedite tax collection. 2. A program that would continue the use of the computerize tax collection system. 3. Implementation of the Revised Revenue Code for 2000. 4. Tax Mapping scheme that would improve the real property and business tax collection. 5. A more sensible procurement practices. 6. Include a separate and continuing page-column in the Lingod Bayan entitled “Where Your Taxes Go”. This column shall feature, among others, completed, on-going and future projects and service programs of the City. The City government may publish a Business News Magazine aimed at enhancing Business sector participation in city development.

ISSUES 1. Irresponsible taxpayers. 2. 51.86 percent or 0.8 billion is attributed to personal services. 3. A budget deficit of 2,994,734 by the year 2010. 4. There was an increase of 394% on expenditures in 1999 compared to the 1998.

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Table 12 Projected Income & Expenditure Year 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

Expenditures 2,583,452 2,921,042 3,258,632 3,596,222 3,933,812 4,271,402 4,608,992 4,946,582 5,284,172 5,621,762 5,959,352

Revenues 1,157,150 1,338,132 1,528,496 1,637,516 1,826,722 1,989,162 2,144,092 2,300,049 2,472,238 2,627,028 2,787,678

Deficit (1,426,302) (1582,910) (1,730,136) (1,958,706) (2,107,090) (2,282,240) (2,464,900) (2,646,533) (2,811,934) (2,994,734) (3,171,674)

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Chapter 6

Environmental Plan The goal of Environmental Plan is to come up with viable strategies to minimize environmental risk/degradation and maximize efforts that will enhance environmental conditions of the city.

FAULTING OBJECTIVES 1. To save lives and to prevent needless sufferings. 2. To protect and to minimize damages during disaster and calamities. 3. To adopt measures to protect the inhabitants of the city from the harmful effects of natural disasters. 4. To promote safety and provide guidance to the constituents of the city.

TARGETS 1. To effectively identify, zone and delineate the existing faults in the City. 2. To identify and secure the 5-meter danger zone width from and perpendicular to the outer line of each side of the fault and extending the full length up to the additional 5 meters on both ends.

STRATEGIES 1. To have a close coordination with PHILVOCS about the exact location of the West Marikina Valley Fault (WMVF). 2. To propose a resolution regarding the regulation of ground water withdrawal.

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POLICIES 1. Strict implementation of a City Ordinance relative to the prohibition of human activity and use of property on the identified seismic hazard zones. 2. Effect the condemnation or demotion policy in accordance with the National Building Code of the Philippines in case of unlawful refusal of occupants or property owners to voluntarily vacate within the grace period.

PROGRAMS AND PROJECTS 1. Disaster Management Programs •

Collated efforts of the City Government through Muntinlupa Disaster Coordinating Council and other agencies/institutions including National Government, NGOs/Pos and Homeowners.

Conduct of regular trainings/seminars, lectures and workshops as preventive measures in the occurrence of earthquakes.

2. Fault-Watch Monitoring Council •

Create a responsible council/committee that will maintain/monitor the presence of fault lines to different areas.

Monitor any development/changes pertaining to areas affected by the fault line.

Promote self-awareness and self-consciousness to residents/individuals affected by it.

Implement strict guidelines and rules to owners of house/building and lots exhibiting prohibit acts that might stimulate occurrence of earthquake thru the identified fault lines.

ISSUES 1. Land subsidence is result of ground water withdrawal. 2. Is 5.0-meter easement from the center of the fault is enough.

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POLLUTION GOALS AND OBJECTIVES 1. To ensure sustainability of environment and natural resources through appropriate planning and implementation of relevant laws and ordinances as well as programs. 2. to protect and preserve the environment for the future. 3. to inform the constituents that a clean and healthy environment is for the good of all and should therefore be the concern of all.

TARGETS 1. Testing of 2,500 smoke belching vehicles yearly. 2. Lessen the number of apprehended vehicles due to anti-smoke belching by 50%. 3. Easement along river banks to become tree-planting site.

STRATEGIES 1. Strengthen the tie-up system of the Land Transportation Office (LTO) and the City Government. 2. Establish anti-smoke belching framework between LTO, MMDA and the Local Government of Muntinlupa. 3. Encourage public participation in the prevention of air pollution. 4. Massive information campaign in all sectors of the society about the Clean Air Act. 5. Non patronage of environmentally harmful products 6. Encourage people participation in community-based organization devoted to sustaining the environment.

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POLICIES 1. Formulate the Environmental Code for the City to ensure the environmental goals, policies, standards and management, and to regulate the industrial sector as well. 2. Encourage






organizations, people’s organizations and private enterprises in the furtherance of the objectives of the Code. 3. Passing a City Ordinance requiring the conversion of all tricycles plying their routes in the City to 4-stroke engines.

PROGRAMS AND PROJECTS 1. Planting of more trees to clean noxious air. 2. Acquire machine for roadside testing. 3. Conversion of tricycle from 2-stroke engines for purpose of reducing the emission of pollutants into the already abused atmosphere. 4. Coordinate with the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) for technical assistance and capability building. 5. Setting up of a financial guarantee mechanism to finance the needs for clean-up and environmental rehabilitation and compensation for personal damages. 6. Requirement for a Permit or Authority to construct before construction or modification activities take place to all proposed or planned construction that has the potential to emit pollutants.

ISSUES 1. the increasing volume of motor vehicles, which is the main cause of pollutants. 2. Non-establishment of motor vehicle inspection system. 3. Traffic congestion. 4. No air quality data for public information. 5. Absence of a monitoring system for plant or industry constructions to check for compliance or non-compliance of requirements. 67 Comprehensive Land Use Plan

6. Lack of public information and education campaign. 7. No funds available for public awareness program.

FLOODING GOAL 1. to make Muntinlupa a flood free city

POLICIES 1. Incorporation of easement standards in the zoning ordinance as a way of preventing and discouraging settlements and squatting along river banks./ 2. Institution and installation of a flood control program.

PROGRAMS 1. A program clearing the river banks from settlers and squatters and the establishment of a monitoring system to effect this project. 2. Installation of flood proofing structures and storm drainage pipes to eliminate flooding.

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Chapter 7

LAND USE PLAN This chapter presents the land use plan and discusses its components such as situational analysis, rational for the land use plan formulation , goal, objectives and policies and strategies.

SITUATIONAL ANALYSIS Land Use Trend 1. Decline of industries and increase of density of coverage of residential subdivision in Barangay Tunasan. 2. Concentration of high density and mixed residential-business housing in Barangay Alabang. 3. development of commercial establishment along Buencamino ST., BF homes Subdivision in Barangay Cupang. 4. Availability of land for the expansion of light industry and commercial uses on the east and west side of South Super Highway from Sucat to Alabang.

Rationale 1. Need for environmental conformance such as regulation of the design of structures to be built in areas with land subsidence, under high-tension wires, or areas vulnerable to natural forces such as the bayside area. 2. Focus on sustainable development of the city wherein economic growth is harmonized with ecological balance and social development. 3. Change in economic structure for the city from industry oriented to service oriented as manifested by the increase in demand for commercial areas due to the emergence of new business districts and increasing role of the city as service and transport system. 69 Comprehensive Land Use Plan

4. Rapid increase in city population that necessitates new areas for housing and support services. 5. Change in trend of the City’s land use pattern largely due to the need to have uses that will generate employment such as industry and commerce.

OBJECTIVES 1. to attain sustainable development for the city. 2. to prevent/ minimize the occurrence of blight. 3. to transform Muntinlupa into a ” Premier Emerald City” 4. to ensure that there would be enough lands for all various types of uses required by the city.

STRATEGIES 1. Strengthen local capabilities in managing urban growth and development. 2. Encourage private sector and low-income residents to participate in land and housing development. 3. Improve the quality of the urban environment. 4. Enhance local capabilities in addressing infrastructure and services given financial and physical constraints and ensure that national and local infrastructure initiatives are coordinated and synchronized.

POLICIES 1. Increase the supply of urban land through the identification of land available for urban expansion, including idle and unneeded development lands. 2. Local Housing policy for the urban poor should focus on community led, self-help housing. 3. Develop institutional capacity to monitor and enforce environmental standards and regulations.

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4. City Government should identify additional measures and incentives to encourage private sector participation. 5. City Government should enter into partnership/arrangement with other entities/urban units and or the private sector for joint urban development scheme/project.

PROGRAMS AND PROJECTS 1. to update the Muntinlupa Zoning Ordinance 1992 to 2002 as approved on this plan. 2. to activate the Local Zoning board of Adjustment and Appeals (LZBAA) 3. Data base programming. 4. Tax mapping/Cadastral 5. Planting of trees around industrial areas to serve as buffer zones from pollution. 6. provision of a definite parking spaces or terminal for tricycle and public utility jeep to decongest traffic. 7. Formulation of guidelines for provision of easement along major and minor tributaries. 8. Open subdivision roads as alternate routes to solve traffic congestion and promote cohesion among residents. 9. Promote educational campaign for all sectors of the community in the total development of the city.

ISSUES 1. Lack of buffer strips between residential and industrial areas. 2. Longer travel time for motor vehicles from poblacion to Alabang and vice versa as well as the large concentration of Pedestrian. 3. Under development of Prime Urban Lands •

Non-use of NBP reservation area for urban purposes.

Non-allocation of urban space for community amenities, parks and playground. 71

Comprehensive Land Use Plan

4. Natural/environmental Hazards •

Seasonal flooding on some parts of the City due to lack of effective drainage system.

Flash flooding along Laguna Lake.

Pollution on creeks and the Laguna Lake.

Land Subsidence and existence of fault lines.

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2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

396,024 406,533 417,042 427,551 438,060 448,570 459,079 469,588 480,097 490,606

ADDITIONAL AREA NEEDED (HAS.) RESIDENTIAL COMMERCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE INSTITUTIONAL 1,029.65 396.02 752.43 118.80 1,056.97 406.53 772.40 121.96 1,084.25 417.02 792.35 125.11 1,111.63 427.55 812.34 128.26 1,138.95 438.06 832.34 131.41 1,166.28 448.57 852.28 134.57 1,193.58 459.07 872.23 137.72 1,220.90 469.58 892.20 140.87 1,248.23 480.09 912.17 144.02 1,275.56 490.60 932.14 147.18

INDUSTRIAL 316.81 325.22 333.61 342.04 350.45 358.85 367.25 375.66 384.07 392.48

PARKS 19.80 20.33 20.85 21.37 21.90 22.43 22.95 23.47 24.00 24.53

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TABLE 14 Land Use Allocation LAND USE CLASSIFICATIONS Residential Commercial Industrial Institution Parks and Recreation Utilities Open Spaces Urban Corridor Tourism Zone Socialized Housing Site Special Use Permit Cemetery TOTAL

AREA IN HAS. 2,631.96 1,051.42 68.76 114.90 147.25 65.52 51.33 263.59 109.34 111.81 0.11 54.03 4,670.02

PERCENT 56.3588 22.5143 1.4725 2.4603 3.1530 1.4029 1.0991 5.6443 2.3413 2.3941 0.0024 1.1569 100%

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