194125771-User-Manual-DPS1200B-2000B-48-12-8-CS-PSC3-en

July 12, 2017 | Author: KipkoechRotich | Category: Rectifier, Power Supply, Electric Power System, Power Inverter, Direct Current
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User Manual DPS 1200B_2000B-48-12_8 CS with PSC 3 Controller

D0125273_055_00

Energy Systems USER MANUAL

DPS 1200B_2000B-48-12_8 CS WITH PSC 3

Table of contents 1

Safety Instructions 20001_04.pdf

2

System Description 31001_02.pdf

3

Rectifier DPR 1200B-48, Rectifier FR 48 V – 2000 W – E 32015_02.pdf, 32001_04.pdf

4

Operating Manual PSC 3 OM_PSC3_V2-11en.pdf

5

Installation and Commissioning 40047_01.pdf

6

Maintenance Instructions 50001_04.pdf

7

Troubleshooting Instructions 60001_03.pdf

8 9 10

Wiring Diagrams, Final Test Report etc. 11 July 2008

1

Energy Systems USER MANUAL

DPS 1200B_2000B-48-12_8 CS WITH PSC 3

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2

11 July 2008

Energy Systems USER MANUAL

DPS 1200B_2000B-48-12_8 CS WITH PSC 3

1

DOCUMENT INFORMATION

1.1

Version control Document number

Document description

D0125273_055_00

User Manual, Power System DPS 1200B_2000B-48-12_8 CS with PSC 3

Previous version

Description of changes

-

New manual. Controlled by

Date 11.07.2008

Riitta Päivinen Approved by

Date 11.07.2008

Tomi Kujansuu

1.2

System The DPS 1200B_2000B-48-12_8 CS is a compact medium power system for power up to 14.4 kW or 16 kW. The stable construction is based on a sheet metal design. The system contains a rectifier shelf for up to 12 rectifiers DPR 1200B-48 or 8 rectifiers FR 2000B-48 and distribution unit with configurable elements for AC-, DC distribution, LVD, PLD and a power system controller. The power system can be mounted on top of the battery cabinet or to the wall. The typical applications for this power system are wireless base stations, core network components, telecommunications and data networks. This compact, high power density power system is the perfect choice for space-critical solutions.

1.3

User Manual Please read first carefully the safety instructions before installing and commissioning the system. The product description sections contain information and operating instructions for the rectifiers and power system controller. In the installation and commissioning section you will find step-by-step instructions for safe and correct installation and commissioning of the system. The maintenance section contains information about maintaining the high performance and reliability of the system. In case of a fault in the system, please refer first to the troubleshooting section of this user manual.

1.4

Contact Information For additional information or questions please contact your local Delta Energy Systems representative. For contact and newest product information please check our website at www.deltaenergysystems.com.

11 July 2008

3

Energy Systems USER MANUAL

4

DPS 1200B_2000B-48-12_8 CS WITH PSC 3

11 July 2008

Energy Systems

Safety Instructions Power Supply Systems

20001_04 Issue 6 September 2007

Energy Systems SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS

POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS

TABLE OF CONTENTS 1

DOCUMENT INFORMATION ........................................................................................5 1.1

2

HOW TO USE THIS MANUAL ......................................................................................7 2.1

3

Version control...................................................................................................5

Symbols used in the text ...................................................................................7

SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS .............................................................................................8 3.1

General instructions...........................................................................................8

3.2

Special Instructions ...........................................................................................9

3.3

For equipment with power system controller ...................................................10

3.4

For equipment with inverter / intalarm .............................................................10

6 September 2007

3

Energy Systems SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS

POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS

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4

6 September 2007

Energy Systems SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS

POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS

1

DOCUMENT INFORMATION

1.1

Version control Document number

Document description

20001_04

Safety Instructions for Power Supply Systems

Previous version

Description of changes

20001_03

Amendments to the content. Controlled by

Date 06.09.2007

Riitta Päivinen Approved by

Date 06.09.2007

Tomi Kujansuu

6 September 2007

5

Energy Systems SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS

POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS

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6

6 September 2007

Energy Systems SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS

2

POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS

HOW TO USE THIS MANUAL This documentation is intended to assist the user in working with the equipment, in using it effectively and in correctly assessing and correcting possible faults. It is a good idea to gain a general idea of the arrangement of this manual before using the equipment for the first time. The users manuals for all Delta Energy Systems products are identical in structure and reflect the modular nature of the products. The main sections in the documentation cover the major system components or major applications. Each section is divided into a sub-section containing general information on the component and a user-specific sub-section. The user-specific sub-section describes the special connection variations or configuration of your equipment.

2.1

Symbols used in the text As far as possible, the symbols used in this manual correspond to those used on the power supply equipment or in the software. Where this was not possible, the following additional symbols are used in the documentation: !! WARNING !!

Ignoring a WARNING instruction may contravene safety regulations and may result in destruction of a system component or loss of data.

F NOTE

Errors in system configuration may be caused by ignoring this instruction.



Represents a key on a system component (e.g. = the ENTER key of the controller).

”Message”

Indication of a message on the display, e. g. ”installed”).

x, n, nm

Representative, variable.

Symbols valid for one component only are described in the appropriated chapter.

6 September 2007

7

Energy Systems SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS

3

POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS

SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS Warning! Please read the following instructions carefully. Ignoring these instructions may result in a loss of life or a health hazard for users working with the equipment and/or in damage to the equipment itself. These safety instructions are an extension of any national laws governing health and safety at work and the applicable EN, DIN, SEV, VDE and IEC standards and any regulations of the statutory authorities. The manufacturer cannot be held responsible for any danger or damage resulting from incorrect operation or usage of the equipment, failure to observe the instructions in the user's documentation and/or failure to observe the safety instructions.

3.1

8

General instructions •

Operation of and work on the equipment or parts thereof may only be performed by professional persons (qualified technicians) with appropriate experience who have been specially trained by the manufacturer/distributor (= authorized persons).



The weight of the components (specified on the front of the unit) requires that physically able-bodied persons be employed for installing / assembling the equipment or parts thereof.



If work on the equipment or parts thereof is necessary with the equipment under present voltage, another qualified technician or a supervisor must be present in addition to the electrician performing the work. The supervisor should be capable of providing first aid in case of electrical hazard. Providing the electrician with an emergency switch or disconnection strap, so-called "dead man's switch", is not sufficient protection.



Work on the equipment may only be carried out using insulated tools and appropriate protective clothing (shoes, gloves, safety spectacles, etc.).



There is an increased risk of an accident and electrical hazard when working on compact equipment (different components mounted in a single cabinet, e.g. rectifier/inverter modules, DC distribution and battery connection), due to the close proximity of the various different components. Work should therefore be carried out with extra attention to safety, and appropriate insulating covers over the live electrical parts must be provided for protection against accidental contact.



If the power supply equipment is not fitted with a disconnecting switch or equivalent device unit, for isolating it from the AC mains or any other hazardous voltage source, the operator of the power supply equipment is responsible for fitting the mains distribution board, battery system or other supplying equipment with appropriate disconnection switch conforming to the relevant regulations.

6 September 2007

Energy Systems SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS

3.2

POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS



The input filters of the rectifier/inverter modules are not protected with input fuses. The operator is responsible for ensuring adequate protection for the equipment and wiring by means of an input fuse, if any rectifier/inverter module is used external to equipment supplied by the manufacturer/distributor and if the manufacturer/distributor is not allowed install fusing or a main distribution board.



Removing or inserting components from or into the equipment may result in changes to the performance of the equipment. The operator is therefore responsible for the consequences of any change in the hardware configuration that are made without an agreement with the manufacturer or his local representative.



The operator of the equipment is responsible for ensuring that personnel concerned with the equipment (authorized persons) are provided with safety training when the equipment is installed or when starting their employment and at regular 6-monthly intervals thereafter.



The operator of the equipment is responsible for ensuring that the rooms in which the equipment and batteries are set up are treated as electrical equipment rooms, which are only accessible to qualified personnel (authorized persons).



The operator of the equipment is responsible for ensuring that the equipment is installed in suitable rooms, if necessary with air-conditioning. If forced cooling (fan ventilation) is used, there must be adequate airflow in the room, as well as heating/cooling.



The units or individual parts of the equipment may only be opened by qualified employees (authorized persons) of the equipment operator, who have attended a special repair training course held by the manufacturer or his local representative.



The operator of the equipment is responsible for ensuring that the rectifier/ inverter / distributor rack is securely locked and not accessible to unauthorized persons.



Installation and dismantling of the equipment or parts thereof, as well as the laying of the connection cables may only be carried out by persons trained by the manufacturer/distributor (authorized persons).



The installation instructions and specifications in this user manual are a part of these safety instructions. The order of installation and the specified limit values must be adhered to in order to guarantee that the equipment is correctly installed and operated.

Special Instructions •

Localized areas of high temperature (> 70 °C) may occur within the rectifier/inverter/distributor rack. Adequate precautions against accidental burns must be taken.



Fuses should only be gripped using the tools provided for this purpose (Loadbreak switch handles, etc.)



Ensure adequate insulation from ground potential (earth) when working on the equipment or changing fuses.

6 September 2007

9

Energy Systems SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS

3.3

3.4



The DC bussing of the power system (inverter/rectifier/converter) can be grounded either from positive system bus or a negative system bus, and operator is responsible to ensure and secure the correct polarity of the system while installing, operating and/or maintaining the equipment.



The power system may have dual energy supply by means of primary and secondary energy sources, and operator is responsible to secure the proper precautions by separating or disconnecting the sources for maintenance or service purposes.



Dangerous voltages may be present on the power connector or plug pins of the rectifiers/inverters for up to 10 seconds after unplugging the rectifier/inverter modules from the mains or switching off the mains voltage. This also applies to other parts of the equipment. Adequate precautions against electrical accident must be taken.



Some of the potentiometers for adjusting equipment components are mounted under the unit covers and can only be accessed through the ventilation slots of these components. Take care when making adjustments, and use appropriate tools (e.g. an insulated screwdriver for trimming), otherwise sensitive components may be damaged.



Only suitable measuring devices (e.g. high-impedance multimeter) may be connected to the voltage and current measurement sockets.



Incorrect operation of the equipment or parts thereof may alter the operating state of the system, trigger false alarms or discharge the batteries connected to the system. Ensure that the settings conform to the specifications, the system configuration and the limit values that you require.



Make sure that all voltage values are set correctly. Incorrect voltage settings may lead to an increase in the battery voltage and the consequent damage to batteries or even danger of explosion.



Ensure that the alarm limit values (trigger thresholds) are set correctly. Incorrect settings may trigger false alarms and cause the rectifier/inverter modules to switch off.



All temporary manipulations of the equipment or parts thereof that are carried out (e.g. for test purposes) must be reset manually. Automatic reset facilities are not provided.

For equipment with power system controller •

The code required for operating the controller may only be revealed to experienced persons trained by the manufacturer or his local representative (authorised persons).



Before removing the controller from an equipment which is operating, the power supply to the controller must first be switched off and then all plugs disconnected.

For equipment with inverter / intalarm •

10

POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS

The interface boards for the Inverter and Intalarm must not be fitted or removed when the unit is under power. Before fitting or removing, the inverters, the DC supply and the mains must be switched off.

6 September 2007

Energy Systems

System Description DC Power Supply Systems

31001_02 Issue 13 August 2003

Energy Systems SYSTEM DESCRIPTION

DC POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS

TABLE OF CONTENTS 1

DOCUMENT INFORMATION ........................................................................................5 1.1

2

Version control...................................................................................................5

SYSTEM DESCRIPTION ...............................................................................................7 2.1

Operating modes ...............................................................................................8

13 August 2003

3

Energy Systems SYSTEM DESCRIPTION

DC POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS

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4

13 August 2003

Energy Systems SYSTEM DESCRIPTION

DC POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS

1

DOCUMENT INFORMATION

1.1

Version control Document number

Document description

31001_02

DC Power Supply System Description

Previous version

Description of changes

31001_01

Layout updated. Controlled by

Date 13.08.2003

Markku Havukainen Approved by

Date 13.08.2003

Petteri Turkki

13 August 2003

5

Energy Systems SYSTEM DESCRIPTION

DC POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS

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6

13 August 2003

Energy Systems SYSTEM DESCRIPTION

DC POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS

2 SYSTEM DESCRIPTION The Delta power systems are designed to efficiently supply uninterruptible DCvoltage to modern telecommunications equipment. The systems are constructed using steel profile based cabinets and switched-mode rectifiers of state-of-the-art and development of Delta Energy Systems. The systems are designed to fulfil the high reliability requirements of telecom environment. The schematic structure of the power systems is presented in Figure 1. The power system comprises switched-mode rectifiers having one or three phase input line connection, terminals for batteries, low voltage disconnections, load terminals with automatic circuit breakers or HRC fuses as well as a control, monitor and alarm unit for automatic operation of the system. Modem

Power System Controller

Remote user Local user

Relay

DC load Telecom Equipment

option

Mains

option

AC load

AC distribution

1 .. n Rectifiers

1 ... n Batteries

Converters / Inverters

Load distribution P0001

Figure 1.

The schematic structure of the Delta power system.

The modularity and extendibility of these power systems makes them ideal for all telecommunications applications, especially for the systems whose initial capacity is far from the final size. The extension can be made in phase with the real need simply by adding new system modules and battery cabinets.

13 August 2003

7

Energy Systems SYSTEM DESCRIPTION

2.1

DC POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS

Operating modes In normal operation mode the rectifiers deliver the load power taken by the telecom system and simultaneously maintain the batteries at full charge. During a line power outage or an excessive line-undervoltage, the rectifiers are shut down and the batteries deliver the load power. If the battery voltage decreases below the preset level, the optional deep discharge prevention circuitry disconnects the battery automatically. As the line power is restored to a proper level, the rectifiers start up automatically and begin to deliver the load power and recharge the batteries at current limiting mode. The batteries are important components in a telecom power system. The control and monitoring unit is designed to ensure long battery life and effective recharging of the batteries. Automatic boost charge is based on battery current. The system level control and monitoring functions include local and remote alarms and local controls of the system. The local alarms are shown by alarm LEDs. Remote alarms are issued by means of potential free relay contacts. The operation of the control and monitoring unit is presented in the product description of the controller.

8

13 August 2003

Energy Systems

Product Description Rectifier DPR 1200B-48

32015_02.doc Issue 21 July 2005

Energy Systems PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

RECTIFIER DPR 1200B-48

TABLE OF CONTENTS 1

DOCUMENT INFORMATION ........................................................................................5 1.1

2

GENERAL......................................................................................................................7 2.1

3

4

5

Version control...................................................................................................5

Safety ................................................................................................................7

FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION ......................................................................................8 3.1

Input voltage range............................................................................................8

3.2

Output characteristic..........................................................................................9

3.3

Output voltage ...................................................................................................9

3.4

Output current....................................................................................................9

3.5

Cooling ..............................................................................................................9

3.6

Overvoltage protection OVP ..............................................................................9

3.7

Thermal management .....................................................................................10

3.8

Load sharing....................................................................................................10

3.9

Configuration ...................................................................................................10

FRONT ELEMENTS ....................................................................................................11 4.1

Rectifier status indications ...............................................................................11

4.2

Push button «Config» ......................................................................................12

4.3

Rectifier fixation ...............................................................................................12

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS .................................................................................13

21 July 2005

3

Energy Systems PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

RECTIFIER DPR 1200B-48

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4

21 July 2005

Energy Systems PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

RECTIFIER DPR 1200B-48

1

DOCUMENT INFORMATION

1.1

Version control Document number

Document description

32015_02.doc / V 1.2

Product Description, Rectifier DPR 1200B-48

Previous version

Description of changes

1.1

Section 3.9: Function of «Config» button modified.

1.0

Section 4.1 “Rectifier status indications” updated. Controlled by

Date 21.07.2005

Markku Havukainen Approved by

Date

Matthias Bucher

21.07.2005

21 July 2005

5

Energy Systems PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

RECTIFIER DPR 1200B-48

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6

21 July 2005

Energy Systems PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

2

RECTIFIER DPR 1200B-48

GENERAL The rectifier DPR 1200B-48 is a single phase, hot-pluggable, fan-cooled rectifier. The constant output power characteristic supplies the specified power over the full output voltage range. The benefit is an optimised modular system design (fewer modules) that matches the supply requirements of state-of-the-art telecom equipment. This performance as well as the extended temperature range, wide input voltage range, high power density and advanced technology are the key factors for the success of this rectifier, offering a cost effective and reliable solution. The typical applications for this rectifier are both in indoor and outdoor environments, which is a perfect solution for wireless base stations, core network components, telecommunications networks and data networks. The rectifier meets the requirements set by the telecommunications standards. The rectifier DPR 1200B-48 does not contain any user serviceable parts inside the unit and a faulty rectifier module should be replaced as a complete unit. The installation description must be strictly adhered to.

2.1

Safety The rectifier meets the safety standards: •

EN 60 950 (2000-06) - class 1



UL 60950 rev 3 (Dec1, 2000)



CAN/CSA-C22.2 No. 60950-00

No user serviceable parts are inside the unit. A faulty rectifier module should be replaced as a complete unit. The installation description must be strictly adhered to. The rectifier contains the following internal protection circuit breaker and fuses: AC input fuses F200 / F201 - 10AT LITTELFUSE INC. P/N 215010 BEL P/N 5HTP10 The protecting AC fuses are connected in L and N. DC output fuse F500 - 40A PUDENZ (WICKMANN GROUP) P/N 142.6185.5402 The protecting DC fuse is connected in – pole. These fuses are not accessible and should only be replaced in a Delta repair centre. Warning! Use always blank panels for empty rectifier slots to avoid user access to the electrical parts on the backplane.

21 July 2005

7

Energy Systems PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

3

RECTIFIER DPR 1200B-48

FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION The rectifier contains two stages of high frequency power converter: The power factor corrector (PFC) has a boost topology with a switching frequency of 120 kHz. It is responsible for the power factor and harmonic content of the input current. The DC-DC converter has a phase shifted full bridge topology with a switching frequency of 140 kHz. It is responsible for galvanic isolation and power conversion to the DC output. The control and interface circuit controls and protects the rectifier during all operation conditions appearing in a power system. The EMC filters guarantee the required standards. Inrush current limiter

ACinput

EMC input filter

Power factor corrector PFC

Energy storage

DC-DC converter

Auxiliary supply

Control and interface

EMC output filter

DCoutput

Secondary auxiliary

Primary auxiliary Galvanic separation

System bus

Figure 1.

3.1

Block diagram.

Input voltage range If the input voltage exceeds the limits of the input voltage range the rectifier is shut off. The rectifier will restart automatically as soon as the input voltage returns into the specified input voltage range. At low input voltages, an output power derating is enabled to limit the input current to acceptable values. For AC mains voltage in the range of 276V to 300V, the power factor corrector (PFC) stage is self protecting and the input current shape is not sinusoidal. Pout / W 1200

700 500

85

90 120

184

230

276

300

Vin / Vrms

Warning! Do not operate the device without a transient protection.

8

21 July 2005

Energy Systems PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

RECTIFIER DPR 1200B-48

Warning! Ensure in the installation that the Neutral will never be disconnected before the supplying AC lines. Warning! Ensure in the installation that the supplying AC lines will be never connected before the Neutral.

3.2

Output characteristic The rectifier has a constant output power characteristic to meet the demand of optimal use of the power supply to electronic constant power loads. The result is a constant recharging current to the battery after a mains outage, and a better use of rectifier efficiency. Uout [V] 58 53.5 43 42

1200 W control range

20.7 22.4

Figure 2.

3.3

28

Iout [A]

The output characteristic.

Output voltage The factory setting is defined for flooded battery types: 53.5 V. If a controller with voltage programming function is used, it can remotely adjust the rectifier output voltage to different values via analogue signal interface or digital interface.

3.4

Output current The factory setting for the output current limit is 28 ADC.

3.5

Cooling The device is fan cooled. Warning! The air flow must not be restricted! Warning! Apply always blank panels for empty rectifier slots to avoid wrong air circulation inside the system!

3.6

Overvoltage protection OVP The rectifier is equipped with a selective over voltage protection, that shuts down the rectifier in case of output voltage exceeding an internally set limit. The protection is combined with a current measuring condition to achieve selectivity between parallel rectifiers; only the «guilty» rectifier will be shut down. The factory setting is 59 V. Reset of OVP shut down can be done by disconnecting the mains supply voltage for approx. 2 seconds.

21 July 2005

9

Energy Systems PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

3.7

RECTIFIER DPR 1200B-48

Thermal management The rectifier is protected in case of abnormal environment conditions, interrupted air flow and fan failure. Therefore two thermal sensors are integrated: Sensor

Monitoring

Function

Reference sensor

Combination of heat sink / fresh air temperature

Controls the over temperature protection (OTP) characteristic.

Protection sensor

Main transformer temperature

Detects interrupted air flow and fan failure.

The thermal management (reference sensor) reduces the output current in order to limit internal temperature according the characteristic below: Current limit Rectifier restart

28 A 22.4 A

1200W

OTP shuts down ~ 600W

60 °C

Figure 3.

65 °C

70 °C

75 °C

Ambient temperature

Thermal management of the rectifier.

The thermal management (protection sensor) protects the rectifier against interrupted air flow and fan failure. During these conditions, the rectifier is shut down as soon as the internal temperature reaches a critical value. After several unsuccessful restart attempts the rectifier remains shut down and generates an alarm.

3.8

Load sharing The rectifier is equipped with an active load sharing function that ensures equal load on parallel rectifiers. The function uses the signal interface bus between rectifiers. This function does not require any other external unit outside rectifiers.

3.9

Configuration In systems without controller or with PSC 1 / PSC 1000 the rectifier operates with the factory-set standard configuration; in systems with PSC 3 controller the configuration is automatically done upon inserting the rectifier module. The push button «Config» has following function: •

10

To reset configuration to default factory settings. Press button until LED «Com» starts blinking (10 sec. approx.)

21 July 2005

Energy Systems PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

4

RECTIFIER DPR 1200B-48

FRONT ELEMENTS Rectifier fixation clip LED bar output current

Rectifier status LED Locked

Figure 4.

4.1

Unlocked

“Config” push button

Unlocked

Locked

Front panel of DPR 1200B-48 rectifier.

Rectifier status indications LED «ok» turns off and an alarm is given if: •

Input connection is missing



OVP / OTP shutdown procedure is activated or a fan failure is detected. The details are indicated by the means of a flashing LED in the LED bar.



The output fuse is blown



The rectifier is faulty.



SW download with the PSC 3

LED «ok» blinks (200ms on / 200ms off) and an alarm is given if: •

Load sharing is not working correctly



The rectifier is faulty due to regulation failure

LED «ok» flashes (20ms on / 1000ms off) and an alarm is given if: •

Input voltage is out of range, but auxiliary supply is still working



Rectifier not enabled



Rectifier off, controlled by the PSC 3

LED «Com» is lit if the device communicates with the PSC 3 controller via IMBUS. LED «Com» turns off if: •

No PSC 3 communication with the rectifier



Error in IMBUS cabling or wrong bus termination

LED «Com» blinks if: •

At start up of the rectifier, during configuration process of the interface

21 July 2005

11

Energy Systems PRODUCT DESCRIPTION



RECTIFIER DPR 1200B-48

Reset to default rectifier settings (see sec. 4.2 )

LED bar blinks if:

LED 6 blinks: Fan failure LED 4 blinks: OTP error LED 2 blinks: Checksum error LED 1 blinks: OVP error

Figure 5.

4.2

Rectifier LED bar blinking.

Push button «Config» The push button «Config» has the following function: •

4.3

To reset the rectifier configuration to default factory settings. Press button until LED «Com» starts blinking (10 sec. approx.)

Rectifier fixation The rectifier can be fixed in a shelf by moving the clip into outside (locked) position. To unlock the rectifier in a shelf, the clip must be moved into inside position.

12

21 July 2005

Energy Systems PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

5

RECTIFIER DPR 1200B-48

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS

General Efficiency Losses, max. Safety

≥ 91 % 135 W EN 60 950, class I UL 60 950 CAN / CSA – C22.2 EN 55 022, class B EN 300 386-2 Fan cooled 1100 W / l, 18 W / in3 48dB(A)

EMI, radiated Compliant with Cooling Power density Acoustic noise

Input Voltage range 88 ... 300 Vrms Volt. range, red. power 88 ... 184 Vrms Volt. range, no PFC 276 … 300 Vrms Inrush current 10.6 Apeak Current maximum 7.5 Arms Line current Meets IEC 1000-3-2 Harmonic distort. THD < 5 % Power factor ~ 1.0 EMI, conducted EN 55 022, class B Mains connector Rear side Input protection Internal fuse 2 x 10 A Input switch None Output Voltage, nominal 53.5 Vdc Voltage adjust range 42 ... 58 Vdc Voltage error, static ± 250 mVdc Overvoltage protection 59 V ± 1 V Ripple + spikes ≤ 100 mVp-p Psophometric noise ≤ 1.0 mVrms (weighted) EMI, conducted EN 55 022, class A Current limit, nominal 28 Adc Limit adjustment range 0 ... 28 Adc Load sharing < ± 2 Adc Power limit 1200 W, fixed Output connector Rear side Output protection Internal fuse 40 A

User interface Output current display LED bar Status indication LED «ok» LED «OVP»* LED «Overtemp»* LED «Fan failure»* * Status indication integrated in the LED bar Power system controller PSC 1000 Voltage programming Rectifier fail alarm PSC 3 Voltage programming Curr. limit progr. Power limit progr. Rectifier fail alarm Rectifier start up Rectifier on/off Mechanics Width, overall Height, overall Depth, overall Weight

40.8 mm (1U) 132 mm (3U) 232.5 mm 1.25 kg

Environment Ambient temperature -25 ... + 75 °C Reduced power 65 ... + 75 °C Relative humidity 95 % max, non cond. Accessories Single backplane Triple backplane Blank panel

P/N: D0106218 P/N: D0112006 P/N: D0112127

Output characteristic: Uout [V] 58 53.5 43 42

1200 W control range

20.7 22.4

28

Iout [A]

21 July 2005

13

Energy Systems PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

14

RECTIFIER DPR 1200B-48

21 July 2005

Energy Systems

Product Description Rectifier FR 48 V – 2000 W – E

32001_04 Issue 3 February 2004

Energy Systems PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

RECTIFIER FR 48 V - 2000 W - E

TABLE OF CONTENTS 1

DOCUMENT INFORMATION ........................................................................................5 1.1

2

GENERAL......................................................................................................................7 2.1

3

4

Safety ................................................................................................................8

FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION ......................................................................................9 3.1

Input voltage range............................................................................................9

3.2

Inrush current limitation .....................................................................................9

3.3

Output characteristic..........................................................................................9

3.4

Output voltage .................................................................................................10

3.5

Output current..................................................................................................10

3.6

Cooling ............................................................................................................10

3.7

Overvoltage protection OVP ............................................................................10

3.8

Thermal management .....................................................................................11

3.9

Load sharing....................................................................................................11

3.10

Rectifier enable................................................................................................11

3.11

Precharge ........................................................................................................11

FRONT ELEMENTS ....................................................................................................12 4.1

5

Version control...................................................................................................5

Rectifier status indications ...............................................................................12

BACK PLANE..............................................................................................................13 5.1

Electrical connections ......................................................................................13

6

MECHANICAL DIMENSIONS .....................................................................................14

7

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS .................................................................................15

3 February 2004

3

Energy Systems PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

RECTIFIER FR 48 V - 2000 W - E

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4

3 February 2004

Energy Systems PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

RECTIFIER FR 48 V - 2000 W - E

1

DOCUMENT INFORMATION

1.1

Version control Document number

Document description

32001_04

Rectifier FR 48 V - 2000 W – E, Product Description

Previous version

Description of changes

32001_03

Front cover updated. Controlled by

Date 03.02.2004

Markku Havukainen Approved by

Date 03.02.2004

Petteri Turkki

3 February 2004

5

Energy Systems PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

RECTIFIER FR 48 V - 2000 W - E

This page is intentionally left blank.

6

3 February 2004

Energy Systems PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

2

RECTIFIER FR 48 V - 2000 W - E

GENERAL The rectifier FR 48 V - 2000 W - E is a single phase, hot-pluggable and fan-cooled rectifier. The constant output power characteristic supplies the specified power over the full output voltage range. The benefit is an optimized modular system design (fewer modules) and matches the supply requirements for state-of-the-art telecom equipment. This performance as well as the extended temperature range, wide input voltage range, high power density and advanced technology are the key factors of the success of this rectifier and it offers a cost effective and reliable solution. The typical applications for this rectifier are both in indoor and outdoor environments, which is a perfect solution for wireless base stations, core network components, telecommunications networks and data networks. The rectifier meets the requirements set by the telecommunications standards. The rectifier contains two stages of high frequency power converter (Figure 1.): •

The power factor corrector (PFC) has a boost topology with a switching frequency of 90 kHz. It is responsible for the power factor and harmonic content of the input current.



The DC-DC converter has a phase shifted full bridge topology with a switching frequency of 100 kHz. It is responsible for galvanic isolation and power conversion to the DC output.

The control and interface circuit controls and protects the rectifier during all operation conditions appearing in a power system. The EMC filters guarantee the required standards.

ACinput

EMC input filter

Inrush current limiter

Power factor corrector PFC

Control and interface

Energy storage

DC-DC converter

EMC output filter

Auxiliary supply

DCoutput

Secondary auxiliary

Primary auxiliary Galvanic separation

System bus

P0002

Figure 1.

Block Diagram describing the functionality of a rectifier.

3 February 2004

7

Energy Systems PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

2.1

RECTIFIER FR 48 V - 2000 W - E

Safety The rectifier meets the safety standards: •

EN 60 950 (2000-06) - class 1



UL 60950 rev 3 (Dec1, 2000)



CAN/CSA-C22.2 No. 60950-00

There are no user serviceable parts except the fan inside the unit. A faulty rectifier module should be replaced as a complete unit. The installation description must be strictly adhered to. The rectifier contains the following internal protection fuses: •

AC input fuses, F200 / F201, 15A fast, LITTELFUSE INC. P/N 324015



The protecting AC fuses are connected in L and N.



DC output fuse, F500, 50A (FK3), PUDENZ (WICKMANN GROUP)



The protecting DC fuse is connected in – pole.

These fuses are not accessible and should only be replaced in the Delta Energy Systems repair centre.

8

3 February 2004

Energy Systems PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

RECTIFIER FR 48 V - 2000 W - E

3

FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION

3.1

Input voltage range If the input voltage exceeds the limits of the input voltage range the rectifier is shut off. The rectifier will restart up automatically as soon as the input voltage returns into the specified input voltage range. At low input voltages, an output power derating is enabled to limit the input current to acceptable values. full power

Pout / W reduced power

2000 60°C power derating

75°C power derating

800 650

Vin / Vrms 80 88 90

184 230

275

280

P0003

Figure 2.

3.2

Input voltage range

Inrush current limitation When the rectifier is first connected to the mains, the energy storage capacitors are charged via resistors. As soon as a certain voltage limit is reached, these resistors are short-circuited and the rectifier starts up and delivers output power.

3.3

Output characteristic The rectifier has a constant output power characteristic to meet the demand of optimal use of the power supply to electronic constant power loads. The result is a constant recharging current to the battery after a mains outage, and a better use of rectifier efficiency.

Uout [V] 58 53.5 43 42

2000 W control range

34.5 37.4

Figure 3.

46.5

Iout [A] P0004

Output characteristic

3 February 2004

9

Energy Systems PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

3.4

RECTIFIER FR 48 V - 2000 W - E

Output voltage The factory setting is defined for flooded battery types: 53.5 V. If a controller with voltage programming function is used, it can remotely adjust the rectifier output voltage to different values via analogue signal interface.

3.5

Output current The factory setting for the output current limit is 46.5 ADC.

3.6

Cooling The device is fan cooled. Note!

The airflow must not be restricted!

Shadowed area: air outlet on the rear

Figure 4.

3.7

Air flow P0005

Fan cooling of the rectifier.

Overvoltage protection OVP The rectifier is equipped with a selective over voltage protection (OVP), which shuts down the rectifier in case of output voltage exceeding an internally set limit. The protection is combined with a current measuring condition to achieve selectivity between parallel rectifiers; only the «guilty» rectifier will be shut down. The factory setting is 59 V. Reset of OVP shut down can be done by disconnecting the mains supply voltage for a few seconds.

10

3 February 2004

Energy Systems PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

3.8

RECTIFIER FR 48 V - 2000 W - E

Thermal management The rectifier is protected, with two integrated thermal sensors, in case of abnormal environment conditions, interrupted air flow and fan failure (Table 1.). Sensor

Monitoring

Function

Reference sensor

Combination of heat sink / fresh air temperature

Controls the overtemperature protection (OTP) characteristic.

Protection sensor

Main transformer temperature

Detects interrupted air flow and fan failure.

Table 1.

Thermal sensors.

The thermal management (reference sensor) reduces the output current in order to limit internal temperature according the characteristic in Figure 5 below. Current limit

Rectifier restart

46.5 A 37.4 A

OTP shuts down >1300W Ambient temperature 50°C

Figure 5.

60°C 65°C

75°C

P0006

Reducing the output current in order to limit internal temperature.

The thermal management (protection sensor) protects the rectifier against interrupted air flow and fan failure. During these conditions, the rectifier is shut down as soon as the internal temperature reaches a critical value. After several unsuccessful restart attempts the rectifier remains shut down and generates an alarm.

3.9

Load sharing The rectifier is equipped with an active load sharing function that ensures equal load on parallel rectifiers. The function uses the signal interface bus between rectifiers. This function does not need any other external unit outside rectifiers.

3.10

Rectifier enable The rectifier is disabled / enabled by external connection: Disable: Pins D12 – A12 not connected Enable: Pins D12 – A12 connected

3.11

Precharge The rectifier module is hot-pluggable. Pushing the rectifier into the cabinet connects leading precharge contacts first to precharge the DC output capacitors. The remaining output power contacts are connected with a delay.

3 February 2004

11

Energy Systems PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

4

RECTIFIER FR 48 V - 2000 W - E

FRONT ELEMENTS

100 % Iout ok

Output current LED bar

10 %

Rectifier status indication

FR 48 V - 2000 W - E

Hole for fixing screw P0007

Figure 6.

4.1

The rectifier from front.

Rectifier status indications LED «ok» turns off and an alarm is given if: •

12

Input connection is missing



Mains voltage is outside the specified range



OVP / OTP shutdown procedure is activated or a fan failure is detected



ƒ OVP: The lowest orange LED is short flashing ƒ OTP: The middle orange LED is short flashing ƒ Fan failure: The top orange LED is short flashing Load sharing not working correctly



The output fuse is blown



The rectifier is faulty

3 February 2004

Energy Systems PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

RECTIFIER FR 48 V - 2000 W - E

5

BACK PLANE

5.1

Electrical connections Combined connector is located on the backside (FCI Power Header R/A 51783002). The system bus is daisy-chained, with one-to-one connection, from rectifier to rectifier and to the controller (if such is used in the system).

P0008

P1:

PE

AC mains, PE terminal

P2:

L

AC mains, L terminal

P3:

N

AC mains, N terminal

A10:

NC

Reserved for other applications

B10:

VPGM

PSC 1000: output voltage programming

C10:

LS_BUS

Load sharing bus, refer to sec. “3.9 Load sharing”

D10:

GND_SYS

Reference ground for PSC 1000 and load sharing

A11:

NC

B11:

NC

C11:

NC

D11:

RFA

PSC 1000: rectifier failure

A12:

GND_SIG

Reference ground for D12

B12:

NC

Reserved for other applications

C12:

NC

Reserved for other applications

D12:

OFF

Rectifier enable, reference ground A12, refer to sec. “3.10 Rectifier Enable”.

P4:

VOUT-

DC output

P5:

VOUT-

DC output

P6:

OUTP

Precharge for output capacitor, refer to sec. “3.11 Precharge”

P7:

VOUT+

DC output

P8:

VOUT+

DC output

Table 2.

Signals on rectifier connector.

Warning! Operate the device only with connected PE.

3 February 2004

13

Energy Systems PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

6

RECTIFIER FR 48 V - 2000 W - E

MECHANICAL DIMENSIONS

P0009

Figure 7.

14

Mechanical design of the rectifier FR 48 V – 2000 W – E.

3 February 2004

Energy Systems PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

7

RECTIFIER FR 48 V - 2000 W - E

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS

General Efficiency Losses, max. Safety

≥ 91 % 200 W EN 60 950, class I UL 60 950 CAN / CSA – C22.2 EN 55 022, class B EN 300 386-2 Fan cooled 500 W / l, 8.2 W / in3

EMI, radiated Compliant with Cooling Power density

Input Voltage range 88...276 Vrms Volt. range, red. power 88...184 Vrms Inrush current < 15 Apeak Current maximum 12 Arms Line current Meets IEC 1000-3-2 Harmonic distort. THD < 5 % EMI, conducted EN 55 022, class B Mains connector Rear side Input protection Internal fuse 2 x 15 A Input switch None Output Voltage, nominal 53.5 Vdc Voltage adjust range 42...58 Vdc Voltage error, static ± 250 mVdc Overvoltage protection 59 V ± 1 V Ripple + spikes ≤ 200 mVp-p Psophometric noise ≤ 1.0 mVrms (weighted) EMI, conducted EN 55 022, class A Current limit, nominal 46.5 Adc Limit adjustment range 0...46.5 Adc Load sharing < ± 3 Adc Power limit 2000 W, fixed Output connector Rear side Output protection Internal fuse 50 A

User interface Output current display LED bar Status indication LED «ok» Power system controller PSC 1000 Voltage programming Rectifier fail alarm Mechanics Width, overall Depth, overall Height, body Height, front panel Weight

65 mm 346 mm 200 mm 212 mm 4.4 kg

Environment Ambient temperature -25...+ 70 °C Reduced power 60...+ 70 °C Relative humidity 95 % max, non cond. Accessories Single back plane

P/N: D0100298

Subject to change due to technical progress.

Output characteristic: Uout [V] 58 53.5 43 42

2000 W control range

34.5 37.4

46.5

Iout [A] P0004

3 February 2004

15

Energy Systems PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

16

RECTIFIER FR 48 V - 2000 W - E

3 February 2004

Energy Systems

Operating Manual Controller PSC 3 Software Version 2.11

OM_PSC3_V2-11_EN.DOC Issue 20 June 2008

Energy Systems OPERATING MANUAL

CONTROLLER PSC 3

TABLE OF CONTENTS 1

DOCUMENT INFORMATION ........................................................................................4 1.1

2

Version Control..................................................................................................4

GENERAL .....................................................................................................................5

3

2.1

This Manual.......................................................................................................5

2.2

Structure............................................................................................................5

2.3

Introduction .......................................................................................................6

2.4

Overview of Features and System Configuration ..............................................7

2.5

Interface description ..........................................................................................8

UIM1 / UIL1 MENU ........................................................................................................9 3.1

Menu structure ..................................................................................................9

4

WEB GUI MENU..........................................................................................................24

5

COMMUNICATION SETTINGS ...................................................................................26

6

5.1

Local Communication Settings........................................................................26

5.2

Remote Settings..............................................................................................38

BATTERY ....................................................................................................................43

7

6.1

Charging..........................................................................................................43

6.2

Battery Test .....................................................................................................51

6.3

Supervision .....................................................................................................53

6.4

Low Voltage Disconnection (LVD) ...................................................................62

6.5

Partial Load Disconnection (PLD) ...................................................................65

RECTIFIERS ...............................................................................................................69

2

7.1

Rectifier Overview ...........................................................................................69

7.2

Rectifier Parameters........................................................................................71

7.3

Rectifier Alarming ............................................................................................73

7.4

Rectifier Setup.................................................................................................75

7.5

Rectifier Efficiency Mode and Cycling .............................................................78

7.6

Power Limitation by Event...............................................................................80

7.7

Recharge Power Supervision..........................................................................81

7.8

Redundancy Supervision ................................................................................82

7.9

Rectifier AC Measurement ..............................................................................82

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Energy Systems OPERATING MANUAL

7.10 8

9

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Rectifier Positioning.........................................................................................83

ALARMS......................................................................................................................87 8.1

Measurements.................................................................................................88

8.2

Event Definitions..............................................................................................90

8.3

Event Processing.............................................................................................92

8.4

Alarm Setup.....................................................................................................94

8.5

I/O (Relays, LEDs and other Indicators) ..........................................................96

8.6

Internal Events and Alarms..............................................................................98

8.7

Alarm Tracing ..................................................................................................99

8.8

Alarm Maintenance........................................................................................101

AC MEASUREMENTS...............................................................................................103 9.1

Selecting the AC Measurement Type ............................................................103

9.2

External AC Measurement.............................................................................104

9.3

Internal AC Measurement ..............................................................................107

10 LOG ...........................................................................................................................109 10.1

Log Setup ......................................................................................................109

10.2

Checking the Log...........................................................................................110

10.3

System Logs.................................................................................................. 111

11 USER AND SESSION MANAGEMENT.....................................................................114 11.1

User Management .........................................................................................114

11.2

Session Management....................................................................................118

12 MAINTENANCE.........................................................................................................120 12.1

Alarm Maintenance........................................................................................120

12.2

LVD Maintenance ..........................................................................................120

12.3

Maintenance RS Latch ..................................................................................121

12.4

HW Status......................................................................................................123

13 SOFTWARE...............................................................................................................125 13.1

Software Version Upgrade and Downgrade...................................................125

13.2

Setup Upload and Download .........................................................................127

13.3

Language File Upload ...................................................................................129

13.4

Software License Key ....................................................................................131

14 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS................................................................................132

20.06.2008

3

Energy Systems OPERATING MANUAL

CONTROLLER PSC 3

1

DOCUMENT INFORMATION

1.1

Version Control

4

Document number

Document description

OM_PSC3_V211_EN.DOC

Operating Manual, Controller PSC 3

Previous version

Description of changes

1.1

Modifications according SW Versions 1.80 / 2.00 / 2.01 / 2.11

1.0

New document (SW Version 1.7) Controlled by

Date

Matthias Bucher

20.06.2008

Approved by

Date

20.06.2008

Energy Systems OPERATING MANUAL

2

GENERAL

2.1

This Manual

CONTROLLER PSC 3

This manual is created to instruct in the optimal use of the PSC 3 controller. The document is structured according to functions and answers to question “How to?”

2.2

Structure PSC 3 offers two operating interface types for the user; the web interface (web browser) and UIM interface. The UIM is located at the system and offers a quick access to basic settings and displays. The web interface is a complete configuration and supervision tool for the PSC 3. It requires cable between the PSC 3 module and a terminal (computer with a browser) either directly at the system or via network. This manual describes the essential PSC 3 functions and instructs how to enable and use them. The instructions are written for both user interface types under separate headings: «UIM Interface» and «WEB Interface».

20.06.2008

5

Energy Systems OPERATING MANUAL

2.3

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Introduction The PSC 3 is a sophisticated power system controller and therefore an optimum solution for small to very large and complex power systems. It consists of a central unit, which provides basic I/O periphery, and of a very robust and reliable CAN standard based communication bus (IMBUS), providing easy expansion. The front end modules are located close to the elements to be monitored. The benefit is an easy wiring, which is perfect for expandable power systems with decentralized distributions (BDFB) and batteries in separate rooms. The integrated PLC offers the flexibility for monitoring and control of auxiliary devices, later functions upgrade and system capacity expansions. The enhanced system functions support the reduction of operating costs. The battery management with regularly accomplished capacity tests is one of the key factors for the availability of a power system. The PSC 3 allows remote alarming by means of potential-free relay contacts or via modem or LAN / Ethernet. The SNMP functionality offers enhanced remote alarming and is designed to work with SNMP managers. An integrated web server offers a user friendly interface for detailed monitoring and control with a standard web browser. PSC 3 is a small device but can handle a large amount of peripherals. The appropriated functions are activated by configurable software and hardware addon's. The following figure shows the PSC 3 system concept:

Figure 1.

6

The modular PSC 3 system concept

20.06.2008

Energy Systems OPERATING MANUAL

2.4

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Overview of Features and System Configuration Key features of a PSC 3 system: •

Modular concept: PSC 3 can be customized for both small and large systems



Flexible setup of battery / load strings, alarms, trigger levels, limits etc.



Selectable menu language for local and web user interface



IMBUS interface using high immunity CAN bus technology



Remote software update of system components



AC mains voltage measuring without external equipment

The PSC 3 controller (without peripheral I/O) offers the following features: •

Local system monitoring and basic setup with display, keypad and 5 alarm LEDs



1 LAN (Ethernet) interface to PC or LAN



2 RECTS interfaces (1 CAN, teljack 6-pol / 1 flat cable 6-pol)



2 IMBUS interfaces (CAN, teljack 8-pol)



6 digital relay outputs (changeover contacts, pluggable clamp connection)



4 digital open collector outputs (1 teljack 4-pol)



4 digital inputs (software configurable thresholds, pluggable clamp connections)



2 inputs for temperature measuring (teljack 4-pol)



1 modem and ethernet Interface (teljack 8-pol)



Real time clock board PSCIR1

Optional: •

3 inputs for shunt measuring: current, fuse supervision (pluggable clamp conn.)



4 inputs for battery middle point measuring (pluggable clamp connections)



1 LVD driver relay output (pluggable clamp connections)

Using additional HW / SW components, follwing maximum configuration / additional features respectively can be realized: •

128 individually controlled digital rectifiers



Rectifier positioning



20 battery and/or load strings (current, voltage, temperature, fuse supervision)



99 relay outputs for alarming or LVD/LVLD



224 digital inputs with individual threshold and hysteresis



2 user interface modules UIM (same function as the local display but with additional buzzer)



AC measuring via external module (3 phase voltage, current, frequency)



SNMP for reporting events to a network supervision device

20.06.2008

7

Energy Systems OPERATING MANUAL

2.5

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Interface description The PSC 3 controller has an Ethernet connection on the front panel for local / remote access, as well as a local user interface (UIL, display with keypad and 5 alarm LEDs) for monitoring and basic setup (Figure 2). Handle

128 x 64 graphical LCD w. white backlight

Alarm LEDs

Key pad Ethernet connector

Figure 2.

PSC 3 Front View IN

Handle

SH3, SH2, SH1

OC LVD

UM USYS+, USYS-, UBAT-

Figure 3.

IMBUS SENSN

OUT 6

MODEM

OUT 1

TEMP 1/2

RECT

PSC 3 Top View with Connectors

All peripheral connections are pluggable, using either teljacks or pluggable clamp connections.

8

20.06.2008

Energy Systems OPERATING MANUAL

3

CONTROLLER PSC 3

UIM1 / UIL1 MENU UIL1 is the local user interface on the PSC 3 front; UIM1 is similar but decentralized, connected via IMBUS. In most applications, UIL1 meets all demands for local control, but in very large systems - and in order to keep compatibility to installations with PSC 3 SW Version ≤ 1.70 - the use of one or two UIM1’s is supported as well. There are some small differences between UIL1 and UIM1: UIL1

UIM1

Location

PSC 3 front panel

Display (pixels) Buzzer Start mode, test mode, contrast handled by No. of devices

128 x 64 No PSC 3 SW 1

Decentralized, via IMBUS 132 x 64 Yes UIM1 SW 0…2

For both interface types the menu is controlled by PSC 3 Software.

3.1

Menu structure

3.1.1

UIM1 Start Mode The UIM1 starts in this mode. It gives a short overview of the local key functions. UIM1 Start Mode EX&↑ Contrast+ EX&↓ ContrastEX&EN Test Mode 00032001000000001 HW Version: 00 SW Version: V1.00 Imbus ID: 01

The long number is the «module serial number» programmed once in operation. At start the UIM1 checks the RAM, the program CRC and the "Module Serial Number" CRC. If an error is detected, a message appears and the UIM1 will not start to communicate with the PSC3. Example: UIM1 Error EX&EN Test Mode Program Not Ok Manu Data Not Ok FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF HW Version: 00 SW Version: V1.00 Imbus ID: 01

The back-light is locally controlled and is always on. The contrast is also locally controlled, you can change it by pressing EXIT and then ↑ or ↓ (EXIT should stay pressed) somewhere in the menu structure. In this mode the yellow COM LED is off and the UIM1 waits for the PSC 3 connection. If the PSC 3 is not connected or if the CAN communication is not ok, after 30 sec. «PSC 3 Connection Awaited» appears.

20.06.2008

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Energy Systems OPERATING MANUAL

3.1.2

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Test Mode Test mode is entered (from anywhere in the MENU structure) by pressing EXIT and then ENTER (EXIT should stay pressed).

3.1.2.1 UIM1 Test Mode Check of LEDs, Buzzer and LC Display, view the UIM1 hardware and software version and the address switch position. UIM1 Test Mode ↑ LED On/Off ↓ BUZ On/Off EN LCD Test EX&EN Start Mode HW Version: 00 SW: V1.00 B01 D04 Addr. Switch: 01

There is additional information like Build Version and Downloader Version in the SW Version field. In this mode the yellow COM LED is off and the UIM1 does not display the PSC3 data. Press EXIT and then ENTER to switch in start mode again.

3.1.2.2 UIL1 Test Mode Here just the LEDs and the LC Display can be checked. Test Mode LED On/Off ↓ LCD Test EX&EN Normal Mode ↑

Press EXIT and then ENTER to switch in normal mode again.

10

20.06.2008

Energy Systems OPERATING MANUAL

3.1.3

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Main Menu Press ↑ or ↓ to select a sub menu Press ENTER to enter a sub menu, change a parameter or execute a command. Press EXIT to quit a sub- menu If you don't press any key, the default menu appears after 3 minutes. MAIN MENU 1. DC-SYS STATUS 2. AC-SYS STATUS 3. ALARM ↓ MAIN MENU 1. DC-SYS STATUS 2. AC-SYS STATUS 3. ALARM ↓ MAIN MENU 1. DC-SYS STATUS 2. AC-SYS STATUS 3. ALARM ↓ MAIN MENU 2. AC-SYS STATUS 3. ALARM 4. LOG ↓ MAIN MENU 3. ALARM 4. LOG 5. GENERAL ↓ MAIN MENU 4. LOG 5. GENERAL 6. CONFIGURATION ↓ MAIN MENU 5. GENERAL 6. CONFIGURATION 7. BATTERY FUNCT ↓ MAIN MENU 6. CONFIGURATION 7. BATTERY FUNCT 8. RECTIFIER FUNCT ↓ MAIN MENU 7. BATTERY FUNCT 8. RECTIFIER FUNCT 9. SETUP ↓ MAIN MENU 8. RECTIFIER FUNCT 9. SETUP 10. MAINTENANCE

20.06.2008

11

Energy Systems OPERATING MANUAL

CONTROLLER PSC 3

3.1.3.1 DC-SYS Status 1. DC-SYS STATUS 1.1 OVERVIEW 1.2 LOAD 1.3 BATTERY ↓

ENTER

1.1 OVERVIEW Mode: float Usys: 53.5 V Iload: 120.0 A ↓ 1.1 OVERVIEW Ibatt: 15.0 A Irect: 135.0 A Psys: 6420 W

1. DC-SYS STATUS 1.1 OVERVIEW 1.2 LOAD 1.3 BATTERY ↓

ENTER

ENTER

Load1 Current: 94.0 A Voltage: 53.5 V Fuse Status: ok

1.2 LOAD Load1 94.0 A Load2 26.0 A

ENTER

Load2 Current: 26.0 A Voltage: 53.5 V Fuse Status: ok

1.2 LOAD Load1 94.0 A Load2 26.0 A ↓

1. DC-SYS STATUS 1.1 OVERVIEW 1.2 LOAD 1.3 BATTERY ↓

ENTER

1.3 BATTERY Batt1 15.0 A

ENTER

Batt1 Current: 15.0 A Voltage: 53.5 V Fuse Status: ok

1. DC-SYS STATUS 1.2 LOAD 1.3 BATTERY 1.4 RECTIFIER ↓

ENTER

1.4 RECTIFIER RM1 on RM2 off

ENTER

RM1 Status: on Uout: 53.48 V Iout: 135.0 A ↓



RM1 Uout: Iout: Pout:

RM2 Status:manual off Uout: 0.00 V Iout: 0.0 A

1.4 RECTIFIER RM1 on RM2 off

1. DC-SYS STATUS 1.3 BATTERY 1.4 RECTIFIER 1.5 LVD

ENTER

ENTER

1.5 LVD LVDBatt1 LVDLoad1

53.48 V 135.0 A 7223 W

LVDBatt1 State: false Inhibit

No

ENTER

LVDBatt1 State: false Inhibit

Yes?

↓ 1. DC-SYS STATUS 1.4 RECTIFIER 1.5 LVD 1.6 TEMPERATURES

ENTER

1.6 TEMPERATURES Tbatt: 31.0 °C Tambiant: 25.0 °C

ENTER

1.7 AC MEASUREME. Phase 1: 231.0 V Phase 2: 232.0 V Phase 3: 233.0 V

↓ 1. DC-SYS STATUS 1.5 LVD 1.6 TEMPERATURES 1.7 AC MEASUREME.

Voltages, currents, power, frequency and power factor with ACM1 and external device Voltages only with internal-single phase RM

↓ 1.7 AC MEASUREME. Phase 1: 15.0 A Phase 2: 25.0 A Phase 3: 35.0 A ↓ 1.7 AC MEASUREME. Phase 1: 0.81 Phase 2: 0.82 Phase 3: 0.83

12

20.06.2008

Energy Systems OPERATING MANUAL

CONTROLLER PSC 3

3.1.3.2 AC-SYS Status (will be defined later) 2. AC-SYS STATUS 2.1 OVERVIEW 2.2 LOAD 2.3 INVERTER ↓ 2. AC-SYS STATUS 2.1 OVERVIEW 2.2 LOAD 2.3 INVERTER ↓ 2. AC-SYS STATUS 2.1 OVERVIEW 2.2 LOAD 2.3 INVERTER ↓ 2. AC-SYS STATUS 2.2 LOAD 2.3 INVERTER 2.4 STATIC SWITCH ↓ 2. AC-SYS STATUS 2.3 INVERTER 2.4 STATIC SWITCH 2.5 TEMPERATURES

3.1.3.3 Alarm 3. ALARM 3.1 ALARM LIST 3.2 ALARM STOP 3.3 LED ASSIGNMENT ↓

ENTER

3.1 ALARM LIST S Urgent Alarm

ENTER

S Urgent Alarm S Ua low:

true



3. ALARM 3.1 ALARM LIST 3.2 ALARM STOP 3.3 LED ASSIGNMENT ↓

ENTER

3. ALARM 3.1 ALARM LIST 3.2 ALARM STOP 3.3 LED ASSIGNMENT

ENTER

3.1 ALARM LIST S Urgent Alarm S Non Urg RFA

ENTER

3.2 ALARM STOP

ENTER

S Non Urg RFA S Non Urg RFA: true

Stop

3.2 ALARM STOP Stop

Yes?

S Urgent

Alarm-> S Non Urg Alarm-> S Alarm Stop-> S Mainsfailure-> Usys too high->

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13

Energy Systems OPERATING MANUAL

CONTROLLER PSC 3

3.1.3.4 Log 4. LOG 4.1 ENTRIES 4.2 CLEAR

ENTER



4. LOG 4.1 ENTRIES 4.2 CLEAR

14

ENTER

4.1 ENTRIES 03.04.2003 17:35:00 03.04.2003 16:35:17 03.04.2003 15:00:00 ↓

ENTER

4.1 ENTRIES 03.04.2003 17:35:00 S Mainsfailure ok

4.1 ENTRIES 03.04.2003 17:35:00 03.04.2003 16:35:17 03.04.2003 15:00:00

ENTER

4.1 ENTRIES 03.04.2003 16:35:17 S Mainsfailure

4.2 CLEAR

ENTER

4.2 CLEAR



Clear Log

Clear Log

20.06.2008

ENTER Yes?

4.2 CLEAR Clear Log

Ok

Energy Systems OPERATING MANUAL

CONTROLLER PSC 3

3.1.3.5 General 5.GENERAL 5.1 SW VERSION 5.2 LANGUAGE 5.3 TIME&DATE ↓

ENTER

5.1 SW VERSION PSC 3 23 12 2005 Version: V1.50 Build Version: 1

5. GENERAL 5.1 SW VERSION 5.2 LANGUAGE 5.3 TIME&DATE

ENTER

5.2 LANGUAGE

ENTER

English

English is default, choose with ↓ or ↑ one of two other possible loaded languages. Restart UIM Menu if changed

5.2 LANGUAGE English



↓ 5.2 LANGUAGE

ENTER

French 5. GENERAL 5.1 SW VERSION 5.2 LANGUAGE 5.3 TIME&DATE ↓

ENTER

5. GENERAL 5.2 LANGUAGE 5.3 TIME&DATE 5.4 TCP/IP

ENTER

5.3 TIME&DATE

ENTER

Date: 03.04.2003 Time: 16:25:31 5.4 TCP/IP 5.4.1 DHCP CLIENT 5.4.2 IP-ADDRESS 5.4.3 SUBNET-MASK



French

Yes?

5.3 TIME&DATE 03.04.2003 16:25:31

ENTER

5.4.1 DHCP CLIENT

ENTER

disabled

5.4.1 DHCP CLIENT Enable

Yes?

↓ 5.4 TCP/IP 5.4.1 DHCP CLIENT 5.4.2 IP-ADDRESS 5.4.3 SUBNET-MASK ↓

ENTER

5.4 TCP/IP 5.4.5 MAC-ADDRESS 5.4.6 MODEM-PPP 5.4.7 TERMINAL-PPP

5.4.2 IP-ADDRESS 172.025.138.034

5.4.5 MAC-ADDRESS

5.4 TCP/IP 5.4.3 SUBNET-MASK 5.4.4 GATEWAY-ADD 5.4.5 MAC-ADDRESS ↓

00-02-55-9D-DA-43

ENTER

ENTER 5.4.6 MODEM-PPP .1 LOCAL-ADDRESS .2 REMOTE-ADDRESS ↓ ENTER 5.4.6 MODEM-PPP .1 LOCAL-ADDRESS .2 REMOTE-ADDRESS

5. GENERAL 5.3 TIME&DATE 5.4 TCP/IP 5.5 UIM PASSWORD ↓

5.2 LANGUAGE

ENTER

5.5 UIM PASSWORD 5.5.1 CHANGE 5.5.2 RESTORE DEF.

ENTER

.1 LOCAL-ADDRESS 192.168.000.073

.2 REMOTE-ADDRESS 192.168.000.201

5.5.1 CHANGE Change

↓ 5.5 UIM PASSWORD 5.5.1 CHANGE 5.5.2 RESTORE DEF.

5. GENERAL 5.4 TCP/IP 5.5 UIM PASSWORD 5.6 HELP ↓

ENTER

5. GENERAL 5.5 UIM PASSWORD 5.6 HELP 5.7 ABOUT

ENTER

ENTER

5.5.2 RESTORE DEF Restore

5.6 HELP EX&↑ Contrast + EX&↓ Contrast EX&EN Test Mode

(c)Delta Energy Systems

20.06.2008

15

Energy Systems OPERATING MANUAL

CONTROLLER PSC 3

3.1.3.6 Configuration 6. CONFIGURATION 6.1 EVENT 6.2 USYS CALIBR

ENTER



6.1 EVENT 6.1.1 THRESHOLDS 6.1.2 DELAYS

ENTER



6.1.1 THRESHOLDS Usys too high Usys too low FAN1 on ↓

ENTER

Usys too high Measurement: Usys Up Thresh: 58.00V Hysteresis: 0.20V ↓ Usys too high Measurement: Usys Up Thresh: 58.00V Hysteresis: 0.20V ↓ Usys too high Measurement: Usys Up Thresh: 58.00V Hysteresis: 0.20V

ENTER

Usys too low Measurement: Usys Low Thres: 46.00V Hysteresis: 0.20V

6.1.1 THRESHOLDS Usys too high Usys too low FAN1 on

ENTER

FAN1 on Measurement: Tbatt Up Thresh: 33.0ºC Hysteresis: 3.0ºC

6.1.2 DELAYS Long Mainsfailure

ENTER

Long Mainsfailure Inp:S Mainsfailure TRUE for: 01:00:00 FALSE for:00:00:00

6.1.1 THRESHOLDS Usys too high Usys too low FAN1 on ↓

6.1 EVENT 6.1.1 THRESHOLDS 6.1.2 DELAYS

ENTER

These Events are examples of user defined events (not system events)

↓ Long Mainsfailure Inp:S Mainsfailure TRUE for: 01:00:00 FALSE for:00:00:00 ↓ Long Mainsfailure Inp:S Mainsfailure TRUE for: 01:00:00 FALSE for:00:00:00

6. CONFIGURATION 6.1 EVENT 6.2 USYS CALIBR

16

ENTER

6.2 USYS CALIBR Measured: 53.1 V Calibrated: 53.5 V Calibrate

ENTER

6.2 USYS CALIBR External Measured Value: 53.09

20.06.2008

Energy Systems OPERATING MANUAL

CONTROLLER PSC 3

3.1.3.7 Battery Funct ENTER

7.1 USYS REGUL. Usys @20°C:53.50 V Tcoeff: 72–mV/°C TC_low: 0.0 °C

7. BATTERY FUNCT 7.1 FLOAT CHARGE 7.2 EQUALIZE 7.3 BOOST CHARGE ↓

ENTER

7.2 EQUALIZE 7.2.1 PARAMETERS 7.2.2 START/STOP

ENTER

7.2.1 PARAMETERS Voltage: 54.00 V Duration: 720 min

7. BATTERY FUNCT 7.1 FLOAT CHARGE 7.2 EQUALIZE 7.3 BOOST CHARGE

ENTER

7.3 BOOST CHARGE 7.3.1 PARAMETERS 7.3.2 START/STOP

ENTER

7.3.1 PARAMETERS Voltage: 54.0 V Istart: 50.0 A Istop: 10.0 A

ENTER

7.4 USYS SUPERVI. Ua max: 56.00 V Ua min: 49.00 V Us max: 54.30 V

ENTER

7.5.1 PARAMETERS Usupport: 48.0 V Idischarge:100.0 A Duration: 300 min

ENTER

7.5.2 NBT PARAM. Voltage: 48.0 V Period: 300 min

7.5 BATTERY TEST 7.5.1 PARAMETERS 7.5.2 NBT PARAM. 7.5.3 START/STOP ↓

ENTER

7.5.3 START/STOP Status: inactive

7.5 BATTERY TEST 7.5.2 NBT PARAM. 7.5.3 START/STOP 7.5.4 RESULTS

ENTER

7.5.4 RESULTS 10.10.2003 17:35:00 Result: ok Voltage: 50.60V

ENTER

7.5.5 NBT RESULTS 10.10.2003 17:35:00 Result: not done Voltage: **** V

7. BATTERY FUNCT 7.1 FLOAT CHARGE 7.2 EQUALIZE 7.3 BOOST CHARGE ↓

↓ 7. BATTERY FUNCT 7.2 EQUALIZE 7.3 BOOST CHARGE 7.4 USYS SUPERVIS.

↓ 7.4 USYS SUPERVI. Us max: 54.30 V Us min: 52.80 V Hysteresis: 0.10 V 7. BATTERY FUNCT 7.3 BOOST CHARGE 7.4 USYS SUPERV. 7.5 BATTERY TEST ↓

ENTER

7.5 BATTERY TEST 7.5.1 PARAMETERS 7.5.2 NBT PARAM. 7.5.3 START/STOP ↓ 7.5 BATTERY TEST 7.5.1 PARAMETERS 7.5.2 NBT PARAM. 7.5.3 START/STOP ↓

ENTER

Start

7.5.3 START/STOP Status: inactive Start

Yes?

↓ 7.5 BATTERY TEST 7.5.3 START/STOP 7.5.4 RESULTS 7.5.5 NBT RESULTS ↓

↓ 7.5.5 NBT RESULTS Voltage: **** V Time: **** S Disch. Cap.: 0 Ah

7.5 BATTERY TEST 7.5.4 RESULTS 7.5.5 NBT RESULTS 7.5.6 FAIL. EVENT

ENTER

7.5.6 FAIL. EVENT Status: active Reset

20.06.2008

ENTER

7.5.6 FAIL. EVENT Status: active Reset

Yes?

17

Energy Systems OPERATING MANUAL

7. BATTERY FUNCT 7.4 USYS SUPERV. 7.5 BATTERY TEST 7.6 MIDDLE POINT ↓

ENTER

CONTROLLER PSC 3

7.6 MIDDLE POINT 7.6.1 PARAMETERS 7.6.2 FAIL. EVENT 7.6.3 MEASUREMENT ↓

ENTER

7.6.1 PARAMETERS Ud chrg: 1.00 V Ud dischrg: 1.00 V

7.6 MIDDLE POINT 7.6.1 PARAMETERS 7.6.2 FAIL. EVENT 7.6.3 MEASUREMENT

ENTER

7.6.2 FAIL. EVENT Status: active

ENTER

Reset

7.6.2 FAIL. EVENT Status: active Reset

Yes?



7. BATTERY FUNCT 7.5 BATTERY TEST 7.6 MIDDLE POINT 7.7 IDIFF

ENTER



7.6 MIDDLE POINT 7.6.1 PARAMETERS 7.6.2 FAIL. EVENT 7.6.3 MEASUREMENT

ENTER

7.6.3 MEASUREMENT MPBatt1: 25.6 V

7.7 IDIFF 7.7.1 PARAMETERS 7.7.2 FAIL. EVENT 7.7.3 MEASUREMENT

ENTER

7.7.1 PARAMETERS Idm chrg: 30 % Idm dischrg: 30 %

ENTER

7.7.2 FAIL. EVENT Status: ok

ENTER

MPBatt1 String: Batt1 Udiff: 1.2 V Status: fail

ENTER

7.7.2 FAIL. EVENT Status: ok

↓ 7.7 IDIFF 7.7.1 PARAMETERS 7.7.2 FAIL. EVENT 7.7.3 MEASUREMENT

Reset

Reset

Yes?



7. BATTERY FUNCT 7.6 MIDDLE POINT 7.7 IDIFF 7.8 TDIFF ↓

ENTER

7.7 IDIFF 7.7.1 PARAMETERS 7.7.2 FAIL. EVENT 7.7.3 MEASUREMENT

ENTER

7.7.3 MEASUREMENT Idiff: 0%

7.8 TDIFF 7.8.1 PARAMETERS 7.8.2 FAIL. EVENT 7.8.3 MEASUREMENT ↓

ENTER

7.8.1 PARAMETERS Tdiffmax: 30.0ºC

7.8 TDIFF 7.8.1 PARAMETERS 7.8.2 FAIL. EVENT 7.8.3 MEASUREMENT

ENTER

7.8.2 FAIL. EVENT Status: ok Reset

↓ 7.8 TDIFF 7.8.1 PARAMETERS 7.8.2 FAIL. EVENT 7.8.3 MEASUREMENT

18

ENTER

20.06.2008

7.8.3 MEASUREMENT Tdiff: 0ºC

ENTER

7.8.2 FAIL. EVENT Status: ok Reset

Yes?

Energy Systems OPERATING MANUAL

CONTROLLER PSC 3

7. BATTERY FUNCT 7.7 IDIFF 7.8 TDIFF 7.9 SEP CHARGE ↓

ENTER

7. BATTERY FUNCT 7.8 TDIFF 7.9 SEP CHARGE 7.10 BATTERY PARA

ENTER

7.10 BATTERY PARA Batt1 Batt2

ENTER

ENTER 7.11 BACKUP TIME 7.11.1 PARAMETERS 7.11.2 FAIL. EVENT 7.11.3 MEASUREMENT

7.9 SEP CHARGE Status: inactive

ENTER

Batt1 Capacity: 300 Ah max Ibatt: 30 A

↓ 7. BATTERY FUNCT 7.9 SEP CHARGE 7.10 BATTERY PARA 7.11 BACKUP TIME ↓

7. BATTERY FUNCT 7.10 BATTERY PARA 7.11 BACKUP TIME 7.12 EVENT CONTR.

↓ ENTER 7.11 BACKUP TIME 7.11.1 PARAMETERS 7.11.2 FAIL. EVENT 7.11.3 MEASUREMENT

ENTER

7.12 EVENT CONTR. 7.12.1 PARAMETERS 7.12.2 STATUS

7.11.1 PARAMETERS BT exp.: 60 min

7.11.3 MEASUREMENT Status: inactive BT estim.:**** min

ENTER

7.12 EVENT CONTR. Voltage: 53.50 V max.Ibatt: 100.0 A

ENTER

7.12.2 STATUS Status: inactive

↓ 7.12 EVENT CONTR. 7.12.1 PARAMETERS 7.12.2 STATUS

20.06.2008

19

Energy Systems OPERATING MANUAL

CONTROLLER PSC 3

3.1.3.8 Rectifier Function 8.RECTIFIER FUNCT 8.1 CONFIGURATION 8.2 RECHARGE 8.3 REDUNDANCY ↓

ENTER

8.1 CONFIGURATION 8.1.1 OVERVIEW 8.1.2 SETUP 8.1.3 PHASE ASSIG. ↓

ENTER

8.1.1 OVERVIEW Installed: 4 Ok: 4 Fault: 0

8.1 CONFIGURATION 8.1.1 OVERVIEW 8.1.2 SETUP 8.1.3 PHASE ASSIG. ↓

ENTER

8.1.2 SETUP .1 RM NUMBER .2 RM NEW .3 RM LOST ↓

ENTER

.1 RM NUMBER Number: 4 Fail. for NUA: 1 Fail. for UA: 2

8.1.2 SETUP .1 RM NUMBER .2 RM NEW .3 RM LOST

ENTER

.2 RM NEW Installed: 4 New: 0 Acknowledge

ENTER

.3 RM LOST Installed: 4 Lost: 0 Acknowledge

↓ 8.1.2 SETUP .1 RM NUMBER .2 RM NEW .3 RM LOST 8.1 CONFIGURATION 8.1.1 OVERVIEW 8.1.2 SETUP 8.1.3 PHASE ASSIG.

ENTER

8.1.3 PHASE ASSIG Status: inactive

Status: wait for

8.1.3 PHASE ASSIG

Start

assignment Finish 8.1.3 PHASE ASSIG Status: ok Start

8.RECTIFIER FUNCT 8.1 CONFIGURATION 8.2 RECHARGE 8.3 REDUNDANCY

ENTER



8.RECTIFIER FUNCT 8.1 CONFIGURATION 8.2 RECHARGE 8.3 REDUNDANCY

8.2 RECHARGE 8.2.1 PARAMETERS 8.2.2 STATUS

ENTER

8.2.1 PARAMETERS Expect. RT: 10 min

8.2.1 PARAMETERS Expect. RT: 0010



ENTER

8.2 RECHARGE 8.2.1 PARAMETERS 8.2.2 STATUS

ENTER

8.2.1 STATUS Status: ok Estim. RT: 9 min

8.3 REDUNDANCY 8.3.1 PARAMETERS 8.3.2 STATUS

ENTER

8.3.1 PARAMETERS Redundant RM: 2

8.3 RECHARGE 8.3.1 PARAMETERS 8.3.2 STATUS

ENTER

8.3.1 PARAMETERS Redundant RM: 002



20

ENTER

ENTER

20.06.2008

8.3.2 STATUS Status: inactive Redundant RM: 0

Energy Systems OPERATING MANUAL

CONTROLLER PSC 3

3.1.3.9 Setup 9. SETUP 9.1 SAVE SETUP 9.2 RESTORE SETUP 9.3 FACT DEFAULT

ENTER

9.1 SAVE SETUP Setup: modified

ENTER

Save

9.1 SAVE SETUP Setup: modified Save

Yes?

↓ 9. SETUP 9.1 SAVE SETUP 9.2 CLEAR SETUP

ENTER

9.2 CLEAR SETUP Setup: modified

ENTER

9.2 CLEAR SETUP

9.2 CLEAR SETUP Setup: modified

! When cleared PSC 3 will reboot automatically

Clear

Clear

Yes?

The menu CLEAR SETUP is protected by a factory password.

3.1.3.10

Maintenance

10. Maintenance 10.1 RS LATCH 10.2 HW STATUS 10.3 REBOOT PSC 3

ENTER

10.1 RS LATCH ) TbattTooHigh* True ) ILoadTooHigh* False

ENTER

)

TbattTooHigh * Status: True

ENTER

Reset



)

TbattTooHigh * Status: True Reset

Yes?

↓ 10.1 RS LATCH ) TbattTooHigh* True ) ILoadTooHigh* False

ENTER

)

ILoadTooHigh * Status: False

ENTER

Trigger

10. Maintenance 10.1 RS LATCH 10.2 HW STATUS 10.3 REBOOT PSC 3

ENTER

10.2 HW STATUS 10.2.1 BOARDS 10.2.2 IMBUS



ENTER

Trigger

10.2.1 BOARDS APOCO ok APOSYS01 ok



ENTER

Yes?

ENTER

APOCO 220000000000000018 Part Nu: D0120462 SW Version: V2.0

ENTER

APOSYS01 220000000000001234 Part Nu: D0121384 SW Version: V1.06

↓ 10.2.1 BOARD APOSCO ok APOSYS01 ok

10. Maintenance 10.1 RS LATCH 10.2 STATUS 10.3 REBOOT PSC 3

)

ILoadTooHigh * Status: False

10.2 HW STATUS 10.2.1 BOARDS 10.2.2 IMBUS

ENTER

10.3 REBOOT PSC 3

ENTER

10.2.2 IMBUS Imbus Status: ok

Reboot

10.3 REBOOT PSC 3 Reboot

Yes?

*) These RS latch events are examples of user defined events (not system events).

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Energy Systems OPERATING MANUAL

3.1.4

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Password If you press ENTER on an editable parameter (when the value is highlighted) or execute a command like «Save Setup» or «Clear Log» the password menu appears. A 6 position password is required. The 4 keys can be used in the password (therefore using «EXIT» does not exit the password menu but the position in the password is incremented). Example with Save Setup: EXIT 9.1 SAVE SETUP Setup: modified

ENTER

PASSWORD ENTER Password

******

Save PASSWORD Password

Wrong

PASSWORD Password

******

Wrong

Ok 9.1 SAVE SETUP Setup: modified Save

Yes? EXIT

ENTER

9.1 SAVE SETUP Setup: modified Save

Process

9.1 SAVE SETUP Setup: saved

EXIT

Save

ok

There are three attempts to enter a password. Once a correct password is entered, it will stay valid until the default menu pops up again (after 3 minutes or if explicitly navigated back there). The Default Password is «UP», «UP», «DOWN», «EXIT», «EXIT» and «ENTER».

22

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Energy Systems OPERATING MANUAL

CONTROLLER PSC 3

In menu 5.5 UIM PASSWORD the password can be changed; first enter the old PSW, then the new one and the confirmation. You can also restore the default PSW but for this action the factory password is required! 5.5 UIM PASSWORD 5.5.1 CHANGE 5.5.2 RESTORE DEF.

ENTER

5.5.1 CHANGE

ENTER

Change

PASSWORD Password

******

↓ PASSWORD New

******

PASSWORD Confirm

5.5 UIM PASSWORD 5.5.1 CHANGE 5.5.2 RESTORE DEF.

ENTER

5.5.2 RESTORE DEF Restore

ENTER

******

PASSWORD Password

******

5.5.2 RESTORE DEF Restore

Yes?

If the UIM user tries to edit a value or clear the log or save the setup while a WEB user is logged in, the UIM user has no write access to the database and the following message pops up for 2 seconds: 9.1 SAVE SETUP No Write Access

The commands «Stop Alarm» and «LVD Inhibit» have no database access, so they are always enabled.

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23

Energy Systems OPERATING MANUAL

4

WEB GUI MENU

Figure 4.

24

CONTROLLER PSC 3

The PSC 3 menu tree (upper part)

20.06.2008

Energy Systems OPERATING MANUAL

Figure 5.

CONTROLLER PSC 3

The PSC 3 menu tree (lower part)

20.06.2008

25

Energy Systems OPERATING MANUAL

CONTROLLER PSC 3

5

COMMUNICATION SETTINGS

5.1

Local Communication Settings The direct connection from a computer to the PSC 3 is made either via RS232 serial port (inside PSC 3) or via LAN interface (PSC 3 front panel).

5.1.1

Setting the Computer for Direct connection to PSC 3 Serial Port The following instructions show how to prepare the computer for the serial port (RS232) connection.

26

Note!

These instructions are written for the Windows XP operating system. The settings and screen views may be different in other versions and types of operating system, but the principle remains the same.

Step 1.

Prepare a Null-Modem adapter cable according to the following figure:

Figure 6.

Null-Modem Adapter Cable

Step 2.

Connect your computer to the serial port (RS232) of the PSC 3 by means of the null-modem adapter cable.

20.06.2008

Energy Systems OPERATING MANUAL

Step 3.

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Open the Control Panel on your computer and open the Network and Connections settings. Click on «Create a new connection» (Figure 7).

Click

Figure 7.

Create a new connection

Step 4.

The New Connection Wizard -window opens. Click on the «Next» button (Figure 8).

Click

Figure 8.

The New Connection Wizard window.

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27

Energy Systems OPERATING MANUAL

Step 5.

CONTROLLER PSC 3

From the new Network Connection Type window, select «Set up an advanced connection» and click on «Next» (Figure 9.)

Select Click

Figure 9.

The Network Connection Type window.

Step 6.

From the Advanced Connection Options window select «Connect directly to another computer» then click on «Next»

Select

Click

Figure 10. Advanced Connection Options.

28

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Energy Systems OPERATING MANUAL

Step 7.

CONTROLLER PSC 3

From the new Host or Guest window, select «Guest» then click on «Next» (Figure 11).

Select

Click

Figure 11. The Host or Guest window Step 8.

In the next window a name is given for the connection. This name will identify the new connection in the Network Connections window of the Control Panel. Example: “PSC 3 Serial Connection”.

Enter connection name

Click

Figure 12. Connection Name.

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Energy Systems OPERATING MANUAL

Step 9.

CONTROLLER PSC 3

From the next window, select «Communications Port (COM1)» then click on «Next»(Figure 13).

Select

Click

Figure 13. The Select a Device window. Step 10.

From the new Connection Availability window select «Anyone’s use» then click on «Next» (Figure 14).

Select

Click

Figure 14. The Connection Availability window.

30

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Energy Systems OPERATING MANUAL

Step 11.

CONTROLLER PSC 3

The Completing the Network Connection Wizard window opens. Click on «Finish» (Figure 15.)

Click

Figure 15. Completing the Network Connection Wizard Step 12.

The login page for the connection opens. Click on «Properties» (Figure 16.)

Click

Figure 16. The PSC 3 Serial Connection Login window.

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Energy Systems OPERATING MANUAL

Step 13.

CONTROLLER PSC 3

From the new window select the General settings and from the Select a device drop down menu select «Communication cable between two computers (COM1)». At the bottom left corner is a checkbox for «Show icon in taskbar when connected», which is useful as a check when in operation. Then click on «Configure...» (Figure 17.)

Select …

… then click

Check if desired …

Figure 17. PSC 3 Serial Connection properties. Step 14.

A new Modem Configuration window opens. Select Maximum speed (bps) of 38400 and click on «OK» (Figure 18.)

Select

Click

Figure 18. The Modem Configuration window Step 15.

32

After returning to PSC 3 Serial Connection Properties window, choose Networking settings. Then choose «PPP» as the type of dial-up server

20.06.2008

Energy Systems OPERATING MANUAL

CONTROLLER PSC 3

and check the checkbox «TCP/IP». Leave other checkboxes unchecked and click on «OK» (Figure 19.)

Select «PPP»

Check «TCP/IP»

Click

Figure 19. Networking settings for the PSC 3 Serial Connection. Step 16.

The view returns to Network Connections window. To login to the PSC 3 double-click on the «PSC 3 Serial Connection» (or other name given for the connection.)

Double click

Figure 20. Network Connections window Step 17.

The login page appears. To connect to the PSC 3, enter the user name and the password «psc3», and then click on «Connect» to open the connection between PSC 3 and the computer (Figure 21.)

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Energy Systems OPERATING MANUAL

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Enter User name «fourier» *) Enter Password «psc3» *)

Click

Figure 21. Connect PSC 3 Serial Connection *) these are default values; they can only be modified via Web Interface (Menu Home > System > Interface Setup > Modem PPP:

Figure 22. Default Username and Password for Serial Connection Step 18.

Now the status «Connected» should appear In the Network Connections Window (Figure 20). If so, start the Internet Browser and type the local address followed by :

Figure 23. Internet Browser: Enter Local Address Now the Login Page appears. Proceed as described in 5.2.1 Setting the PSC 3 for communication in the Local Area Network, Step 3.

34

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Energy Systems OPERATING MANUAL

5.1.2

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Setting the Computer for Direct Connection to PSC 3 Ethernet Interface To connect a computer directly to the Ethernet (LAN) interface of the PSC 3, some preparations are needed for the computer’s link speed and IP-address settings. Step 1.

Open the Control Panel of your computer, and then the Network Connections settings.

Step 2.

Open the properties for Local Area Connection (Figure 24.)

Right -clock on «Local Area Connection», choose «Properties»

Figure 24. The Network and Dial-up Connection window. Step 3.

Click on «Configure» in the Local Area Connection Properties window (Figure 25.)

Click on «Configure»

Figure 25. The Local Area Connection Properties window.

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35

Energy Systems OPERATING MANUAL

Step 4.

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Choose the value 10Mbps/Full Duplex as the Link Speed & Duplex in the Advanced settings of the Configuration window (Figure 26).

Choose «Link Speed & Duplex» and «10Mbps Full Duplex»

Figure 26. The Link Speed & Duplex Settings. Step 5.

The view returns to Local Area Connection Properties. Choose «Internet Protocol TCP/IP» and click on «Properties» (s. Figure 27).

Choose Internet Protocol TCP/IP and click on «Properties».

Figure 27. Choosing the properties for Internet Protocol.

36

20.06.2008

Energy Systems OPERATING MANUAL

Step 6.

CONTROLLER PSC 3

A window for Internet Protocol TCP/IP properties opens. The computer’s IP address must be set manually for the direct computer-to-PSC 3 connection. Choose the option «Use the following IP address», and define the IP address to the same network area as the PSC 3. Only the numbers in the last section of the IP address should be different. Example: The default IP address of the PSC 3 is 192.168.0.73. Computer’s IP address can therefore be e.g. 192.168.0.74, as in the Figure 28. After defining the IP address click on «OK».

Check checkbox for the manual IPaddress. Type the IP-address of the PC.

Click on «OK».

Figure 28. The IP address of the computer. Note!

The default IP-address for the PSC 3 is given at the factory. The current IP-address of the PSC 3 can be checked from the the system’s test report attached with the user manual, or from the UIM menu «5.4.2 IPADDRESS».

The computer is now ready for connecting and configuring the PSC 3. The PSC 3 can be configured through the RS232 serial port or the LAN interface (recommended) on the front panel of the PSC 3.

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Energy Systems OPERATING MANUAL

CONTROLLER PSC 3

5.2

Remote Settings

5.2.1

Setting the PSC 3 for communication in the Local Area Network The following information is required to prepare the PSC 3 for communication in the local area network: IP address, Subnet-mask, Gateway address (default), all provided by the network administrator. Set these parameters on the PSC 3 using the local interface UIL / UIM (s. 3.1.3.5 General). Note!

If MAC-address identification is used in the network, the unique address of the PSC 3 can be found from the UIM menu «5.4.5 MAC ADDRESS».

Step 1.

Connect your computer directly to the PSC 3. The connection can be made either to the RS232 or to the LAN (recommended) interface, with a proper cable. For the LAN interface a crossover cable is needed (s. Figure 29).

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Figure 29. The crossover LAN cable. Step 2.

Open your web browser and connect to the default IP-address (e.g. http://192.168.0.73) of the PSC 3. The current IP address of the PSC 3 can be checked from the UIM menu «5.4.2 IP-ADDRESS». Type the IP-ADDRESS of the controller here

Figure 30. Web user interface to PSC 3.

38

20.06.2008

Energy Systems OPERATING MANUAL

Step 3.

CONTROLLER PSC 3

The PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool login page opens. Give the username and password, and click on the «Submit» button. The home page of the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool opens.

Enter Username and Password, then click on «Submit»

Figure 31. The login page for PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool. Step 4.

On the left side of the window there is a menu tree. Go the following submenu: System → Interface Setup → Ethernet

Step 5.

A window with Ethernet settings (Ethernet Setup) opens. Check and, if necessary, modify the IP-address, subnet-mask and gateway-address of the PSC 3 and then click on «Accept Changes» (s. Figure 32).

If necessary, enter new IP-Address / Subnet-Mask / Gateway-Address, then click on «Accept Changes»

Figure 32. The Interface Setup window. Note!

If the IP address of the PSC 3 now has been changed, the computer settings have to be changed accordingly for the direct computer-to-PSC 3 connectio (s. Step 6 in chapter 5.1.2).

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Energy Systems OPERATING MANUAL

Step 6.

CONTROLLER PSC 3

If parameters have been modified, save the settings by clicking on the «Save» button on the top-left corner of the main screen (Figure 33). You can also go to the menu: Configuration → Setup Update and click on «Save» on the main screen.

Click on «Save»

Figure 33. Saving the current settings (Main Screen). Step 7.

When you are finished, click on «Logout».

Click on «Logout»

Figure 34. Log ou (Main Screen)t.

40

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Energy Systems OPERATING MANUAL

5.2.2

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) Note!

The SNMP functionality is an option and does not come as default with the controller PSC 3. Please contact your local Delta representative for more information about the SNMP functionality.

5.2.2.1 Description Using Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) mainly performs monitoring of distributed network devices in heterogeneous networks. SNMP is the de facto standard for network management. For this standardised protocol many commercial off-the-shell (COTS) products are available, which range from simple alarm monitoring tools to powerful network management suites. Nowadays, alarm monitoring in DC power systems is usually performed using relay contacts. SNMP in DC power systems with PSC 3 offers new possibilities. The most important feature is remote monitoring using COTS applications and in case of an alarm e.g. notification via email or SMS. Furthermore, vital system parameters can be collected over a period of time to ensure system interoperability e.g. battery voltage or current. SNMP-based management system components are distributed throughout IP networks in the form of agents and managers. PSC 3 represents a SNMP agent entity, making DC power system parameters available to a SNMP manager entity. The PSC 3 controller, as agent, sends trap messages to the SNMP manager. PSC 3 controller is able to send traps to ten IP addresses (SNMP managers). In order for a SNMP manager to understand a trap sent to it by an agent, the manager must have the Management Information Base (MIB) for the specific traps loaded. For activating the SNMP functionality see also 13.4 Software License Key.

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5.2.2.2 Settings Note!

The SNMP function is an option and therefore the following menu is visible only if the SNMP functionality has been added to the PSC 3 controller.

Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 2.

Go to the menu Home > System > Interface Setup > SNMP > Setup

Step 3.

Enter the IP address (es) of the SNMP manager(s) and click on «Accept Changes».

Enter IP Address(es) of SNMP Manager(s), then click on «Accept Changes»

Figure 35. SNMP Setup window of the PSC 3 controller. Step 4.

Save the changes by clicking on «Save» on the main screen.

Step 5.

Save the MIB file, provided by Delta, to your SNMP manager’s MIB file folder. Then enable the SNMP connection to PSC 3. When SNMP has been enabled the PSC 3 controller sends information about the system, and three alarms as default; Urgent Alarm (UA), Nonurgent Alarm (NUA) and Mains failure (MS).

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6

CONTROLLER PSC 3

BATTERY The mission of the power system is to provide uninterruptible and quality power to the load. The batteries play a key role in the availability of the system, and the controller is vital for the battery management and supervision. PSC 3 offers a comprehensive set of battery management and supervision functions, such as different battery charge modes, temperature compensation, battery protection, battery testing and identifying possible weaknesses in battery strings. The following chapter describes the battery functions and instructs how to enable and use them.

6.1

Charging In normal mode, when AC supply of the power system is connected, available and meets the requirements, the rectifiers of the system supply power to the load and charge the batteries. If there are interruptions in the AC supply or for some reason the rectifiers are failing to supply part or all of the required power to the load, the batteries start to discharge and supply power to the load. When the AC supply and rectifiers return the controller will manage the rectifiers to supply power to the load and recharge the batteries. There are three different battery charge modes, which can be used in different states of the system: Float Charge, Equalize and Boost Charge. The battery manufacturer is responsible for providing the correct voltage levels and other battery charging information for the batteries.

6.1.1

Float Charge Battery float charge is the normal charge mode of the power system. The mode is managed by setting charge voltage for the rectifiers. The voltage is set in a level that compensates battery self-discharge. The temperature of the batteries has an impact on the charging and discharging of the battery. Therefore the temperature compensation function is used. Usually after a battery test, separate charge or a mains failure the system is in the recharge state. As soon as the battery is fully charged, the state changes to float. This state has no influence on the system voltage. For system voltage regulation the same parameters as in the float charge state are used. The recharge parameters, set with the float charge, define the criteria for the transition to float. Setting the float charge voltage and other related parameters are described below. Note!

Before setting the parameters, check the battery specifications and instructions of the battery manufacturer.

Parameter

Explanation

[email protected]°C

Voltage to regulate to at 20°C. If temperature compensation is used, this voltage will vary! Switch to enable the temperature compensation for float regulation. (uses Tcoeff, Tc_low and Tc_high) Temperature compensation coefficient Temperature compensation limit, low temperature Temperature compensation limit, high temperature Deviation from float temperature compensated float voltage. When voltage deviation is within this ± limit, the voltage returns to Float Charge Maximum allowed time for recharge, after which the voltage returns to Float Charge.

Temperature Compensation Tcoeff Tc_low Tc_high Voltage Within Ufloat±

max. Recharge Duration

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6.1.1.1 UIM/UIL Interface Step 1.

Go to the menu «7.1 FLOAT CHARGE».

Step 2.

Change parameters by clicking on the «ENTER» (requires password).

7. BATTERY FUNCT 7.1 FLOAT CHARGE 7.2 EQUALIZE 7.3 BOOST CHARGE

ENTER

7.1 FLOAT CHARGE Usys @20°C:53.50 V Tcoeff: 72 –mV/°C TC_low: 0.0 °C

Figure 36. The float charge menu in the UIM / UIL Interface.

6.1.1.2 Web Interface Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 2.

Go to menu Battery > Control > Float Charge

Step 3.

Set the battery float charge parameters according to the instructions of the battery manufacturer. See the table with explanation of each parameter.

Step 4.

When you are done with the settings, click on «Accept changes» and save the settings permanently by clicking on the «Save» button on the main screen.

Figure 37. Battery Float Charge settings.

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6.1.2

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Equalize With flooded lead-acid batteries a function called Battery Equalize is available. Basically it means controlled overcharge of the batteries, during which normal charging is allowed to continue after the battery would normally be considered full, by using a higher charge voltage (> float charge voltage). This procedure equalises the voltages between battery cells and stirs up the fluids within batteries, extending the battery life. The PSC 3 controller offers a variety of parameters and settings which ensure that the procedure is carried out safely and within certain limitations. Note!

Before setting the parameters, check the battery specifications and instructions of the battery manufacturer.

Parameter

Explanation

Voltage

Equalize voltage. Equalize uses the same settings for temperature compensation as for float charge. Specifies the duration of the equalize charging process. In order to enable lead and lag time mark this checkbox. Lead time for S BatteryFan event Time lag for S BatteryFan event In order to supervise the battery temperature and stop equalize if the battery temperature exceed the following limit mark this checkbox. If the battery temperature exceed this limit, the charging process stops. Deviation from float voltage to stop the alarm suppression. Maximum delay for S EQinProgress event Specifies the time between two battery charging processes. Within this time window a programmed equalize can be started. Minimal time between boost charge and equalize.

Duration Use Battery Room Fan Lead Time (Fan) Time Lag (Fan) Max. Battery Temperature

Max. Battery Temperature Alarm Suppression Voltage Alarm Suppression Time Interval (Start Condition) Start window Inhibit after Boost (Start Condition) Forbidden Periods

During the given time windows the programmed equalize is not executed. At the selected weekdays a programmed equalize will not be started.

Forbidden Weekday

6.1.2.1 UIM / UIL Interface Step 1.

Go to menu «7.2 EQUALIZE».

Step 2.

Change parameters by clicking on the «ENTER» in menu 7.2.1 (requires password).

Step 3.

Start or stop the boost charge manually in menu 7.2.2.

7. BATTERY FUNCT 7.1 FLOAT CHARGE 7.2 EQUALIZE 7.3 BOOST CHARGE

ENTER

7.2 EQUALIZE 7.2.1 PARAMETERS 7.2.2 START/STOP

ENTER

7.2.1 PARAMETERS Voltage: 54.00 V Duration: 720 min

Figure 38. The equalize menu in the UIM / UIL Interface.

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6.1.2.2 Web Interface Parameter setting: Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 2.

Go to menu Battery > Control > Equalize

Step 3.

Enable the function by clicking on «Enable» then on «Accept Changes».

Step 4.

Click on «Edit parameter» to open the Equalize Parameter window.

Step 5.

Set the parameters (s. table with explanation of each parameter).

Step 6.

Click on «Accept changes».

Figure 39. Battery Equalize Parameters. Manual Start / Stop: Step 7.

Go to menu Battery > Control > Equalize

Step 8.

Start Function (Stop Function if status is inactive)

If necessary, check the start conditions by clicking on «Info», then click on «Start»; To stop a running function click on «Stop»

Figure 40. Battery Equalize window.

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6.1.3

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Boost Charge The battery can be boost charged automatically after a mains failure. With this procedure the system voltage is increased to a certain level to recharge the batteries faster. The controller calculates the charge duration based on the battery current. The charging process is either controlled by time, current or energy depending on the configuration. Note!

Before setting the parameters, check the battery specifications and instructions of the battery manufacturer.

Parameter

Boost charge based on

Explanation

Voltage

All

Istart Istop Factor (k) Factor (q)

Current Current Time Energy

Uboostlow max. Duration

Time All

Inhibit Time Use Battery Room Fan Time Lag (Fan) Max. Battery Temperature Alarm Suppression Voltage Alarm Suppression Time

All All

Boost charge voltage. Boost Charge uses the same settings for temperature compensation as for float charge. Battery current value at which boost charge starts. Battery current value at which boost charge stops. Factor (k) to calculate the boost charge duration. Factor (q) to calculate the capacity to recharge into the battery. Limit to calculate the discharge duration. Maximum allowed time for boost charge (to prevent continuous charging of the battery) Minimal time after last boost stop. In order to delay the battery fan event mark this checkbox. Time lag for S BatteryFan event If the battery temperature exceed this limit, the boost process stops. Deviation from float voltage to stop the alarm suppression. Maximum delay for S BCinProgress event

All All All All

6.1.3.1 UIM / UIL Interface Step 1.

Go to menu «7.3 BOOST CHARGE».

Step 2.

Change parameters by clicking on «ENTER» in menu 7.3.1 (requires password).

Step 3.

Start or stop the boost charge manually in menu 7.3.2.

7. BATTERY FUNCT 7.1 FLOAT CHARGE 7.2 EQUALIZE 7.3 BOOST CHARGE

ENTER

7.3 BOOST CHARGE 7.3.1 PARAMETERS 7.3.2 START/STOP

ENTER

7.3.1 PARAMETERS Voltage: 54.0 V Istart: 50.0 A Istop: 10.0 A

Figure 41. The boost charge menu in the UIM / UIL Interface.

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6.1.3.2 Web Interface Parameter setting: Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 2.

Go to menu Battery > Control > Boost Charge

Step 3.

Click on «Change» at the Boost Type Selection, to open a window for choosing the type (current, time or energy) for boost charge.

Step 4.

Choose the type of boost charge and click on «Accept Changes».

Step 5.

Click on «Edit parameter» to open the according window.

Step 6.

Set the boost charge parameters according to the instructions of the battery manufacturer. See the table with explanation of each parameter.

Step 7.

Click on «Accept changes».

Figure 42. Battery boost charge Parameter (current based). Manual Start / Stop: Step 1.

Go to menu Battery > Control > Boost Charge

Step 2.

Start Function (Stop Function if status is inactive)

If necessary, check the start conditions by clicking on «Info», then click on «Start»; To stop a running function click on «Stop»

Figure 43. Battery boost charge window.

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Separate Charge and Discharge For maintenance of the system, a battery can be separated from the system; then be discharged with a separate load and finally be recharging with separated rectifiers whilst the system is running normally with the remaining battery (batteries). + USYS

Batt 1

B1

S1

Shunt

Batt 2

B2

S2

Shunt

- USYS

Separate Load

LB

MS

LL Separate charge rail

Separate charge rectifiers

IMBUS

6.1.4

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Enable (Digital Input)

Mode Select (Digital Input)

PSC 3 / SSM

Figure 44. The battery string and rectifier arrangement for separate charge. There are two types of separate charge in the PSC 3: manual and semi-automatic. With the manual separate charge and discharge the separated battery is fully charged before it is reconnected to the system. The float voltage for the separated battery can be set to a value different from the system float voltage (=> boost voltage). After the battery is fully charged, the float voltage is set to the same value as the system float voltage (or lower). After the voltage of the separated battery has settled to the system voltage, the battery can be reconnected to the system. With the semi-automatic separate charge and discharge the system voltage is reduced to reconnect voltage «Urecon» during separate charging. After the voltage of the separated battery has reached the system voltage, the system voltage tracks the separate charging voltage for a short time and then the battery can be reconnected to the system. The battery is then charged up to the system float voltage. During separate charge mode, battery fuse alarms and Idiff measurement are suppressed.

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Parameter

Explanation

Charge Voltage Reconnect Voltage

Charge voltage. Only with semi-automatic separate charge / discharge! During the charge phase the PSC 3 reduces the voltage of the remaining system to this value. Maximum charge current for separate battery Input to activate separate charge and discharge. active: separate charge and discharge inactive: normal charge state An event has to be assigned to this input. Input to select the mode. active: separate discharge inactive: separate charge An event has to be assigned to this input.

max. Ibatt Enable Input

Mode Select Input

6.1.4.1 UIM / UIL Interface UIM / UIL shows the status of separate charge in menu «7.9 SEP CHARGE».

6.1.4.2 Web interface Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 2.

Go to the menu Battery > Control > Separate Charge

Step 3.

Click on the button «Change» to change the Separate Charge Type.

Step 4.

From the new window, choose the type of separate charge and click on the «Accept Changes» button.

Step 5.

Enter the parameters for separate charge and click on the «Accept Changes» button. Save the settings permanently by clicking on the «Save» button on the main screen.

Figure 45. Separate Charge window (semi automatic).

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6.2

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Battery Test PSC 3 offers different procedures to check the state of the batteries. User can select between constant current and real load battery tests, depending on the system size and the load conditions. The constant current battery test discharges the battery with a constant current during a certain time. As an alternative in systems with very small or heavily varying load currents, the real load battery test can be selected. The main difference is that during the real load battery test the rectifiers do not deliver any current to load, as long as the battery voltage remains above the support voltage. During the Constant Current battery test, the battery is being discharged with a constant current. Load changes are being balanced by the rectifiers. For successful test the load current must be larger than the desired battery discharge current. During the Real Load battery test the battery is being discharged with the real load current. To make the testing safe the rectifier output voltage is programmed to Usupport voltage level but the rectifiers remain in operation. Parameter

Test type

Explanation

Usupport Idischarge Duration Minimal Duration

Both Const.Current Both Both

Battery Temperature Voltage within Ufloat

Both

Interval

Both

Start window

Both

Forbidden Periods Forbidden Weekday

Both

Support charge voltage for the battery Battery discharge current Battery test duration. The value represents the minimum battery test duration in minutes. During that time a battery test is not stopped in case of a voltage below the support voltage or a current difference higher than the specified value. A programmed battery test is executed only, if the battery temperature is within this range. To ensure that the battery is fully charged the system voltage should not differ for a certain time from the float voltage before the battery test. Minimal time between programmed battery tests. To enable the programmed battery test marks the checkbox. After a manually started battery test the measurement of the interval restarts. Within this time window a programmed battery test can be started. During the given time windows the programmed battery test is not executed. At the selected weekdays a programmed battery test will not be started.

Both

Both

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6.2.1

CONTROLLER PSC 3

UIM / UIL Interface Step 1.

Go to menu «7.5 BATTERY TEST».

Step 2.

Change the parameters by clicking on the «ENTER» in the menu 7.5.1 (requires password).

Step 3.

If desired, check the result of previous test in menu 7.5.4.

Step 4.

Start or stop the battery test in menu 7.5.3.

7. BATTERY FUNCT 7.3 BOOST CHARGE 7.4 USYS SUPERV. 7.5 BATTERY TEST

ENTER

7.5 BATTERY TEST 7.5.1 PARAMETERS 7.5.2 NBT PARAM. 7.5.3 START/STOP

ENTER

7.5.1 PARAMETERS Usupport: 48.00 V Idischarge:100.0 A Duration: 300 min

Figure 46. UIM / UIL menu for battery test.

6.2.2

Web interface Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 2.

Go to the menu Battery > Control > Battery Test.

Step 3.

Click on «Change» at the Test Type Selection, to open a window for choosing the type (constant current or real load) for battery test.

Step 4.

Choose the type of battery test from the drop-down menu and click on «Accept Changes».

Step 5.

Click on «Edit parameter» to open a window with battery test parameters.

Step 6.

Set the test parameters. See the table with explanation of each parameter.

Step 7.

When you are done with the settings, click on «Accept changes» and save the settings permanently by clicking on the «Save» button on the main screen.

Figure 47. Battery Test Parameter (constant current).

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6.3

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Supervision In order to recognise damages to the battery at an early stage, PSC 3 provides different methods to monitor the state of the batteries connected to the system.

6.3.1

System voltage supervision The system voltage supervision function monitors the battery voltage and activates events if the voltage exceeds the given limits. S Ua high

Ua max S Us high

Us max

Usys tc

Us min

S Us low Ua min

S Ua low

Tbatt Tc_low

20°C

Tc_high

Figure 48. The behaviour of the system voltage supervision.

Parameter

Explanation

Ua max

Upper limit for system alarm voltage. If system voltage rises above this value the event S Ua high is activated. Not temperature compensated. Ua min Upper limit for system alarm voltage. If system voltage falls below this value the event S Ua low is activated. Not temperature compensated. Us max Upper limit for system safety voltage. If system voltage rises above this value the event S Us high is activated. Automatically temperature compensated. Us min Upper limit for system safety voltage. If system voltage falls below this value the event S Us low is activated. Automatically temperature compensated. Hysteresis Difference between the activated and deactivated level for the events. Suppress S Us low during If this checkbox is activated the event S Us low is mains failure suppressed during mains failure. * Suppress S Ua low during If this checkbox is activated the event S Ua low is mains failure suppressed during mains failure. * * Events already activated remain activate until the system voltage exceeds the corresponding limit, regardless of these settings.

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6.3.1.1 UIM / UIL Interface Step 1.

Go to menu «7.4 USYS SUPERVIS.».

Step 2.

Change the parameters by clicking on the «ENTER» (requires password).

7. BATTERY FUNCT 7.2 EQUALIZE 7.3 BOOST CHARGE 7.4 USYS SUPERVIS.

ENTER

7.4 USYS SUPERVI. Ua max: 56.00 V Ua min: 49.00 V Us max: 54.30 V ↓ 7.4 USYS SUPERVI. Us max: 54.30 V Us min: 52.80 V Hysteresis: 0.10 V

Figure 49. UIM / UIL menu for the system voltage supervision.

6.3.1.2 Web Interface Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 2.

Go to the menu Battery > Control > System Voltage Supervision.

Step 3.

Enter the parameters and activate settings, if needed. Then click on «Accept Changes». Save the settings permanently by clicking on the «Save» button on the main screen.

Figure 50. System Voltage Supervision Parameters.

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6.3.2

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Middle point measurement For the middle point measurement the battery is divided into two blocks. The voltage of the lower battery block is measured and compared with the calculated middle point value computed out of the system voltage value «Usys». If the difference exceeds a given limit, the battery is considered as faulty. The battery middle point voltage can be measured by PSC 3 itself or via SENSN devices.

Figure 51. The set-up for the middle point measurement. When the voltage difference exceeds the given limit for at least 20s, a log entry is generated and the events S MP Failure and S BattFail MP are activated. The event S MP Failure stays active as long as the voltage difference is too high. The event S BattFail MP remains active until it is manually reset. Parameter

Explanation

Enable

Checkbox to enable battery middle point measurement. To use this functionality a battery string configuration that supports middle point measurement must be selected. Total number of cells. Note! Parameter located in menu Battery > Parameter Number of cells below the measuring point. Note! Parameter located in menu Battery > Parameter Maximum for accepted voltage difference during float, equalise or boost. Maximum for accepted voltage difference during discharge or battery test.

Number of Cells Measure Point Udiff charge Udiff discharge

The parameter setting and the results of the middle point measurements are available via UIM / UIL interface as well as via web Interface (s. next two paragraphs)

6.3.2.1 UIM /UIL Interface Step 1.

Go to menu «7.6 MIDDLE POINT.».

Step 2.

Change the parameters (Udiff charge and Udiff discharge) by clicking on the «ENTER» in the submenu 7.6.1 (requires password).

Step 3.

Check the status of the failure event S BattFail MP (or reset) in submenu 7.6.2, check the measurement in submenu 7.6.3.

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Energy Systems OPERATING MANUAL 7. BATTERY FUNCT 7.4 USYS SUPERV. 7.5 BATTERY TEST 7.6 MIDDLE POINT ↓

CONTROLLER PSC 3 ENTER

7.6 MIDDLE POINT 7.6.1 PARAMETERS 7.6.2 FAIL. EVENT 7.6.3 MEASUREMENT ↓

ENTER

7.6.1 PARAMETERS Ud chrg: 1.00 V Ud dischrg: 1.00 V

7.6 MIDDLE POINT 7.6.1 PARAMETERS 7.6.2 FAIL. EVENT 7.6.3 MEASUREMENT

ENTER

7.6.2 FAIL. EVENT Status: ok

ENTER

Reset

7.6.2 FAIL. EVENT Status: ok Reset

Yes?

↓ 7.6 MIDDLE POINT 7.6.1 PARAMETERS 7.6.2 FAIL. EVENT 7.6.3 MEASUREMENT

ENTER

7.6.3

ENTER

MEASUREMENT Batt1: 0.2 V

7.6.3 MEASUREMENT Status: ok Udiff: 0.2 V

Figure 52. UIM /UIL menu for the middle point measurement.

6.3.2.2 Web interface Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 2.

Go to the menu Battery > Control > Middle Point Measurement and set the parameters for the middle point measurement. After changes click on the «Accept Changes» button.

Step 3.

Save the settings permanently by clicking on the «Save» button on the main screen.

Figure 53. Middle Point Measurement Parameters. Step 4.

Go to menu Battery > Test Results > Middle Point Measurement to check the information

Figure 54. Middle Point Measurement Results.

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6.3.3

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Temperature difference (Tdiff) Tdiff is the difference between battery temperature and ambient temperature. The comparison is done perpetually. If the 2 temperatures differ more than a certain value during more than 2 minutes a log entry is generated and the events S Tdiff Failure and S BattFail T are activated. The event S Tdiff Failure remains active as long as the temperature difference is too high. The event S BattFail T remains active until it is manually reset. Parameter

Explanation

Enable Tdiff max Tamb

Checkbox to enable Tdiff measurement. Maximum acceptable temperature difference. Input for ambient temperature. A temperature measurement has to be assigned to this input.

The following information about the Tdiff measurement is available in the menu Battery > Test Results > Tdiff Measurement or UIM / UIL menu 7.8.2 / 7.8.3. Parameter

Explanation

Tdiff

Current temperature difference between ambient and battery temperature. Status of the "Tdiff" measurement. The following terms are possible: inactive, ok, occurred, fail. State of the event S BattFail T. The following terms are possible: Ok, Active The event can be reset manually.

Status Failure Event

6.3.3.1 UIM / UIL Interface Step 1.

Go to menu «7.8 TDIFF».

Step 2.

Change the parameters by clicking on «ENTER» in the submenu 7.8.1 (requires password).

Step 3.

Check the status of the event S BattFail T in submenu 7.8.2.

Step 4.

Check the Tdiff measurement information in submenu 7.8.3.

7. BATTERY FUNCT 7.6 MIDDLE POINT 7.7 IDIFF 7.8 TDIFF ↓

ENTER

7.8 TDIFF 7.8.1 PARAMETERS 7.8.2 FAIL. EVENT 7.8.3 MEASUREMENT ↓

ENTER

7.8.1 PARAMETERS Tdiffmax: 30.0ºC

7.8 TDIFF 7.8.1 PARAMETERS 7.8.2 FAIL. EVENT 7.8.3 MEASUREMENT

ENTER

7.8.2 FAIL. EVENT Status: ok Reset

ENTER

7.8.2 FAIL. EVENT Status: ok Reset

Yes?

↓ 7.8 TDIFF 7.8.1 PARAMETERS 7.8.2 FAIL. EVENT 7.8.3 MEASUREMENT

ENTER

7.8.3 MEASUREMENT Tdiff: 0ºC

Figure 55. UIM /UIL menu for Tdiff measurement.

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6.3.3.2 Web interface Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 2.

Go to the menu Battery > Control > Tdiff Measurement and enable the function using the checkbox. Then define the parameter Tdiffmax and the ambient temperature measurement. After changes click on the «Accept Changes» button.

Step 3.

Save the settings permanently by clicking on the «Save» button on the main screen.

Figure 56. The Tdiff measurement parameters.

6.3.4

Current difference (Idiff) The Idiff measurement calculates the deviation from the calculated average current for each battery string. A current difference higher than the given limit is sign for a faulty battery. Idiff is monitored during charge and discharge of the batteries. There is a separate threshold for charging and discharging. If the highest current difference exceeds the threshold for more than 20 seconds, a log entry is generated and the events S Idiff Failure and S BattFail I are activated. The event S Idiff Failure remains active, as long as the current difference is too high. The event S BattFail I remains active until it is manually reset. Parameter

Explanation

Enable Idiffmax charge Idiffmax discharge

Checkbox to enable Idiff measurement. Allowed percentage of deviation during charge. Allowed percentage of deviation during discharge.

The following information about the Idiff measurement is available in the menu Battery > Test Results > Idiff Measurement or UIM / UIL menu 7.7.2 / 7.7.3. Parameter

Explanation

Idiff

Highest deviation between a battery string current and calculated average of all battery string currents. Status of the "Idiff" measurement. The following terms are possible: inactive, ok, occurred, fail. State of the event S BattFail I. The following terms are possible: Ok, Active The event can be reset manually.

Status Failure Event

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6.3.4.1 UIM / UIL Interface Step 1.

Go to the UIM menu «7.7 TDIFF».

Step 2.

Change the parameters by clicking on the «ENTER» in the submenu 7.7.1 (requires password).

Step 3.

Check the status of the event S BattFail I in submenu 7.7.2.

Step 4.

Check the Tdiff measurement information in submenu 7.7.3.

7. BATTERY FUNCT 7.5 BATTERY TEST 7.6 MIDDLE POINT 7.7 IDIFF

ENTER



7.7 IDIFF 7.7.1 PARAMETERS 7.7.2 FAIL. EVENT 7.7.3 MEASUREMENT

ENTER

7.7.1 PARAMETERS Idm chrg: 30 % Idm dischrg: 30 %

ENTER

7.7.2 FAIL. EVENT Status: ok

↓ 7.7 IDIFF 7.7.1 PARAMETERS 7.7.2 FAIL. EVENT 7.7.3 MEASUREMENT

ENTER

Reset

7.7.2 FAIL. EVENT Status: ok Reset

Yes?

↓ 7.7 IDIFF 7.7.1 PARAMETERS 7.7.2 FAIL. EVENT 7.7.3 MEASUREMENT

ENTER

7.7.3 MEASUREMENT Idiff: 0%

Figure 57. UIM / UIL menu for the Idiff measurement.

6.3.4.2 Web Interface Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 2.

Go to the menu Battery > Control > Idiff Measurement and enable the function using the checkbox. Then define the parameter Idiffmax charge and Idiffmax discharge. After changes click on «Accept Changes».

Step 3.

Save the settings permanently by clicking on the «Save» button on the main screen.

Figure 58. The Idiff measurement parameters.

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6.3.5

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Loss of Backup Time The purpose of the Loss of the backup time function is to provide the user an early warning in case the installed battery does not provide the expected back-up time. Based on the set value for the expected backup time and the calculated effective capacity, the PSC 3 calculates a corresponding maximum discharge current. If the average load current during a period, which is equal to the backup time, exceeds this calculated value the event S Backup Time Lost will be activated. This event remains active until the reason has disappeared and the operator has manually reset it. Parameter

Explanation

Enable

Checkbox to enable the “Monitoring Loss of Backup Time”. The expected backup time.

Expected Backup Time

The function provides the following measurement and status. Parameter

Explanation

Status

Status of the "Monitoring Loss of Backup Time". The following terms are possible: inactive, not ok and ok. The estimated backup time.

Estimated Backup Time

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6.3.5.1 UIM interface Step 1.

Go to the UIM menu «7.11 BACKUP TIME».

Step 2.

Change the parameters by clicking on the «ENTER» in the submenu 7.11.1 (requires password).

Step 3.

Check the status of the event S Backup Time Lost in the submenu 7.11.2.

Step 4.

Check the “Loss of backup time” information in the submenu 7.11.3.

7. BATTERY FUNCT 7.9 SEP CHARGE 7.10 BATTERY PARA 7.11 BACKUP TIME

ENT ER

7.11 BACKUP TIME 7.11.1 PARAMETERS 7.11.2 FAIL. EVENT 7.11.3 MEASUREME. ↓

ENTER

7.11.1 PARAMETERS BT exp.: 60 min

7.11 BACKUP TIME 7.11.1 PARAMETERS 7.11.2 FAIL. EVENT 7.11.3 MEASUREME.

ENTER

7.11.3 MEASUREME. Status: inactive BT estim.:**** min

Figure 59. The loss of backup time menu in the UIM.

6.3.5.2 Web interface Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 2.

Go to the menu Battery > Parameter > Loss of Backup Time and enable the function using the checkbox. Then define the parameter «Expected Backup Time». After changes click on the «Accept Changes» button.

Step 3.

Save the settings permanently by clicking on the «Save» button on the main screen.

Figure 60. Loss of back up time parameter.

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6.4

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Low Voltage Disconnection (LVD) The low voltage disconnection (LVD) function protects the battery from a deep discharge. During a mains failure, when the battery voltage drops below a threshold, the PSC 3 activates an event that drives the relay of the battery disconnect (if accordingly configured). The battery will be disconnected from the load until the system voltage Usys rises back to acceptable values.

6.4.1

Configuration The LVD is normally configured at the Delta factory. The following PSC 3 configuration instruction goes through the steps from the beginning, but it can also be used as a guide to understand and edit the parameters. To configure the PSC 3 and set the LVD in operation, all the hardware components (LVD, driver board, cabling etc.) must be installed in the power system. Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool (web interface).

Step 2.

First an event and thresholds driving the LVD must be created. Go to the menu: Configuration > Signal Processing Engine > Event Definitions.

Step 3.

In the «Event Definition Overview» window, create a new event by choosing a measurement the new LVD event is based on (System voltage “Usys”) from the drop down menu «New Event(s) on Measurement». Then click on the «Add» button.

Step 4.

A new «Threshold Editor» window opens. Give a describing name for the LVD event, such as “LVD [U]” to «Too Low Event».

Step 5.

Set the parameters «Lower Threshold» and «Lower Threshold Hysteresis». The parameter «Lower Threshold» is the voltage threshold for the LVD and the «Lower Threshold Hysteresis» is the parameter for voltage returning to acceptable values. Then click on the «Add New Definition».

Step 6.

The next step is to define this event as a LVD event for the PSC 3, which will enable some special functions such as “LVD inhibit”. Go to the menu: Configuration > System Architecture > LVD.

Step 7.

In the «LVD Overview window» give a name for the LVD event, such as “LVD_1”, and click on the «Add». A new «LVD Setup» window opens.

Step 8.

Define the event that drives the LVD (defined earlier as “LVD [U]”) and give a delay for activation if needed. Then click on the «Add LVD». Now the event is shown in the «LVD Overview» window, with the “State” and an event “L LVD_1” will appear to event lists. The prefix “L” in the event name, describes it as LVD event. Now the event driving the LVD has been created, but there must still be assigned the correct output relay responsible for the activation and deactivation of the LVD. Check the cabling.

Step 9.

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Go to the menu: Configuration > I/O > PSC3 (if a PSC 3 Output is to be assigned) or to menu Configuration > I/O > SSM > Setup (if a SSM Output is to be assigned), then select “L LVD_1” from the drop-down list to assign it the desired output number. Now click on the «Accept Changes» button and, finally, save the settings permanently by clicking on the «Save» button on the main screen.

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6.4.2

CONTROLLER PSC 3

UIM / UIL Interface Step 1.

Go to menu «1.5 LVD».

Step 2.

Check the status of LVD and if function “Inhibit” is active or not.

1. DC-SYS STATUS 1.3 BATTERY 1.4 RECTIFIER 1.5 LVD

ENTER

1.5 LVD ) LVD_1 * ) PLD_1 *

ENTER

)

LVD_1 * State: false Inhibit

ENTER

No

)

LVD_1 * State: false Inhibit

Yes?

Figure 61. LVD menu in the UIM / UIL Interface. Step 3. 6. CONFIGURATION 6.1 EVENT 6.2 USYS CALIBR

Check and adjust the voltage threshold in the menu «6.1.1 THRESHOLDS».

ENTER

6.1 EVENT 6.1.1 THRESHOLDS 6.1.2 DELAYS

ENTER

6.1.1 THRESHOLDS ) LVD [U] * ) PLD [U] * ) FAN1 on *

ENTER

)

LVD[U] * Measurement: Usys Low Thres: 43.00V Hysteresis: 7.00V

*) These Events are examples of user defined events (not system events). Figure 62. Thresholds menu in the UIM / UIL Interface.

6.4.3

Web Iterface Step 1.

Check the LVD thresholds from the menu: Configuration > Signal Processing Engine > Event Definitions

Figure 63. The threshold editor window for the LVD event.

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Step 2.

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Check the LVD Setup from the menu: Configuration > System Architecture > LVD > Setup

Figure 64. LVD Setup window. Step 3.

Select the L LVD_1 event from the drop-list of the menu Configuration > I/O > (PSC 3 or SSM) and assign it the desired output relay. Click on the «Accept Changes» button and save the settings permanently by clicking on the «Save» button on the main screen

Figure 65. PSC 3 I/O Setup window.

Figure 66. SSM I/O Setup window.

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6.5

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Partial Load Disconnection (PLD) With the partial load disconnection function it is possible to prioritise separate load strings (e.g. for GSM and UMTS) during mains failure and battery discharge. In the simplest case the disconnection in based on low voltage threshold. The following configuration example is for a case where the disconnection is based on three conditions: mains failure, low voltage threshold and time threshold from mains failure. These three conditions are combined together to an event driving the PLD relay with «AND» and «OR» conditions. When the conditions are fulfilled the combined event and related relay are activated. If you are using only the voltage threshold, the steps 1-6 and 18-19 of the instruction apply. This configuration can only be done using the web interface. This flexible functionality is enabled by the PSC 3’s Signal Processing Engine, which uses measurements to create events, and further combine them to serve different functions (e.g. digital output relays).

6.5.1

Configuration Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool (web interface).

Step 2.

First an event and thresholds driving the PLD, based on system voltage, must be created. Go to the menu: Configuration > Signal Processing Engine > Event Definitions.

Step 3.

In the «Event Definition Overview» window, create a new event by choosing the “Usys” measurement from the drop down menu «New Event(s) on Measurement» as the bases for the new PLD event. Then click on the «Add» button.

Step 4.

A new «Threshold Editor» window opens. Give a describing name for the PLD event, such as “PLD [U]” to «Too Low Event».

Step 5.

Set the parameters «Lower Threshold» and «Lower Threshold Hysteresis». The parameter «Lower Threshold» is the voltage threshold for the PLD and the «Lower Threshold Hysteresis» is the parameter for voltage returning to acceptable values. Then click on the «Add New Definition».

Step 6.

Create more voltage based events for the other PLDs with different voltage thresholds. Use the same naming system e.g. “PLD2 [U], PLD3 [U]…”

Step 7.

The next step is to create a threshold based on time. The PSC 3 counts time from the mains failure and if the defined time threshold is bypassed the event is activated. Go to the menu: Configuration > Signal Processing Engine > Event Processing

Step 8.

In the «Event Processing» window, choose the «Event Type» as “Filter” from the drop down menu at the bottom of the window. Then click on «Add» button.

Step 9.

In the new «Filtered Event» window, give a describing name e.g. “PLD[t]” for the new PLD event based on time filtering. Then choose the event “S Mainsfailure” from the drop down menu as a base for the time filtered event. Then define the TRUE and FALSE time thresholds. The TRUE value is the delay for the event to be activated after mains failure (e.g. 10 min for UMTS and 3h for GSM). The FALSE value is the

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delay for the event to be deactivated after mains is back on. When done, click on the «Add New Definition» button. Step 10.

Create more time filtered events for the other PLDs with different voltage thresholds. Use the same naming system e.g. “PLD2[t], PLD3[t]…”

Step 11.

The next step is to combine the voltage based events with a mains failure condition. This combination will ensure that both the low voltage and mains failure conditions are fulfilled (using an AND-condition) before partial load disconnection.

Step 12.

This is done in the Event Processing menu as well. Choose the «Event Type» as “AND” from the drop down menu at the bottom of the window. Then click on «Add» button.

Step 13.

Name the new event as PLD1 [MF x U] (“x” is a symbol for AND). Choose the events “S Mainsfailure” and “PLD1 [U]” as inputs for the function. Then click on the «Accept New Definition» button. Add more similar events, if needed.

Step 14.

The next step is to further combine the previous event(s) with a time threshold from mains failure (with an OR-condition). This is done in the same menu: Configuration > Signal Processing Engine > Event Processing

Step 15.

Choose the «Event Type» as “OR” from the drop down menu at the bottom of the window. Then click on «Add» button.

Step 16.

In the new «OR Event» window, give a name e.g. “PLD1 [MF x U + t]” (“+” is a symbol for OR) for the new combined PLD event. Then choose the events “PLD1 [MF x U]” and “PLD1 [t]” as OR conditions for the event from the drop down menus. Create more combined events for the PLDs with the same method.

Step 17.

Now the events and thresholds are created for the PLD function. The next step is to define these combined events as LVD events for the PSC 3, which will enable some special functions such as “LVD inhibit”. Go to the menu: Configuration > System Architecture > LVD.

Step 18.

In the «LVD Overview window» give a name for the PLD event, such as “PLD_1”, and click on the «Add». A new «LVD Setup» window opens. Choose the event “PLD1 [MF x U + t]” from the drop down menu for the setting «Event» and click on «Add LVD». Now the event is shown in the «LVD Overview» window with the “State” and an event “L PLD_1” will appear to event lists. The prefix “L” in the event name, describes it as LVD event. Now the event driving the PLD has been created, but there must still be assigned the correct output relay responsible for the activation and deactivation of the PLD. Check the cabling.

Step 19.

66

Go to the menu: Configuration > I/O > PSC3 (if a PSC 3 Output is to be assigned) or to menu Configuration > I/O > SSM > Setup (if a SSM Output is to be assigned) and define the LVD event “L PLD_1” to the desired output. Assign the further PLDs accordingly. Then click on the «Accept Changes» button and save the settings permanently by clicking on the «Save» button on the main screen.

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6.5.2

CONTROLLER PSC 3

UIM / UIL Interface Step 1.

Go to the menu «1.5 LVD».

Step 2.

Check the status of LVD and if function “Inhibit” is active or not.

1. DC-SYS STATUS 1.3 BATTERY 1.4 RECTIFIER 1.5 LVD

ENTER

1.5 LVD ) LVD_1 * ) PLD_1 *

ENTER

)

PLD_1 * State: false Inhibit

ENTER

No

)

PLD_1 * State: false Inhibit

Yes?

Figure 67. LVD menu in the UIM / UIL Interface. Step 3. 6. CONFIGURATION 6.1 EVENT 6.2 USYS CALIBR

Check and adjust the voltage threshold in the menu «6.1.1 THRESHOLDS».

ENTER

6.1 EVENT 6.1.1 THRESHOLDS 6.1.2 DELAYS

ENTER

6.1.1 THRESHOLDS ) LVD [U] * ) PLD [U] * ) FAN1 on *

ENTER

)

PLD[U] * Measurement: Usys Low Thres: 46.50V Hysteresis: 3.50V

Figure 68. Thresholds menu in the UIM / UIL Interface. *) These Events are examples of user defined events (not system events).

6.5.3

Web interface Step 1.

Check the PLD thresholds for voltage from the menu: Configuration > Signal Processing Engine > Event Definitions

Figure 69. The threshold editor window for the PLD event based on voltage.

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Step 2.

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Check the LVD Setup from the menu: Configuration > System Architecture > LVD > Setup

Figure 70. The LVD setup window for the PLD. Step 3.

Check the output event driving the PLD relay from the menu: Configuration > I/O > SSM > Setup Note! Check the correct output (SSM or PSC 3)

Figure 71. PSC 3 I/O Setup window.

Figure 72. SSM I/O Setup window.

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CONTROLLER PSC 3

RECTIFIERS A rectifier converts AC power to DC power to supply the load and charge the batteries. The rectifier parameters (voltage, current etc.) are adjusted according to the battery and load. The PSC 3 offers a comprehensive set of functions to control and monitor different rectifiers, enabling the user to adjust the behaviour of the rectifiers to meet the specific requirements. The communication between the controller and rectifiers is established and maintained through a digital system bus (IMBUS). The exact functionality depends on the type of rectifier used. For details, which functions are supported and which parameter ranges apply, read the appropriate rectifier documentation. The following instructions go through the main functions from the PSC 3 point of view, with step-by-step instructions.

7.1

Rectifier Overview Analogue as well as digital rectifiers can be seen as a programmable voltage source with the following input and output characteristics.

Input Charateristics The rectifier starts working if the auxiliary supply starts operation, but if the input voltage is outside the specified window, the rectifier works only in standby without any power drain. This standby state is possible, if the input voltage is lower than ‘Input Low Off’ or if the voltage is higher than ‘Input High Off’. If the input voltage is lower than ‘Input Voltage Power Reduction’ or the temperature is higher than the nominal temperature, the output power will be reduced. If the temperature is higher than maximal temperature the rectifier switches off. Note!

'Off' means in the following points 'standby'. The rectifier is really off only if the auxiliary supply isn't operational. If the rectifier is really off, the communication with PSC 3 is not possible.

reduced power

Pout

full power

Power Limit

t ra pe

) m

e ur

) ax (m

Input High Off

Input Low On

m Te

o (n

Input High On

ra

re tu

V oltag e Input P owe r Reduction

pe m Te

Input Low Off

7.1.1

Input Voltage

Figure 73. Rectifier’s input characteristics.

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7.1.2

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Output Characteristics The rectifier's output static characteristic has three regions of operation as shown in the figure below. Mode: Voltage The constant voltage mode is shown as a horizontal line in the figure below. This mode stabilises the output voltage at the set or remotely controlled value. In the system, the load sharing function additionally affects the voltage of the individual rectifier. Mode: Power Limit The constant power mode (power = output voltage * output current = const) is realised by the microcontroller by limiting the output power. Mode: Current Limit The constant current mode (output current = const) is an approximate line, limiting the output current at the set value. Output Voltage Voltage Mode

Voltage

progra mming ra nge

Voltage Max Constant Power Mode

Voltage Min

Constant Current Mode

Current Limit

Figure 74. Rectifier’s output characteristics.

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Output Current

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7.2

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Rectifier Parameters After communication is first established between the rectifiers and the controller it is possible to adjust the parameters with the controller. Without initial communication to the power system controller Delta’s rectifiers use their own default parameters. With the controller the user can also adjust the default parameters, after the communication is first established. The following parameters control the behaviour of the rectifiers when the power system is not in normal operating mode, such as start-up or low input voltage mode. The parameters for normal operating mode (float charge mode), and for the whole power system, are adjusted elsewhere (e.g. battery menu). Selection: Parameter

Explanation

Rectifier type

Selection of the rectifier type e.g. rectifier DPR 1200B-48

Default parameters (in use when no connection to the PSC 3): Parameter

Explanation

Voltage Current limit Power limit

Output voltage of the rectifiers Current limit of the rectifiers Power limit of the rectifiers

Input voltage limits: Parameter

Explanation

Input low off

Threshold (voltage) for shutting down the rectifiers when input voltage is too low. Threshold (voltage) for swicthing the rectifiers back on, when input voltage returns back to acceptable values.

Input low on

Startup parameters: Parameter

Explanation

Voltage Current limit Power limit Limit time

Startup voltage for the rectifiers Startup current limit for the rectifiers Startup power limit for the rectifiers The duration of the startup parameters. After this period the normal parameters (float charge voltage etc.) are taken into use.

Sequential startup: Parameter

Explanation

Powerup delay

The delay in seconds, after which the first rectifier in the group / system starts. The total powerup time in seconds, during which all rectifiers in the group / system are started. PSC 3 divides this time by the number of rectifiers and starts each rectifier one by one with the calculated delay.

Group powerup time

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7.2.1

CONTROLLER PSC 3

UIM / UIL Interface These parameters can not be adjusted or viewed from the UIM / UIL.

7.2.2

Web Interface Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 2.

Go to the menu: Configuration > System Architecture > Rectifier Grouping > Rectifier Group Editor

Step 3.

Adjust the parameters and click on the «Accept Changes» button. Then save the settings permanently by clicking on the «Save» button on the main screen.

Figure 75. The rectifier group definition window.

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7.3

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Rectifier Alarming In case a rectifier is not working correctly or shuts down for some reason, the PSC 3 gives a rectifier failure alarm (RFA → internal events: S Non Urg RFA or S Urgent RFA). The rectifier is considered as faulty if at least one of the following criteria is fulfilled: •

Rectifier shut down by over temperature protection (OTP), over voltage protection (OVP) or air flow failure



Load sharing error (voltage mode only)



Input voltage outside range (open MCB or faulty AC cabling)



Internal failure

The urgency of an alarm (Non Urgent or Urgent) can be adjusted with thresholds provided by the PSC 3. Parameter

Explanation

Failures for Non Urgent Alarm

A threshold for number of failed rectifiers that will activate a Non Urgent Alarm for rectifier failure (internal event: S Non Urg RFA) A threshold for number of failed rectifiers that will activate an Urgent Alarm for rectifier failure (internal event: S Urg RFA)

Failures for Urgent Alarm

Rectifier Alarm State

Cause

S Non Urg RFA (Non Urgent Recfier Failure Alarm)

Number of faulty rectifiers ≥ Failures for Non Urgent Alarm Number of working rectifiers > Number of config. rectifiers Number of working rectifiers ≤ Number of configured rectifiers - Failures for Non Urgent Alarm Number of faulty rectifiers > Failures for Urgent Alarm Number of working rectifiers ≤ Number of configured rectifiers - Failures for Urgent Alarm

S Urgent RFA (Urgent Recfier Failure Alarm)

Note!

7.3.1

If the event «S Urgent RFA» is activated, then «S Non Urg RFA» is suppressed. During a mains failure both rectifier alarm events «S Urgent RFA» and «S Non Urg RFA» are suppressed.

UIM / UIL Interface An active rectifier alarm can be seen in the UIM / UIL menu: Step 1.

Go to menu «3.1 ALARM LIST» to check active alarms.

3. ALARM 3.1 ALARM LIST 3.2 ALARM STOP 3.3 LED ASSIGNMENT

ENTER

3.1 ALARM LIST S Non Urg RFA

ENTER

S Non Urg RFA S Non Urg RFA: true

Figure 76. Alarm list menu in the UIM / UIL.

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7.3.2

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Web Interface Step 2.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 3.

Go to the menu Rectifier > Setup. Define the number of rectifier failures that activate the Urgent Rectifier Failure Alarm and Non Urgent Rectifier Failure Alarm. Check also that the number of rectifiers is correct. After changes click on the «Accept Changes» button.

Step 4.

Save the settings permanently by clicking on the «Save» button on the main screen.

Figure 77. Rectifier Setup window.

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7.4

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Rectifier Setup After some period of time, the rectifier setup may need some modification. For example the number of rectifiers may increase or a faulty rectifier might need to be replaced by a new one. A rectifier can also be stopped for maintenance. It is also possible that rectifier needs to be started manually after a shutdown caused by overvoltage or temperature protection. The following chapters instruct how to do the above.

7.4.1

Adding new Rectifiers After installation of additional rectifiers, the new rectifiers need to be confirmed to the PSC 3. If this is not done within a certain time a non-urgent alarm arises.

7.4.1.1 UIM / UIL Interface Step 1.

Go to menu«8.1.2 SETUP» - «.1 RM NUMBER». Increment «Number» by the number of added rectifiers or, alternatively, go to «.2 RM NEW», where the number of added modules appears and «Acknowledge» is highlighted - then press the ENTER button and confirm again. These operations are protected by password.

8.1 CONFIGURATION 8.1.1 OVERVIEW 8.1.2 SETUP 8.1.3 PHASE ASSIG.

ENTER

8.1.2 SETUP .1 RM NUMBER .2 RM NEW .3 RM LOST

ENTER

.1 RM NUMBER Number: 2 Fail. for NUA: 1 Fail. for UA: 2

7.4.1.2 Web Interface Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 2.

Go to menu Rectifier > Setup and click on the «Acknowledge» button for the new rectifiers. This window also summarizes the status of the whole rectifier system with numbers for installed, working (ok) and faulty rectifiers. After Acknowledgement «Rectifier installed» field shows the updated number; «Rectifier new:» should be 0.

Figure 78. Rectifier Setup window.

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Step 3.

CONTROLLER PSC 3

To avoid unexpected behaviour of the system, verify that none of the rectifiers show an error. Go to menu Rectifier > Monitor. The window shows the status and configuration status of each rectifier.

Figure 79. Rectifier Monitor window. Clicking on «Show module» makes the «Com»-LED of the module blinking for one minute to locate the module in the system. Clicking on «Detaills» opens a window showing more information. Step 4.

7.4.2

Save the settings permanently by clicking on the «Save» button on the main screen.

Removing Rectifiers After removal of rectifiers, the new number of modules need to be confirmed for the PSC 3. If this is not done within a certain time a non-urgent alarm arises.

7.4.2.1 UIM / UIL Interface Step 1.

Go to menu«8.1.2 SETUP» - «.1 RM NUMBER». Decrement «Number» by the number of removed rectifiers or, alternatively, go to «.3 RM LOST», where the number of removed modules appears and «Acknowledge» is highlighted - then press the ENTER button and confirm again. These operations are protected by password.

8.1 CONFIGURATION 8.1.1 OVERVIEW 8.1.2 SETUP 8.1.3 PHASE ASSIG.

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ENTER

8.1.2 SETUP .1 RM NUMBER .2 RM NEW .3 RM LOST

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ENTER

.1 RM NUMBER Number: 3 Fail. for NUA: 1 Fail. for UA: 2

Energy Systems OPERATING MANUAL

CONTROLLER PSC 3

7.4.2.2 Web Interface Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 2.

Go to the menu Rectifier > Setup and click on the «Acknowledge» button for the lost rectifiers.

Figure 80. Rectifier Setup window. Step 3.

Same as Step 3 in paragraph 7.4.1.2.

Step 4.

Save the settings permanently by clicking on the «Save» button on the main screen.

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7.5

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Rectifier Efficiency Mode and Cycling The rectifiers are able to communicate with the PSC 3 using advanced communication protocols. This allows optimising the system performance by controlling the rectifiers individually. The PSC 3 software currently supports a Rectifier Efficiency Mode with Rectifier Cycling to adapt the power supply to a momentary load, which reduces power losses and increases the system efficiency. In addition, with the Forced Rectifier Cycling, it is possible to avoid always using the same rectifiers to feed power to the system.

7.5.1

Rectifier Efficiency Mode The Rectifier Efficiency Mode allows to run only as many rectifiers as needed for an optimum overall system performance for a momentary load. Several parameters are required to specify how many rectifiers are allowed to be turned off and still be able to react on instantly increasing power demand. The rectifiers that are turned off are cycled to make sure all of them are operating correctly even if PSC 3 has turned them off. The following figure shows an example how it works. P

switch off 1 rectifier/T

switch on >=1 rectifier/T

Prectifier Maximum Load Step

Pload

Minimum Load Power

t

sample period T=1min

Figure 81. Graphical illustration of the rectifier efficiency mode. Parameter

Explanation

Enable Limit Switching Times

Checkbox for enabling the function. Number of maximum «OFF» commands per day and per rectifier. To force the efficiency mode at least once per month to change the rectifiers currently switched on and off This value has to be set according to the load requirements. With batteries this value is not as critical. But without batteries, it must be set to a value that the load change within a period «T» never exceeds the value. Otherwise the system power cannot be guaranteed. This value helps in case the system has no batteries. It is the value the system can guarantee to always deliver.

Force Switching Once Per Month Maximum Load Step

Minimum Load Power

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7.5.1.1 UIM / UIL Interface These parameters cannot be adjusted using the UIM / UIL.

7.5.1.2 Web Interface Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 2.

Go to the menu Rectifier > Functions > Efficiency Cycling and enable the function using the checkbox. Then give the parameters for «Maximum Load Step» and «Minimum Load Power». Enable also the additional functions if needed: «Limit Switching Times» or «Force Switching Once per Month». Then click on the «Accept Changes» button.

Step 3.

Save the settings permanently by clicking on the «Save» button on the main screen.

Figure 82. Rectifier Efficiency Cycling window.

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7.6

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Power Limitation by Event This feature gives a possibility to save costs by using under-dimensioned generator sets for power supply during mains outages. In this case the generator gives only a part of the power needed, while the battery delivers the rest. So the battery is being partially discharged but the backup time can be extended. This is achieved by decreasing the rectifier output power during genset operation.

7.6.1

UIM / UIL Interface This function cannot be activated / controlled using the UIM / UIL.

7.6.2

Web Interface Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 2.

Go to the menu Rectifier > Functions > Power Limitation by Event and enable the function using the checkbox. Then enter the parameter for «Max. Total Rectifier Power» and select the «Activate input» from the drop-down list (this input has to be installed and configured first, off course). Then click on «Accept Changes».

Step 3.

Save the settings permanently by clicking on the «Save» button on the main screen.

The function starts and stops according the status of the specified «Activate Input».

Figure 83. Power Limitation by Event window.

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7.7

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Recharge Power Supervision The controller monitors the power demand and reacts in case the system is no more able to recharge the battery within the expected time. This happens e.g. if additional equipment has been installed but the increase of power requirement has not been realized. The internal event S RM Lack of Power is set, if the Estimated Recharge Time is two times bigger than Expected Recharge Time and hence informs that additional rectifiers are needed.

7.7.1

UIM / UIL Interface The function can only be enabled via Web interface. Step 1.

Go to menu «8.2.1 PARAMETERS» and enter the Expected recharge Time.

Step 2.

Go to menu «8.2.2 STATUS» to read the Status and the Estimated recharge Time.

8.RECTIFIER FUNCT 8.1 CONFIGURATION 8.2 RECHARGE 8.3 REDUNDANCY

ENTER



8.2 RECHARGE 8.2.1 PARAMETERS 8.2.2 STATUS

8.2.1 PARAMETERS Expect. RT: 10 min

ENTER

8.2.1 PARAMETERS Expect. RT: 0010

↓ 8.2 RECHARGE 8.2.1 PARAMETERS 8.2.2 STATUS

7.7.2

ENTER

ENTER

8.2.2 STATUS Status: ok Estim. RT: 9 min

Web Interface Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 2.

Go to the menu Rectifier > Functions > Recharge Power Supervision. Enable the function by clicking onto the checkbox. Enter the Expected (minimum) Recharge Time, then click on «Accept Changes».

Step 3.

Save the settings permanently by clicking on the «Save» button on the main screen.

Step 4.

The status of the function and the estimated (= computed) recharge time are visible in the same window

Figure 84. Recharge Power Supervision window.

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7.8

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Redundancy Supervision The controller measures the load power every minute and compares it to the available power from the rectifiers and calculates the real number of redundant modules. If the result falls in two adjacent samples below the given parameter Expected Number of redundant RM, the internal event S RM Redundancy Lost is set and informs that additional rectifiers are needed. The reason for lost redundancy could be the same as mentioned in 7.7 Recharge Power Supervision.

7.8.1

UIM / UIL Interface The function can only be enabled via Web interface. Step 1.

Go to menu «8.3.1 PARAMETERS» and enter the number of Expected Number of redundant RM.

Step 2.

In «8.3.2 STATUS» read Status and real number of redundant RM.

8.RECTIFIER FUNCT 8.1 CONFIGURATION 8.2 RECHARGE 8.3 REDUNDANCY

ENTER

8.3 REDUNDANCY 8.3.1 PARAMETERS 8.3.2 STATUS

ENTER

8.3.1 PARAMETERS Redundant RM: 2

ENTER

8.3.1 PARAMETERS Redundant RM: 002

↓ 8.3 RECHARGE 8.3.1 PARAMETERS 8.3.2 STATUS

7.8.2

ENTER

8.3.2 STATUS Status: inactive Redundant RM: 0

Web Interface Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 2.

Go to the menu Rectifier > Functions > Redundancy supervision. Enable the function by clicking onto the checkbox. Enter the Expected Number of redundant RM, then click on «Accept Changes».

Step 3.

Save the settings permanently by clicking on the «Save» button on the main screen.

Step 4.

The status of the function and the current number of redundant RM are visible in the same window

Figure 85. Redundancy Supervision window.

7.9

Rectifier AC Measurement Description see 9.3 Internal AC Measurement

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7.10

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Rectifier Positioning The individual rectifier control of the offers a function called Rectifier Positioning. Each rectifier can be assigned a a physical location in the system. To operate this functionality correctly, the PSC 3 must know the entire setup of the system (available cabinets, shelves and slots). A RPAG board (Rectifier Positioning Address Generator) and the necessary cabling and distribution board must be installed in each shelf or cabinet of the power system. Cabinet or shelf arrangements / schemes are possible, depending on the rectifier type.

7.10.1 Cabinet Scheme This type of arrangement is used if the shelf identification is not necessary (e.g. systems with DPR 7200B-48 rectifiers = one rectifier / shelf). With this scheme up to 16 cabinets are possible. Each cabinet has up to 16 slots. Although 256 different slot addresses are possible the system size is limited to 128 rectifies. For each cabinet requires its own RPGA board. The rectifier name consists of cabinet and slot address (e.g. RM 1.1 or RM 2.4). Cabinet 1

Cabinet 2

Cabinet 16

RPAG ID = 0x1

RPAG ID = 0x2

RPAG ID = 0x0

RM 1.1

RM 2.1

RM 16.1

RM 1.2

RM 2.2

RM 16.2

RM 1.3

RM 2.3

RM 16.3

RM 1.4

RM 2.4

RM 16.4

RM 1.5

RM 2.5

RM 16.5

RM 1.6

RM 2.6

RM 16.6

RM 1.7

RM 2.7

RM 16.7

RM 1.8

RM 2.8

RM 16.8

RM 1.9

RM 2.9

RM 16.9

RM 1.10

RM 2.10

RM 16.10

RM 1.11

RM 2.11

RM 16.11

RM 1.12

RM 2.12

RM 16.12

Figure 86. Cabinet Scheme. Parameter

Explanation

Cabinet ID

Identifier of the cabinet. This number is used to generate the rectifier name. Name of the cabinet. This parameter will be used for a future graphical representation of the system.

Name Rectifier Slots

Checkbox for the available slots

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7.10.1.1

CONTROLLER PSC 3

UIM / UIL Interface Only new or lost rectifiers can be acknowledged through the UIM interface. For more information see chapters 7.4.1 and 7.4.2.

7.10.1.2

Web Interface Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 2.

Go to the menu Configuration > System Architecture > Rectifier Positioning Definition and click on «Change» in the Scheme Type section of the window.

Figure 87. Rectifier Positioning Definition window Step 3.

Choose the positioning scheme «cabinet», then click on the «Accept Changes» button.

Step 4.

Add a cabinet by choosing «Cabinet ID» and clicking on the «Add cabinet» button.

Step 5.

A new Rectifier Positioning Editor window opens. Choose the rectifier slots (checkboxes) that are available for use in the cabinet. You can also edit the cabinet name in this window. After changes click on the «Accept Changes» button.

Figure 88. Rectifier Positioning Editor window. Step 6.

84

Click on the «Accept Changes» button in the Rectifier Positioning Definition window. Save the settings permanently by clicking on the «Save» button on the main screen.

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7.10.2 Shelf Scheme This type is used for systems having the rectifiers arranged in shelves (e.g. systems with FR 48V-2000W-E, DPR 1200B-48, DPR 600B-48… rectifiers). With this scheme up to 16 shelves are possible. To each shelf a cabinet can be assigned. Every shelf consists of up to 16 slots. Although 256 different slot addresses are possible the system size is limited to 128 rectifies. Each shelf requires its own RPGA board. The rectifier name consists of cabinet address, shelf address and slot address (e.g. RM 1.1.1 or RM 1.3.7). Cabinet 1

Cabinet x

RM 1.1.1

RM 1.1.2

RM 1.1.7

RM 1.1.8

RPAG ID = 0x1

Shelf 1

RM 1.2.1

RM 1.2.2

RM 1.2.7

RM 1.2.8

RPAG ID = 0x2

Shelf 2

RM 1.3.1

RM 1.3.2

RM 1.3.7

RM 1.3.8

RPAG ID = 0x3

Shelf 3

RM RM x.14.1 x.14.2

RM RM x.14.7 1.16.8 x.14.8

RPAG ID = 0xE

Shelf 14

RM RM x.15.1 x.15.2

RM RM x.15.7 1.16.8 x.15.8

RPAG ID = 0xF

Shelf 15

RM RM x.16.1 x.16.2

RM RM x.16.7 x.16.8

RPAG ID = 0x0

Shelf 16

Figure 89. Shelf Scheme. Parameter

Explanation

Shelf ID

Identifier of the shelf. This number is used to generate the rectifier name. Name of the shelf. This parameter will be used for a future graphical representation of the system.

Name Cabinet ID Rectifier Slots

7.10.2.1

Identifier of the cabinet. This number is used to generate the rectifier name. Checkbox for the available slots

UIM / UIL Interface Only new or lost rectifiers can be acknowledged through the UIM interface. For more information see chapters 7.4.1 and 7.4.2.

7.10.2.2

Web Interface Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 2.

Go to menu Configuration > System Architecture > Rectifier Positioning Definition and click on «Change» in the Scheme Type section of the window.

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Figure 90. Rectifier Positioning Definition window. Step 3.

Choose scheme: «shelf». Then click on «Accept Changes».

Step 4.

Add a shelf by choosing «Shelf ID» and clicking on «Add Shelf».

Step 5.

A new Rectifier Positioning Editor window opens. Select the rectifier slots (checkboxes) that are available for use in the shelf, and define the cabinet the shelf is located in. You can also edit the shelf name in this window. After changes click on the «Accept Changes» button.

Figure 91. The rectifier positioning editor window. Step 6.

Click on the «Accept Changes» button in the Rectifier Positioning Definition window. Save the settings permanently by clicking on the «Save» button on the main screen.

7.10.3 Slot Population Each change in the rectifier slot population must be confirmed. The system controller needs this information for error detection like incorrect cabling or faulty rectifiers. Pressing the «acknowledge new» button marks a slot equipped with rectifier as populated. Pressing the «acknowledge lost» button marks an empty slot as not populated. Commissioning, extending or reducing the system size, but also changing the physical position of a rectifier in the system requires a confirmation of the slot population. Replacing rectifiers and using the same slot does not require the confirmation. For more information see chapters 7.4.1 and 7.4.2.

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8

CONTROLLER PSC 3

ALARMS Alarms are an important aspect of the reliability of a power system. Well designed alarm handling can notify the user of an unexpected behaviour of the power system, in case of a mains failure, low voltage, rectifier failure etc. The PSC 3 controller offers flexible alarm handling in a form of the Signal Processing Engine. Different measurement signals, such as voltage, of the power system can be connected to the PSC 3 for further processing. By setting different thresholds for the measurements in the Signal Processing Engine the user can create events. Events can be mapped directly to an output or used again as an input for further signal processing with Boolean logic (AND, OR, Inversion) and other building blocks (Filter). It is recommended that the events that are used for the relay outputs are defined as alarm events; though attaching a normal event directly to a relay is possible as well. Defining an event as Alarm (or LVD) event adds additional functionality and behaviour to them. The PSC 3 controller offers enhanced alarm maintenance functionality, providing help for installation and debugging purposes. Each alarm can be forced to a certain value or can be frozen for a while. For identifying the alarm source, PSC 3 offers also an alarm inspection function, which simplifies the identification of the real alarm source, e.g. if the alarm is the result of a more complicated logical combination. All events can also be added to the logged events (system log). The Figure 92 describes the logic behind the controller’s signal processing (read the chart from left to right).

Figure 92. The PSC 3 signal processing for alarms, log and relays.

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8.1

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Measurements All signals that are to be processed by the PSC 3 controller must be defined as measurements. Some of them (so-called system measurements) are predefined and others are generated automatically by defining other system components. There are three different types of measurements available: Digital, Analogue and Temperature measurements. Digital Measurement A digital measurement has an adjustable switching level for both directions using the threshold and hysteresis setting. This can be used for conditioning even very noisy signal sources. Analogue Measurement The analogue measurement is used to monitor voltage signals. The measured voltage may be corrected in a certain range by calibration. Temperature Measurement A temperature measurement converts the signal directly to a temperature value. The measured temperature may be calibrated if necessary. Note!

8.1.1

Before creating a measurement to the PSC 3 check that the hardware supports the measurement.

Parameter

Type

Explanation

Name Inverted Threshold Hysteresis

All Digital Digital Digital

Name of the measurement Check the checkbox, if invertion is required Switching level Hysteresis between activation and deactivation

UIM / UIL Interface Measurements can only be created using the web interface.

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8.1.2

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Web Interface Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 2.

Go to the menu Configuration > Signal Processing Engine > Measurements. Choose the type (Digital, Analogue or Temperature) for the «New Measurement» from the dropdown menu and click on «Add».

Figure 93. Measurements window. Step 3.

Define the parameters in the measurement window. The example below is for Digital Measurement. After changes, click on the «Accept Changes» button. The view returns to the Measurements window.

Figure 94. Digital Measurement. Step 4.

The measurement has now been created, but the assignment to the correct PSC 3 input is still required. Go to menu Configuration > I/O. Check the hardware and choose the PSC 3 module that the measuring hardware is connected to (e.g. PSC 3 itself) from the I/O menu.

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Figure 95. PSC 3 I/O Setup window. Step 5.

8.2

Now choose the measurement, created earlier, from the drop-down menu. After changes, click on the «Accept Changes» button. Save the settings permanently by clicking on the «Save» button on the main screen.

Event Definitions In order to use the signal processing engine together with analogue (including temperature) measurements, they must be digitised first. Defining a threshold and a hysteresis value for the measurement does this. Each definition, made up of a threshold value and a hysteresis, must have a unique name. The result of this definition is an event. In the PSC 3 some internal system events are created by default at the Delta factory. The threshold editor within the Event Definition allows defining both polarities of events. As many different thresholds as needed per measurement can be defined.

8.2.1

Parameter

Explanation

Too High Event Upper Threshold Upper Threshold Hysteresis Lower Threshold Hysteresis Lower Threshold Too Low Event

Name of the Too High event Value of the Too High event Hysteresis to deactivate the Too High event Hysteresis to deactivate the Too Low event Value of the Too Low event Name of the Too Low event

UIM / UIL Interface Only the thresholds and hysteresis of already defined events can be edited here: Step 1.

6. CONFIGURATION 6.1 EVENT 6.2 USYS CALIBR

Go to menu «6.1.1 THRESHOLDS». Choose the event you want to edit and press on «ENTER». Then adjust the threshold and hysteresis to desired values.

ENTER

6.1 EVENT 6.1.1 THRESHOLDS 6.1.2 DELAYS

ENTER

6.1.1 THRESHOLDS ) LVD [U] * ) PLD [U] * ) FAN1 on *

ENTER

Figure 96. Example of an Event Threshold / Hysteresis.

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LVD[U] * Measurement: Usys Low Thres: 43.00V Hysteresis: 7.00V

Energy Systems OPERATING MANUAL

8.2.2

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Web Interface Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 2.

Go to menu Configuration > Signal Processing Engine > Event Definitions.

Step 3.

Choose a measurement from the dropdown menu «New Event(s) on Measurement», and click on the «Add» button.

Step 4.

A new «Threshold Editor» window opens. Give a name or names to the new event(s) and define the parameters (thresholds and hysteresis). Then click on the «Add New Definition» button. The event definition has now been created. Save the settings permanently by clicking on the «Save» button on the main screen.

Figure 97. Threshold Editor window.

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8.3

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Event Processing All events, the system defaults as well as the events created by the user, can further be processed combining them with Boolean Logic (AND, OR, Inversion) or using a filter function with the event. An example of such a combined event is described in Paragraph 6.5 AND event The AND event is active, if both source events are active. Parameter

Explanation

Event 1st source event 2nd source event

Unique name for the AND event Mandatory. Unique source name (event) required. Mandatory. Unique source name (event) required.

OR event The OR event is active, if one or more of the source events are active. Parameter

Explanation

Event 1st source event 2nd source event 3rd .. 8th source event

Unique name for the OR event Mandatory. Unique source name (event) required. Mandatory. Unique source name (event) required. if required. Unique source names (event) required.

Inverted event The Inverted event is active when the source event is not active and vice-versa. Parameter

Explanation

Event Function source event

Unique name for the inverted event Mandatory. Unique source name (event) required.

Filtered event The event follows the state of a source event only if / when the time thresholds TRUE and FALSE are passed. Parameter

Explanation

Event Function source event TRUE for min.

Unique name for the filtered event Mandatory. Unique source name (event) required. When the source event remains active for the specified time (TRUE) the filtered event is activated. When the source event has been deactivated for the specified time (FALSE) the filtered event is de-activated.

FALSE for min.

Latched event A RS Latch can be used to latch a TRUE state as long as it is not reset by the Reset input or reset manually within the maintenance window for RS Latch. Parameter

Explanation

Event Source event of function «Set»

Unique name for the latched event Mandatory. «S Always False» can be assigned to this input, if only manual triggering is required. Mandatory. «S Always False» can be assigned to this input, if only manual resetting is required.

Source event of function «Reset»

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8.3.1

CONTROLLER PSC 3

UIM / UIL Interface The event processing cannot be modified using the UIM / UIL; merely the thresholds and hysteresis of source events can be edited (s. chapter 8.2 ); the RS Latch handling is described in chapter 12.3 .

8.3.2

Web Interface Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 2.

Go to the menu Configuration > Signal Processing Engine > Event Processing.

Step 3.

At the bottom of the Event Processing window you can create new events. Define the «Event Type» from the drop down menu (AND, OR, Inverted, Filtered) and click on the «Add» button.

Step 4.

In the new window give a unique name for the new processed event and define the parameters. Then click on the «Add New Definition» button.

Step 5.

The view returns to the Event Processing window. Click on the «Accept Changes» button. Save the settings permanently by clicking on the «Save» button on the main screen.

Figure 98. Event Processing window.

Figure 99. OR Event definition window.

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8.4

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Alarm Setup Defining an event as an alarm event adds additional functionality and behaviour to it: •

The alarm events are internally inverted for the relay outputs. An alarm event (alarm active) releases the relay and therefore the alarm active status is also present if the system is not powered. In other words, when alarm is not active the relay is Normally Open (NO) and when alarm is activated the relay switches to Normally Closed (NC).



Only alarm events can be inhibited, in the output relays, with the function Alarm Stop. This is useful during maintenance when alarms are normal, but do not require any actions. The critical alarms are usually driving some relays that activate external alarming systems. These alarms can be quickly inhibited with the Alarm Stop function (button «Stop Alarms» at the top of the browser window or menu «3.2 ALARM STOP» in the UIM interface).



Only the alarm events are displayed on the UIM interface when they are active (menu «3.1 ALARM LIST»).

Note!

8.4.1

The events defined as alarms receive automatically a prefix «A» in front of the event name.

UIM / UIL Interface Defining events as alarms cannot be done here. The UIM / UIL Interface displays active alarms and LED assignment, and the Alarm Stop function is also available. 3. ALARM 3.1 ALARM LIST 3.2 ALARM STOP 3.3 LED ASSIGNMENT ↓

3. ALARM 3.1 ALARM LIST 3.2 ALARM STOP 3.3 LED ASSIGNMENT

94

ENTER

3.1 ALARM LIST S Urgent Alarm

ENTER

S Urgent Alarm S Ua low:

true



ENTER

3.1 ALARM LIST S Urgent Alarm S Non Urg RFA

ENTER

3.2 ALARM STOP

ENTER

Stop

S Non Urg RFA S Non Urg RFA: true

3.2 ALARM STOP Stop

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8.4.2

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Web Interface Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 2.

Go to menu Alarm > Setup

Figure 100. Alarm Setup window. Step 3.

Choose an event, that you wish to have as an alarm event, from the «Non-Alarm Events» list and click on the « Add>>» button. The event will appear on the «Removable» user alarm events list.

Note!

The «Non-Removable» list is a list of events that are defined as alarms, and have been taken into use by some function. These events can not be removed from the alarm event list before they are disabled from the use of the function or functions.

Step 4.

Go to menu Maintenance > Alarm. Click on the «Alarm Stop» checkboxes of those events that you wish to be affected by the Alarm Stop function. Then click on «Accept Changes».

Figure 101. Alarm Maintenance window. Step 5.

Save the settings permanently by clicking on the «Save» button on the top-left corner of the main screen.

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8.5

CONTROLLER PSC 3

I/O (Relays, LEDs and other Indicators) The internally defined alarm events ca be assigned a relay for an external alarming system, and / or a LED integrated to the UIM / UIL interface. Also external alarms can be connected to the PSC 3 and to the signal processing engine for further processing, using the digital input interfaces of the PSC 3.

8.5.1

UIM / UIL Interface The assignment of alarm events for I/O can only be done using the web interface. The LED assignment of the PSC 3 is displayed in the UIM / UIL menu «3.3 LED ASSIGNMENT»: ENTER

3. ALARM 3.1 ALARM LIST 3.2 ALARM STOP 3.3 LED ASSIGNMENT

8.5.2

S Urgent

Alarm-> S Non Urg Alarm-> S Alarm Stop-> S Mainsfailure-> Usys too high->

Web Interface Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 2.

Go to the menu Configuration > I/O > PSC3 (or SSM). Figure 102 below shows an example with relays located on the PSC 3.

Step 3.

Choose the events for the «Digital Outputs» from the drop down menus, and check the cabling for external alarms according to the configuration.

Default settings:

Figure 102. PSC 3 Alarm Relay connections.

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Step 4.

CONTROLLER PSC 3

The possible external input events can be chosen for the correct PSC 3 interfaces in this menu (Digital Inputs). For the external events to appear in the drop down menu, they need to firstly be created in the event definition menu.

Figure 103. PSC 3 I/O Setup window. Step 5.

The next step is to define the LED and buzzer assignments. Go to menu Configuration > I/O > User Interface:

Figure 104. User Interface window. Step 6.

Choose the alarms or events that light the PSC 3 LEDs. In case you wish to use a buzzer (integrated in UIM but not in UIL), choose the event that activates the buzzer from the drop down menu.

Step 7.

If you wish to have the «Stop Alarms» button visible on the top of the browser page, click on the checkbox «Display an Alarm Stop Button».

Step 8.

With the UIM / UIL interface it is possible to adjust the battery parameters and activate the Alarm Stop function. These actions require a password. If this is not needed, the password requests can be deactivated here. Click on the corresponding checkbox.

Step 9.

After changes click on the «Accept Changes» button and save the settings permanently by clicking on the «Save» button on the top-left corner of the main screen.

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8.6

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Internal Events and Alarms The PSC 3 controller internally generates some measurements and events. They have a prefix "S" in front of the event name, and the name cannot be changed or deleted. In addition to the system events, the PSC 3 automatically generates some events when functions are taken in to use (e.g. LVD). These events receive a prefix as well, which describes to purpose or use of the event. The different prefixes are described in the table below. Prefix

Explanation

“A“

Alarm event. If an Alarm is configured based on an event named e.g. “Batt1”, then the system generates an event called “A Batt1” which then can be assigned to the real output. LVD open event for LVD supervision. If e.g. a Battery String named “Batt1” with an integrated LVD supervision is configured, then the system automatically generates an event called “D Batt1” which then can be used for further Signal Processing. Current measurement of a Battery or Load String. If a Battery is configured which is called e.g. “Batt1”, then the system automatically generates a measurement called “IBatt1” which then can be used for further Signal Processing. LVD event. If an LVD with e.g. name “DiscLoad1” is configured, then the system generates an event called “L DiscLoad1” which then can be assigned to the real output. System Events. These events are PSC 3 internal events.

“D“

“I“

“L“

“S“

These events do not necessarily activate any external alarms by default. If you wish that a specific internal event be included in the Urgent or Non Urgent Alarms, you need to add them to the alarm definitions. The definitions of Urgent Alarm and Non Urgent Alarm are located in the web interface menu: Configuration > Signal Processing Engine > Event Processing For more information read chapter 8.3 Event Processing. The table below describes the internal system events, which exist by default in the PSC 3 controller.

98

Event name

Explanation

S LVD inhibited

This event can be used as an additional alarm indication or warning, when the «LVD inhibit» has been selected.

S Mainsfailure

Mains failure detected.

S Overload

If the system should be in float mode, and the battery current is negative (discharging).

S External MF

External Mains failure condition detected.

S Urgent Alarm

Internal which is "S Usys low" OR "S Urgent RFA" by default.

S Non Urg Alarm

Internal event, which is "S HW Failure" OR "S Non Urg RFA" by default.

S Urgent RFA

Adjustable, by default active if 2 or more rectifiers failed.

S Non Urg RFA

Adjustable, by default active if 1 rectifier failed.

S Alarm suppr.

This event can be used as an additional alarm indication or warning, when the «Alarm Stop» has been selected.

S Ua high

System voltage above alarm limit.

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Energy Systems OPERATING MANUAL

8.7

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Event name

Explanation

S Ua low

System voltage below alarm limit.

S Us high

System voltage above (temperature compensated).

S Us low

System voltage below safety limit (temperature compensated).

S EQinProgress

Battery equalize in progress.

S BCinProgress

Boost charge in progress.

S BTinProgress

Battery test in progress.

S BattFail BT

At least one battery The user has to reset this event.

S MP Failure

At least one middle point measurement outside limit.

S BattFail MP

Sticky Battery Middle Point measurement failure.

S SCinProgress

Separate charge in progress

S BatteryFan

An event used for battery management, where a FAN could be attached to the system if equalise or boost functions are started.

S Tdiff Failure

Failure of temperature difference between battery and ambient

S Idiff Failure

Battery Current difference failure

S BattFail T

Sticky Battery failure due to temperature difference

S BattFail I

Sticky Battery failure due to current difference

S Backup Time Lost

Event indicating that the battery backup time has been lost.

S Efficiency OL

The total load of the system is too high such, as the load step reserve cannot be guaranteed anymore.

S HW Failure

A system hardware failure has been detected. This can be a temperature sensor, a SENSN, a SSM or PSC 3 internal failure.

S RM Setup Err

Configuration error of rectifiers

S RM Pos Error

Event indicating that new unconfirmed rectifiers are in the system.

S RM Pos new RM

Event indicating that at least one rectifier is in a wrong slot or at least one rectifier has no positioning capability.

S RM Power Limit

Event indicating that the rectifier power limitation by an event is activated.

S Modem Failure

Modem failure.

safety

test

was

limit

failed.

Alarm Tracing When an alarm has been detected and activated according to the configuration (relay output, LED, buzzer), the alarm source and original problem causing the alarm needs to be traced. The PSC 3 controller offers excellent alarm tracing possibilities, even remotely from an operating and maintenance centre (OMC). This feature is enabled with the PSC 3 web user interface (PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool). The initial alarm is usually caused by a single event within a combination of events, and the alarm gives just an indication of a problem in the system. With the alarm inspection function the user has the possibility to easily navigate through the whole hierarchy of the logical combinations using the buttons «Inspect» and «Back» of the PSC 3 web user interface, and get to the root of problem.

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Signal Processing Engine

Outputs: Event

Event Processing true false

false

&

Alarms

false true

>1

true true

&

Alarm definition

active

Alarm

1

true

t

Inspection

Figure 105. Alarm Inspection.

8.7.1

UIM /UIL Interface The UIM / UIL interface displays active alarms in the menu «3.1 ALARM LIST». The cause of the alarm can be inspected by pressing the ENTER button. The UIM displays the state True (active) of the event causing the alarm. 3. ALARM 3.1 ALARM LIST 3.2 ALARM STOP 3.3 LED ASSIGNMENT

8.7.2

100

ENTER

3.1 ALARM LIST S Urgent Alarm

ENTER

S Urgent Alarm S Ua low:

true

Web Interface Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 2.

Go to menu Alarm > Status

Step 3.

The window displays all events that are defined as alarms, with the status. In case the alarm event comprises of several events with a condition, the window displays also an «Inspect» button.

Step 4.

Click on the «Inspect» button to check what event is causing the alarm.

Step 5.

A new «Alarm Status Inspection» window opens, which displays the events and conditions of the alarm in the Branches section, as well as the status of each event. From this view it is usually possible to see the cause of the alarm. In case the event has more events behind its definition, clicking on the «Inspect» button until the cause of the alarm has been identified can check these events.

Step 6.

When the event has been identified, it is possible to start the corrective actions. The internal system events are described in 8.6 Internal Events and Alarms.

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Figure 106. Alarm Status window.

Figure 107. Alarm Cause Inspection window.

8.8

Alarm Maintenance The PSC 3 offers some enhanced functionality to suppress alarms during system maintenance. An alarm can be suppressed by selecting the «Frozen» radio button in the Alarm Maintenance window, which is located in the menu Alarm > Maintenance. Alternatively it is also possible to use the radio button «Reset» to disable alarm forwarding. In this menu it is also possible to add the Alarm Stop functionality to the alarm events. If the Alarm Stop function is enabled for an alarm event (the checkbox), the alarm will be inhibited for the output relay when Alarm Stop is activated.

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Parameter

Explanation

Event Event State normal, frozen, set, reset

Name of the alarm event The true state of the event; false or true Normal = event behaves as configured Frozen = event is frozen Set = event is forced to be «active» Reset = event is forced to be «ok» The displayed state of the event Checkbox to enable the Alarm Stop function for an event

Alarm State Alarm Stop

8.8.1

UIM / UIL Interface Alarms can be stopped for the output relays using the Alarm Stop function in the menu «3.2 ALARM STOP». 3. ALARM 3.1 ALARM LIST 3.2 ALARM STOP 3.3 LED ASSIGNMENT

8.8.2

ENTER

3.2 ALARM STOP Stop

3.2 ALARM STOP Stop

Yes?

Web Interface Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 2.

Go to the menu Maintenance > Alarm

Step 3.

Manipulate the alarms according to the needs by choosing the wished state of the alarm event and clicking on the «Accept Changes» button.

Step 4.

Enable the Alarm Stop function by choosing the checkbox for the alarm event, and by clicking on the «Accept Changes» button.

Step 5.

Save the settings permanently by clicking on the «Save» button on the top-left corner of the main screen.

Figure 108. Alarm Maintenance window.

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AC MEASUREMENTS Power systems are usually connected to three mains phases L1, L2, L3 (with neutral N or without). With an external AC-measurement device and a gateway from MODBUS to IMBUS, the measurements like phase-neutral or phase-phase voltages, currents and others can be obtained and can be observed via WEB access. In addition to the solution with an external measurement module, PSC 3 offers a simply way to measure the mains voltages using the connected rectifiers.

9.1

Selecting the AC Measurement Type This can only be done by means of the Web Interface. Step 1.

Got to menu Configuration > System Characteristics > System Parameter

Step 2.

Select «external» or «internal - single phase RM» from drop down menu

Step 3.

Klick on «Accept Changes»

Figure 109. System Parameter window. Mains > Control > Phase Failure

Figure 110. Phase Failure Control window. Phase failure detection can be enabled only if an AC Measurement Type is configured.

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External AC Measurement The AC parameters are measured by an external three phase AC measurement device which is connected over a gateway to the PSC 3.

9.2.1

Configuring the AC Meaurement Device and the ACM1 Gateway The ACM1 is a gateway between the PSC 3 (IMBUS) and an external 3 phases ACmeasurement device (using RS 485 interface with MODBUS protocol). The commissioning procedure is possible by means of the Web Interface only.

Figure 111. ACM1 AC Measurement Gateway Module Following AC measurement devices are supported: Device

Manufacturer

MULT-K KRON DIRIS Ap Socomec DIRIS A40 MTDN3 General Electric MTDN1 General Electric Reserved for future use

Communication-Parameters Baudrate 9600

Data/Parity/Stop 8 / odd / 1

Addr. 1

Pos 0

9600

8 / odd / 1

1

Pos 1

9600 9600

8 / fixed to 0 / 1 8 / fixed to 0 / 1

1 1

Pos 2 Pos 3 Pos > 3

Step 1.

The communication parameters must be adjusted on the AC measurement device, the Hex switch on ACM1 is to be set accordingly.

Step 2.

Check the installation

Step 3.

Go to menu Configuration > Bus Components > ACM

Figure 112. ACM Devices window.

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HEX Switch

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Step 4.

Enter name of the external AC measurement device.

Step 5.

Press «Add ACM»

Step 6.

Press «Accept Changes»

Upon successful configuration / installation the window should look as shown in the next figure, and displaying the measured values should be possible now.

Figure 113. ACM Devices window (after Installation) Click on the «Details» button to view the IMBUS Device details. The name of a ACM can be edited by clicking on the «Edit» button.

9.2.2

Display of external AC Measurements

9.2.2.1 UIM / UIL Interface The measured values are displayed according to the following menu: 1. DC-SYS STATUS 1.5 LVD 1.6 TEMPERATURES 1.7 AC MEASUREME.

ENTER

Phase Voltages

1.7 AC MEASUREME. Phase 1: 231.0 V Phase 2: 232.0 V Phase 3: 233.0 V ↓

Currents

1.7 AC MEASUREME. Phase 1: 2.3 A Phase 2: 1.9 A Phase 3: 0.8 A ↓

Power

1.7 AC MEASUREME. Phase 1: 440 W Phase 2: 390 W Phase 3: 350 W ↓

Frequency

1.7 AC MEASUREME. Phase 1: 49.99 Hz Phase 2: 50.00 Hz Phase 3: 50.00 Hz ↓

Power Factor

1.7 AC MEASUREME. Phase 1: 0.807 Phase 2: 0.869 Phase 3: 0.655 ↓

Phase to Phase Voltage

1.7 AC MEASUREME. Phase 1-2: 404.1 V Phase 2-3: 406.3 V Phase 3-1 404.5 V

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9.2.2.2 Web Interface Go to Mains > AC Measurements to display the AC Voltages:

Figure 114. AC Measurements window (external).

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Internal AC Measurement The rectifier modules measure the input AC voltage. These measurements are visible as well by means of the Web Interface as on the local controller displays UIM / UIL.

9.3.1

UIM / UIL Interface

9.3.1.1 Phase Assignment This procedure is done as follows: 8.RECTIFIER FUNCT 8.1 CONFIGURATION 8.2 REDUNDANCY 8.3 RECHARGE

ENTER

8.1 CONFIGURATION 8.1.1 OVERVIEW 8.1.2 SETUP 8.1.3 PHASE ASSIG.

ENTER

8.1.3 PHASE ASSIG Status: inactive

ENTER

Start

8.1.3 PHASE ASSIG Status: wait for

assignment Finish 8.1.3 PHASE ASSIG Status: ok Start

Step 1.

Go to menu «8.1.3 PHASE ASSIG.», Press «ENTER»

Step 2.

Select «Start», press «ENTER»

Step 3.

Press the «Config» button on the rectifier connected to phase 1.

Step 4.

Press the «Config» button on the rectifier connected to phase 2*).

Step 5.

Press the «Config» button on the rectifier connected to phase 3*).

Step 6.

When all phases have been assigned, select «Finish» and press «ENTER».

Step 7.

Verify that the Status has changed to «ok».

*) Only if mains consists of more than one phase

9.3.1.2 Measurements After successful phase assignment the AC Voltage is displayed in menu 1.7: 1. DC-SYS STATUS 1.5 LVD 1.6 TEMPERATURES 1.7 AC MEASUREME.

ENTER

Phase Voltages

1.7 AC MEASUREME. Phase 1: 231.0 V Phase 2: 232.0 V Phase 3: 233.0 V

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Web Interface

9.3.2.1 Phase Assignment Step 1.

Go to menu Rectifier > Functions > AC Measurement

Figure 115. Rectifier AC Measurement: Phase Assignment Step 2.

Press the «Start» button

Step 3.

Press the «Config» button on the rectifier connected to phase 1.

Step 4.

Press the «Config» button on the rectifier connected to phase 2*).

Step 5.

Press the «Config» button on the rectifier connected to phase 3*).

Step 6.

Press the «Finish» button.

Step 7.

Verify that the Status has changed to «ok».

*) Only if mains consists of more than one phase.

9.3.2.2 Measurements Go to Mains > AC Measurements to display the AC Voltages:

Figure 116. AC Measurements window (internal).

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LOG With the logging function, the user has the possibility to have all the desired events in the system added to the PSC 3 log. Any signal in a PSC 3 system may be used as an event source. There are some factory defined system events, which are always logged, as well as those defined by the user. 400 log entries are listed, all of them are stored in a non-volatile memory.

10.1

Log Setup Parameter

Explanation

Unlogged Events

List of user and system defined events of the PSC 3, which are not logged Button to add an event to the Logged Events Button to remove an event from the Logged Events List of events that are logged.

Add >> Setup

Step 3.

Choose an event you wish to be logged from the «Unlogged Events» list. Then click on the « Add>> » button to add the event to the «Logged Events» list. Repeat to other events you wish to be logged.

Step 4.

If you wish to remove event(s) from the logged events, choose an event from the «Logged Events» list and click on the « Entries.

Step 3.

Clear the log by clicking on the «Clear Log» button.

Figure 118. Log Entries window.

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System Logs Several internally events are always logged. The following table gives an overview about the existing system log events and their meaning. Name

Description

System restart Log cleared [ACMX] HW Failure

Always done after power up of PSC 3 Log entry after log has been cleared by user Configured ACM with name [ACMX] is missing cabling may not be correct Configured ACM with name [ACMX] is ok again Configured SSM with name [SSMX] is missing cabling may not be correct Configured SSM with name [SSMX] is ok again Configured SENSN on bus [XXX] is missing cabling may not be correct Configured SENSN on bus [XXX] is ok again Configured Temperature sensor is missing - cabling may not be correct Configured Temperature sensor is ok again System time was changed.

[ACMX] HW Failure - ok [SSMX] HW Failure [SSMX] HW Failure - ok SENSN [XXX] HW Failure(s) SENSN [XXX] HW - ok Temp. HW Failure Temp. HW Failure - ok Time changed Setup deleted Setup saved Setup restored Setup saved to PC Setup restored from PC Recharge Failed Middle Point Measurement Failed Tdiff Failed Idiff Charge Failed Idiff Discharge Failed Loss of Backup Time detected Battery Test Started Battery Test Successful – Final Voltage = xx Battery Test Aborted Battery Test Failed Battery Test Ended – Discharged Capacity = xxx Battery Test Failed – Idiff Battery Test Failed – Middle Point Battery Test Failed - Usupport Natural Battery Test Failed - Time = xxx Natural Battery Test Successful Voltage = xxx Natural Battery Test - Voltage Reached = xxx Natural Battery Test - Duration Expired = xxx

Setup handling information

Battery recharge information

Battery measurements

Battery test information

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Name

Description

RM Redundancy lost RM Redundancy restored RM Lack of Power RM Recharge Power OK Boost Charge Started Boost Charge Finished Boost Charge Failed Equalize Started Equalize Finished Equalize Aborted Separate charge mode entered Separate discharge started Separate charge started System voltage reached Separate charge mode left Event controlled charge started Event controlled charge finished Initialization Modem Failure PIN Code Modem Failure Initialization Modem Ok PIN Code Modem Ok Dial-out Connection Established Dial-out Connection Terminated Dial-out Connection Failure Dial-in Connection Established Dial-in Connection Terminated Dial-in Connection Failure GPRS Connection Established GPRS Connection Terminated GPRS Connection Failure PPP Connection Failure PPP Connection Ok RM Power Limitation Started RM Power Limitation Finished Invalid license key entered SNMP Feature activated with license key Parameter Version Handling failed Parameter Version Handling wrong AID Buzzer HW Failure CAN Error IMBUS I - HW Failure

112

Rectifier supervision

Boost charge information

Battery equalize information

Separate Charge information

Event Controlled Charge

Modem information

Rectifier functions Licence management SNMP Setup Version handling If Buzzer is configured, but no UIM is present IMBUS not available

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Name APOSYS Incompatible with the configuration APOSYS Digital Inputs Nbr not compatible APOSYS Temp Meas Nbr not compatible APOSYS Digital Output Nbr not compatible APOSYS Open Collector Nbr not compatible APOSYS LVD Output Nbr not compatible APOSYS Shunt Meas Nbr not compatible APOSYS Fuse Meas Nbr not compatible APOSYS Shunts not available for NGS Real Time Clock - HW Failure BIST HW Failure

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Description

System Interface Board HW failure

RTC present but not operational Built In Self Test failure

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11

USER AND SESSION MANAGEMENT

11.1

User Management To control access from different locations to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool, PSC 3 has a build in User and Session Management System. It enables setting up a list of users with different access rights (e.g. configuration, maintenance, operator and monitor). Each login generates a session, which runs until the user logs out or until PSC 3 terminates it under certain circumstances. A special user, the administrator, may edit the user list and also define the rules, which apply if more than one session is running at the same time. The User and Session Managements are located in the web user interface (PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool) menus: Home > System > User Management

and

Home > System > Session Management

Figure 119. User Management window.

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11.1.1 Default User Profiles and Access Levels The PSC 3 controller has some predefined user profiles for the Configuration and Supervision Tool. With the user profile «Admin» it is possible to edit the default profiles (e.g. reset the password) as well as add new ones. Most of the user profiles can also be deleted with administrator rights. The rest of the default user profiles are for configuring and operating the power system. In the table below are the default user names and passwords, with the corresponding access profile. It is recommended to change at least the passwords after commissioning the system. A password can be only be edited by the corresponding user. With «Admin» rights the passwords can be reset to default passwords. Username

Default password

Access Profile

Admin configuration maintenance operator monitor

psc3 psc3 psc3 psc3 psc3

Configuration Configuration Maintenance Operating Monitoring

Note!

An additional user profile «Delta» is predefined as well, but is for use of Delta employees only. This user profile can neither be deleted nor edited. With Delta user profile Delta employees can access to parameters and settings of PSC 3 at the factory. This user profile does not allow viewing or editing of the user profiles.

With different user profiles the administrator can optimise the use of the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool for different user groups. The different access profiles define the parameters and measurement displays editable/visible to the user. The table below explains the differences between the possible access profiles. Access Profile

User rights

Configuration

Enables the user to configure the system and edit all the parameters. Enables the user to edit some configuration menus and all the parameters. Enables the user to edit some parameters. Only view rights to PSC 3 Web user interface. Unique user profile. As «Configuration», but the user can also edit, delete and add user profiles.

Maintenance

Operating Monitoring Configuration (Administrator)

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11.1.2 Delta’s Recommendation for User Profiles Note!

Delta recommends that the default user profiles are only used as access profiles during commissioning. The administrator should then create new user profiles according to the organisation and delete the default ones.

The administrator of a PSC 3 power system is recommended to go through the following steps when commissioning the system.

11.1.2.1

Step 1.

Login to the PSC Configuration and Supervision Tool as administrator.

Step 2.

Change the password for «Admin» user profile.

Step 3.

Create new user profiles according to the organisation requiring access to the PSC 3.

Step 4.

Delete the default user profiles.

Step 5.

Distribute the new user profiles to the respective users, and instruct the users how to login and change their passwords.

Adding new User Profiles To add new user profiles, do as follows.

11.1.2.2

Step 1.

Login to the PSC Configuration and Supervision Tool as administrator.

Step 2.

Go to the menu Home > System > User Management.

Step 3.

Type the name of the new user profile to field in the section «New User Profile Definition».

Step 4.

Choose «Access Profile» for the user.

Step 5.

Click on «Add User».

Note!

The new user will adopt the «Default Password» from the «Common Parameter» settings. To change the password, login as the new user.

Changing Password To change a password, do as follows.

116

Step 1.

Login to the PSC Configuration and Supervision Tool as the user the password change concerns.

Step 2.

Go to the menu Home > System > User Management.

Step 3.

Click on the «Change Password» button. A new «Password Editor» window opens.

Step 4.

Type the old password and then the new password (twice).

Step 5.

Click on «Accept Changes»

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CONTROLLER PSC 3

Editing User Profiles To edit the user profiles, do as follows.

11.1.2.4

Step 1.

Login to the PSC Configuration and Supervision Tool as administrator.

Step 2.

Go to the menu Home > System > User Management.

Step 3.

Click on the «Edit User Parameter» button. A new «User Data Editor» window opens.

Step 4.

Change the «Access Profile» for the user.

Step 5.

Click on «Accept Changes».

Deleting a User Profile Step 1.

Login to the PSC Configuration and Supervision Tool as administrator.

Step 2.

Go to the menu Home > System > User Management.

Step 3.

Click on the checkbox for the user profile you want to delete and then on «Accept Changes».

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Session Management At each (WEB) login, a set of parameters are collected and monitored by the session manager. Depending on the access profile, the following information might be available for the user (read-only). Parameter

Description

Session Owner IP-Address

Username of the session IP-Address of the client (that’s the PC running the Browser) Session Type Currently only WEB sessions are available. Session State Each session runs through a set of state between login and cleanup by PSC 3. DB Access Indicates what kind of database access this session has. Only one session may have readwrite access at the same time! Current Dialog ID ID of the dialog which is currently on display. Last Access [s] Time in seconds since the last request for an object from the web server.

Figure 120. Session Management window.

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11.2.1 Common Parameter With «Admin» rights the user can edit some Parameters of Session Manager.

11.2.1.1

Editing Common Parameters To edit common parameter, do as follows: Step 1.

Login to the PSC Configuration and Supervision Tool as «Admin».

Step 2.

Go to the menu System > Session Management (s. Figure 120).

Step 3.

Click on «Edit Parameter» in the Common Parameter section. The «Admin Parameter» window opens:

Figure 121. Session Management Parameter window for Admin. Step 4.

Edit the parameters and click on «Accept Changes».

Parameter

Description

Max. Sessions Session Inactive

Total number of (WEB) sessions running at the same time. Determines the idle time to change from session state “active” to “inactive”. Determines the (additional) idle time to change from session state “inactive” to “timed-out”. Determines if PSC 3 should try to assign the read-write access to a newly logged in session. Remember, that the new session will not get the read-write access if it is already in possession of another session which is in the state “active”. Determines if the read-write access may be withdrawn if a session is “inactive” (default setting) or not until the session is “timed-out”. Determines if the setup should be saved if the read-write access is withdrawn.

Session Timeout After Assign Write Access At Login Automatically

Withdraw Write Access When Session Inactive Save Setup Before Withdrawing Write Access

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MAINTENANCE These functions are used when the PSC 3 and the power system are under maintenance or testing. Alarms and LVD functions can set in to different modes for the duration of the maintenance or testing, to avoid unwanted behavior e.g. alarms.

12.1

Alarm Maintenance Go to menu > Maintenance > Alarm The Alarm Maintenance window allows manipulation of alarms for maintenance and testing purposes. An alarm set to «frozen, set or reset» state does not react on the source event as defined in the event conditions, but stays in the current position in case of «frozen», or changes to «active» in case of «set», or changes to «ok» in case of «reset». The alarms affected by the Alarm Stop function are chosen in this window by selecting the checkbox of the alarms. After making changes click on the «Accept Changes» button.

Figure 122. Alarm Maintenance window.

12.2

LVD Maintenance Go to menu Maintenance > LVD The LVD Maintenance window allows preventing an LVD to switch during maintenance operation, and shows also the status of each LVD event. Click on the checkbox to inhibit a LVD event. After making changes click on the «Accept Changes» button.

Figure 123. LVD Maintenance window.

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CONTROLLER PSC 3

Maintenance RS Latch

12.3.1 RS Latch Definition Sometimes it is necessary that an event can be latched once it has occurred. Therefore the RS Latch function has been implemented. Step 1.

Define the RS Latch using the Web Interface. Proceed as follows: Go to menu Configuration > Signal Processing Engine > Event Processing (see also 8.3 Event Processing)

Step 2.

Add a new event with the type RS Latch then click on «Add». The Latched Event Definition window opens.

Step 3.

Enter a name of the new created Latched Event; from the drop down lists select the events for setting and resetting the latched event. The input event is latched from the «Set» input if it was activated once. It remains activated until the reset event is activated. Set and/or Reset event can also be assigned to «S Always false», then the acivating/disactivating is done manually by means of the maintenance functionality.

Step 4.

Click on «Add New Definition»

Step 5.

Save the settings permanently by clicking on the «Save» button on the top-left corner of the main screen.

Figure 124. Latched Event Definition window. The latched event is now ready for use.

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12.3.2 Use of RS Latch 12.3.2.1

UIM / UIL Interface Go to menu «10.1 RS LATCH»

10. Maintenance 10.1 RS LATCH 10.2 HW STATUS 10.3 REBOOT PSC 3

ENTER

10.1 RS LATCH ) TbattTooHigh* True ) ILoadTooHigh* False

ENTER

)

TbattTooHigh * Status: True

ENTER

Reset



)

TbattTooHigh * Status: True Reset

Yes?

↓ 10.1 RS LATCH ) TbattTooHigh* True ) ILoadTooHigh* False

ENTER

)

ILoadTooHigh * Status: False Trigger

ENTER

)

ILoadTooHigh * Status: False Trigger

Yes?

This menu allows to trigger a non latched event and to reset it. An event can only be reset if its status is «true» and the set input is actually «false». If so, it can be reset. An event can only be triggered if its status is «false» and the reset input is actually «false». If so, it can be triggered.

12.3.2.2

Web Interface Go to menu Maintenance > RS Latch This window allows to trigger a non latched event and to reset it. An event can only be reset if its status is «true» and the set input is actually «false». If so, the «Reset» button can be pressed. An event can only be triggered if its status is «false» and the reset input is actually «false». If so, the «Trigger» button can be pressed.

Figure 125. Maintenance RS Latch window.

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CONTROLLER PSC 3

HW Status The PSC 3 detects all connected hardware modules, and their detailed status can be displayed.

12.4.1 UIM / UIL Interface Go to menu «10.2 HW STATUS» 10. Maintenance 10.1 RS LATCH 10.2 HW STATUS 10.3 REBOOT PSC 3

ENTER



10.2 HW STATUS 10.2.1 BOARDS 10.2.2 IMBUS

ENTER



10.2.1 BOARDS APOCO ok APOSYS01 ok

APOCO 220000000000000018 Part Nu: D0120462 SW Version: V2.0

ENTER

APOSYS01 220000000000001234 Part Nu: D0121384 SW Version: V1.06

↓ 10.2.1 BOARD APOSCO ok APOSYS01 ok

10.2 HW STATUS 10.2.1 BOARDS 10.2.2 IMBUS

ENTER

ENTER

10.2.2 IMBUS Imbus Status: ok

12.4.2 Web Interface Go to menu Configuration > System Characteristics > PSC3 Hardware To see detailed information click on «Details» of the desired board.

Figure 126. PSC3 Hardware window.

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Figure 127. System Board Hardware window.

Figure 128. Control Board Hardware window.

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CONTROLLER PSC 3

SOFTWARE The PSC 3 controller supports software updates as well as setup uploads and downloads, remotely and on-site. This makes it easy to add new features, and to upload default settings to new sites. The following chapters describe step-by-step for example how to make software updates or upload settings to a new system.

13.1

Software Version Upgrade and Downgrade The software version of the PSC 3 can be upgraded as well as downgraded, remotely or on-site. This allows easy adding a new functionality, even on a running system. Under most circumstances, it is also possible to downgrade to an old software version, if the PSC 3 does not perform as desired. To update the PSC 3, a file with the new software version has to be available to the PSC 3. The file can be located on any computer able to run a TFTP server. Requirements for a software upgrade or downgrade: •

The TFTP server is running and accessible via PSC 3



The file with the new PSC 3 software is located in the TFTP server base directory



The PSC 3 is running



The web access to PSC 3 is on level «Maintenance» or higher

Note!

Since the PSC 3 will reboot automatically after the software update, save your configuration locally before starting the software update! It is also a good idea to save the setup on a PC before the SW update.

Parameter

Explanation

Filename IP-Address Start

Name of the file with the new software (binary). Network IP address of the TFTP server where the file is located. Button to start the update after the fields above has been properly filled.

13.1.1 UIM /UIL Interface The software version upgrade and downgrade can only be done using the web interface. The current software version of the PSC 3 can be checked from menu «5.1 SW VERSION». 5.GENERAL 5.1 SW VERSION 5.2 LANGUAGE 5.3 TIME&DATE

ENTER

5.1 SW VERSION PSC 3 Mar 19 2008 Version: V2.11 Build Version: 1

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13.1.2 Web Interface Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 2.

Go to menu Configuration > File transfer > Software Update

Step 3.

Enter the name of the new software file.

Step 4.

Enter the IP-address where the software file is located.

Step 5.

Click on the «Start» button. The PSC 3 will first get the file from the TFTP server. A new window appears showing the progress. If an error occurs, the update procedure will stop. Otherwise the PSC 3 will reboot when done.

Figure 129. Software Update window.

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CONTROLLER PSC 3

Setup Upload and Download The Setup Handler administrates the numerous parameters of a PSC 3 system. This unit remembers the system configuration and keeps a track of the complex interaction between subsystem components. The whole configuration can be stored in a file or loaded from a file to the PSC 3. With PSC 3 it is possible to upload a configuration. This is a useful feature for customers having several similar sites. Only one configuration has to be prepared, which then can be downloaded to several sites by changing only site relevant parameters e.g. site name or TCP/IP settings. Requirements for a setup upload or download: •

The TFTP server is running and accessible via PSC 3



The new Setup file is located in the TFTP server base directory (upload)



The PSC 3 is running



The web access to PSC 3 is on level «Maintenance» or higher

Be aware: •

The upload process may take several minutes. When started, don’t try to do anything else on the web GUI, except if the upload fails.



After starting an upload process, the PSC 3 needs to make a reset. It will be done automatically after a successful upload.

Parameter

Explanation

Filename IP-Address Start

Name of the file with the new setup. Network IP address of the TFTP server where the file is located. Button to start the update after the fields above has been properly filled.

13.2.1 UIM / UIL Interface The setup upload and download can only be done with the web interface.

13.2.2 Web Interface Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 2.

Go to menu: Configuration > File Transfer > Restore Setup From PC (upload) or Configuration > File Transfer > Save Setup to PC (download)

Step 3.

Enter the name of the setup file.

Step 4.

Enter the IP-address where the setup file is located (upload) or Enter the IP-address where the setup file should be saved (download)

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Step 5.

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Click on the «Start» button. PSC 3 will shut down all other activities. A new window appears showing the progress. The PSC 3 saves the new setup into EEPROM (Upload) and when it is done the PSC 3 restarts.

Figure 130. Restore Setup from PC window.

Figure 131. Save Setup to PC window.

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13.3

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Language File Upload The default language of the PSC 3 is English. One or two more language files can be stored as well. The language can then be enabled for each user (s. 11.1 User Management. Requirements for uploading a language file: •

The TFTP server is running and accessible via PSC 3



The language file to be uploaded is located in the TFTP server base directory



The PSC 3 is running



The web access to PSC 3 is on level «Maintenance» or higher

Parameter

Explanation

Filename IP-Address Start

Name of the file with the new language. Network IP address of the TFTP server where the file is located. Button to start the update after the fields above has been properly filled.

13.3.1 UIM / UIL Interface The language upload can only be done with the web interface.

13.3.2 Web Interface Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 2.

Go to menu Configuration > File Transfer > Language Files. If there’s no language file besides English, the appearing window looks like shown in Figure 132. Otherwise the already loaded language files are listed, too. If all three possible files are present, then one of the last two must be removed first. Click on the «Unload» button of the file to be removed, and then click on the «Load» button, the Load language File window (Figure 133) appears.

Figure 132. Language Files window (before transfer).

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CONTROLLER PSC 3

Figure 133. Load Language File Step 3.

Enter the name of the new language file.

Step 4.

Enter the IP-address where the language file is located.

Step 5.

Click on «Start» button. The window, showing the progress, appears. Upon successful transfer, the Language Files window appears again, now showing the new file:

Figure 134. Language Files window (after successful transfer)

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13.4

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Software License Key With the software license key a customer can enable some special functions in the PSC 3. A DES representative generates the license key. This key is unique for each controller and feature. The feature activation can be performed in the field with a laptop connected to the PSC 3, or remotely if an IP connection is available. Note!

Contact your local Delta representative for more information about the additional features of the PSC 3 controller.

13.4.1 UIM / UIL Interface The PSC 3 software options can only be activated with the web interface.

13.4.2 Web Interface Step 1.

After you have received the license key from your Delta representative, login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 2.

Go to menu Configuration > System Characteristics > PSC3 Software Options

Figure 135. PSC 3 Software Options window. Step 3.

Enter the license key code, then click on «Accept Changes».

Step 4.

Save the settings permanently by clicking on the «Save» button on the main screen.

Step 5.

The new feature will appear after you have rebooted the PSC 3.

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14

CONTROLLER PSC 3

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS

Functions System Float voltage control / Temperature compensation PLC function. (AND/OR/Inv/Filter/RS Latch) LVD and PLD functions AC measurements (internal/external) Real time clock Genset functions 400 data log entries Mains failure detection Maintenance functions (Alarm/LVD) Battery Battery measurements (U/I/T) Battery current limit, enhanced Battery middle point Battery Control (Udiff/Idiff/Tdif) Boost charge Equalize Battery test, advanced capacity test Separate charge State of charge Loss of backup time Rectifiers Individual rectifier information Individual rectifier control Digital load sharing Sequential startup Efficiency mode / Energy saving Rectifier cycling Power limitation Charging Current limitation Remote function upgrade Positioning Features (with front end modules) 1) Rectifier interface Digital, CAN-based Number of rectifiers Up to 128 Digital input 4, up to 128 Relay output 6, up to 99 Temperature 2, up to 98 Voltage, current Up to 99 Display 1 integrated display, up to 2 User interface modules Local monitoring LAN / RS232 / Web browser Remote monitoring LAN / Modem / Web browser Remote alarming Dry contacts / SNMP Languages English + 2 downloadable Web server access Up to 4 levels SNMP management Standard SNMP manager

User interface Local User interface

UIM (Optional Front-End module) WEB

SNMP

General Safety

EMI, radiated Compliant with Cooling Mounting direction Protection Environment Operating temperature

- 5 configurable LED - LCD display - Keypad - 5 configurable LED - LCD display - Keypad - Buzzer User manager to limit site access with different access levels Complete solution for configuration and Monitoring of sites with more than 120 dynamic WEB pages SW and Setup updates Remote access using Traps Dial-out feature together with modems

EN 60950, class I UL 60950 CAN / CSA – C22.2 EN 55022, class B ETSI EN 300386 Convection All IP 20

Relative humidity

0 .. +65°C / +32 .. +140°F full performance) 95 %, non condensing

Power supply Voltage range Current EMI, conducted Input protection Input switch

18 ... 75 VDC 2.0 ADC maximum EN 55022, class B Internal fuse 2A None

Mechanics Height, body Width, overall Depth, overall Weight

40.4 mm / 1.59 inch 83.5 mm / 3.29 inch 190 mm / 7.48 inch 0.56 kg / 1.24 lb

1) Number and type of inputs / outputs of the central unit depend on the PSC 3 version

Subject to change due to technical progress.

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Installation and Commissioning DPS 1200B_2000B-48-12_8 CS with PSC 3 Controller

40047_01.DOC Issue 11 July 2008

Energy Systems INSTALLATION AND COMMISSIONING

DPS 1200B_2000B-48-12_8 CS WITH PSC 3

TABLE OF CONTENTS 1

DOCUMENT INFORMATION ........................................................................................5 1.1

2

Version control...................................................................................................5

PREPARING FOR THE INSTALLATION ......................................................................7 2.1

Before you begin ...............................................................................................7

2.2

Unpacking the system .......................................................................................7

3

DPS 1200B-48-12 CS SYSTEM CONFIGURATION .....................................................8

4

DPS 2000B-48-8 CS SYSTEM CONFIGURATION .......................................................9

5

INSTALLATION...........................................................................................................10

6

5.1

Mechanical connections ..................................................................................10

5.2

Electrical connections......................................................................................11

5.2.1

Grounding........................................................................................................11

5.2.2

AC connection .................................................................................................11

5.2.3

Battery connections .........................................................................................11

5.3

Remote alarm connections ..............................................................................12

5.4

Load connections ............................................................................................13

COMMISSIONING .......................................................................................................14 6.1

Starting up the system.....................................................................................14

6.2

Controller calibration........................................................................................16

6.3

Checking the functioning of the rectifiers.........................................................17

6.4

Checking the control and alarm system...........................................................18

6.4.1

Checking the configuration ..............................................................................18

6.4.2

Check the alarms as follows ............................................................................18

6.4.3

Check the fuse monitoring as follows ..............................................................18

6.4.4

Testing the mains failure alarm........................................................................20

7

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS (DPS 1200B-48-12 CS) ...........................................21

8

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS (DPS 2000B-48-8 CS) .............................................22

9

APPENDIX: INSTALLATION AND COMMISSIONING CHECK LIST.........................23

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Energy Systems INSTALLATION AND COMMISSIONING

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1

DOCUMENT INFORMATION

1.1

Version control Document number

Document description

40047_01.DOC

Installation and Commissioning, DPS 1200B_2000B-48-12_8 CS with PSC 3

Previous version

Description of changes

-

New document. Controlled by

Date 11.07.2008

Riitta Päivinen Approved by

Date 11.07.2008

Tomi Kujansuu

11 July 2008

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Energy Systems INSTALLATION AND COMMISSIONING

DPS 1200B_2000B-48-12_8 CS WITH PSC 3

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6

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Energy Systems INSTALLATION AND COMMISSIONING

DPS 1200B_2000B-48-12_8 CS WITH PSC 3

2

PREPARING FOR THE INSTALLATION

2.1

Before you begin

2.2

Step 1.

Ensure that you have all the equipment needed to make a proper installation of the system.

Step 2.

Also ensure that grounding terminals, DC- and AC-distributions are properly available.

Step 3.

Take care that the regulations of IEC 60364 and CENELEC HD384 concerning installation and assembling of telecommunication and electrical equipment have been noticed. The local regulations and special instructions must also be noticed during the work. When choosing the place of the installation, please notice that the cooling air must flow without restrictions through the ventilation holes. The system must have enough space in front of it for operation and service functions. Notice the direction of the cabling and the required space of the other equipment.

Unpacking the system Step 4.

Check that the received cargo is according to the packing list.

Step 5.

Ensure that the rack and the equipment are not damaged during transportation.

Step 6.

Check that proper documents are delivered with the system and necessary contact information for technical support is included.

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3

DPS 1200B_2000B-48-12_8 CS WITH PSC 3

DPS 1200B-48-12 CS SYSTEM CONFIGURATION

1

6

2 7 3 4

8 9

5 9

Figure 1.

Power system DPS 1200B-48-12 CS.

1. Upper plus bar 2. Upper load distribution (MCBs) Optional PLDs (max. 2)

6. Optional AC over voltage protection or second AC terminal 7. Lower load distribution (MCBs)

3. Lower plus bar

8. AC terminal

4. Battery breakers (MCB)

9. Rectifier shelf for DPR 1200B-48

5. PSC 3 controller and remote alarm connections (UIM display on the door)

Note!

Battery shunt and LVD behind the battery breakers. Optional PLD(s) are behind the correspondent load distribution.

8

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Energy Systems INSTALLATION AND COMMISSIONING

4

DPS 1200B_2000B-48-12_8 CS WITH PSC 3

DPS 2000B-48-8 CS SYSTEM CONFIGURATION

1

6

2

7

3

8

4 9 5

Figure 2.

Power system DPS 2000B-48-8 CS.

1. Upper plus bar 2. Upper load distribution (MCBs) Optional PLDs (max. 2)

6. Optional AC over voltage protection or second AC terminal 7. Lower load distribution (MCBs)

3. Lower plus bar

8. AC terminal

4. Battery breakers (MCB)

9. Rectifier shelf for FR 2000W-48

5. PSC 3 controller and remote alarm connections (UIM display on the door)

Note!

Battery shunt and LVD behind the battery breakers. Optional PLD(s) are behind the correspondent load distribution.

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Energy Systems INSTALLATION AND COMMISSIONING

5

INSTALLATION

5.1

Mechanical connections Note!

DPS 1200B_2000B-48-12_8 CS WITH PSC 3

Make sure that all the circuit breakers are in the OFF-position.

If you do not have a battery rack, move to Step 4. Step 1.

Assemble the battery rack according to the instructions delivered with the battery rack.

Step 2.

Set the battery rack standing in its place and straighten it if needed by adjusting the feet by leaning the cabinet and turning feet with hands.

Step 3.

Lift the system cabinet on top of the battery rack and mount them together with 4 clips (see Figure 3).

Step 4.

Mount the system cabinet to the wall.

Fixation to battery rack (4 pcs)

Figure 3.

DPS 1200B-48-12 CS fixation to battery rack (bottom view).

Fixing holes for wall mounting (3 pcs)

Figure 4.

10

DPS 1200B-48-12 CS wall fixation (back view).

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Energy Systems INSTALLATION AND COMMISSIONING

5.2

DPS 1200B_2000B-48-12_8 CS WITH PSC 3

Electrical connections Step 1.

Remove the front panel from the system unit in front of the distributions and connections.

Step 2.

Remove also the roof of the cabinet to make the installation easier.

The bracketed [ ] numbers refer to the corresponding numbers in the Figure 1 and Figure 2.

5.2.1

Grounding Step 1.

5.2.2

AC connection Step 2.

5.2.3

Ensure that both the frame and plus of the system are grounded to the main grounding busbar of the room.

Connect the AC cables to system. Below in table is the recommended mains fuse size and cable cross section for 1 x 3 phase AC-connection. DPS 1200B-48-12 CS

DPS 2000B-48-8 CS

Mains fuse

3 x 32 A

3 x 40 A

Cable

5 x 10 mm2

5 x 10 mm2

Table 1.

AC-input recommendation.

Note!

Check the AC connections from the wiring diagram attached to this user manual.

Note!

See Figure 1 or Figure 2 for details.

Battery connections Step 1.

Install the batteries in their compartment.

Step 3.

Connect the internal battery cables so that the total nominal voltage of the each battery string is 48V.

Step 4.

Connect the battery cable «+» to the plus busbar connection [3] and the «-» to the battery breaker [4].

Step 5.

Connect the «+» cable to the free plus-pole and the «-» cable to the free negative pole of the battery string.

Step 6.

Place the battery temperature sensor between the batteries in the battery area. Fasten the sensor cable to the subrack.

Note!

See Figure 1 or Figure 2 for details.

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Energy Systems INSTALLATION AND COMMISSIONING

5.3

DPS 1200B_2000B-48-12_8 CS WITH PSC 3

Remote alarm connections Step 7.

Connect the remote alarm cables to the terminals on the PSC 3 (Figure 5). The alarms are usually connected so that the alarm circuit is open (NO) and in a case of registered fault the circuit is closes (NC).

Note!

The remote alarms are set in the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool menu PSC 3 I/O assignments.

Digital outputs

Figure 5.

12

Digital outputs.

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Energy Systems INSTALLATION AND COMMISSIONING

5.4

DPS 1200B_2000B-48-12_8 CS WITH PSC 3

Load connections Step 1.

Connect the distribution cables. Plus cables are connected to the positive busbar [1, 3] of the system and the negative cables directly to the connections of the DC-distribution circuit breakers [2, 7]. Take care that the cable is behind the bar and not directly under the screw.

Note!

See Figure 1 or Figure 2 for details.

Note!

The maximum cable size for the connectors on the positive busbar is 16 mm2 for the MCBs 1 A - 32 A. For MCBs 40 A - 63 A maximum cable size is 35 mm2.

Note!

When the installation work is done check that the cabling is according to the wiring diagram and instructions. Mount the protection shields to their places.

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Energy Systems INSTALLATION AND COMMISSIONING

6

COMMISSIONING

6.1

Starting up the system

DPS 1200B_2000B-48-12_8 CS WITH PSC 3

Step 2.

Lift the rectifiers into the cabinet to their shelves starting from the far-left slot and continuing to right.

Step 3.

Rectifier FR 48 V – 2000 W – E: Remove the screws that are used to fasten the FR 48 V -2000 W – E rectifiers to their places. Each rectifier is fastened with one screw. Rectifier DPR 1200B-48: Fix the DPR 1200B-48 rectifiers to shelf by moving the fixation clips to «locked» position.

Taking the system into use is presented below step-by-step. The bracketed [ ] numbers refer to the corresponding numbers in the figure 1. Warning! The protection shields of the system should be in place when system is under present voltage. Only for measuring purposes during installation and maintenance the cover shields may be temporarily removed. When measuring (voltage, polarity etc.) use proper insulated tools and appropriate protective clothing.

Rectifier fixation clip LED bar output current

Rectifier status LED Locked

Figure 6.

14

Unlocked

“Config” push button

Rectifier DPR 1200B-48.

11 July 2008

Unlocked

Locked

Energy Systems INSTALLATION AND COMMISSIONING

DPS 1200B_2000B-48-12_8 CS WITH PSC 3

Output current LED bar Rectifier status indication «Config» push button

Fixation hole, screw size «M5»

Figure 7.

Rectifier FR 48 V – 2000 W – E.

Step 4.

Check that the connections are made according to the installation instructions and the wiring diagram.

Step 5.

Check that the battery circuit breakers [4] are in the «OFF» -position.

Step 6.

Start up the system by switching on the mains.

Step 7.

Check that the rectifier LEDs are «ok».

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Energy Systems INSTALLATION AND COMMISSIONING

6.2

DPS 1200B_2000B-48-12_8 CS WITH PSC 3

Controller calibration Controller of the system is pre-calibrated (including rectifiers) by means of accurate meters at the factory of Delta Energy Systems. Calibration is not needed unless some changes have been made to the controller hardware or display of the controller is different than real accurate measurement at maintenance. Calibrate the system voltage of the controller according to the following instructions.

16

Step 1.

Measure the system voltage between the plus busbar [1, 3] and minus on the DC-output circuit breaker [2, 7].

Step 2.

Check the value «Usys» from the display.

Note!

The factory setting for output voltage is always 53.5 V for the FR 48 V – 2000 W – E and DPR 1200B-48 rectifiers.

Note!

If the value differs more than 0.1 Volts from the measured value, the controller calibration should be performed. Otherwise continue to the Step 11. The calibration is explained in the following Steps 4-10.

Step 3.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Figure 8.

PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Note!

The PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool is a web user interface for the controller settings and parameters. The tool is operated with a web browser and accessed either via a direct PC-to-PSC 3 connection or via network (see User Manual sections PSC 3 Product Description and Communication and User Settings). The tool is protected against unauthorized access by user name and password.

Step 4.

Go to menu: Configuration > Signal Processing Engine > Measurements

Step 5.

Click on the «Edit» button for the «Usys» analogue measurement.

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Energy Systems INSTALLATION AND COMMISSIONING

6.3

DPS 1200B_2000B-48-12_8 CS WITH PSC 3

Step 6.

In the new Analogue Measurement window click on the «Calibrate» button.

Step 7.

In the Calibration window enter the exact value measured with a voltmeter and click on «Calibrate».

Step 8.

The changes made to the PSC 3 parameters need to be saved to make them permanent. Go to menu: Configuration > Setup Update

Step 9.

In the Setup Update window click on the «Save» button in the User Setup section. Then log out from the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 10.

Switch on the low voltage disconnection circuit breaker AF11 and then the battery circuit breaker(s) [4] into «ON» -position.

Step 11.

Check the battery polarity by measuring the voltage over the battery circuit breaker [4]. The voltage should be at most a few volts. If voltage is more than that, the battery polarity is not correct and it must be changed by switching the “+” and “-” cables connected to the batteries.

Step 12.

Check, that the load is connected to the distribution DC-terminals and switch on the DC-distribution circuit breakers connected to the load [2, 7].

Step 13.

Check the functioning of the system according to the next two chapters for rectifiers and the controller.

Checking the functioning of the rectifiers Following procedures are able to accomplish only with a suitable DC-load available. Check that the rectifiers are able to deliver current. The method is to first discharge the batteries for a while and then recharge them. The controller carries out the procedure, which decreases the rectifier voltages below the discharging voltage of the batteries. Therefore in case of a battery failure the system will not crash. Step 1.

Start the discharging by logging in to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool. Activate the battery test manually from the controller menu Battery > Control > Battery Test by clicking on the «Start» button.

Step 2.

Let the controller discharge the batteries a few minutes.

Step 3.

Stop the battery test from the controller by clicking on the «Stop» and exit the controller web user interface.

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Energy Systems INSTALLATION AND COMMISSIONING

6.4

Checking the control and alarm system Note!

6.4.1

DPS 1200B_2000B-48-12_8 CS WITH PSC 3

The alarms, system voltage and temperature compensation settings are pre-set according to the used battery. If battery type used is different from the type the pre-set values were adjusted for, the values must be changed according to the battery type and information of the battery manufacturer.

Checking the configuration Values are all pre-set at the factory and should not be changed without a proper reason (see note above). Check the configuration either from the UIM display or from PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool menus. The web GUI is protected against unauthorized access by user name and password. Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 2.

Check the following settings:

Settings

UIM menu

Web GUI menu

Alarm limits

6.1 THRESHOLDS

Configuration > Signal Processing Engine > Event Definitions

System voltage

7.1 FLOAT CHARGE

Battery > Control > Float Charge

Temperature Compensation

7.1 FLOAT CHARGE

Battery > Control > Float Charge

Battery Test

7.5 BATTERY TEST

Battery > Control > Battery Test

Equalize

7.2 EQUALIZE

Battery > Control > Equalize

Note!

6.4.2

After making changes to the PSC 3 settings, remember to save them in the menu Configuration > Setup Update. Otherwise the changes will be lost after rebooting the PSC 3.

Check the alarms as follows With the alarm test function of the controller the functioning of the alarm relays and LEDs can be checked in the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool menu Maintenance > Alarm. The Alarm Maintenance window allows manipulation of alarms for maintenance and testing purposes. An alarm set to Frozen, Set or Reset state does not react on the source event as defined in the event conditions, but stays in the current position in case of «Frozen», or changes to «Active» in case of «Set», or changes to «Ok» in case of «Reset».

6.4.3

Check the fuse monitoring as follows Switch ON all the battery circuit breakers [4] and the DC-distribution MCBs [2, 7], which have load connected to. Note!

18

The following procedure leaves the connected load without power as long as the MCBs are in the OFF-position. Make sure it is allowed to turn off the load for the duration of this test.

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Energy Systems INSTALLATION AND COMMISSIONING

DPS 1200B_2000B-48-12_8 CS WITH PSC 3

Step 3.

Switch the load and battery breakers OFF and ON one after another, checking that the alarms are indicated as configured.

Note!

Only the MCBs are switched on and having the load or batteries connected will produce an alarm when switched off. Load fuse alarm will appear immediately, but battery fuse alarm may take a few minutes until battery voltage decreases enough (>300 mV). The active alarm can be read from the display menu «3.1 Alarm».

Step 4.

Check the rectifier failure alarm by switching “OFF” the AC-supply and check the following:

Check the battery current from the display: Battery current (Ibatt) positive

ÎNot Urgent Alarm

Battery current (Ibatt) negative (battery is discharging) ÎUrgent Alarm Load current (Iload) equals battery current (Ibatt)

ÎMains Failure

The active alarm can be read from the display menu «3.1 Alarm». Note!

During the test there may occur Usys Low and Usys High alarms, which should be omitted at this stage. If there is no load connected to the system, no module alarm will occur. The additional module alarm (RF) does not light up any LEDs on the controller. The alarm can be seen on the menu display, and it is also seen in a remote location. It can be measured in the alarm cable (see alarm connections).

Step 5.

Reconnect the rectifiers with the AC-supply.

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Energy Systems INSTALLATION AND COMMISSIONING

6.4.4

20

DPS 1200B_2000B-48-12_8 CS WITH PSC 3

Testing the mains failure alarm Step 1

Switch all the rectifiers off manually by using the AC-supply. The LED “∼” on the display must light up.

Step 2

Switch the rectifiers on again. The LED “∼”on the display must go out.

Note!

If there is no load and batteries connected to the system, no mains failure alarm will occur.

Note!

After the testing, attach all the covers of the system to their correct places.

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7

DPS 1200B_2000B-48-12_8 CS WITH PSC 3

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS (DPS 1200B-48-12 CS)

General Efficiency Safety EMC Cooling Protection

Input AC connection Nominal voltage Range, full power Range, reduced power Frequency range Current nominal @ 14.4 kW Current maximum @ 14.4 kW Inrush current Line current Harmonic distort. THD Mains terminal Input protection, recom. Transient OVP Output Voltage, nominal Voltage range Voltage error, static Overvoltage protection Ripple + spikes Psophometric noise Nominal current Current limit, maximum Power, nominal Power, redundant Power, reduced

≥ 91% IEC/EN 60 950 EN 300 386-2 Fan cooled rectifiers IP 20

3L+N+PE 3 x 230 Vrms(L-N) 184 ... 300 Vrms 88 ... 184 Vrms 45 ... 66 Hz 3 x 23 Arms

Load distribution MCB PLD

1 ... 41 pcs / 1 … 63 A 0…3

Battery connection MCB LVD

1 ... 6 x 125 A Yes

Mechanics Construction Cabinet standard Height, overall Width, body Depth, overall Weight, system Weight, rectifiers

Sheet metal FFD 600 mm 600 mm 400 mm n. 40 kg 12 x 1.25 kg

Environment Operating temperature Relative humidity

-5 ... +45°C 95% max. non cond.

3 x 30 Arms < 90 Apeak per phase Meets IEC 1000-3-2 < 5% Terminal blocks 3 x 32 A Yes

Control and monitoring Power system controller PSC 3 PSC 1000, option See leaflets for power system controllers.

53.5 VDC 42 ... 58 VDC ± 250 mVDC 59 ± 1 V ≤ 200 mVp-p ≤ 1.0 mVrms (weighted) 270 ADC @ 7.2 kW, 53.5 V 335 ADC @ 7.2 kW, 43 V 14.4 kW 13.2 kW Min. 6000 W @ 90 VAC

Options Number of rectifiers

1 ... 12

Accessories Rectifier front cover Battery cabinets See leaflet for battery cabinets Subject to change due to technical progress.

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8

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS (DPS 2000B-48-8 CS)

General Efficiency Safety EMC Cooling Protection

Input AC connection Nominal voltage Range, full power Range, reduced power Frequency range Current nominal @ 14.4 kW Current maximum @ 14.4 kW Inrush current Line current Harmonic distort. THD Mains terminal Input protection, recom. Transient OVP Output Voltage, nominal Voltage range Voltage error, static Overvoltage protection Ripple + spikes Psophometric noise Nominal current Current limit, maximum Power, nominal Power, redundant Power, reduced

22

DPS 1200B_2000B-48-N CS WITH PSC 3

≥ 91% IEC/EN 60 950 EN 300 386-2 Fan cooled rectifiers IP 20

3L+N+PE 3 x 230 Vrms(L-N) 184 ... 300 Vrms 88 ... 184 Vrms 45 ... 66 Hz 3 x 28,5 Arms

Load distribution MCB PLD

1 ... 41 pcs / 1 … 63 A 0…3

Battery connection MCB LVD

1 ... 6 x 125 A Yes

Mechanics Construction Cabinet standard Height, overall Width, body Depth, overall Weight, system Weight, rectifiers

Sheet metal GFD 680 mm 600 mm 400 mm n. 40 kg 8 x 4.4 kg

Environment Operating temperature Relative humidity

-5 ... +45°C 95% max. non cond.

3 x 36 Arms < 90 Apeak per phase Meets IEC 1000-3-2 < 5% Terminal blocks 3 x 40 A Yes

Control and monitoring Power system controller PSC 3 See leaflets for power system controllers.

53.5 VDC 42 ... 58 VDC ± 250 mVDC 59 ± 1 V ≤ 200 mVp-p ≤ 1.0 mVrms (weighted) 299 ADC @ 16 kW, 53.5 V 372 ADC @ 16 kW, 43 V 16 kW 14 kW Min. 6400 W @ 90 VAC

Options Number of rectifiers

1 ... 8

Accessories Rectifier front cover Battery cabinets See leaflet for battery cabinets Subject to change due to technical progress.

11 July 2008

Energy Systems INSTALLATION AND COMMISSIONING

9

DPS 1200B-48-12 FFD WITH PSC 3

APPENDIX: INSTALLATION AND COMMISSIONING CHECK LIST

1. Unpacking Ref.

Function

Complete

2.1

Ensure that you have all the equipment you need to make a proper installation of the system. Also ensure that the grounding, DC- and ACdistributions are properly available.

2.2

Check carefully that the received cargo is according to the packing list. Ensure that the rack and the equipment are not damaged during transportation. Check that proper documents are delivered.

2. Installation, if you do not have a battery rack, move to point Ref. 4.2. Ref.

Function

Complete

4.1

Assemble the battery rack.

4.1

Set the battery rack standing in its place.

4.1

Lift the system cabinet on top of the battery rack or mount it to the wall.

4.2

Remove the front panel from the system unit.

4.2

Remove the roof of the cabinet.

4.2.1

Connect the protective-grounding terminal.

4.2.1

Connect the positive busbar of the system to the main grounding busbar.

4.2.2

Connect the AC-mains cables to the AC connection.

4.2.3

Install the batteries in their compartment.

4.2.3

Place the battery temperature sensor between the batteries in the battery area. Fasten the sensor cable to the subrack.

4.3

Connect the remote alarm cable to their terminal on the PSC 3 controller.

4.4

Connect the distribution cables. Plus cables are connected to the positive busbar of the system and the negative cables directly to the connections of the DC-distribution circuit breakers.

4.4

When the installation work is done check that the cabling is according to the wiring diagram and instructions. Mount the protection shields to their places.

3. Starting up the system Ref.

Function

Complete

5.1

Lift the rectifiers into the cabinet to their shelves starting from the far-left slot and continuing to right. Fasten the rectifiers with the fixation clips

5.1

Check that the connections are made according to the installation

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DPS 1200B-48-12 FFD WITH PSC 3

instructions and the wiring diagram. 5.1

Check that the battery circuit breakers are in the «OFF» -position.

5.1

Start up the system by switching on the mains.

5.1

Check that the rectifier LEDs are «ok».

5.2

Calibrate the system voltage of the controller. Check the system voltage and calibrate the controller if needed.

5.2

Switch ON the controller circuit breaker AF10 to switch the controller on.

5.2

Measure the system voltage between the plus busbar and minus.

5.2

Check the value «Usys» from the display.

5.2

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

5.2

Go to menu: Configuration > Signal Processing Engine > Measurements

5.2

Click on the «Edit» button for the «Usys» analogue measurement.

5.2

In the new Analogue Measurement window click on the «Calibrate» button.

5.2

In the Calibration window enter the exact value measured with a voltmeter and click on «Calibrate».

5.2

The changes made to the PSC 3 parameters need to be saved to make them permanent. Go to menu: Configuration > Setup Update

5.2

In the Setup Update window click on the «Save» button in the User Setup section. Then log out from the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

5.2

Switch on the low voltage disconnection circuit breaker AF11 and then the battery circuit breaker(s) into «ON» -position.

5.2

Check the battery polarity by measuring the voltage over the battery circuit breaker.

5.2

Check, that the load is connected to the distribution DC-terminals and switch on the DC-distribution circuit breakers connected to the load. Check the functioning of the system.

4. Checking the functioning of the rectifiers Ref.

Function

Complete

5.3

Check that the rectifiers are able to deliver current.

5.3

Start the discharging by activating the battery test manually.

5.3

Let the controller discharge the batteries a few minutes.

5.3

Stop the battery test.

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5. Checking the control and alarm system Ref.

Function

Complete

5.4.1

Check the settings from the display or login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

5.4.1

Check the following settings: Alarm limits System voltage Temp Comp Battery Test Equalize

5.4.1

After changes save the settings.

5.4.2

Check the alarm LEDs.

5.4.3

Check the fuse monitoring.

5.4.3

Check the rectifier failure alarm.

5.4.4

Test the mains failure alarm (MF). After testing, attach all the covers of the system to their correct places.

6. Finishing Update the drawings if any changes have been made. Update the test report if any changes were made to the controller settings. Clean the site.

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11 July 2008

26

Energy Systems

Maintenance Instructions DC Power Supply Systems

50001_04 Issue 7 October 2004

Energy Systems MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS

DC POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS

TABLE OF CONTENTS 1

DOCUMENT INFORMATION ........................................................................................5 1.1

2

Version control...................................................................................................5

POWER SYSTEM MAINTENANCE...............................................................................7 2.1

Introduction........................................................................................................7

2.2

Preventive maintenance ....................................................................................7

2.3

Rectifier maintenance........................................................................................7

2.3.1

Checking the functioning of the rectifiers...........................................................7

2.3.1.1 Power systems with PSC 1000 controller ..........................................................7 2.3.1.2 Power systems with PSC 3 controller................................................................8 2.3.2

Rectifier replacement in a running system.........................................................9

2.3.2.1 Fan cooled rectifiers, with both input and output interfaces on the back ...........9 2.3.2.2 Fan cooled rectifier, with AC input interface on the front ...................................9 2.3.2.3 SMPS rectifiers, with both input and output interfaces on the front ...................9 2.3.3

Fan replacement procedure with fan cooled rectifiers .....................................10

2.3.3.1 Rectifier DPR 1200B-48 ..................................................................................10 2.3.3.2 Rectifiers with both input and output interfaces on the back............................10 2.3.3.3 Rectifier with AC input interface on the front....................................................11 2.4

Power system controller maintenance.............................................................11

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1

DOCUMENT INFORMATION

1.1

Version control Document number

Document description

50001_04

Maintenance of DC Power Supply Systems

Previous version

Description of changes

50001_03

Information about PSC 3 controller and DPR 1200B-48 rectifier added. Controlled by

Date 07.10.2004

Markku Havukainen Approved by

Date 07.10.2004

Petteri Turkki

7 October 2004

5

Energy Systems MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS

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2

POWER SYSTEM MAINTENANCE

2.1

Introduction The power system is designed for unmanned operation and normally all the actions are carried out automatically by the controller unit. Therefore the actions undertaken are either preventive maintenance or repair.

2.2

Preventive maintenance The purpose of the preventive maintenance is to reveal the potential failures of the monitoring and alarm circuitry. The exception is the batteries, which should be checked and maintained regularly according to the instructions of manufacturer delivered with the batteries. To ensure high system reliability the most important measures are: •

Verification of the mechanical condition and connections of the batteries.



Verification of the functioning of the controller unit.

To ensure the high life expectancy of the batteries the most important measures are: •

The quality of the battery maintenance, cell voltage, ambient temperature.



Verification of the battery float charge voltage.

2.3

Rectifier maintenance

2.3.1

Checking the functioning of the rectifiers Checking the functioning of the rectifiers is part of preventive maintenance actions recommended to be carried out once a year as follows. Check that the rectifiers are able to deliver current. The method is to first discharge the batteries for a while and then recharge them. The controller carries out the procedure, which decreases the rectifier voltages below the discharging voltage of the batteries. Therefore in case of a battery failure the system will not crash.

2.3.1.1 Power systems with PSC 1000 controller Step 1.

Start the discharging by activating the battery test manually from the controller sub-menu “8. Battery Test” and then from its sub-menu “8. Battery Test”. Press to activate the test.

Step 2.

Let the controller discharge the batteries few minutes.

Step 3.

Stop the battery test from the controller and exit from the battery test sub-menu.

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2.3.1.2 Power systems with PSC 3 controller

8

Step 1.

Start the discharging by activating the battery test manually from the controller menu (web user interface): Battery → Control. The battery test is started by clicking on the “Start” in the Battery Test section of Battery Control menu.

Note!

If the “Start” button is not available, check the starting conditions by clicking on the “Info”. All the starting conditions must be true before the battery test can be executed.

Step 2.

After the battery test, check the results from the menu Test Results.

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Energy Systems MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS

2.3.2

DC POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS

Rectifier replacement in a running system

2.3.2.1 Fan cooled rectifiers, with both input and output interfaces on the back (e.g. FR 48 V – 2000 W – E and DPR 1200B-48) Step 1.

Remove rectifier module

Step 2.

Place new rectifier into its rack position

Step 3.

Check system (controller) for alarms.

2.3.2.2 Fan cooled rectifier, with AC input interface on the front (FR 48 V – 1200 W) Step 1.

Unplug AC and signal bus cables

Step 2.

Remove rectifier module

Step 3.

Plug in AC cable to new rectifier (same settings!)

Step 4.

Check LED «ok» and output voltage

Step 5.

Place new rectifier into its rack position

Step 6.

Connect system bus cable(s)

Step 7.

Check system (controller) for alarms.

2.3.2.3 SMPS rectifiers, with both input and output interfaces on the front (e.g. SMPS 48 V – 1900 W) Step 1.

Switch off AC breaker and DC breaker

Step 2.

Remove DC plug, AC plug and system bus plug

Step 3.

Remove rectifier module

Step 4.

Check spare module (See “Installation and commissioning”)

Step 5.

Mount spare module

Step 6.

Insert AC plug

Step 7.

Insert DC plug

Step 8.

Switch on AC breaker

Step 9.

Switch on DC breaker

Step 10.

Connect system bus cable

Step 11.

Check system (controller) for alarms

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Energy Systems MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS

2.3.3

DC POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS

Fan replacement procedure with fan cooled rectifiers

2.3.3.1 Rectifier DPR 1200B-48 Rectifier DPR 1200B-48 does not contain any user serviceable parts inside the unit. A faulty rectifier module should be replaced as a complete unit.

2.3.3.2 Rectifiers with both input and output interfaces on the back (e.g. FR 48 V – 2000 W – E) To replace a defective fan proceed as follows: Step 1.

Remove central fixation screw (1)

Step 2.

Remove rectifier module

Step 3.

Remove front panel screws (2)

Step 4.

Unplug fan connector (3)

Step 5.

Remove fan (4)

Step 6.

Replace the fan, note that the air stream direction must be towards rectifier inside (see indication arrow on fan housing)

Step 7.

Remount the parts in reverse order. 2 100 % Iout

ok

10 %

3

4

2

FR 48 V - 2000 W - E

1

Front view with panel

10

P0043

P0042

Front view without panel

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Energy Systems MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS

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2.3.3.3 Rectifier with AC input interface on the front (e.g. FR 48-1200W) Step 1.

Remove central fixation screw (1)

Step 2.

Pull out AC connector (2) and signal bus connectors (3)

Step 3.

Remove front panel screws (4)

Step 4.

Unplug fan connector (5)

Step 5.

Remove fan (6)

Step 6.

Replace the fan, note that the air stream direction must be towards rectifier inside (see indication arrow on fan housing)

Step 7.

Remount the parts in reverse order. 100 % Iout

ok

4

10 %

Syst em bus

3

5

6

Input 230 V 7A 50 Hz

2

4

FR 48 V - 1200 W

1

P0045

P0044

Front view with panel

2.4

Front view without panel

Power system controller maintenance Preventive maintenance actions recommended to be carried out once a year. Check the functioning of the controller according to the Installation and Commissioning section, chapter “Checking the control and alarm system”.

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DC POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS

7 October 2004

Energy Systems

Troubleshooting DC Power Supply Systems

60001_03 Issue 7 October 2004

Energy Systems TROUBLESHOOTING

DC POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS

TABLE OF CONTENTS 1

DOCUMENT INFORMATION ........................................................................................5 1.1

2

Version control...................................................................................................5

TROUBLESHOOTING...................................................................................................7 2.1

PSC 1000 alarms and sources ..........................................................................7

2.1.1

Alarm LEDs of the PSC 1000 ............................................................................7

2.1.2

Alarms and alarm sources .................................................................................7

2.2

PSC 3 alarms and sources ..............................................................................10

2.2.1

System status indications ................................................................................10

2.2.2

Alarms and alarm sources ...............................................................................10

2.3

Rectifier alarms................................................................................................12

2.3.1

Fan cooled rectifiers ........................................................................................12

2.3.2

SMPS rectifiers................................................................................................13

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1

DOCUMENT INFORMATION

1.1

Version control Document number

Document description

60001_03

Troubleshooting for DC Power Supply Systems.

Previous version

Description of changes

60001_02

PSC 3 and DPR 1200B-48 related information added. Controlled by

Date 07.10.2004

Markku Havukainen Approved by

Date 07.10.2004

Petteri Turkki

7 October 2004

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DC POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS

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Energy Systems TROUBLESHOOTING

2

DC POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS

TROUBLESHOOTING When trying to locate a fault in the power system proceed as follows:

2.1

Step 1.

Check the controller front panel display and alarm LEDs

Step 2.

Check the protocol (PSC 1000) or alarms (PSC 3) menu in the PSC

Step 3.

Check the LEDs on all rectifier front panels

PSC 1000 alarms and sources This section helps to locate power system faults that are displayed in the PSC 1000. Below in section 2.1.2 “Alarms and alarm sources” is a list of possible alarms, errors and messages that appear in the protocol menu, following with information on the possible cause of a fault and its clearance.

2.1.1

Alarm LEDs of the PSC 1000 Urgent Alarm (UA) Non-urgent Alarm (NUA) Mains Failure (MF)

2.1.2

Alarms and alarm sources Message

Alarm

Definition

RM Failure

UA

Rectifier failure according to configured scheme (→ Configuration)

RM Failure

NUA

Rectifier failure according to configured scheme (→ Configuration).

Load Fuse

UA/NUA/ No Alarm

One or more load fuses blown. Alarm as configured (→ Configuration).

Battery Fuse

UA/NUA/ No Alarm

One or more battery fuses blown. Alarm as configured (→ Configuration).

Usys high/Usys low

UA

System voltage above/below UA level ‘Ua max’/’Ua min’. If charge mode is ‘Battery Test’, UA due to Usys low is suppressed.

Usys high/Usys low

NUA

System voltage above/below NUA level ‘Us max’/’Us min’. If charge mode is ‘TC Float Charge’, NUA levels are temperature compensated. If charge mode is ‘Boost Charge’, ‘Battery Test’, ‘Temp Comp’ or ‘Equalize’ alarm is suppressed. If mains failure is active, alarm is or is not suppressed, according to chosen configuration (→ Configuration). Alarm is generated only a couple of seconds after level has been passed.

Utrip-low

UA/NUA/ No Alarm

System voltage has dropped below ‘Utrip-low’ level for at least 20 seconds.

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Isys high

NUA/UA

System current above ‘Isys max’. Alarm as configured (→ Configuration).

Psys high

NUA/UA

System power above ‘Psys max’. Alarm as configured (→ Configuration).

Battery Failure

UA/NUA

Battery test recognized battery as faulty. Alarm has to be reset manually. Alarm as configured (→ Configuration).

Battery Failure (U, I, T)

UA/NUA

Battery supervision recognized battery as faulty. Alarm has to be reset manually. Alarm as configured (→ Configuration).

Mains Failure

MF

Mains failure recognized

Mains Failure

UA/NUA

Additional alarm in case of mains failure – if configured so (→ Configuration). Generation of alarm may be delayed (menu option ‘4.9.MF delay’).

Usys Measurement

UA

The measured system voltage is not plausible for at least 25 seconds. Plausible voltage: 10…90 Volt. When a failure in the measurement of the system voltage is recognized, the measured voltage is not considered any more for controlling the system voltage (= feed back loop stopped → open loop control).

Temp Measurement

UA/NUA

The measured battery temperature is not plausible for at least 2 consecutive measurement time slices. Plausible temperature: -20…+90°C. Alarm as configured (→ Configuration). When a failure in the measurement of the battery temperature is recognized, PSC 1000 stops temperature compensation of the system voltage.

8

Temp 2 Measurement

UA/NUA

The measured ambient temperature is not plausible for at least 25 seconds. Plausible temperature: -20…+90°C. Alarm as configured (→ Configuration). When a failure in the measurement of the ambient temperature is recognized, PSC 1000 stops temperature comparison of the battery supervision.

A/D Failure

UA

Analog/Digital Converter does not work properly. Hardware failure.

Alarm 1

NUA/UA

Auxiliary alarm input for general purpose.

Alarm 2

NUA/UA

Auxiliary alarm input for general purpose.

Utrip2-low

UA/NUA/ No Alarm

System voltage has dropped below ‘Utrip2low’ level for at least 20 seconds.

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Utrip3-low

UA/NUA/ No Alarm

System voltage has dropped below ‘Utrip3low’ level for at least 20 seconds.

Temp TRIP1

UA/NUA/ No Alarm

Temperature has gone above ‘Ttrip1-high’ level for at least 20 seconds.

Temp TRIP2

UA/NUA/ No Alarm

Depending on configuration, either temperature has gone a) above ‘Ttrip2 ↑’ OR b) outside temperature band given by ‘Ttrip2 ↑’ and ‘Ttrip ↓’, for at least 20 seconds.

System OVP

UA

System over voltage protection procedure switches off the rectifiers (needs additional system hardware). Alarm has to be reset manually.

No Modem

NUA

If MODEM is not available or can not be initialized correctly.

Temp high

UA/NUA/ No Alarm

Depending on configuration, either temperature has gone above ‘Temp high’, for at least 20 seconds.

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2.2

PSC 3 alarms and sources

2.2.1

System status indications The alarm LEDs/indications of the PSC 3 UIM and web user interface can be assigned to any event by the user. Check your system status assignments in the web user interface (Configuration and Supervision Tool) menu: Configuration → I/O → System status & UIM Normally the LEDs are assigned as follows:

2.2.2



LED 1 / symbol “

” is assigned for “S Urgent Alarm” event



LED 2 / symbol “

” is assigned for “S Non Urg Alarm” event



LED 3 / symbol “

” is assigned for “S Alarm suppr.” event



LED 4 / symbol “

” is assigned for “S Mainsfailure” event



LED 5 / symbol “

” is assigned for “Special mode” event

Alarms and alarm sources The alarms and alarm indications in the PSC 3 controller are user-definable. The Urgent Alarm (UA), Non Urgent Alarm (NUA) and Mainsfailure Alarm exist as default in the controller. The flexibility of the PSC 3 allows the user to define any event in the controller under the UA and NUA alarm definitions. Also the naming of events is user-definable. The following events are the most common conditions for the UA and NUA alarms. The event names are based on the general instructions for configuring the PSC 3 (see Installation and Commissioning section). All events with prefix “S” are default system events that have a fixed name. Note!

These events can only be seen in the user interface module (UIM) as a source for UA or NUA alarms if they have been defined as alarms in the Alarm Setup menu of the web user interface. Otherwise they will be indicated only as UA or NUA alarms, without the further information about the alarm source. The alarm source investigation can then be done only through the web user interface of the PSC 3.

Event

Alarm

Definition

S Mainsfailure

MF

Mains failure recognized.

S Usys low

UA

The system voltage has dropped below the threshold value of the S Usys low event. Adjustable threshold, set by default to 46V.

S Urgent RFA

UA

Analogue Rectifier: Set if >1 rectifier failed. Digital Rectifier: Adjustable, by default set if 2 or more rectifiers failed.

Usys high

10

UA

The system voltage gone above the threshold value of the Usys high event.

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Energy Systems TROUBLESHOOTING

DC POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS

Ufuse_Lshunt1

UA

Fuse alarm for Load Shunt 1. The voltage measurement of the load shunt 1 has dropped below threshold value of the Ufuse_Lshunt1 event.

Ufuse_Bshunt1

UA

Fuse alarm for Battery Shunt 1. The voltage measurement of the battery shunt 1 has dropped below threshold value of the Ufuse_Bshunt1 event.

Ufuse_Bshunt2

UA

Fuse alarm for Battery Shunt 2. The voltage measurement of the battery shunt 2 has dropped below threshold value of the Ufuse_Bshunt2 event.

S HW Failure

NUA

A system hardware failure has been detected. This can be either a Temperature sensor, a SENSN, a SSM or PSC 3 internal failures. The alarm source can be investigated only in the Log menu of the web user interface.

S Non Urg RFA

NUA

Analogue Rectifier: Set if 1 rectifier failed. Digital Rectifier: Adjustable, by default set if 1 rectifier failed.

Psys high

NUA

The total system power, calculated by the PSC 3, has gone above the threshold value of the Psys high event.

Tbatt high

NUA

The battery temperature measurement has gone above the threshold value of the Tbatt high event.

Tbatt low

NUA

The battery temperature measurement has dropped below the threshold value of the Tbatt low event.

PLD1 [U+t]

NUA

Load group 1 has been disconnected by the Partial Load Disconnect (PLD). Either the primary time threshold condition from mainsfailure [t] or the secondary voltage condition based on system voltage is true.

PLD2 [U+t]

NUA

Load group 2 has been disconnected by the Partial Load Disconnect (PLD). Either the primary time threshold condition from mainsfailure [t] or the secondary voltage condition based on system voltage is true.

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Energy Systems TROUBLESHOOTING

2.3

DC POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS

Rectifier alarms The following instructions can be helpful in case of a rectifier alarm, to find out whether a rectifier is faulty or the failure is outside the rectifier module.

2.3.1

Fan cooled rectifiers Internal failures can only be repaired in Delta Energy Systems factory, therefore the faulty rectifier module in the system must be replaced with a new unit. With some rectifiers the fan can be replaced (see maintenance instructions). LED «ok» is off and an alarm is given: Mains voltage is missing:

Check mains fuse and connector

OVP is activated:

Reset OVP by pulling out the connector for approx. 2 seconds

OTP is activated:

Check air flow at front, clean air filter

Fan failure, air flow blocked:

Check air flow at front, clean air filter, check fan and replace if necessary

Load sharing not working:

Check connector

DC connection open:

Check connector

Rectifier is faulty:

Replace rectifier module

Systems with PSC 3 and digital communication: additional troubleshooting: COM-LED off or blinking

Communication failed. Check bus cable to PSC 3. Check correct IMBUS termination.

If nothing helps, disconnect the AC connector (FR 48V-1200W) or pull out (FR 48V-2000W-E and DPR 1200B-48) the rectifier module for 1 minute to reset the microcontroller. The settings can only be checked or adjusted via separate connector to an external programming box containing the appropriated software.

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2.3.2

DC POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS

SMPS rectifiers Internal failures can only be repaired in the Delta Energy Systems, therefore the faulty rectifier module in the system must be replaced with a new unit. LED «ok» OFF and alarm signal active: Mains voltage missing:

Check mains fuse and AC connections

OVP / OTP activated:

Reset OVP (only if conditions for shut down are not existing any more)

Fault inside the rectifier:

Replace rectifier module

LED «ok» is blinking and alarm signal active: Load sharing not working:

Check U out and bus connection

DC connector open

Check DC connector and cable

Output fuse open

Check output fuse in the rack.

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Energy Systems TROUBLESHOOTING

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DC POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS

7 October 2004

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