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FUTURISTIC NURSING Rajesh Kataria, INC PhD scholar Introduction:Many new trends in nursing are likely to develop in the near future. Some can predicted with certainly while others may be unexpected these trends of the future will result from very rapid changes take place in all areas of life. You will have to make a constant effort to keep informed through all available sources. It is the only way which will help you to know what is happening at present and what may come in the near future. Modern Nursing:The art of using the latest technology and science to promote quality of life as defined by patients and families through out their life experiences from birth to the end of life. Aspects of future of Nursing • Nursing Education • Nursing Services NURSING EDUCATION Future directions for nursing Education In 1993, three major organizations issued statements and reports about nursing education for the twenty first century. Their reports addressed the new directions of nursing education needed to take in the future. Although the three organizations
advocated somewhat different approaches and strategies, several common themes emerged in their reports common emphasis included the following eight points. These eight areas of emphasis remain as important today as they were first identified in 1993. 1.Schools should recruit diverse students and facilities that reflect the multicultural nature of society. 2.Curricula and learning activities should develop student’s critical thinking skills. 3.Curricula should emphasize student’s abilities to communicate from interpersonal families and inter disciplinary colleagues. 4.The number of advanced practice nurses should be increased and curricula should emphasize health promotion and health maintenance skills for all nurses. 5.Emphasis should be placed on community–based care increased accountability state of the art clinical skills and increased information management skills. 6.Cost effectiveness of care should be focus in nursing curricula. 7.Faculty should develop programme that facilitate programme articulation and career mobility. 8.Continuing faulty development activities should support excellence in practice teaching and research. Future direction for medical education The University of Queensland hosted the first Australian National Medical Education Colloquium in August 2005. The priority directions for medical education identified by plenary speaker were: 1Student centered learning • Adaptive curriculum • Teaching Innovations
• System approach • Finless to practice • Medical Education Student centered learning Harden highlighted the importance of student centered learning as being pivotal to thinking about learning and teaching the suggested that medical institutions includes a bank of learning objects (e.g. x-ray images, videos) curricula maps, virtual patients and guided learning that is responsive to the learning needs of individual students. Adaptive Curriculum An adaptive curriculum modifies and personalizes learning by designing teaching and learning experiences in response to the specific needs of the individual students. Harden explained that concepts of “just for me learning” and “just in time learning” are accommodated by technology when the learner is ready the teacher will appear via technology. Teaching Innovations Innovations in medical education extend to curriculum technology assessment and professionalism. The curriculum model of the future should be student – centered problem or task based, inter professional, community based and elective driven with core and student selected components. System Approach Aretz stressed the need for medical education programs to prepare gradates
who are responsible to both the needs to the health system in which they will function and needs of patients they will treat currently medical students spend most time in teaching hospitals but they will eventually work in the community, where most patients present and are treated.
Fitness to practice According to Walton, fitness to practice is an issue with which all medical schools are currently grappling overall we are probably handling the issues of knowledge and clinical skills quite well. There is still debate about what it really means what its components are and what we need to do much better. Medical Education Research In order to validate the effectiveness of new teaching approaches medical education research must emphasis appropriate methodology. Parideaux said that very little research is undertaken of our teaching programs in medical schools. He challenged to make medical education research in integral part of their school service. Nursing Services By the year 2020- less than 15 years from now a study from occupational Health and Safety Administration predicts that the need for registered nurses in nursing homes will increase 66% for licensed practical and vocational nurses by 72% and the need for certified nursing assistants will increase by 69%. For nurses working in home health settings which include ‘managed care’ nursing home settings- those numbers are even higher will above 250% increase at every level of licensing.
On site Nurse in Senior Housing Many senior don’t need round the clock nursing care, but do need some nursing supervision. Senior housing communities often have an on site nurse who is available in case of an emergency. The nurse on site will also often consult with doctors to help and manage any medical care that they need.
Regents Blue Ribbon Task Force on the future of Nursing In April 2001, New York State Board of Regents named a Blue Ribbon Task Force on Future of the Nursing, chaired by Regent Diane. The Regents Blue Ribbon Task Force has a critical role in addressing the current nursing shortage, solutions to the problem and the long term future of nursing. The leaders from education, health care government were the members of the Task Force. The task force has released their findings and recommendations for resolving those looming health care crises. The task force recommends the following solutions to the nursing shortage. Recruitment Expand the nursing workforce by recruiting additional numbers of men, nonpracticing nurses and recent high school graduates. Education Provide additional academic and financial support systems to increase and pool of nursing school graduates and creates career leaders. Technology
Increase the application of labor saving technology to eliminate unnecessary, duplicative paper work and communication of patient information, thereby improving workplace conditions. Data Collection Develop a reliable central source of data on the future need for nurses in the workforce upon which employers, policy makers, researchers and legislators may base pubic policy and recourse allocations. Clarify existing laws and regulations Scope of practice for Nurses Issue practice guidelines to clarify the legal scope of practice of nursing including those tasks which do not require licensure. These guidelines will reaffirm the individual practitioner’s responsibility for patient care. Future of Nursing Career Predications are that in 10 or 20 years it will look nothing like it does today! with new technologies and drugs, changes in insurance and health care policies and the shortage in nurses, the profession will have to reinvest itself. Many nursing functions will be automated such as documentation and updating patient records, smart beds to monitor vital signs and voice activated technology. This would give nurses more time to provide a human touch to their patients. As results of nursing shortages Health care facilities will be forced to use their nurses judiciously nurses will spend more time at the bedside as educators and care coordinators to refocus on the patient. They will need to know how to access knowledge and transfer it to
the patient and their loved ones. The changes in technology will possibly attract more men and minorities into the profession. Greater emphasis must be placed on supporting teaching careers and recruiting educators to relieve the serious shortage of nursing school faculty. More loans and scholarships for master’s and PhD’s would have to be in place. As technology and research progresses nurses would focus more on preventing the illnesse rather than treatment. The nursing shortage and rising health care costs will also put pressure on the health care system to change from an illness model to a wellness and prevention model.
If the nursing shortage continues Hospitals may have to be reserved only for the very sickest. They will also serve more prominent roles in clinics, consulting firms, insurance companies. Nurses would probably to much more population based or community Health care. They will provide community education and work with employers and insurance payers to develop programs that save money as well as promote health.
TECHNOLOGICAL ADVANCEMENT TECHNOLOGY CHANGED THE NURSING Technology has facilitated change and improvements in health care at a more rapid pace than ever before with each passing year, the pace of that change and accumulation of knowledge increase exponentially. Nurse now tends to be specialists rather than generalists because the equipment they use is so specialized. In addition, computers have helped tremendously because they have taken away
the need for nurses to remember so much information. They also allow nurses to check information against orders, which makes providing health care safer advanced monitoring tools have improved efficiency. Technology can make it more challenging to make sure the art of nursing in not over-shadowed by science. If we merely take care of the physical person and miss the target in the spirit of the person we fail as a profession. Telemedicine:The concept of telemedicine was introduced more than 30 yrs ago through the use of telephone and slow-scan games. The term telemedicine in short refers to the utilization of telecommunication technology for medical diagnosis, treatment and patient care. Telemedicine is a rapidly developing application of clinical medicine where medical information is transferred via telephone, the internet or other networks for the purpose of consulting and sometimes remote medical procedures or examinations. Telemedicine enables a physician or specialist at on one site to deliver health care, diagnose patients, give intra-operative assistance, provide therapy or consult with another physician or paramedical personnel at a remote site. Telemedicine system consists of customized medical software integrated with computer hardware, along with medical diagnostic instruments. The great impact of telemedicine may be in fulfilling its promise to improve the quality, increase the efficiency and expand the access of the health care delivery system to the rural population and developing countries. Telehealth Nursing: Telehealth Nursing is generally not a separate nursing role. Few nurses use
telehealth exclusively in their practices. Nurses have always used the telephone to communicate with physicians, patients and other health care providers. Today's technologies have evolved far beyond the telephone to include computers, interactive audio and video linkages, teleconferencing. Telehealth is defined as "the removal of time and distance barriers for the delivery of health care services and related health care activities through telecommunication technology". The goals of healthy people 2010 include eliminating health disparities among population & improving quality of life and life expectancy. Many health disparities occur because of barriers such as geographic location e.g. rural population’s experiences greater health disparities, age that creates health disparities because of limited health care access, home bound status & transportation issues. The use of telehealth expands access to health care for underserved populations and individuals in both urban and rural areas. It also serves to reduce the sense of professional isolation experienced by those who work in such areas and may assist in attracting and retaining health care professionals in remote areas. Impact of Telehealth on Patient outcomes: Telehealth use in home health care opens the door for direct communication between the patient and the provider by integrating information and technology to facilitate health care delivery. Telehealth essentially removes time and distance barriers via videophones, video camera and sensory monitoring devices. The telehealth contributes to positive outcomes in terms of self management and compliance. Robot Nursing:
Human nurses can have peace of mind. Their jobs are secure but little helper has come to rescue to do most of the boring nursing tasks for them. Robot-Nurse helps nurses in hospitals. Her body is developed by Samsung and her brain by Robot-Hosting.com. The nursing school and the psychology departments of the University of Auckland are creating her nurse knowledge base. She has face recognition (Camera), voice recognition (Microphone), arms and hands. She talks (Speaker) with the Patients, Doctors and Nurses in 8 human languages. another responsibility is talking with those patients who do not have any visitor Her to keep their company, just carry the conversation to make them happy. Therefore they will not feel lonely. Futuristic Cyber Nursing: In Future:2When you arrive at work, your I.D. tag is automatically detected and you are clocked in as you walk through the door. • The patient is being monitored by automatic vital signs. • You do your assessment verbally into your hand held device that converts it to readable notes on the computers' main system. • At patient’s bed side, you can get chemistry, hematology with a small hand held device that requires no blood drawn. You just place the sensor on the patient’s skin and you have auto results. • You verbalize your order into the hand held which goes directly to pharmacy which fills the orders automatically directly to patient's room. • Most diagnosis will have a system for auto care plans upon patient admission. • Patients have a bedside computer to access educational tools and progress of
their recovery or stay. • Nurses getting laptops and using intranet to do their jobs. This is a way to spend more time with patients and less time for doing paperwork.
REFERENCES: 3 Chitty Kay Kittrell “Professional Nursing concepts and challenges” Ed 4th Pp 53. 4Zwemer Ann J “Professional Adjustment and Ethics For Nurses in India” Ed 6th Published by K. V. Mathew Pp 275-277. 5Official Journal “Nursing Outlook” July-August 2008 Pp152-156. 6WWW.Google. Com. 7WWW.Pubmed. Com.