Práctica 1.0

August 23, 2022 | Author: Anonymous | Category: N/A
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Afbmbzms Fbtdrbmcfgbmids Xríctfcm F M88=8438; Dbtrdemr ims rdspudstms db ub ngcuodbtg db agromtg XNA. /*/*/*/*/*/*/*/*/*/*/*/*/*/*/*/*/*/*/*/*/*/*/*/*/*/*/*/*/*/*/*/*/*/*/*/*/*/*/

XZDETB^MS V MXIFCMCFGBDS =.

Xrgjidoms nd medbcfm nd ims COB. m. Dxpifqud di prgjidom nd medbcfm nd ubm COB.  Dstm tgom agrom cumbng igs nfrdctfvgs nd ubm doprdsm cgigcmb sus fbtdrdsds pgr  dbcfom nd igs fbtdrdsds nd igs mccfgbfstms. Xgr ig qud fbvdstfemr di prgjidom nd im medbcfm COB dstí mpubtmbng m ub prgjidom nd fb fbtd tdrd rdsds sds db dbtr trdd ig igss sgcfg sgcfgss y ed edrd rdbt btds ds qu qufd fdbd bdss tg tgom omb b ims ims nd ndcf cfsfg sfgbd bdss y igs igs  prgpfdtmrfgs ndi cob dbtgbcds igs edrdbtds qud dstíb tgombng ims ndcfsfgbds qud dstíb madctmbng ims odbtms nd im doprdsm ósdm im COB qud ds dstmjidcdr ubm sujsfnfmrfm db ub dspmcfg db sftfg nd gtrg im didccfób nd mermbnmr ubm sujsfnfmrfm  pudnd dstmr ogtfvmnm pgr di qufdrg ndi edrdbtd nd rdcfjfr ubm fbndobfzmcfób oís ermbnd y bg di fbtdræs nd fbcrdodbtmr di cgstg nd im COB m dstg sd iimom ub  prgjidom nd medbcfm. j. ·Xgr quæ igs cgstgs nd medbcfm pudndb sdr oís mitgs pmrm ubm COB qud pmrm ubm doprdsm odrmodbtd bmcfgbmi g ngoæstfcm7 Dstg pgrqud ims COB sudidb sdr ouckg oís ermbnds qud ims doprdsms ngoæstfcms y ofdbtrms oís ermbnd im doprdsm, omygr ds di rfdseg qud dbardbtmb nd tdbdr   prgjidoms nd medbcfm. Igs prdcfgs nd im medbcfm sgb edbdrmiodbtd oís mopifgs pmrm ims grembfzmcfgbds ouitfbmcfgb ouitfb mcfgbmids mids qud ims grembfzmcfg grembfzmcfgbds bds purmo purmodbtd dbtd bmcfgbmids bmcfgbmids pgr ims próx próxfoms foms cmusms. Odbcfgbmrd Odbcfgb mrdogs ogs qud ims ouitfb ouitfbmcf mcfgbm gbmids ids fbc fbcurr urrdb db db oís ermbn ermbnds ds prdcfg prdcfgss nd medbcfm db igs edrdbtds nd ogbftgrdg nd ims afifmids dxtrmb`drms nfstmbtds. Db sd sdeu eubn bng g ig igss ed edrd rdbt btds ds nd afif afifmi mids ds dx dxtr trmb mb`dr `drms ms gr grfe fefb fbmr mrfg fgss nd nfad nfadrd rdbt btds ds cfvfifzmcfgbds tfdbdb im pgsfjfifnmn nd bg cgbtfbumr afbds ubfagrods.   Db tdrcdrg tdrcdrg im omebftun omebftun nd ims ogbuodbtmi ogbuodbtmids ds grembfzmcfg grembfzmcfgbds bds ouitfbmcfgb ouitfbmcfgbmids mids mndoís pgnrïm crdmr dbgrods fbcgbvdbfdbtds nd medbcfm

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Qdbtm`m cgopmrmtfvm. m. Dxpifqud cóog sd rdimcfgbm im tdgrïm nd im vdbtm`m cgopmrmtfvm cgb im bdcdsfnmn nd tdbdr bdegcfgs fbtdrbmcfgbmids. @daa Omnurm dxpifcm jmstmbtd jfdb dstm prdeubtm0 vdbtm`ms cgopmrmtfvms pdroftdb qud ims doprdsms pdbdtrdb db igs odrcmngs

 

dxtrmb`drgs. Xgr d`dopig, ouckms doprdsms nd ims Fsims Qfredbds sd dspdcfmifzmb db di turfsog y ndpdbndb tgtmiodbtd ndi cgodrcfg fbtdrbmcfgbmi pmrm cgbsdeufr im omygr   pmrtd nd igs prgnuctgs. Mubqud db dstms fsims pgnrïmb prgnucfr mieubgs jfdbds, ds oís dafcfdbtd pmrm diims dspdcfmifzmrsd db di turfsog ds ndcfr dstíb utfifzmbng od`gr  mieubgs fberdsgs gjtdbfngs ndi turfsog pmrm im fopgrtmcfób nd prgnuctgs, db iuemr  nd trmtmr nd prgnucfr tgngs igs jfdbds qud bdcdsftmb.

j. Dxpifqud cóog sd rdimcfgbm im tdgrïm ndi cfcig ndi prgnuctg cgb di crdcfofdbtg nd ubm COB. Sdeðb dstm tdgrïm, ims doprdsms sd dstmjfifzmb db di odrcmng bmcfgbmi cgog rdsuitmng nd cfdrtm vdbtm`m pdrcfjfnm sgjrd sus cgopdtfngrds dxfstdbtds, cgog ubm bdcdsfnmn ndi odrcmng nd pgr ig odbgs ub prgvddngr oís ndi prgnuctg.  Cgog im fbagromcfób mcdrcm nd igs odrcmngs y im cgopdtdbcfm dstí oís m su micmbcd db su pmïs, ds prgjmjid qud ubm doprdsm sd dstmjidzcm prfodrg db su bmcfób nd grfedb.  Db ub prfbcfpfg, im doprdsm cujrfrí im ndombnm nd su prgnuctg db di dxtrmb`drg pgr  odnfg nd im dxpgrtmcfób. Mi pmsg ndi tfdopg, ds prgjmjid qud cgbsfndrd qud im ðbfcm agrom nd cgbsdrvmr su vdbtm`m sgjrd im cgopdtdbcfm db igs pmïsdsmsf dxtrmb`drgs amjrfcmbng su prgnuctg db odrcmngs fbtdrbmcfgbmids, rdnucfdbng igs cgstgsdsnd trmbspgrtd. Im tdgrïm ndi pdrfgng ndi prgnuctg fbnfcm qud mieubm vdz im cgopmýïm trmtmrí nd cmpftmifzmr sus vdbtm`ms pdrcfjfnms db odrcmngs nfvdrsgs nd ngbnd sd dstmjidcfó mi fbfcfg. 3.

Odrcmngs fopdradctgs. m. Dxpifq Dxpifqud ud nd quæ ombdrm ombdrm im dxfstd dxfstdbcf bcfmm nd odrcmn odrcmngs gs fopdra fopdradct dctgs gs nm iuemr iuemr mi dstmjidcfofdbtg nd sujsfnfmrfms db igs odrcmngs dxtrmb`drgs. m) Igs odrcmngs odrcmngs fopdradc fopdradctgs tgs crdmb crdmb cgbnfcfgbd cgbnfcfgbdss (cgstgs, rdstrfc rdstrfccfgbd cfgbds, s, dbtrd gtrgs gtrgs nd  pdifergs y gpgrtubfnmnds, mtrmctfvms qud ogtfvmb im cgopdtdbcfm ndjfng m qud igs cgopgbdbtds nd prgnuccfób sgb fboóvfids qud ndsdm odbcfgbmr qud kmy prdcfgs y ifoftmcfgbds db rdimcfób cgb im trmbsadrdbcfm nd ombg nd gjrm y gtrgs rdcursgs y cgog ds ub odrcmng fopdradctg.  Ims cgrpgrmcfgbds ouitfbmcfgbmids mprgvdckmb igs rdcursgs nd im bmcfób dxtrmb`drg ndjfng m qud nfckgs odrcmngs gardcdb ub fbcdbtfvg pmrm qud ims grembfzmcfgbds  jusqudb gpgrtubfnmnds audrm nd nd im bmcfób. j. Sf dxfstfdrmb igs odrcmngs pdradctgs, pdradctgs, ·igs smimrfgs, smimrfgs, prdcfgs y tmsms nd fbtdræs fbtdræs dbtrd igs pmïsds sdrïmb oís g odbgs sfofimrds qud db ims cgbnfcfgbds nd igs odrcmngs fopdradctgs7 ·Xgr quæ7 Sf ndjfng m qud, sf igs cgopgbdbtds nd prgnuccfób sd tdbemb im pgsfjfifnmn nd trmbsadrfr cgb amcfifnmn, im ombg nd gjrm y gtrgs rdcursgs pgnrïmb aiufr kmcfm di sftfg nd im ndombnm. Im ogvfifnmn sfb ifoftmcfgbds nd igs cgopgbdbtds crdmrïm dqufnmn

 

dbtrd igs prdcfgs y igs fberdsgs y difofbmrïm difofbmrïm im vfrtun cgopmrmtfvm cgopmrmtfvm db prdcfgs, qud ds di ogtfvg prfogrnfmi ndi bdegcfg y ims fbvdrsfgbds nd tgng di oubng.

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Gpgrtubfnmnds Gpgrtubfnmn ds fbtdrbmcfgbmids. m. ·Xfdbsm qud im mnqufsfcfób nd ubm doprdsm dxtrmb`drm g nd ubm ifcdbcfm næ cgog rdsuitmng ub omygr crdcfofdbtg pmrm ubm COB7 ·]uæ mitdrbmtfvm ds prgjmjid qud tdbem omygr rfdseg7 rfdseg dstí msgcfmng cgb di cgbgcfofdbtg sgjrd im omtdrfm m trmtmr< ubm doprdsm dstmjidcfnm tfdbd omygr cgbgcfofdbtg sgjrd di odrcmng qud ubm doprdsm pgr  dstmjidcdrsd m trmvæs ndi usg nd ubm ifcdbcfm. Sfb dojmreg, ubm doprdsm budvm tfdbd omygr gpgrtubfnmn nd crdcfofdbtg qud ubm dstmjidcfnm pgrqud im dstmjidcfnm ym gcupm ub dspmcfg qud bg pudnd cgbqufstmr budvmodbtd. Tbm cgoprm sudid gardcdr sftfg m ub oís ermbnd fbcrdodbtg, sfb dojmreg, ds oís rfdsegsg rfdseg sg ym qud cgoðbodbtd cgoðbodbtd bdcdsftm ubm fbvdrsfób fbvdrsfób oís dbgrod dbgrod y im didccf didccfób ób bg sd pudnd fbvdrtfr nd agrom sdbcfiim cumbng sd kmcd im cgoprm. Ndscrfjm ub dscdbmrfg dscdbmrfg db di qud di tmomýg nd ubm cgrpgrmcfób cgrpgrmcfób bg sd vdm madctmng madctmng j. Ndscrfjm  pgr di mccdsg m gpgrtubfnmnds fbtdrbmcfgbmids. fbtdrbmcfgbmids. Sf pgr tmomýg sd dbtfdbnd im cmbtfnmn nd sucursmids, s ucursmids, dbtgbcds ubm doprdsm bmcfgbmi qud mprgvdckd gpgrtubfnmnds fbtdrbmcfgbmids pmrm dxpgrtmr, bg vdrí madctmng su tmomýg. Tbm cgoprm sudid gardcdr sftfg m ub oís ermbnd fbcrdodbtg, sfb dojmreg, ds oís rfdsegsg rfdseg sg ym qud cgoðbodbtd cgoðbodbtd bdcdsftm ubm fbvdrsfób fbvdrsfób oís dbgrod dbgrod y im didccf didccfób ób bg sd pudnd fbvdrtfr nd agrom sdbcfiim cumbng sd kmcd im cgoprm.  Dxpifqud pgr quæ ims COB cgog Cgcm-Cgim y XdpsfCg, Fbc. tgnmvïm tfdbdb ouckms gpgrtubfnmnds nd dxpmbsfób fbtdrbmcfgbmi. m. Dstms tfdbdb gpgrtubfnmnds nd crdcfofdbtg pgrqud cmnm vdz im pgjimcfób ds omygr y pgrqud mðb kmy pmïsds ngbd Cgcm-Cgim bg sd vdbnd. Cgcm Cgim y XdpsfCg mðb pgsddb bgvdngsms gpgrtubfnmnds oubnfmids puds ims bmcfgbds pdrombdcdb db mieubms amsds nd ndsmrrgiig. Cfdrtgs tdrrftgrfgs kmb mjfdrtg rdcfdbtdodbtd sus nfrdctfvms m ims ouitfbmcfgbmids. Qmrfgs Qmr fgs nd nfckgs nfckgs tdr tdrrftg rftgrfg rfgss bg gardcd gardcdb b suafcfd suafcfdbtd btdss mif mifodb odbtgs tgs g jdjfnm jdjfnmss m sus cifdbtds.

Gpgrtubfnmnds Gpgrtubfnmn ds fbtdrbmcfgbmids ndjfnms m Fbtdrbdt. m. ·]uæ amctgrds kmcdb qud mieubms doprdsms sd fbtdrbmcfgbmifcdb oís qud gtrms7

 



Su cm cmpm pmcf cfnm nmn n nd mn mnmp mptm tmrsd rsd m ims ims bu budv dvms ms tdbn tdbndb dbcf cfms ms db igs igs nfs nfstfb tfbtg tgss odrcmngs.



Im oftfemcfób nd igs prgjidoms nd medbcfm.



fbvdrsfób db fbvdstfemcfób y ndsmrrgiig.



Smturmcfób ndi odrcmng fbtdrbg ndi pmïs nd grfedb.

j. Dxprdsd su gpfbfób sgjrd im rmzób pgr im qud Fbtdrbdt pudnd nmr cgog rdsuitmng oís bdegcfgs fbtdrbmcfgbmids. Sdbcfiimodbtd pgrqud dstmogs db ubm drm nfeftmi ims omygrds agrtubms ds pgr odnfg ndi fbtdrbdt di fbtdrbdt tfdbd im omygr fbagromcfób y pdrsgbms qud im rdvfsmb. Di fbtdrbdt pudnd nmr cgog rdsuitmng bdegcfgs oís fbtdrbmcfgbmids pgrqud dstm kdrrmofdbtm nm mccdsg m odrcmngs fbtdrbmcfgbmids. f btdrbmcfgbmids. Tb bdegcfg pujifcmng db im wdj pudnd tdbdr vfsftms nd pdrsgbms db cumiqufdr pmrtd ndi oubng. 4.

Cdbtrmifzmcfób y cgstgs nd medbcfm. ·Di prgjidom nd medbcfm sdrí oís ermvd pmrm Jdrldiy Cgrp., cuym doprdsm omtrfz tgom im omygrïm nd ims ndcfsfgbds nd ims sujsfnfmrfms db di dxtrmb`drg, g pmrm Gmlimbn Cgrp., qud utfifzm ub dbagqud ndscdbtrmifzmng7 Ofdbtrms omygr di bðodrg nd pdrsgbms mi ombng, omygr im cmbtfnmn nd pdrsgbms qud  pudndb prgvgcmr di prgjidom nd medbcfm. Xgr dstg, Gmlimbn Cgrp. pudnd sdr im qud oís suarm nd nfckg prgjidom.

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Dxpgsfcfób m igs tfpgs nd cmojfg. Igs Igs oætg oætgng ngss oís oís cg cgou oubd bdss qu qudd im imss dopr doprds dsms ms utfi utfifz fzmb mb pm pmrm rm ombd ombd`m `mrr igs igs bd bdeg egcf cfgs gs fbtdrbmcfgb fbtdr bmcfgbmids mids sgb di cgodrcfg cgodrcfg fbtdrbmcfgb fbtdrbmcfgbmi, mi, ims ifcdbcfms, ifcdbcfms, ims armbqufcfm armbqufcfms, s, ims `gfbt vdbturds, im mnqufsfcfób nd doprdsms dxtrmb`drms y im agromcfób nd sujsfnfmrfms db di dxtrmb`drg.. dxtrmb`drg

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Oætgngs utfifzmngs pmrm rdmifzmr bdegcfgs fbtdrbmcfgbmids. Igs oætgngs cgog ims ifcdbcfms y ims armbqufcfms cgoprdbndb dscmsm fbvdrsfób nd cmpftmi,  pdrg nfstrfjuydb pmrtd nd ims embmbcfms dbtrd gtrgs pmrtfcfpmbtds. Im mnqufsfcfób nd doprds dop rdsms ms dxtrmb dxtrmb`drm `drmss y im agr agromc omcfób fób nd sujsfn sujsfnfmr fmrfms fms db di dxtrmb dxtrmb`drg `drg rdqufd rdqufdrdb rdb nd fbvdrsfgbds cgbsfndrmjids nd cmpftmi, pdrg gardcd di pgtdbcfmi nd rdbnfofdbtgs omygrds.

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Oætgngs nd bdegcfgs fbtdrbmcfgbmids. Sbyndr Egia Cg., ubm doprdsm dstmngubfndbsd qud vdbnd pmigs nd egia nd mitm cmifnmn db Dstmngs Tbfngs, sd qufdrd dxpmbnfr fbtdrbmcfgbmiodbtd vdbnfdbng igs ofsogs pmigs nd egia db Jrmsfi.

 

Ndscrfjm jm ims ndsvdbt ndsvdbtm`m m`mss qud cgoprd cgoprdbnd bnd cmnm cmnm oætgng oætgng (cgog (cgog dxp dxpgrt grtmcf mcfób, ób, m. m. Ndscrf fbvdrsfób dxtrmb`drm nfrdctm, dtc.) qud Sbyndr pudnd utfifzmr pmrm igermr su odtm. Ims vdbtm`ms qud pudnd igermr im doprdsm utfifzmbng di oætgng nd im dxpgrtmcfób nd su prgnuctg mi dxtrmb`drg sgb0 Muodbtg nd ims vdbtms. Omygr nfvdrsfafcmcfó nfvdrsfafcmcfób0 b0 cumbng cumbng im doprdsm doprdsm sd fbtrg fbtrgnucd nucd m budvgs budvgs odrcmngs odrcmngs pudnd micmbzmr omygr vdbtm`m cgopdtftfvm. Dstd oætgng fopifcm ub rfdseg oïbfog pgrqud im doprdsm bg mrrfdsem su cmpftmi. Sf im doprdsm dxpdrfodbtm ubm nfsofbucfób nd sus dxpgrtmcfgbds g fopgrtmcfgbds, pgr  ig edbdrmi pudnd rdnucfr g suspdbndr dsm pmrtd nd su bdegcfg m jm`g cgstg. Db rd rdim imcf cfób ób m im fb fbvd vdrs rsfó fób b dxtr dxtrmb mb`d `drm rm nfrd nfrdct ctmm qud qud sd jmsm jmsm db jusc juscmr mr im fbtdrbmcfgbmifzmcfób m trmvæs nd mnqufsfcfgbds nd doprdsms db di dxtrmb`drg g di dstmjidcfofdbtg nd budvms sujsfnfmrfms. Im vdbtm`ms nd utfifzmr dstd oætgng sdrïmb0 ✓ Od`grm

nd fbarmdstructurms db di pmïs nd mcgefnm. ✓ Edbdrmr gpgrtubfnmnds nd dopidg pmrm igs cfunmnmbgs. ✓ Fbcrdodbtm ✓ Xudnd

im prgnuctfvfnmn y im dafcfdbcfm nd im dcgbgoïm ndi pmïs.

dbcgbtrmr od`gr rdimcfób cmifnmn-prdcfg nd su prgnuctg.

Ims cgopdbsmcfgbds nd utfifzmr di oætgng nd ifcdbcfmofdbtg sgb0 Cumbng ifcdbcfm tu prgnuctg cgb gtrg amjrfcmbtd, bg tfdbds qud pmemr igs cgstds nd amjrfcmcfób nd omtdrfmids nd fbfcfg (omtdrfms prfoms), y bg ds bdcdsmrfg cgbstrufr  ubm rdn nd omrldtfbe, vdbtms y nfstrfjucfób. ✓  Zdnucd

su rfdseg db di odrcmng ym qud su cgstg ndpdbnd sgimodbtd nd ims

vdbt vdbtms ms.. ✓  Diigs Diigs td pm pmem emb b tu rdem rdemiï iïmm nd vd vdbt btmm y dsg pmsm fbod fbodnf nfmt mtmo modb dbtd td mi ndsmrrgiig ndi aiu`g nd fberdsg ndi prgnuctg. j. ·]uæ oætgng oætgng rdcgodb rdcgodbnmrïm nmrïm m dstm dstm doprdsm7 doprdsm7 @ustfafqu @ustfafqudd su rdcgodbnmc rdcgodbnmcfób. fób. Id rdcgodbnmrïm usmr im fbvdrsfób nd dxtrmb`drm nfrdctm cgb ubm afrom igcmi, cgbsfndrg qud dstm pgnrïm sdr su od`gr gpcfób. Dstg pgsfjfiftm qud ims ngs doprdsms mpifqudb sus rdspdctfvms vdbtm`ms cgopmrmtfvms, ig cumi crdm ubm pgsfcfób nd jdbdafcfgs outgs pmrm mojms. Sfb dojmreg, im cgopmýïm igcmi cgbsfeud ub prgnuctg oubnfmi pmrm fbcrdodbtmr su agbng nd bdegcfg y bdegcfgs, db ig qud im Sbyndr Egia Cg, igermrm di mcdrcmofdbtg mi odrcmng odnfmbtd im cgopmýïm igcmi.

 

6.

 Fopmctg ndi rfdseg pgiïtfcg.

Dxpifqud pgr quæ di rfdseg pgiïtfcg pudnd ndsmidbtmr igs bdegcfgs fbtdrbmcfgbmids. Xgr ig qud dstuvd fbvdstfembng di rfdeg pgiïtfcg ds ubm pfdnrm db di cmofbg pmrm di aiu`g bgromi nd igs bdegcfgs fbtdrbmcfgbmids y ubg nd dstgs pudndb sdr cgbtrmtgs nd cgodrcfg cgb dxtrmb`drgs tmojfæb pudnd sdr ub rfdeg pgiïtfcg pgrqud di cgodrcfg fbtdrbmcfgbmi sd cgbcdbtrm db im dxfstdbcfm nd ims modbmzms qud pudndb tdbdr db ub auturg dsg nd`m fbdstmjfifnmn pgiïtfcm y ub ndsgrndb db di írdm nd fbvdrsfgbds g Cgodrcfgs fbtdrbmcfgbmids. f btdrbmcfgbmids. =8.

Eigjmifzmcfób y im COB.

Di tærofbg eigjmifzmcfób sd km vuditg ouy cgoðb db igs ðitfogs mýgs. ·Cóog ig ndafbfrïm7 Ig ndafbg nd im sfeufdbtd ombdrm Im eigjmifzmcfób ds ubm ombdrm qud tfdbdb ims doprdsms pmrm crdcdr db igs odrcmngs bmcfgbmids y fbtdrbmcfgbmids sdrfm cgog su dstrmtdefm.

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Cgrpgrmcfgbds ouitfbmcfgbmids.

·]uæ sgb ims cgopmýïms ouitfbmcfgbmids (COB) y quæ pmpdi ndsdopdýmb db im dcgbgoïm7 Judbg COB vdbnrïm vfdbng cgog cgopmýïm ouitfbmcfgbmids y sfb mqudiim qud dstíb trmjm`mbng db oís nd ubg g ngs pmïsds pmrm juscmr omygr crdcfofdbtg nd su gpdrmcfób y dstg id nm rdsuitmngs dcgbóofcgs.

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Cgodrcfg ibtfbtdrbmcfgbmi

·Cóog od`grm, di jfdbdstmr dcgbóofcg nd ub pmïs di ifjrd cgodrcfg fbtdrbmcfgbmi nd jfdbds y sdrvfcfgs7 Gptfofzmcfób db sdctgr dcgbóofcg ndjfng Gptfofzmcfób ndjfng m qud ds ubm fbydccfób fbydccfób m igs sdctgrds nd im dcgbgoïm tmbtg pðjifcg cgog prfvmng, ndjfng m qud sd fbcrdodbtm im tmsm nd trmjm`g y pgbd db cfrcuimcfób nfvdrsms nfvfsms cgog di nóimr, mqudiig fbaiuyd nd agrom fbnfrdctm db gtrgs sdctgrds dcgbóofcgs ndrfvmngs cgog di turfsog, g sdm, di bdegcfg oubnfmi ds ubm pudrtm qud sd mjrd cgb fbafbfnmnds nd gpgrtubfnmnds.

=3.

Bdgifjdrmifsog.

·]uæ sd dbtfdbnd pgr bdgifjdrmifsog7 Ds cgog ub cgb`ubtg nd fndms dcgbóofcms cgog tmbtg pgiïtfcm qud sgb cmpftmifstm qud bg mpgymb im pmrtfcfpmcfóby ndi dstmng db im dcgbgoïm bg níbngid m bfbeubm eujdrbmodbtmi bg bdcdsftm sujsfnfg ndi egjfdrbg pgrqudpmrtfcfpmcfób di cmpftmi sdrïm prfvmng suedrdbcfm ndi

 

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Zdvgiucfób fbnustrfmi.

·]uæ ds im ^drcdrm Zdvgiucfób Fbnustrfmi7 Ds cgog di cgofdbzg nd ermbnds prgerdsgs pgr tmbtg ndscujrfofdbtg pmrm im tdcbgigeïm y im fbnustrfmifzmcfób, pgr d`dopig0 Di cmojfg m im dbdreïm rdbgvmjid di kfnróedbg y ims jmtdrïms rdcmremjids im nfstrfjucfób nd dbdreïm diæctrfcm mutgoítfcm y ig oís aubcfgbmi db di nïm m nïm trmbspgrtd jmsmngs db vdkïcuig tgngs diæctrfcgs.

=4.

Cgrpgrmcfgbds ouitfbmcfgbmids.

·]uæ sgb ims cgopmýïms ouitfbmcfgbmids (COB) y quæ pmpdi ndsdopdýmb db im dcgbgoïm7 im COB ndsdopdým ndsdopdýmb b db im dcgbgo dcgbgoïm ïm y ndjdb ndjdb mprdbn mprdbndr dr m ombd`m ombd`mrr igs rfd rfdseg segss pgiïtfc pgiïtfcgs gs y cmojfmrfgs odnfmbtd igs fbstruodbtgs y ims kdrrmofdbtms ndjfnms, ifnfmr (y mprgvdckmr) cgb ims fopdradccfgbds nd igs odrcmngs y smcmr prgvdckg nd im dxpmbsfób nd gpgrtubfnmnds pmrm im fbvdrsfób y di afbmbcfmofdbtg. Mi kmcdrig, igs mnofbfstrmngrds afbmbcfdrgs cgbtrfjufríb nd igs mccfgbfstms, qud ds im odtm ðitfom nd im mnofbfstrmcfób afbmbcfdrm fbtdrbmcfgbmi m omxfofzmr di  pmtrfogbfg.

XZGJIDOM Qdbtm`m cgopmrmtfvm Igs prgjidoms =-4  fiustrmb ub d`dopig nd cgodrcfg fbnucfng pgr im vdbtm`m cgopmrmtfvm. Sd =-4 fiustrmb supgbd qud Ckfbm y Armbcfm tfdbdb cmnm ubg =,888  ubfnmnds nd prgnuccfób. Cgb ubm ubfnmn nd =,888 ubfnmnds  prgnuccfób (ubm odzcim nd tfdrrm, ombg nd gjrm, cmpftmi y tdcbgigeïm), Ckfbm pudnd prgnucfr  ym sdm sdm =8 cgbtdbdngrds  `ueudt dtds ds g sfdtd cm`ms  Armbcfm cfm pudnd pudnd prgnuc prgnucfr fr ngs cgbtdbdngrds  nd `ueu cm`ms  nd vfbg. Armb cgbtdbdngrds nd cgbtdbdngrds  nd `ueudtds g sfdtd cm`ms nd vfbg. vfbg . Xgr cgbsfeufdbtd, ubm ubfnmn nd prgnuccfób db Ckfbm ds cfbcg vdcds oís dafcfdbtd db cgopmrmcfób cgb Armbcfm cumbng sd trmtm nd prgnucfr   `ueudtds, pdrg feumiodbtd dafcfdbtd pmrm prgnucfr vfbg. Supgbem qud mi prfbcfpfg bg kmy cgodrcfg. Ckfbm msfebm ;88 ubfnmnds nd ubfnmnds nd prgnuccfób m amjrfcmr `ueudtds y :88 ubfnmnds pmrm ubfnmnds pmrm  prgnucfr vfbg. Armbcfm msfebm :88 ubfnmnds nd ubfnmnds nd prgnuccfób m im cgbstruccfób nd `ueudtds y ;88  m im prgnuccfób nd vfbg. ubfnmnds m ubfnmnds =. Xr Xrgn gnuc uccf cfób ób y cgb cgbsu suog og.. ·Cuíi ds im prgnuccfób y cgbsuog nd Ckfbm y Armbcfm sfb cgodrcfg7 Ckfbm0  

@ueudtds0 ;88x=8 ? ;, 888 cgbtdbdngrds nd `ueudtds. Qfbg0 :88x5 ? =, >88 cm`ms nd vfbg.

Armbcfm0

 

 

@ueudtds0 :88x=8 ? :, 888 cgbtdbdngrds nd `ueudtds. Qfbg0 ;88x=8 ? ;, 888 cm`ms nd vfbg.

:. Dspd Dspdcf cfmi mifz fzmc mcfó fób. b. Supgbem qud dxfstd dspdcfmifzmcfób tgtmi, ngbnd Ckfbm prgnucd sóig `ueudtds y Armbcfm  prgnucd sóig vfbg. ·Cuíi sdrïm sdrïm di dadctg db im prgnuccfób tgtmi7

Ckfbm 

@ueudtds0 =, 888 x=8 ? =8, 888 cgbtdbdngrds nd `ueudtds.

Armbcfm 

Qfbg0 =, 888 x5 ? 5, 888 cm`ms nd vfbg.

3. Cgodr Cgodrcfg cfg mi mi prdcfg prdcfg fbtdrb fbtdrbg g nd C Ckfb kfbm. m. Di prdcfg fbtdrbg nd Ckfbm ds0 =8 cgbtdbdngrds nd cgbtdbdngrds nd `ueudtds dqufvmidb m sfdtd cm`ms  cm`ms  nd vfbg. vfb g. Supgbe Supgbemm qud Ckfbm prgnucd prgnucd =8,888 cgbtdbdngrds  dxpgrtm  :,888 cgbtdbdngrds  nd `ueudtds y dxpgrtm  Armbcfm. Supgbem qud Armbcfm Armbcfm prgnucd 5,888 cm`ms  cgbtdbdngrds   m Armbcfm. cgbtdbdngrds cm`ms  nd vfbg y dxpgrtm =,>88 cm`ms m Ckfbm. ·]uæ sucdnd cgb im prgnuccfób y di cgbsuog tgtmi7

Igs =8 cgbtdbdngrds `ueudtds ? 5 cm`ms nd vfbg Ckfbm0 @ueudtds =8, 888 prgnuccfób :, 888 dxpgrtmcfób ;, 888 + (=, >88 x =8 / 5) ? =8, 888 Armbcfm0 Qfbgs 5, 888 prgnuccfób =, >88 dxpgrtmcfób 5, 888 + (:, 888 x 5 / =8) ? ;, >88 Im prgnuccfób y di cgbsuog pdrombdcdrïmb feumi, puds sd cgopdbsm cgb im nfadrdbcfm nd vmigr nd cmnm ubfnmn nd prgnuccfób.

>. Cgodr Cgodrcfg cfg mi mi prdcfg prdcfg fbtd fbtdrbg rbg nd nd Armbc Armbcfm. fm. Di prdcfg fbtdrbg nd Armbcfm ds0 ngs cgbtdbdngrds nd `ueudtds dqufvmidb m sfdtd cm`ms nd vfbg. vfb g. Supgbem Supgbem qud Ckfbm Ckfbm prgnuc prgnucdd =8,888 cgbtdbdngrds  cgbtdbdngrds  nd `ue `ueud udtd tdss y dx dxpg pgrt rtmm >88  m Armbcfm. Supgbem qud Armbcfm, m su vdz, prgnucd 5,888 cm`ms nd cgbtdbdngrds m cgbtdbdngrds cm`ms nd vfbg y dxpgrtm =,>88 cm`ms m cm`ms m Ckfbm. ·]uæ sucdnd cgb im prgnuccfób y di cgbsuog tgtmi7

: cgbtdbdngrds `ueudtds ? 5 cm`ms nd vfbg CKFBM0 (@ueudtds)

 

=8, 888 (prgnuccfób) >88 (dxpgrtmcfób) 6, 188 + (=, >88 x : / 5) ? =8, 888 AZMBCFM0 (Qfbgs) 5, 888 (prgnuccfób) =, >88 (dxpgrtmcfób) 4, 188 (>88 x 5 / :) ? 5, 888 Im prgnuc prgnuccfó cfób b y di cgbsuo cgbsuog g pdromb pdrombdcd dcdrïm rïmb b feumi, feumi, pud pudstg stg qud sd cgopdb cgopdbsm sm cgb im nfadrdbcfm nd cgstg nd cmnm ubfnmn nd prgnuccfób.

4. Cgodr Cgodrcfg cfg mi prdcfg prdcfg fbtd fbtdrod rodnfg nfg bdeg bdegcfm cfmng ng.. Di prdcfg fbtdrodnfg pmrm di fbtdrcmojfg dbtrd Armbcfm y Ckfbm pudnd cmicuimrsd cgog sfeud0

·]uæ

sucdnd cgb im prgnuccfób y di cgbsuog tgtmi7

Ckfbm tdbnrïm oís ermbnd dimjgrmcfób y cgbsuog, pudstg qud bg dxfstd dspdcfmifzmcfób y ckfbm tfdbd ubm vmstm vfrtun db im prgnuccfób nd `ueudtds. (Bg dspdcfafcm cumbtms ubfnmnds vmb m sdr ndstfbmnms m im dxpgrtmcfób, pmrm igermr kmcdr im cgbvdrsfób ndi cgstg fbtdrbg)

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