1889 Edison and His Inventions
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EDISON AND HIS INVENTIONS WITH COMPLETE
HIS INVENTIONS INCLUDING THE MANY
INCIDENTS, ANECDOTES, AND INTERESTING PARTICULARS
CONNECTED WITH THE EARLY AND LATER LIFE OF THE GREAT INVENTOR.
FULL EXPLANATIONS OF THE NEWLY PERFECTED PHONOGRAPH, TELEPHONE, TASIMETER, ELECTRIC LIGHT, AND ALL HIS PRINCIPAL DISCOVERIES, WITH COPIOUS ILLUSTRATIONS.
had any boy-hood days; and mechanical forces."
"T. A. E. never engines
amusements were steam
McCLURE, M. A.
PUBLISHING COMPANY, BIGHTS RKSEBVED.
MoOLUKE PUBLISHING COMPANY, 1889.
moment of the world's history, like its Electrical Science has suddenly flashed into general utility, and is now rapidly lifting, not only the veritable darkness from the earth, but everywhere in home and office, In the fractional
and mine, on land and sea, is demonstrating a scope of usefulness commensurate with the loftiest aspirations of man. Very circumscribed must be the mind, and decidedly limfield
ited the vision of
him who can take no
both the actual and possible verities of Electricity. Its position is one of popular supremacy, from which its blessings fall upon the day, no less than the night, and from
which the weary spaces and even time itself, seem to flee away. What it really is, no one knows; but what it is actually doing this book clearly tells in its sketch life of Thomas Alva Edison, the self-made electric king of the nineteenth century. So numerous are his inventions in every department of this wonderful science, and so fully are they described in this volume and generally by Mr. Edison himself else to
that a careful perusal leaves
be known of what
or nothing in this
vellously interesting field. Connected with the life o. such a person, there is always an array of incident and anecdote in which a generous public
manifest a keen interest that enlightens and entertains.
URL been our aim, also, in this volume, to present the many and remarkable experiences of his early and later that make up the wonderful history of Mr. Edison.
Nine years ago the
The world was might
intensely expectant then as to what Edison discover along the line of the mystic science; many
doubted, some laughed, and a few scientists who should have known better, scoffed and said, " No, it is impossible." This was a period of great struggle with Mr. Edison, and yet not without hope. No one knows this better than the great inventor himself. But where are the scoffers now?
And what the stupendous array of facts? Into his Electric Light alone has gone $25,000,000, with more to follow! to say nothing of his many other inventions, one of which, and the latest, his perfected Phonograph, he is said recently to have sold for a " cool million " of dollars. Verily the laborer is worthy of his reward. There can be no doubt, Electricity " has come to stay." Its mission is " business." And we shall probably yet see the " lightning all round the horizon." Mr. Edison still "has the floor." Let us listen.
retain, unchanged, the full details of Edison's early struggles with the Electric Light and Phonograph all the more interesting now and add the full particulars of his
great success in these departments; also a chapter on " Menlo Park " and its noble Edisonian band of workers in
days of yore has not been altered. The reader will find quite an extended Electrical Dictionary at the close of this volume that fully explains the many newly coined words and phrases required in this new and rapidly enlarging field, which are not found in Webster's Unabridged, and which constitute, as a whole, an interesting and instructive epitome of practical Electricity.
acknowledge our obligations, in the preparation of this work, to Samuel Edison, Esq. father of the inventor of
Port Huron, Mich.; Messrs. Edison, Batchelor,
other associates o^ Mr. Edison; Geo. B. Prescott's works;
Thomas D. Lockwood's works;
Scribner; North American Review; and the following popular, practical and progresTHE ELECTRICAL WORLD, New sive electric periodicals: York and Chicago; THE ELECTRICAL REViEW,No.l3 Park Row, New York; THE WESTERN ELECTRICIAN, Lakeside Building, Chicago; and especially to Mr. E. L. Powers, the Chicago Manager of the ELECTRICAL WORLD, Lakeside Building. Our thanks and best wishes to all these industrious workers on " the confines of the knowable." The highest honors, official and social, have been conferred upon Mr. Edison, by the great Paris Exposition of 1889, where his many exhibits form the greatest wonder of all, unless it be his personal self, whose attentions from the many thousands present exceed those of kings. Such is the merited and wide-spread compliment bestowed upon the hero of this volume.
Chicago, Jan. 2nd, 1890.
A CHAPTER OF SOME CURIOUS FEATURES IN ELECTRICITY, A DESCRIPTION OF THE PHONOGRAPHIC RECORDS UNDER
THE MICROSCOPE How the letters look Believed by Edison to be legible The deepest indentations made by consonants, GREAT AND WONDERFUL INSTRUMENT NOW COM-
PLETED The new Phonograph as explained fully by Mr. Edison What it is, what it does, and what it
LITTLE CHAT INTERMINGLED WITH WHISPERS WITH PERSONS 210 MILES APART An innocent joke perpetrated on Mr. Firman Complete success of the
MONUMENT TO ELECTRICITY
Carbon Telephone, Laboratory at Orange, N.
STORY OF EDISON
Hurrying up the Phonograph,
SERIES OF REMINISCENCES OF EDISON AS " TRAIN
His success in selling apples, toys, periodion the train How he used the Telegraph He starts a Newspaper The Edison Duplex His Laboratory on wheels A great mishap Young Edison pitched off the train, -37 cals, etc.,
A VERY YOUNG
ELECTRICIAN He buys a book on ElecExtemporizes a short line The Tom Cat Electrical Battery A daring feat in front of a locomotive The young Son of Thunder getting down tricity
OPERATOR His engagement at Port Huron Goes to Stratford Rigs an Ingenious
Telegraphing by Steam,
A YOUNG INVENTOB
Invents an instru-
ment Tells the boys to " rush him " Fidelity warded Becomes a first-class operator,
.^EROPHONE An Instrument for enlarging the volume -140 of sound Illustrated,
OF EARLY REMINISCENCES, AS GIVEN, BY 46
BOSTON AND YOUNG EDISON He departs for the "Hub" Snow bound His reception Joke on the cock roaches Inventions The girls,
BURDETTE AND EDISON TESTING THE SPANKTROPHONE, 116
DAWDLES TRIES THE TELEPHONE,
DICTIONARY OP ELECTRICAL WORDS AND PHRASES, FULLY EXPLAINED (NOT FOUND IN WEBSTER) Giving an easy outline of the science of
231 DOLL BABY PHONOGRAPH, -124 DOWN IN THE GOLD MINES OUT WEST, DYNAMO FULLY EXPLAINED A wonderful mechanism 173
for generating electricity,
DYNAMO INSTRUCTIONS to run
EARLY EFFORTS ON THE PHONOGRAPH Faber talking machines
EDISON BUILDING, CHICAGO, EDISON IN NEWARK,
Penniless and hungry
His great success,
EDISON IN MENLO PARK AND His EARLY BAND OP INDUSTRIOUS WORKERS,
EDISON'S EARLY LIFE
His nativity Childish amuseHis ancestry Mrs. Nancy Elliott Edison
EDISON'S UPS AND ator
'round the horizon
Tennessee Off for South America bank Incidents, in
EDISON'S COURTSHIP AND MARRIAGE, EDISON'S
the OperFooting it "Run" on a
FUNNY ANECDOTE OF THE ROCKY MOUNTAIN -
EDISON'S BRIDGE FOR MEASURING MAGNETIC TIVITY,
DYNAMO FOB GENERATING
EDISON'S ELECTRIC LIGHT AS EXPLAINED BY HIMSELF IN
FULL DETAIL WITH ILLUSTRATIONS MADE, ETC., EDISON'S ELECTRIC LIGHT
JABLOCHOFF'S et al. Sub-division of the fluid Platinum and Iridium How the light appeared to a visitor Carbon candle Early
of the largest plants in the world,
EDISON'S ELECTRIC LIGHT IN THE
EBISON'S ELECTRIC PEN, EDISON'S
GROUND DETECTOR FOR LIGHT
EDISON'S HARMONIC ENGINE,
EDISON'S IMPROVED PHONOPLEX FOR TELEGRAPHING SEV-
ERAL MESSAGES ON THE SAME WIRE AT THE SAME 209
TIME, EDISON'S EARLY EFFORTS IN ELECTRIC LIGHT EXPERI-
MENTS, EDISON'S JUNCTION
Box AND SAFETY CATCH,
EDISON'S METERS FOR MEASURING ELECTRICITY,
METHOD OF REGULATING THE CURRENT,
EDISON'S MUNICIPAL INCANDESCENT
LAMP FOR OUTSIDE 186
prevent a long line
ingenious mechanism to of lamps from being suddenly
EDISON'S OPINION OF THE PATENT
ent statement for Congressmen, EDISON'S PYRO-MAGNETIC DYNAMO
erating electric energy from the heat of a storm,
EDISON'S PERFECTED PHONOGRAPH,
EDISON'S PET BABY,
For regulating the
EDISON'S SONOROUS VOLTAMETER,
EDISON'S PHONOMETER, EDISON'S PRINCIPAL INVENTIONS,
EDISON JOKING WITH THE EARLY PHONOGRAPH,
EDISON JOKING WITH HIS FRIENDS,
EDISON ON STORAGE BATTERIES, 10
ELECTRO-MOTOGRAPH A curious instrument works Four hundred moves in a second,
ELI PERKINS AND MR. EDISON,
curious discovery of Mr. Edison,
SIDE OF THE PHONOGRAPH, AS SEEN BY COL. -
FURTHER EXPERIMENTS PERTAINING TO LIGHTS, LAMPS, - 159 AED THE GENERATING OF ELECTRICITY,
How How How
THE PHONOGRAPH FRIGHTENED A PREACHER, THE PHONOGRAPH WAS DISCOVERED
BY MR. 93
TO PUT THE DYNAMO IN OPERATION,
SUNS MADE FROM BURNT PAPER
MOSES AND THE TODDYGRAPH,
A curious instrument,
NEW EDISON DYNAMO, OUR AGE AND
PERSONAL DESCRIPTION OF MR. EDISON,
PHONOGRAPH AS NEWLY PERFECTED FULLY EXPLAINED, BY MR. EDISON,
PHONOGRAPH SUPREME AT HOME, PHONOGRAPH'S ARRIVAL cago
It visits Chi-
modern interviewed by a reporter it talked What it had to say,
PHONOGRAPH AND Music
POSSIBILITIES OF THE
A very useful
How ships may talk on An
ures the heat of the stars
instrument that meas-
TABLES OF WEIGHT AND LINEAL MEASURE, ETC. TASIMETER OR THERMOPILE
RELATIVE CONDUCTIVITY OF SUBSTANCES, SEA TELEPHONE
TASIMETER AND THE STARS,
TESTING THE TASIMETER ON THE SUN'S CORONA "Wonderful experiments of Mr. Edison in the Rocky Mountains,
Mr. Edison's own account of his discovery
of the Carbon Telephone An interesting history His explanation of the wonderful instrument Illustrated
by numerous engravings It talks over a wire His other telephones,
720 miles long
TELEPHONE AND THE DOCTORS, TELEPHONOGRAPH phonograph,
A combination of the telephone
THE BASIS OF THE TASIMETER, TRAIN TELEGRAPHY
received on a rapidly moving train,
UNCLE REMUS AND THE PHONOGRAPH,
WONDERFUL OLFACTORY POWERS OF THE TELEPHONE,
Aerophone, (1) (2)
Amperemeters and Regulator Boxes
Apparatus of the Telephone
Go's Manufactory of Edison's Electric Ap-
Bridge for Measuring Magnetic Conductivity
Carbon Rheostat (perspective,)
Carbon Rheostat (in
Cat Battery Experiment
Diagram of the Phonograph
Different Types of the Edison
Dynamo, New Edison
Rookery Building, Chicago
Edison Building, Chicago
Edison "Ground" Detector Edison
Factory, Newark, N.
Edison Municipal Incandescent
Edison Rescuing a Child
Edison Telegraphing by Steam
Edison's Electric Generator
Edison's Electric Light
Edison's Pyro-Magnetic Electric
Electric Light Electric
Electrophorous Telephone Electro-Static Telephone
which Edison was Born
Menlo Park, the Birth-place of the Incandescent Lamp.. 16 Micro-Tasimeter (perspective) Micro-Tasimeter
Mrs. Nancy E. Edison, Mother of the Inventor Offices
and Show Rooms of the Edison United States Manu-
Operator Receiving and Sending Messages on a Railway
Operator's Train Telegraph Apparatus
The Wonder of the World
Explained by Mr. Edison
Phonograph Records under the Microscope
Pressure Relay " " Printing the Grand Trunk Herald on the Train
137 39 74
Railway Car Showing
Telegraph on a Moving 205
Samuel Edison, Father of the Inventor Tasimeter
Telephone Apparatus, with Switch
The Telephone (interior) The Telephone (exterior)
Young Edison Pitched
The Telephonograph___ Thomas Alva Edison Tuning Fork Signal
Car on Fire
Into the River
EDISON AND HIS INVENTIONS. Our Age and "
Of what use
said the skeptic to Franklin, doubting the value of his identification of lightning and electricity. " Of what use is a child? " said the philosopher, adding is it?
may become a man." " " Evidently, this man with the kite saw the coming possibilities of the " subtle fluid," but it is hardly possible that he dreamed of its ultimate widespread general utility. " " put it now," says Professor Gray, to all sorts of uses.
carry our messages, drive our engine, ring our door take it as a medicine, light
and scare the burglar. our gas, see by it, hear from
it, talk with it, and now we are beginning to teach it to write. If Job lived in this age, and the question was put to him as of old, Canst thou Here send lightnings, that they may go and say unto thee, we are?" he could say, 'Yes;' and they can be made to <
" friend of mine says in verse," say it in the vernacular." adds the professor: " Time was when one must hold bis ear Close to a whispering voice to
Like deaf men, nigh and nigher; But now from town to town he talks, And puts his nose into a box
whispers through a wire.
" In olden times along the street glimmering lantern led our feet
on a midnight
But now we
A piece of And
when night comes
lightning from the sky stick it on a pole."
" Yes, the child has
become a man," noble, honest, useful, had a singularly long period of in-
As Samuel Edison fancy, but a decidedly brief boyhood. says of his son, the great inventor, so has it been with "T. A. E. never had any boyhood days; his electricity: amusements were steam engines and mechanical forces." " Those of us who are just across the meridian of life," " says Gray, can remember the first telegraph wire that was strung in this country. To-day it is difficult to find a corearly
ner of the earth so remote as to be out of sight of one. will find them even in the bottom of the seas and
The last twenty years have seen more advance in the science of electricity than all the 6,000 historic years preceding. More is discovered in one day now than in a oceans.
thousand years of the middle ages, so that, " is a thousand years.'
Inventions multiply with increasing rapidity, and discoveries flash as lightnings over the land. cannot, if we would, shut our eyes to the results.
Intimately associated with this progress, and foremost in the ranks, is Thomas Alva Edison, the acknowledged leader in " applied electricity," a veritable " captain of industries,"
whose multiplied and multiplying useful electrical mechanisms have become to men of thought, the wonder of the world.
Since the first Edison dynamo was built, for the unfortunate steamer " Jeannette," which now lies with it in the cold depths of the Arctic Ocean, over one hundred and fifty central stations, and nearly two thousand isolated plants, with a capacity of more than one million, five hundred thousand lamps, have been installed in America alone, to supply the Edison incandescent electric light, aggregating an
Other plants are Auditorium Building in
millions of dollars.
to follow, one of which, the great
AND HIS INVENTIONS. Chicago, will
be the largest isolated plant in the world, con-
taining eight thousand, six hundred lights, now in process of And all this, in the line of only one great purpose of the Edison discoveries, the electric light, involving, installation.
however, about one thousand separate patents! Verily, these facts demonstrate not only the genius, but the persistent energy and dominant determination of Mr. Edison, to
forces of the
science to his end and aims,, and also verify his remarkable words, uttered some four ve^rs ago only, concerning the " commercial evolution of amid the and
laughs electricity," jeers of many, and exciting great criticism at the time, when he said: " Two years of experience proves beyond a doubt that the electric light for duced and sold."
Professor Barker " ison, that
household purposes can be pro-
may well say, as he has, of Mr. Edman of Herculean suggestiveness; not
only the greatest inventor of the age, but a discoverer as when he cannot find material with properties he re-
he reaches far out into the regions of the unknown, and brings back captive the requisites for his inventions." Recently, at a concert in the Crystal Palace, London, Ediquires,
son's new phonograph recorded perfectly a performance of Handel's music, reporting with perfect accuracy the sublime strains of the " Israel in Egypt," and which can now be
repeated at any time and place with the phonogram and a " reproducer." By Edison's automatic system one thousand words per
minute are possible over a single wire; by his quadruplex, four distinct and different messages pass over the wire at the same time; by his phonograph all shades of sound are preserved and may at any time be reproduced; by his carbon telephone all shades of sound pass over the long wires to be distinctly heard many miles away; and by his electric light,
20 night, with
disappearing from the arena of
Thus the wide world, every day, by
being brought into closer proximity, with its facilifor communication, business, social life and pleasures, al-
most infinitely augmented. Well may a leading journal of this country remark: