December 5, 2017 | Author: ajith_iaf | Category: Atmosphere Of Earth, Mitosis, Ovary, Greenhouse Effect, Digestion
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Science Bowl Questions – Biology, Set 2 1. Multiple Choice: The adult human of average age and size has approximately how many quarts of blood? Is it: a) 4 b) 6 c) 8 d) 10 2. Multiple Choice: Once the erythrocytes enter the blood in humans, it is estimated that they have an average lifetime of how many days. Is it: a) 10 days b) 120 days c) 200 days d) 360 days 3. Multiple Choice: Of the following, which mechanisms are important in the death of erythrocytes in human blood? Is it a) phagocytosis (pron: fag-eh-seh-toe-sis) b) hemolysis c) mechanical damage d) all of the above 4. Multiple Choice: Surplus red blood cells, needed to meet an emergency, are MAINLY stored in what organ of the human body? Is it the: a) pancreas b) spleen c) liver d) kidneys 5. Multiple Choice: When a human donor gives a pint of blood, it usually requires how many weeks for the body RESERVE of red corpuscles to be replaced? Is it: a) 1 week b) 3 weeks c) 7 weeks d) 21 weeks 6. Short Answer: There are three substances found in human blood which carry oxygen and which begin with the letter "H". Name two of these substances. 7. Multiple Choice: The several types of white blood cells are sometime collectively referred to as: a) erythrocytes (pron: eh-rith-row-cites) b) leukocytes (pron: lew-kah-cites) c) erythroblasts (pron: eh-rith-rah-blast) d) thrombocytes (pron: throm-bow-cites)

FORMED elements of the blood are the: a) white cells b) red cells c) platelets d) erythrocytes 10. Multiple Choice: Which of the following statements concerning platelets is INCORRECT. Platelets: a) contain DNA b) are roughly disk-shaped c) have little ability to synthesize proteins d) are between 1/2 and 1/3 the diameter of the red cell 11. Short Answer: What is the primary function of the platelets in huma blood? 12. Multiple Choice: When a wound occurs in humans, the platelets in the blood activate a substance which starts the clotting process. The substance which starts the clotting is: a) adenosine (pron: ah-den-ah-seen) b) histamine c) lecithin (pron: less-ah-thin) d) thrombin 13. Multiple Choice: When looking at the cross section of the human tibia, one finds the RED marrow in the: a) medullary cavity b) cancellous bone c) periosteum d) epiphysis 14. Multiple Choice: Lengthening of long bones in humans occurs in a particular area of the bone. This area is called the: a) medullary canal b) cancellous bone c) periosteum (pron: per-E-ahs-tee-em) d) epiphysis (pron: eh-pif-eh-sis) 15. Multiple Choice: The part of the human brain which is an important relay station for the sensory impulses and also is the origin of many of the involuntary acts of the eye such as the narrowing of the pupil in bright light is the: a) hypothalamus b) midbrain c) corpus callosum d) cerebellum

8. Multiple Choice: The condition in which there is a DECREASE in the number of white blood cells in humans is known as: a) leukocytosis (pron: lew-kO-sigh-toe-sis) b) leukopenia (pron: lew-kO-pea-nee-ah) c) leukemia (pron: lew-kee-me-ah) d) leukohyperia (pron: lew-kO-high-per-e-ah)

16. Multiple Choice: In the human brain, body temperature, metabolism, heart rate, sexual development, sleep and the body's use of fat and water are influenced by this region of the brain. This region of the brain is the: a) hypothalamus b) midbrain c) corpus callosum d) cerebellum



Multiple Choice: The smallest of the

Multiple Choice: In which cerebral lobes is

the speech center located? Is it the: a) frontal b) parietal c) temporal d) occipital 18. Multiple Choice: In most axons, the myelin sheath is interrupted at intervals of about 1 millimeter or more. These interruptions are called the: a) glial b) nodes of Ranvier (pron: ron-vee-ay) c) collaterals d) nodes of Babinet 19. Short Answer: Mosses and liverworts comprise this subdivision of plants. Name this plant subdivision. 20. Short Answer: This disease, caused by infection with the gram-negative Yersinia pestis, is transmittedby fleas from rats to humans What is the more common name for this disease? 21. Short Answer: In the mammalian body, this element plays many important roles. Try to identify thiselement with the fewest number of clues. This element is required to insure the integrity andpermeability of cell membranes, to regulate nerve and muscle excitability, to help maintain normalmuscular contraction, and to assure cardiac rhythmicity. It also plays a essential role in several of theenzymatic steps involved in blood coagulation and is the most important element of bone salt. Namethis element. 22. Multiple Choice: What eight-letter name starting with the letter "O" is given to that branch of medical science concerned with the study of tumors? 23. Short Answer: In the more highly developed animals, such as humans this gas is used to regulate the activity of the heart, the blood vessels, and the respiratory system. WORKING MUSCLES PRODUCE A LARGE AMOUNT OF THI SUBSTANCE. Narcosis due to this gas is characterized by mental disturbances which can include confusion, headache, low blood pressure and hypothermia. Name this gas. 24. the: a) b) c) d)

Multiple Choice: Cariology is the study of human heart tooth decay kidneys liver

25. Short Answer: The larval form of butterflies and moths is more commonly known as what? 26. Short Answer: Name the sac-like, blind pouch of the large intestine, situated below the level

of the junction of the small intestine into the side of the large intestine. At the lower portion of this pouch one finds the appendix. 27. Multiple Choice: During the final stage of cell division, the mitotic apparatus disappears, the chromosomes become attenuated, the centrioles duplicate and split, the nuclear membrane becomes reconstituted and the nucleolus reappears. This phase of cell division is known as: a) prophase (pron: prO-phase) b) metaphase c) anaphase d) telophase 28. Multiple Choice: In cell division, the phase following the metaphas is known as: a) prophase b) anaphase c) telophase d) extophase 29. Short Answer: All cells of an organism find their lineage from a single fertilized cell. This single fertilized cell is called what? 30. Multiple Choice: Name the clear watery liquid that surrounds the brain and spinal cord and fills the four cavities or ventricles of the brain. 31. Multiple Choice: The order of insects which includes beetles is known as: a) Coleoptera (pron: kO-lee-op-teh-rah) b) Orthoptera (pron: or-tho-op-teh-rah) c) Hymenoptera d) Diptera (pron: dip-teh-rah) 32. Multiple Choice: This major protein component of connective tissue in mammals comprises most of the organic matter of skin, tendons, bones, and teeth, and occurs as fibrous inclusions in most other body structures. Is this material: a) elastin b) collagen c) fatty acids d) keratin 33. Multiple Choice: Sickle cell anemia and Huntington's chorea are both: a) virus-related diseases b) bacteria-related diseases c) congenital disorders d) none of the above 34. Multiple Choice: In most species of Paramecium there are how many contractile vacuoles? Is it: a) one b) two c) three d) four 35.

Multiple Choice: The major fibrous

proteins are: a) peptone and edestin b) glutelin and leucine c) valine and lysine d) myosin and actin

c) d)

LH - ovary or testis MSH - melanocytes (pron: meh-lan-o-cite)

36. Short Answer: Name the outer portion of a stem or root, bounded externally by the epidermis, and internally by the cells of the pericycle.

45. Multiple Choice: Which of the following tissues secrete hormones? a) pancreas b) ovaries c) gastro-intestinal tract d) all of the above

37. Multiple Choice: Costal cartilage: a) attach the ribs to the sternum b) cover the ends of the femur c) is found in the pinna of the ear d) forms the intervertebral disks of the backbone

46. Multiple Choice: Which of the following structures is directly attached to the ovary? a) oviduct b) uterus c) suspensory ligaments d) vagina

38. Multiple Choice: From which grandparent or grandparents did you inherit your mitochondria? Is it your: a) mother's parents b) paternal grandfather c) grand mothers d) maternal grandmother

47. Multiple Choice: Fertilization of the ovum by the sperm usually occurs in the: a) oviduct b) vagina c) uterus d) ovary

39. Multiple Choice: Which of the following are NOT part of a neuron? a) synapse b) axon c) Nissl bodies d) dendrite 40. Multiple Choice: The resting potential of a neuron is dependent on what two ions? a) lead and calcium ions b) calcium and phosphate ions c) sodium and potassium ions d) potassium and phosphate ions 41. Multiple Choice: Which of the following is NOT a type of neuron? a) sensory b) motor c) association d) stimulatory 42. Multiple Choice: Melatonin (pron: mel-ehtoe-nin) is produced by the: a) skin b) pineal gland c) liver d) pituitary gland

48. Multiple Choice: The corpeus luteum secretes: a) HCG b) LH c) FSH d) progesterone 49. Multiple Choice: Which of the following does sperm NOT travel through? a) ureter b) urethra c) vas deferens d) epididymus 50. Multiple Choice: The placenta in humans is derived from the: a) embryo only b) uterus only c) endometrium and embryo d) none of the above 51. Multiple Choice: The number of mature gametes resulting from meiosis in the female is: a) 1 b) 2 c) 3 d) 4

43. Multiple Choice: Which of the following statements is TRUE of insulin? Is it: a) secreted by the pancreas b) a protein c) involved in the metabolism of glucose d) all of the above

52. Multiple Choice: Synapsis and crossing over of chromosomes occurs in which phases of meiosis? a) Interphase b) Prophase c) Meterphase d) Teleophase

44. Multiple Choice: Select the hormone INCORRECTLY paired with its target. a) TSH - thyroid gland b) ACTH - anterior pituitary

53. Multiple Choice: A layer of dead skin cells is found in the: a) subcutaneous tissue b) dermis

c) d)

epidermis no dead cells are in the skin

54. Multiple Choice: Glial (pron: glee-el) cells are found in the: a) muscular system b) digestive system c) endocrine system (pron: en-de-kren) d) nervous system 55. a) b) c) d)

Multiple Choice: Myelin sheaths are found: surrounding tendons covering the brain covering muscles around axons of neurons

56. Multiple Choice: Which of the following is an INCORRECT statement about the parasympathetic system? a) It increases digestive action. b) It is the fight or flight system. c) slows breathing rate d) establishes resting state 57. Multiple Choice: Which of the following is NOT a component of the human axial skeleton? a) sternum b) vertebral column c) tarsals d) skull 58. the: a) b) c) d)

Multiple Choice: Phalanges are found in feet skull hip chest

59. Multiple Choice: The phase of contraction of a muscle occurs when: a) tropomyosin binds and releases actin b) myosin binds and releases actin c) actin binds and releases myosin d) none of the above 60. Multiple Choice: Select the INCORRECT statement concerning the muscular system. a) Bones contact other bones at joints. b) Flexors decrease the angle of a joint. c) Adductors move a limb away from the midline. d) Tendons attach muscle to bone. 61. Multiple Choice: Which type of muscle is a syncytium (pron: sin-sish-E-um)? a) skeletal b) cardiac c) smooth d) all of the above 62. Multiple Choice: When the potential difference across a membrane of a neuron equals the threshold, what results? a) movement of the membrane

b) c) d)

action potential relaxation contraction

63. Multiple Choice: What ions determine the resting potential of a nerve? a) sodium and calcium b) calcium and copper c) potassium and calcium d) sodium and potassium 64. Multiple Choice: Which structure does NOT play a part in the motion of cells? a) microvilli b) cilia c) flagella d) pseudopodia 65. Multiple Choice: Bacteriophage (pron: back-teer-e-o-faj) are: a) bacteria b) bacteria precursors c) viruses d) agents which cause the production of bacteria 66. Multiple Choice: Which of the following is NOT a mode of genetic exchange within a bacterial population? a) conjugation b) transduction c) transformation d) translation 67. Multiple Choice: The blastula develops into the: a) gastrula b) morula c) endoderm d) zygote 68. Multiple Choice: Tissue differentiation begins at which stage? a) zygote b) morula c) blastula d) gastrula 69. Multiple Choice: The nervous system develops from which germ layer? a) ectoderm b) mesoderm c) endoderm d) none of the above 70. Multiple Choice: During inspiration, the diaphragm moves: a) down by contraction b) down by relaxation c) up by contraction d) up by relaxation 71. Multiple Choice: The valve between the right ventricle and the pulmonary artery is the:

a) b) c) d)

mitral valve semilunar valve bicuspid valve tricuspid valve

72. Multiple Choice: Which of the following is NOT a function of the kidney? a) excretion of urea b) regulation of fluids and electrolytes c) elimination of toxic substances d) defecation 73. Multiple Choice: When CO2 (carbon dioxide) is dissolved in water, it yields a solution that: a) has acidic properties b) has basic properties c) is neutral 74. Multiple Choice: Digestion of carbohydrates begins where? a) small intestines b) colon c) mouth d) stomach 75. Multiple Choice: Digestion of PROTEINS begins in which of the following human organs? a) small intestines b) colon c) mouth d) stomach 76. Multiple Choice: Bile has what function in digestion? a) emulsify lipids b) digest proteins c) gluconeogenesis d) digest carbohydrates 77. Multiple Choice: Of the following, which is a basic need of all living things? a) oxygen gas b) light c) hydrogen gas d) water 78. Multiple Choice: A botanist is most likely to study: a) Monerans b) Protistans (pron: pro-tis-tans) c) Fungi d) Virions 79. Multiple Choice: A virus must do what to reproduce? a) form a latent virus b) undergo transformation c) infect a cell d) conjugate 80. Multiple Choice: The chromosomes of a eukaryotic cell are located i the: a) mitochondria (pron: my-toe-kon-dria)

b) c) d)

nucleus ribosome endoplasma

81. Multiple Choice: Which of the following is an example of symbiosis? a) lichen b) slime mold c) amoeba d) moss 82. Multiple Choice: Oxygen enters the body of a grasshopper through: a) gills b) spinnerets c) spiracles d) book lungs 83. Multiple Choice: A heart with a single atrium and single ventricle is a characteristic of adult: a) amphibians b) arthropods c) birds d) fish 84. Short Answer: Name the four main excretory organs identified in man. 85. Multiple Choice: The physical appearance and properties of an organism which is the expression of the genetic makeup is called the: a) phenotype b) pangenesis c) parental trait d) genotype 86. Short Answer: How many nucleotides make up a codon (pron: kO-don)? 87. Multiple Choice: The complex of sugar polymers and proteins which are patchily distributed on the plasma membranes of animal cells is called a) cellulose b) chitin c) glyocalyx d) cytoskeleton 88. Short Answer: During cellular respiration, glucose is oxidized completely to what two compounds? 89. Multiple Choice: Organisms with cells containing two sets of parental chromosomes are called: a) diploid b) bisomal c) haploid d) autosomal 90. Multiple Choice: The type of gene interaction in which the effects of one gene override

or mask the effects of other entirely different genes is called: a) linkage b) mutation c) pleitropy (pron: ply-ah-tropy) d) epistasis (pron: eh-pis-te-sis) 91. Multiple Choice: For which of the following creatures is fat the greatest percentage of body weight? a) termite b) blue whale c) zebra d) female lion 92. Multiple Choice: Which is false regarding freshwater fish? a) their blood is hypertonic to their environment b) they often actively take up salt c) they excrete urine hypotonic to the blood d) their gills actively excrete salts 93. Multiple Choice: Neutral fats, oils and waxes may be classified as: a) lipids b) carbohydrates c) proteins d) none of the above 94. Short Answer: Name three basic morphologies of bacteria. 95. Short Answer: What is the name of the 6 carbon monosaccharide that is the universal cellular fuel of plants and animals? 96. Multiple Choice: During which phase of the cell cycle are normal components of the cell synthesized and assembled? a) the M phase b) the G1 phase c) the S phase d) the G2 phase 97. Multiple Choice: Which of the following is NOT a characteristic shared by most of the members of the kingdom plantae? a) they are multicellular b) they are nonmotile c) they possess bilateral symmetry d) there is an alternation of haploid and diploid generations 98. Short Answer: If an individual has two dissimilar alleles for a trait, with regard to that trait he is said to be: 99. Short Answer: How many chromosomes per cell does a Down's Syndrome (trisomy 21) victim have? 100. Short Answer: If a male who is heterozygous for an autosomal trait mates with a

female who is also heterozygous for that trait, what percent of their offspring are likely to be heterozygous for this trait as well? 1. ANSWER: B -- 6 2. ANSWER: B -- 120 Days 3. ANSWER: D -- all of the above 4. ANSWER: B – spleen 5. ANSWER: C -- 7 weeks 6. ANSWER: Hemoglobin, Hemocyanin, Hemerythrin 7. ANSWER: B -- leukocytes 8. ANSWER: B -- leukopenia 9. ANSWER: C – platelets 10. ANSWER: A -- contain DNA 11. ANSWER: clotting or blocking leaks from blood vessels 12. ANSWER: D -- Thrombin 13. ANSWER: A -- medullary cavity 14. ANSWER: D – Epiphysis 15. ANSWER: B -- Midbrain 16. ANSWER: A -- hypothalamus 17. ANSWER: A -- frontal 18. ANSWER: B -- Nodes of Ranvier 19. ANSWER: Bryophytes (pron: bry-ehfites) or Bryophyta 20. ANSWER: Bubonic Plague or Black Death 21. ANSWER: Calcium 22. ANSWER: Oncology 23. ANSWER: Carbon Dioxide or CO2 24. ANSWER: B -- Tooth Decay 25. ANSWER: caterpillar 26. ANSWER: Cecum or Caecum 27. ANSWER: D -- Telophase 28. ANSWER: B -- Anaphase 29. ANSWER: Zygote 30. ANSWER: Cerebrospinal Fluid 31. ANSWER: A -- Coleoptera 32. ANSWER: B -- collagen 33. ANSWER: C -- Congenital Disorders 34. ANSWER: B – Two 35. ANSWER: D -- Myosin and Actin 36. ANSWER: A -- Attach the ribs to the sternum 38. ANSWER: D -- maternal grandmother 39. ANSWER: A – SYNAPSE 40. ANSWER: C -- sodium and potassium ions 41. ANSWER: D -- STIMULATORY 42. ANSWER: B -- PINEAL GLAND 43. ANSWER: D -- ALL OF THE ABOVE 44. ANSWER: D -- MSH – MELANOCYTES 45. ANSWER: D -- ALL OF THE ABOVE 46. ANSWER: C -- SUSPENSORY LIGAMENTS 47. ANSWER: A -- OVIDUCT 48. ANSWER: D -- PROGESTERONE 49. ANSWER: A – URETER 50. ANSWER: C -- ENDOMETRIUM AND EMBRYO 51. ANSWER: A -- 1 52. ANSWER: B -- PROPHASE 53. ANSWER: C -- EPIDERMIS 54. ANSWER: D -- NERVOUS SYSTEM 55. ANSWER: D -- AROUND AXONS OF


alternative forms of gene at the same locus on homologous chromosomes are called what?

Science Bowl Practice Questions

11. Short Answer: For convenience, living things are placed into variou groups. The taxonomic breakdown of living things consists of the following categories: Family, Class, Genus, Phylum, Order, Kingdom and Species. Give the order of these terms from least specific to most specific.

1. Multiple Choice: Which of the following describes the major difference between bryophytes and tracheophytes (pron: tray-key-o-fites)? a) tracheophytes can survive on land b) tracheophytes have seeds inside fruits c) tracheophytes can make their own food d) tracheophytes have vessels to transport materials 2.

Short Answer: Complete the sentence. The

3. Short Answer: The human pelvic girdle is composed of 3 fused bones on each side for a total of 6 bones. Name the 3 fused bones. 4. Short Answer: What are rings of muscle which CLOSE body openings such as the lips called? 5. Multiple Choice: The myofilaments of muscles consist primarily of two proteins. These two proteins are called: a) actin and myosin b) progesterone and testosterone c) progesterone and estrogen 6. Short Answer: Is studies of the human body, what is used to describ a blood-filled sac formed by an outpouching in an arterial or venous wall? 7. Multiple Choice: What French scientist is considered the father of paleontology? Was it: a) George Cuvier b) Marquis de Condorcet c) Jacque Tonnies d) Auguste Compte 8. Multiple Choice: What Roman physician's studies of human anatomy based on lower animals served as the only text on the subject for nearly 1 centuries? Was it: a) Cartrum b) Polonius c) Galen d) Monterius 9. Multiple Choice: What percentage of the atmosphere consists of carbon dioxide? Is it approximately: a) .03% (read: three-hundredths of a percent) b) 1% c) 5% d) 7% 10. Short Answer: What process in all living things releases carbon dioxide as a waste product?

12. Short Answer: In biology, what is the word used to describe the appearance of an individual without regard to its hereditary constitution? 13. Multiple Choice: The chromosomes responsible for characteristics other than sex are known by which of the following terms?

a) b) c) d)

ribosomes lysosomes autosomes spermatocytes

14. Short Answer: What genetic term describes the situation when a part of a chromosome is broken off and lost? 15. Multiple Choice: Each of the following is a cell organelle except one. Which one of these is NOT a cell organelle? Is it a) mitochondrion b) lysosome c) cytoplasm d) endoplasmic reticulum 16. Multiple Choice: When a color blind man marries a woman pure for normal color vision, it is probable that one of the following situations may result. Is it probable that a) all the children will be color blind b) all the grandchildren will be color blind c) only the sons will be colorblind d) half the grandsons will be color blind 17. Multiple Choice: Which of the following are skin receptors in humans that are sensitive to heat? Are they: a) end organs of Krause b) Meissner's corpuscles c) end organs of Ruffini d) Pacinian corpuscles 18. Multiple Choice: Into which of the following acids is glucose broken down in the first stage of carbohydrate metabolism? Is it: a) pyruvic acid (pie-rue-vick acid) b) lactic acid c) hydrochloric acid d) citric acid 19. Multiple Choice: Hormones are composed from many classes of molecules. As far as our present knowledge extends, hormones are NOT found in which of the following categories of substances: a) proteins b) peptides c) nucleic acids d) steroids 20. Short Answer: What is the term given to a fatty acid that has more than one set of double bonds between carbons? 21. Multiple Choice: The process by which an amino acid loses its amino group is called: a) hydration b) deamination c) oxidoamination d) dehydration 22.

Multiple Choice: In a plasma membrane,

which of the following provides a general barrier to the movement of molecules? a) lipids b) proteins c) carbohydrates d) all of these 23. Multiple Choice: The name of the process by which oil glands in mammalian skins secrete oils is: a) active transport b) apocrine secretion c) holocrine secretion d) osmosis 24. Multiple Choice: An individual with three X chromosomes is likely t be: a) a clinically normal female b) an abnormal female c) a Turner's individual d) a Kleinfelter's individual 25. Short Answer: Who is considered the father of Taxonomy? 26. Multiple Choice: In the first stage of photosynthesis, light energy is used to: a) move water molecules b) denature chlorophyll c) split water d) produce carbohydrates 27. Multiple Choice: One-celled algae enclosed in minute two-part silic shells are called: a) dinoflagellates (pron: die-no-flaj-el-ates) b) coelenterates (pron: sell-en-ter-ates) c) annelids d) diatoms 28. Multiple Choice: Osmoregulation is concerned with: a) excretion b) ionic regulation c) control of the body's water content d) carbon dioxide regulation 29. Multiple Choice: Which of the following is not an arachnid? a) lobster b) scorpion c) black widow spider d) tick 30. Multiple Choice: Which of the following is not found in blood? a) fibrinogen b) glucose c) urea d) glycogen 31. Multiple Choice: Proof that plants can grow and reproduce using onl inorganic nutrients comes from the study of: a) phototrophic nutrition

b) c) d)

mycorrhiza hydroponics humus

32. Multiple Choice: Water molecules enter plant epidermal cells by: a) osmosis b) active transport c) translocation d) transpiration 33. Short Answer: What molecule is the energy source for virtually all of the work done by the cell? 34. Multiple Choice: Which of the following diseases has been eradicate from the world? a) b) c) d)

cholera smallpox diphtheria poliomyelitis

35. Multiple Choice: We believe the beginnings of life on earth took place in the: a) air b) land masses c) shallow oceans d) glaciers 36. Multiple Choice: Each antibody molecule is made up of how many PAIR of polypeptide chains, joined together by disulfide bonds. a) 1 b) 2 c) 3 d) 4

41. Multiple Choice: Resolution by any microscope is ULTIMATELY limited by the: a) curvature of the lenses b) wavelength of the light c) light intensity d) lens aberrations 42. Multiple Choice: Humans cannot digest cellulose because: a) it does not contain sugars b) it is made up of disaccharides c) it is made up of monosaccharides d) humans lack the proper enzymes 43. Multiple Choice: Cholesterol, testosterone, and estrogen are all examples of: a) proteins b) steroids c) nucleic acids d) alcohols 44. Short Answer: What is sometimes called animal starch? 45. Short Answer: How many PAIRS of nerves leave the vertebrate brain? 46. Short Answer; The vertebrate eyeball is bounded anteriorly by what convex, transparent object? 47. Short Answer: What are the names given to the basic subunits of a nucleic acid. 48. Short Answer: What is the term given to enzymes whose action is modulated by binding of a molecule to a site other than the active site?

37. Multiple Choice: The immune system normally discriminates between which types of antigens. a) B and T cells b) self and non-self c) humoral and cell-mediated d) primary and secondary

49. Multiple Choice: The muscle attachment to the bone of lesser movement is called the muscle's: a) insertion b) head c) origin d) tail

38. Short Answer: Proteins that cause reactions to proceed more rapidly and lower the energy of activation are called.

50. Short Answer: DNA present in a structural gene that does not seem to have a specific coding function is known as what?

39. Multiple Choice: What percent of the total radiant energy received by a plant is converted to chemical energy? a) less than 2 b) 10 c) 50 d) 75

51. Multiple Choice: The organic portion of bone consists of which one of the following proteins. a) fibrin b) collagen c) actin d) myosin

40. Multiple Choice: Genes are able to control a cell's fate by determining the synthesis of: a) other genes b) enzymes c) carbohydrates d) fat

52. Multiple Choice: Octopus and squid belong to the class of molluscs known as: a) cephalopoda (pron: sef-eh-lah-pod-ah) b) bivalvia c) gastropoda (pron: gas-tro-pod-ah) d) polyplacophora (pron: poly-pla-so-for-ah)

53. Short Answer: The name given to a structure present in angiosperms but lacking in gymnosperms is? 54. Multiple Choice: In mammals, the primary function of the loop of Henle is: a) reabsorption of water b) water secretion c) ammonia secretion d) bicarbonate reabsorption 55. Short Answer: What is the name of the phenomenon that occurs when tissue culture is infected with one type of virus that causes the culture to resist infection by a second type of virus? 56. Short Answer: What are gas bubbles which form within plant cells o in blood known as? 57. Short Answer: What are the water conducting cells in non-flowering vascular plants know as? 58. Short Answer: On a dry day, water diffuses out of the intercellula spaces of the leaf through what part of the leaf? 59. Short Answer: A clogging of the bile duct interferes with the digestion of what category of food? 60. Short Answer: What is the name given to the jellylike substance filling the chamber behind the lens of the human eye? 61. Short Answer: The Erythrocytes of mammals lack what? 62. Multiple Choice: The name of the ductless glands which secrete thei product into the circulatory system are: a) exocrine (pron: ek-seh-kren) b) apocrine (pron: ap-eh-kren) c) holocrine (pron: hoe-leh-kren) d) endocrine (pron: en-deh-kren) 63. Multiple Choice: In the first stage of photosynthesis, light energy splits water molecules leaving a by product which is released. This byproduct is: a) hydrogen b) carbon dioxide c) oxygen d) methane 64. Multiple Choice: The bacteria which cause dental cavities in humans break down sugars, releasing what chemical, that causes tooth destruction? a) acids b) bases c) enzymes d) monosaccharides

65. a) b) c) d)

Multiple Choice: Blood platelets are: cytoplasmic fragments free nuclei a kind of red cell found only during clot formation

66. Multiple Choice: Oxidation of fats and carbohydrates within a cell would be an example of: a) anabolism b) catabolism c) biosynthesis d) none of the above 67. Multiple Choice: The muscle which is under involuntary control is: a) striated b) smooth c) skeletal 68. Multiple Choice: The secondary pacemaker of the heart is known as the: a) AV node b) SA node c) Purkinje Bundle d) None of the above 69. Multiple Choice: A pyrogen is a substance released during inflammation that aids in causing: a) swelling b) redness c) fever d) pain 70. Multiple Choice: Which of the following living creatures is most likely to have evolved from the trilobite? a) millipede b) sea star c) sea anemone d) whelk 71. Multiple Choice: A lake which has high nutrient availability is: a) oligotrophic (pron: all-i-go-tro-fik) b) eutrophic (pron: you-tro-fik) c) mesotrophic (pron: mez-eh-tro-fik) 72. Multiple Choice: The hormone causing growth of the endometrium a) androgen (pron: ann-drah-jen) b) leutenizing hormone (pron: lew-ten-I-zing) c) estrogen d) prolactin 73. Multiple Choice: Nitrogen fixation is accomplished by: a) plants b) bacteria c) animals d) viruses 74.

Multiple Choice: The vesicles formed via

the process known as phagocytosis are called: a) lysosomes (pron: lye-sah-somes: somes rhymes with homes) b) Golgi apparatus c) food vacuoles d) mitochondria (pron: my-toe-chon-dria) 75. Multiple Choice: Of the following three substances, which provides the LEAST source of energy for the body? a) protein b) fats c) carbohydrates 76. Multiple Choice: Type A blood contains isohemaglutinins against which red cells? a) type A b) type B c) type O d) type G 77. Multiple Choice: Which cell count tends to be elevated when an individual has an allergy or parasitic worms? a) red blood cells b) erythrocyte c) eosinophil (pron: e-o-sin-o-fill) d) platelet 78. Multiple Choice: Veins tend to have the following except: a) valves for unidirectional flow b) very elastic walls c) thin walls d) increasing size toward the heart 79. Multiple Choice: Gallstones are most often the result of: a) gallbladder irritation b) eating cherries and swallowing the pits c) precipitation of cholesterol d) accumulated bile pigment 80. Multiple Choice: The loss of water by plants in the form of vapor i called: a) evaporation b) transpiration c) evapotranspiration d) vaporization 81. Multiple Choice: Sponges are included in which of the following phyla? a) Cnidaria (pron: nid-air-e-ah) b) Porifera c) Reptilia d) Foraminifera (pron: feh-ram-eh-nif-eh-rah) 82. Short Answer: Name the tendon in humans which attaches the gastrocnemius and soleus muscles to the calcaneum or heel bone. 83. Short Answer: What is the normal pH of human blood?

84. Short Answer: Myosin is one of two proteins that make up the myofibrils of striated muscles. Name the other protein. 85. Short Answer: Part of the endocrine system in humans, these two glands are small bodies located at the upper end of each kidney. While these glands perform a variety of functions, two of the most important are (1) control of the body's adjustment to an upright posture, and (2) accommodation of the body to intermittent rather than constant intake of food. Name these glands. 86. Short Answer: Name the gelatin-like substance which is prepared for various species of red algae growing in Asiatic waters. The prepared product appears in the form of cakes, coarse granules, long shreds or in thin sheets. It is used extensively alone or in combination with various nutritive substances,as a medium for culturing bacteria and various fungi 87. Short Answer: What is a partial or total loss of memory of a temporary or permanent nature known as? 88. Multiple Choice: All of the following are characteristic of amphibians EXCEPT: a) moist skin b) the absence of scales c) metamorphosis d) live in salt water 89. Short Answer: What term is used to describe the procedure whereby a catheter is inserted into an individual's heart, a radio-opaque medium is injected, and x-ray images are made. The procedure is used to locate where arteries are blocked and the degree to which the blockage has developed. 90. Multiple Choice: Which of the following joints is formed by the articulation of the tibia, the malleolus of the fibula, and the convex surface of the talus. Is it the: a) ankle b) knee c) elbow d) wrist 91. Multiple Choice: A plant which completes its life cycle, from seed to seed, in a single growing season is known as: a) perennial b) cyclic c) annual d) circadian 92. Multiple Choice: In flowers the terminal part of a stamen, containing the pollen sacs is known as the: a) anther b) style

c) d)

filament pistil

93. Multiple Choice: The process of nuclear reorganization in protozoa in which the nucleus divides, each half undergoes a maturation, and the tw persisting functional nuclei reunite is known as: a) autogamy b) autolysis c) autoregression d) autotomy 94. Multiple Choice: Of the following, which is NOT a bacterial disease Is it: a) strep throat b) herpes c) Bubonic Plague d) Diphtheria 95. Multiple Choice: Of the following, which is NOT a viral disease? Is it: a) Hepatitis b) Chicken Pox c) Tuberculosis d) Rabies 96. Multiple Choice: Most of the fungi commonly observed are members of this group of fungi, which includes toadstools, mushrooms and puffballs. This group of fungi is known as: a) Phycomycetes (pron: fI-kO-my-seats) b) Ascomycetes (pron: as-kO-my-seats) c) Basidomycetes d) Plyocetes (pron: ply-O-seats) 97. Multiple Choice: Truffles, morels and the many yeasts which are basic to fermentation processes belong to this group of fungi. These fung are known as: a) Phycomycetes b) Ascomycetes c) Basidomycetes d) Plyocetes 98. Multiple Choice: Many living organisms exhibit the unique property of producing visible light. What term is used to describe this phenomena? 99. Multiple Choice: Many living organisms exhibit the unique property of producing visible light. The compound that is oxidized with subsequent light emission is usually referred to as luciferin. What is the enzyme which catalyzes the reaction known as? 100. Multiple Choice: The muscle which RAISES a bird's wing is known as the: a) Pectoralis major b) pectoralis minor c) soleus d) gluteus maximus


NUCLEOTIDES 48. ANSWER: ALLOSTERIC ENZYMES 49. ANSWER: C -- ORIGIN 50. ANSWER: INTRON 51. ANSWER: B – COLLAGEN 52. ANSWER: A -- CEPHALOPODA 53. ANSWER: OVARY or OVULARY 54. ANSWER: A -- REABSORPTION OF WATER 55. ANSWER: VIRAL INTERFERENCE or INTERFERENCE 56. ANSWER: EMBOLISM 57. ANSWER: TRACHEIDS 58. ANSWER: STOMATA 59. ANSWER: FATS or LIPIDS or FAT SOLUBLE VITAMINS 60. ANSWER: vitreous body vitreous humor 61. ANSWER: nucleus or DNA or chromosomes or mitochondria 62. ANSWER: D -- ENDOcrine 63. ANSWER: C -- oxygen 64. ANSWER: A -- acids 65. ANSWER: A -- Cytoplasmic fragments 66. ANSWER: B -- Catabolism 67. ANSWER: B -- SMOOTH 68. ANSWER: A -- AV node 69. ANSWER: C -- fever 70. ANSWER: A – millipede 71. ANSWER: B 72. ANSWER: C 73. ANSWER: B 74. ANSWER: C 75. ANSWER: A 76. ANSWER: A 77. ANSWER: C 78. ANSWER: B 79. ANSWER: C cholesterol 80. ANSWER: C

-- eutropHic -- estrogen -- bacteria -- FOOD VACUOLES – proteins -- type A -- eosinophil -- very elastic walls -- precipitation of – evapotranspiration

81. ANSWER: B -- PORIFERA 82. ANSWER: Achilles Tendon 83. ANSWER: 7.4 84. ANSWER: Actin 85. ANSWER: Adrenal Glands 86. ANSWER: Agar-agar or just Agar 87. ANSWER: Amnesia 88. ANSWER: D -- live in salt water 89. ANSWER: Angiography or Angiogram 90. ANSWER: A -- Ankle 91. ANSWER: C – Annual 92. ANSWER: A -- Anther 93. ANSWER: A -- Autogamy 94. ANSWER: B -- herpes 95. ANSWER: C – Tuberculosis 96. ANSWER: C -- Basidomycetes 97. ANSWER: B -- Ascomycetes 98. ANSWER: Bioluminescence or photoluminescence

99. ANSWER: Luciferase 100.ANSWER: B -- pectoralis minor

Science Bowl Practice Questions – General 1. Multiple Choice: Pollination by birds is called: w) autogamy x) ornithophily y) entomophily z) anemophily ANSWER: X -- ORNITHOPHILY 2. Short Answer: How many men have walked on the moon? ANSWER: TWELVE 3. Multiple Choice: The terrestrial animal is: w) cheetah x) lion y) man z) jaguar ANSWER: W -- CHEETAH


4. Short Answer: What wonder drug was used for three years by the Army and Navy before becoming available to the general public in 1944? ANSWER: PENICILLIN 5. Short Answer: What is the name given to the process, discovered by Goodyear, of adding sulfur to heated rubber? ANSWER: VULCANIZATION 6. Short Answer: Which sea is the saltiest natural lake and is also at the lowest elevation on the face of the earth? ANSWER: THE DEAD SEA 7. Multiple Choice: As you go down into a well, your weight: w) increases slightly x) decreases slightly y) remains exactly the same ANSWER: X -- DECREASES SLIGHTLY 8. Short ANSWER: A cloud at ground level is called what? ANSWER: FOG 9. Short Answer: What invention in about 1450 A.D. revolutionized communication and the world? ANSWER: THE PRINTING PRESS 10. Short Answer: What is the name for the new technology whereby a glass fiber carries as much information as hundreds of copper wires? ANSWER: FIBER OPTICS 11. Short Answer: What mammal lays eggs? ANSWER: PLATYPUS 12.

Short Answer: Linseed oil comes from

what plant? ANSWER: FLAX 13. Short Answer: What is the name of the largest terrestrial rodent, distinguished by its spiny covering? ANSWER: PORCUPINE 14. Multiple Choice: The only species of cat that lives and hunts in groups is: w) lion x) leopard y) jaguar z) cougar ANSWER: W – LION 15. Multiple Choice: The science of weights and measures is called: w) metrology x) meteorology y) mineralogy z) morphology ANSWER: W -- METROLOGY 16. Short Answer: What compound is a common component of air pollution, but is essential in the upper atmosphere to protect life on earth? ANSWER: OZONE 17. Short Answer: What is osteoporosis? ANSWER: IT IS LOSS OF CALCIUM FROM BONES 18. Multiple Choice: Yeast, used in making bread is a: w) plant x) fungus y) bacteria z) seed ANSWER: X -- FUNGUS 19. Multiple Choice: The Statue of Liberty is green because of: w) green stone x) oxidized brass y) steel painted green z) oxidized copper ANSWER: Z -- OXIDIZED COPPER 20. Short ANSWER: At what point are the Celsius and Fahrenheit scales equal? ANSWER: -40 DEGREES 21. Multiple Choice: The word atom is from a Greek word meaning: w) small x) indivisible y) unseen z) visible ANSWER: X -- INDIVISIBLE 22. Short Answer: Name the famous mathematician/physicist who was born in the year Galileo died. ANSWER: (ISAAC) NEWTON 23. Short Answer: What are the only places that dogs have sweat glands? ANSWER: NOSE AND PAWS 24. Short Answer: Linen is made from what plant? ANSWER: FLAX 25. Short Answer: What is arachnology? ANSWER: STUDY OF ARACHNIDS (except: study of spiders or scorpions or relatives of spiders)

26. Short Answer: What is another name for the Paleolithic Age? ANSWER: THE STONE AGE 27. Short Answer: What nocturnal animal group makes up one-fourth of all mammals species? ANSWER: BATS or CHIROPTERA 28. Short Answer: How many time zones are there on Earth? ANSWER: TWENTY-FOUR 29. Short Answer: What land mammal holds the record for the greatest age? ANSWER: MAN 30. Short Answer: What is the better known name for the deadly poison prussic acid? ANSWER: CYANIDE or HYDROGEN CYANIDE 31. Multiple Choice: Cystitis is the infection of which of the following? w) liver x) urinary bladder y) pancreas z) lung ANSWER: X -- URINARY BLADDER 32. Short Answer: What is a shark's skeleton made of? ANSWER: CARTILAGE 33. Short Answer: What yellow metal is an alloy of copper and zinc? ANSWER: BRASS 34. Short Answer: What is the subdivision in the Plant Kingdom comprising over 20,000 species of Mosses and Liverworts? ANSWER: BRYOPHYTES 35. Short Answer: Automobile catalytic converters cause the carbon monoxide and hydrocarbons which result from incomplete combustion to be converted into what two substances? ANSWER: CARBON DIOXIDE (CO2) AND WATER (H2O) 36. Short Answer: Used primarily in fertilizers, which element is never found free in nature even though it makes up about 2.5% of the earth's crust? ANSWER: POTASSIUM 37. Multiple Choice: At room temperature, most elements are in which phase of matter? w) solid x) liquid y) gas z) plasma ANSWER: W -- SOLID 38. Short Answer: What is the name for steel alloyed with chromium? ANSWER: STAINLESS STEEL 39. Short Answer: Table sugar, from sugar cane or beet, is what type of sugar?

ANSWER: SUCROSE or DISACCHARIDE or SACCHAROSE 40. Multiple Choice: The study of phenomena at very low temperatures is called: w) heat transfer x) morphology y) crystallography z) cryogenics ANSWER: Z -- CRYOGENICS 41. Multiple Choice: The branch of medical science which is concerned with the study of disease as it affects a community of people is called: w) epidemiology x) oncology y) paleontogy z) pathology ANSWER: W – EPIDEMIOLOGY 42. Short Answer: Name the first woman to travel in space. ANSWER: (VALENTINA) TERESHKOVA 43. Multiple Choice: A type of plastic that is biodegradable has been in the news lately. The ingredient that makes it biodegradable is: w) vegetable oil x) petroleum y) cornstarch z) leather ANSWER: Y – CORNSTARCH 44. Multiple Choice: If a metal can be drawn into wires relatively easily it is called: w) malleable x) ductile y) extractive z) tactile ANSWER: X -- DUCTILE 45. Short Answer: Occasionally, a bad cold will cause a decrease in a person’s hearing ability. What is the name of the tube that becomes blocked to cause this problem? ANSWER: EUSTACHIAN TUBE 46. Short Answer: Name the general type of mammal that gives birth to undeveloped young that are kept in pouches. ANSWER: MARSUPIAL 47. Multiple Choice: In which country was a method for making rust-resistant iron discovered in the fifth century B.C.? w) Sumeria x) Egypt y) India z) Babylon ANSWER: Y – INDIA Science Bowl Practice Questions – Earth Science 1. Short Answer: Biosphere describes the earth realm where life occurs What describes the entire solid earth realm and is composed of mineral matter? ANSWER: LITHOSPHERE 2. Multiple Choice: Which of the following energy

sources does NOT originally come from the Sun? w) wind x) Ocean thermal energy conversion y) geothermal z) hydroelectric ANSWER: Y – GEOTHERMAL 3. Short Answer: What is the name of the atmosphere layer of upwardly diminishing temperature situated above the stratosphere and topped by the mesopause? ANSWER: MESOSPHERE 4. Multiple Choice: What percentage of the earth's atmosphere does O2 comprise? w) 75% x) 50% y) 21% z) 32% ANSWER: Y -- 21% 5. Short Answer: What gas makes up the majority of our atmosphere? ANSWER: NITROGEN 6. Multiple Choice: The tanning rays of the sun are called: w) infrared rays x) visible light y) ultraviolet rays z) gamma rays ANSWER: Y -- ULTRAVIOLET RAYS 7. Multiple Choice: While many different gases are found in the atmosphere, a number do NOT contribute significantly to solar heating of the atmosphere. Which TWO of the following gases do NOT absorb much heat? w) carbon dioxide x) nitrogen y) water vapor z) oxygen ANSWER: X and Z -- NITROGEN and OXYGEN 8. Multiple Choice: Global climate change is being attributed to the atmospheric increase in what two gases produced by human activities? w) oxygen and hydrogen x) ozone and methane y) nitrous oxide and sulfur dioxide z) methane and carbon dioxide e) ozone and carbon monoxide ANSWER: Z -- METHANE AND CARBON DIOXIDE 9. Short Answer: The ozone layer is located in which region of the atmosphere? ANSWER: STRATOSPHERE 10. Multiple Choice: Certain substances are classified as water pollutants, others as air pollutants and still others as land pollutants. Which of the following pollutes all three parts of our environment?

w) fluorocarbons x) smog y) acid rain z) ozone ANSWER: Y -- ACID RAIN 11. Short Answer: What is the name of the phenomenon that causes an accumulation of heat in the lower atmosphere because of the absorption of long-wave radiation from the Earth's surface? ANSWER: GREENHOUSE EFFECT 12. Multiple Choice: The Greenhouse Effect is caused primarily by which of the following processes? w) blocking incoming short wave solar energy x) absorbing incoming short wave solar energy y) heating of the Earth's stratosphere z) absorbing outgoing long wave radiation from the Earth ANSWER: Z -- ABSORBING OUTGOING LONG WAVE RADIATION FROM THE EARTH 13. Multiple Choice: Hematite is a primary ore of which of the following metals? w) zinc x) tungsten y) iron z) none of the above ANSWER: Y -- IRON 14. Multiple Choice: Galena is a primary ore of which of the following metals? w) zinc x) tungsten y) lead z) silver ANSWER: Y -- LEAD 15. Multiple Choice: Which of the following minerals is a source of copper? w) Bauxite (pron: box-ite) x) Hematite y) Malachite z) Galena ANSWER: Y -- MALACHITE 16. Multiple Choice: Of the following four geologic periods, which is the most recent? w) Devonian x) Silurian y) Permian z) Jurassic ANSWER: Z -- JURASSIC Science Bowl Practice Questions Physics 1. Multiple Choice: For the hydrogen atom, which series describes electron transitions to the N=1 orbit, the lowest energy electron orbit? Is it the: w) Lyman series x) Balmer series y) Paschen series

z) Pfund series ANSWER: W -- LYMAN SERIES 2. Multiple Choice: Electric current may be expressed in which one of the following units? w) coulombs/volt x) joules/coulomb y) coulombs/second z) ohms/second ANSWER: Y -- COULOMBS/SECOND 3. Short Answer: In the SI system of measure, what is the unit of capacitance? ANSWER: FARAD 4. Multiple Choice: A Newton is equal to which of the following? w) kilogram-meter per second x) meter per second squared y) kilogram-meter per second squared z) kilogram per meter-second ANSWER: Y -- KILOGRAM-METER PER SECOND SQUARED 5. Multiple Choice: Work is equal to which of the following? w) the cross product of force and displacement. x) the product of force times time y) force divided by time z) the dot product of force and displacement ANSWER: Z -- THE DOT PRODUCT OF FORCE AND DISPLACEMENT 6. Multiple Choice: The work done by a friction force is: w) always positive x) always negative y) always zero z) either positive or negative depending upon the situation. ANSWER: X -- ALWAYS NEGATIVE 7. Multiple Choice: As defined in physics, work is: w) a scalar quantity x) always a positive quantity y) a vector quantity z) always zero ANSWER: W -- A SCALAR QUANTITY 8. Multiple Choice: In physics, a radian per second is a unit of: w) angular displacement x) angular velocity y) angular acceleration z) angular momentum. ANSWER: X -- ANGULAR VELOCITY 9. Multiple Choice: If the resultant force acting on a body of constant mass is zero, the body's momentum is: w) increasing x) decreasing y) always zero

z) constant ANSWER: Z – CONSTANT 10. Short Answer: What is the name of the first American physicist to win two Nobel prizes? ANSWER: (JOHN) BARDEEN 11. Multiple Choice: Which of the following scientists is responsible for the exclusion principle which states that two objects may NOT occupy the same space at the same time? Was it: w) Heisenberg x) Bohr y) Teller z) Pauli ANSWER: Z -- PAULI 12. Short Answer: Who shared the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1909 with Guglielmo Marconi for his contribution to the development of wireless telegraphy? ANSWER: (CARL FERDINAND) BRAUN 13. Short Answer: Who first theoretically predicted the existence of the positron, a positively charged electron? He received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1933. ANSWER: (PAUL ADRIEN MAURICE) DIRAC 14. Short Answer: Name the female physicist who received the Nobel Prize in 1963 for her discovery concerning the shell structure of the nucleus. ANSWER: (MARIA GOEPPERT) MAYER 15. Multiple Choice: The force acting between two point charges can be computed using which of the following laws? w) Ohm's Law x) Ampere's Law y) Coulomb's Law z) Newton's Second Law. ANSWER: Y -- COULOMB'S LAW 16. Multiple Choice: Induced electric currents can be explained using which of the following laws? w) Gauss's Law x) Faraday's Law y) Ohm's Law z) Ampere's Law ANSWER: X -- FARADAY'S LAW 17. Multiple Choice: For a negative point charge, the electric field vectors: w) circle the charge x) point radially in toward the charge y) point radially away from the charge z) cross at infinity ANSWER: X -- POINT RADIALLY IN TOWARD THE CHARGE 18. Multiple Choice: For an infinite sheet of positive charge, the electric field lines: w) run parallel to the sheet of charge x) are perpendicular to the sheet of charge and point in toward the sheet

y) are perpendicular to the sheet of charge and point away from the sheet z) fall off as one over r squared ANSWER: Y -- ARE PERPENDICULAR TO THE SHEET OF CHARGE AND POINT AWAY 19. Short Answer: In Bohr's theory of the atom, what force was responsible for holding the electrons in their orbit? ANSWER: COULOMB FORCE or THE FORCE OF ATTRACTION BETWEEN THE PROTON (NUCLEUS) AND THE ELECTRON 20. Multiple Choice: Whose principle or law states that each point on a wavefront may be considered a new wave source? Is it: w) Snell's Law x) Huygen's Principle y) Young's Law z) Hertz's Law. ANSWER: X -- HUYGEN'S PRINCIPLE 21. Multiple Choice: The wave nature of light is demonstrated by which of the following? w) the photoelectric effect x) color y) the speed of light z) diffraction ANSWER: Z -- DIFFRACTION 22. Multiple Choice: The collision between a photon and a free electron was first explained by which of the following scientists? w) Einstein x) Heisenberg y) Compton z) Bohr ANSWER: Y – COMPTON 23. Short Answer: Besides solid, liquid, and gas, what is the fourth form of matter? ANSWER: PLASMA 24. Short Answer: What is 25,000 miles per hour on earth, and 5,300 miles per hour on the Moon? ANSWER: ESCAPE VELOCITY 25. Short Answer: In Einstein's universe, what is the fourth dimension? ANSWER: TIME 26. Multiple Choice: The Tesla and the Gauss are units of measure of: w) conductance x) magnetic field strength y) magnetic flux z) electrical current ANSWER: X -- MAGNETIC FIELD STRENGTH 27. Short Answer: Shockley, Brattain and Bardeen won a Nobel prize for what small invention? ANSWER: TRANSISTOR 28. Multiple Choice: Which of the following colors

of visible light has the longest wavelength? Is it: w) violet x) green y) yellow z) red ANSWER: Z – RED 29. Multiple Choice: The value of G, the universal gravitational constant, was measured experimentally by: w) Newton x) Cavendish y) Copernicus z) Kepler ANSWER: X -- CAVENDISH 30. Multiple Choice: The SI unit of pressure is the: w) Torr x) dyne per centimeter squared y) atmosphere z) pascal ANSWER: Z – PASCAL 31. Multiple Choice: An x-ray photon collides with a free electron, and the photon is scattered. During this collision there is conservation of: w) momentum but not energy x) neither momentum nor energy y) energy but not momentum z) both momentum and energy ANSWER: Z -- BOTH MOMENTUM AND ENERGY 32. Multiple Choice: In the sun, helium is produced from hydrogen by: w) radioactive decay x) disintegration y) fission z) fusion ANSWER: Z – FUSION 33. Multiple Choice: The idea that electrons revolved in orbits around the nucleus of an atom without radiating energy away from the atom was postulated by: w) Thompson x) Bohr y) Rutherford z) Einstein ANSWER: X – BOHR

(D) Galena 3. The element present in the largest amount in rocks and minerals is — (A) Carbon (B) Silicon (C) Hydrogen (D) Aluminium 4. An alloy used in making heating elements for electric heating devices is — (A) Solder (B) Alloysteel (C) Nichrome (D) German Silver 5. German Silver is an alloy of — (A) Copper, Silver & Nickel (B) Silver, Copper & Aluminium (C) Zinc, Copper & Nickel (D) Silver, Zinc & Nickel 6. Air is a/an — (A) Compound (B) Element (C) Mixture (D) Electrolyte 7. Which of the following is the best conductor of Electricity ? (A) Ordinary water (B) Sea water (C) Boiled water (D) Distilled water 8. Balloons are filled with — (A) Helium (B) Oxygen (C) Nitrogen (D) Argon 9. The charcoal used to decolourise raw sugar is — (A) Animal charcoal (B) Sugar charcoal (C) Cocoanut charcoal (D) Wood charcoal

General Science1

10. The most abundant metal in the earth’s crust is — (A) Zinc (B) Copper (C) Aluminium (D) Iron

1. Which of the following is the lightest metal ? (A) Mercury (B) Silver (C) Lithium (D) Lead

11. The gas used to extinguish fire is — (A) Neon (B) Nitrogen (C) Carbon dioxide (D) Carbon Monoxide

2. The most important ore of Aluminium is — (A) Bauxite (B) Calamine (C) Calcite

12. In which of the following activities Silicon Carbide is used ? (A) Making cement and glass (B) Disinfecting water and ponds

(C) Making castes for statues (D) Cutting very hard substances 13. The element common to all acids is — (A) Oxygen (B) Hydrogen (C) Nitrogen (D) Sulphur 14. Gobar gas contains mainly — (A) Methane (B) Carbon dioxide (C) Butane (D) Carbon Monoxide 15. The most malleable metal is — (A) Silver (B) Gold (C) Aluminium (D) Sodium 16. Tetraethyl lead is used as — (A) Mosquito repellent (B) Pain Killer (C) Fire extinguisher (D) Petrol additive 17. Which of the following is used in beauty parlours for hair setting ? (A) Phosphorus (B) Sulphur (C) Chlorine (D) Silicon 18. Which of the following is a non-metal that remains liquid in room temperature ? (A) Bromine (B) Chlorine (C) Helium (D) Phosphorus 19. From which mineral is radium obtained — (A) Limestone (B) Haematitie (C) Pitchblende (D) Rutile 20. What is laughing gas ? (A) Carbon dioxide (B) Sulphur dioxide (C) Nitrogen Dioxide (D) Nitrous oxide 21. Which of the following is used as a material for making protective windows in space probes ? (A) Steel (B) Graphite (C) Tungsten (D) Diamond 22. Which form of phosphorus is used in safety metals? (A) Red Phosphorus

(B) White Phosphorus (C) Yellow Phosphorus (D) Black Phosphorous 23. Stainless steel is an alloy of — (A) Iron, Carbon and Nickel (B) Iron and Manganese (C) Iron, Chromium and Zinc (D) Iron, Chromium and Nickel 24. Which of the following is not correctly matched ? (A) Galena : Lead Sulphide (B) Green vitriol : Copper sulphate (C) Plaster of Paris : Calcium sulphate (D) Calomel : Mercurous Chloride 25. Which of the following metals forms an amalgum with other metals ? (A) Lead (B) Tin (C) Zinc (D) Mercury Answers: 1. (C) 2. (A)

3. (B)

4. (C)

7. (B)

9. (D)

10. (C) 11. (C) 12. (D)

8. (A)

5. (C)

6. (C)

13. (B) 14. (A) 15. (B) 16. (D) 17.(B) 18. (A) 19. (C) 20. (D) 21. (D) 22. (A) 23. (D) 24. (B) 25. (D)

General Science2 1. Parmanent hardness of water may be removed by the addition of — (A) Alum (B) Sodium Carbonate (C) Lime (D) Potassium Permanganate 2. Potassium nitrate is used in — (A) Salt (B) Glass (C) Fertiliser (D) Medicine 3. In which type of rocks are metals like Gold and Copper mostly found ? (A) Old igneous (B) Old sedimentary (C) Old metamorphic (D) New metamorphic 4. Which of the following gases is lighter than air ? (A) Carbon dioxide (B) Oxygen (C) Ammonia (D) Chlorine 5. Which of the following is used as lubricant ? (A) Graphite

(B) Silica (C) Diamond (D) Iron Oxide

(B) Atomic number (C) Atomic size (D) Atomic volume

6. The purest form of iron is — (A) Steel (B) Pig iron (C) Cast iron (D) Wrought iron

16. Of the following metals, which one pollutes the air of a big city ? (A) Copper (B) Cadmium (C) Lead (D) Chromium

7. The percentage of carbon is the least in — (A) Grey cast iron (B) Wrought iron (C) White cast iron (D) Steel 8. The colour of Emerald is — (A) Violet (B) Yellow (C) Deep Green (D) Prussian Blue 9. Permanent hardness of water, due to sulphates of the metal, can be destroyed by the use of — (A) Nitrates (B) Zeolites (C) Sulphonates (D) None of these 10. Rust is — (A) A mixture of Fe2O3 and Fe(OH)2 (B) A mixture of FeO and Fe(OH)2 (C) FeO only (D) A mixture of Fe2O3, 3H2O and FeO 11. Liquefied Petroleum gas (LPG) consists of mainly — (A) Methane, Ethane and Hexane (B) Ethane, Hexane and Nonane (C) Methane, Butane and Propane (D) Methane, Hexane and Nonane 12. The metal that is present in Photo Films is — (A) Mercury (B) Platinum (C) Magnesium (D) Silver 13. Which of the following is in liquid form at room temperature ? (A) Cerium (B) Sodium (C) Francium (D) Lithium 14. Soda water contains — (A) Nitrous acid (B) Carbonic acid (C) Carbon dioxide (D) Sulphuric acid 15. Which of the following is basis of the modern periodic table ? (A) Atomic mass

17. Brass is an alloy of — (A) Nickel and Copper (B) Copper and Silver (C) Nickel and Zinc (D) Zinc and Copper 18. The element required for Solar energy conversion — (A) Beryllium (B) Silicon (C) Tantalum (D) Ultra pure carbon 19. Monazite is an ore of — (A) Sodium (B) Titanium (C) Thorium (D) Zirconium 20. Potassium Permanganate is used for purifying drinking water, because — (A) It dissolves the impurities of water (B) It is a sterilizing agent (C) It is an oxidising agent (D) It is a reducing agent. 21. The presence of which of the following salts in water causes corrosion in steam boilers ? (A) Sodium Chloride (B) Magnesium Chloride (C) Calcium bicarbonate (D) Potassium bicarbonate 22. Water is a good solvent of ionic salts because — (A) It has no colour (B) It has a boiling point (C) It has a high dipole moment (D) It has a high specific heat 23. The hardest substance available in earth is — (A) Platinum (B) Silicon (C) Diamond (D) Gold 24. Which of the following is the best conductor of electricity ? (A) Zinc (B) Copper (C) Gold (D) Silver

25. The ratio of pure gold in 18 carat gold is — (A) 60% (B) 75% (C) 80% (D) 100% Answers: 1. (B) 2. (B) 6. (D) 7. (D) 11. (C) 12. (D) 16. (C) 17. (D) 21. (B) 22. (C)

3. (A) 8. (C) 13. (C) 18. (B) 23. (C)

4. (C) 9. (B) 14. (C) 19. (C) 24. (D)

5. (A) 10. (D) 15. (B) 20. (C) 25. (B)

(C) 2CaSO4, 4H2O (D) 2CaSO4, H2O 9. Which of the following substance is a bad conductor of electricity but a good conductor of heat? (A) Asbestos (B) Celluloid (C) Purspecks (D) Mica

General Science3

10. Carborandum is — (A) Silicon Dioxide (B) Silicon Carbide (C) Silicon Nitride (D) Silicon Phosphide

1. Which of the following is not an ore of Aluminium? (A) Felsper (B) Bauxite (C) Cryolite (D) Azurite

11. Which of the following is the best conductor of electricity ? (A) Copper (B) Mica (C) Zinc (D) Silver

2. Most soluble in water is — (A) Camphor (B) Sugar (C) Sulphur (D) Common Salt

12. Washing soda is the common name of — (A) Calcium Carbonate (B) Calcium Bi-Carbonate (C) Sodium Carbonate (D) Sodium Bi-Carbonate

3. Bromine is — (A) colourless gas insoluble in water (B) A highly inflammable gas (C) A Black solid. (D) A red liquid.

13. The filament of electric bulb is made of — (A) Iron (B) Nichrome (C) Tungsten (D) Graphite

4. The metal used in storage batteries — (A) Iron (B) Copper (C) Lead (D) Zinc

14. Bleaching powder is made from — (A) Sulphur dioxide and gypsum (B) Chlorine and Charcoal (C) Soda ash and lime (D) Lime and Chlorine

5. Water has maximum density at — (A) –4°C (B) 0°C (C) 4°C (D) 100°C

15. The two elements that are frequently used for making transistors are — (A) Boron and Aluminium (B) Silicon and Germenium (C) Iridium and Tungsten (D) Niobium and Columbium

6. The chemical name of Urea is — (A) Aneurin (B) Chloroetane (C) Carbamide (D) None of these 7. Permanent hardness of water can be removed by adding — (A) Potassium Permanganate (B) Chlorine (C) Bleaching Powder (D) Washing Soda 8. The formula of Plaster of Paris is — (A) CaSO4 (B) CaSO4, 2H2O

16. Which of the following gas is not known as green house gas ? (A) Methane (B) Carbon dioxide (C) Nitrous oxide (D) CFC 17. Which of the following is not a neutral oxide ? (A) Carbon Monoxide (B) Sulphur Dioxide (C) Water (D) Nitric Oxide 18. Which of the following is used in making smoke bombs ?

(A) Sulphur (B) Phosphorus (C) Hydrogen (D) Carbon

1. Cow milk is a rich source of — (A) Vitamin A (B) Vitamin B1 (C) Vitamin C (D) Vitamin D

19. Caustic Soda is — (A) Nacl (B) Na2CO3 (C) NaOH (D) NaHCO3 20. Chemical formula of Water glass is — (A) Na2SiO3 (B) Al2O3 (C) NaAlO2 (D) CaSiO3 21. Which of the following is not a bleaching agent? (A) Sulpher di-oxide (B) Carbon di-oxide (C) Sodium hypochlorite (D) Chlorine 22. The gas usually filled in electric bulb is — (A) Hydrogen (B) Oxygen (C) Nitrogen (D) Carbon di-oxide 23. Heavy water is — (A) Tritium oxide (B) Deuterium oxide (C) Rain water (D) Water at 4°C 24. The gases used in different types of welding would include — (A) Oxygen & Hydrogen (B) Oxygen, acetylene & argon (C) Oxygen & acetylene (D) Oxygen, hydrogen & nitrogen 25. Which of the following alloys is used for making magnets ? (A) Duralumin (B) Stainless Steel (C) Alnico (D) Magnelium Answers: 1. (D) 2. (B)

3. (D)

4. (C)

5. (A)

6. (C)

8. (D)

9. (D)

10. (B)

7. (D)

11. (D) 12. (C) 13. (C) 14. (D) 15. (B) 16. (C) 17. (B) 18. (B) 19. (C) 20. (A) 21. (B) 22. (C) 23. (B) 24. (C) 25. (C)

General Science4

2. The element found in the surface of the Moon is — (A) Tin (B) Tungsten (C) Tantalum (D) Titanium 3. The average salinity of sea water is — (A) 2% (B) 3% (C) 2.5% (D) 3.5% 4. Which of the following is the most stable element? (A) Uranium (B) Hydrogen (C) Oxygen (D) Lead 5. Find the odd one ? (A) Marble (B) Chalk (C) Lime Stone (D) Slaked Lime 6. Diamond is harder than graphite because of — (A) Difference of layers of atoms (B) Tetrahedral structure of diamonds (C) Difference of crystaline structures (D) None of these 7. A super conductor is characterised by — (A) Zero permeability (B) Low permeability (C) High permeability (D) Infinite permeability 8. Of the various forms of carbon, which one is used for absorption purpose? (A) Diamond (B) Graphite (C) Coke (D) Wood Charcoal 9. The main constituents of Pearl are — (A) Calcium Carbonate, Magnesium Carbonate (B) Calcium oxide, Ammonium Chloride (C) Argonite , Chonchiolin (D) Ammonium Sulphate, Sodium Carbonate 10. An element that does not occur in nature but can be produced artificially is — (A) Thorium (B) Radium (C) Plutonium (D) Uranium

11. The inert gas which is substituted for nitrogen in the air, used by deep sea drivers for breathing is — (A) Helium (B) Argon (C) Krypton (D) Xenon 12. The group of metals Fe, Co, Ni may be best called as — (A) Alkali metals (B) Rare metals (C) Main group metals (D) Transition metals 13. Which of the following characters is not shown by hydrogen — (A) It burns in air to form water (B) It supports combustion (C) It combines with almost all metals forming hydrides (D) It readily combines with fluorine and chlorine 14. Which of the following elements is obtained from sea weeds ? (A) Argon (B) Sulphur (C) Vanadium (D) Iodine 15. The metallic constituents of hard water are — (A) Magnesium, Calcium and tin (B) Iron, tin and calcium (C) Calcium, magnesium and iron (D) Magnesium, tin and iron 16. The property of a substance to absorb moisture from the air on exposure is called — (A) Osmosis (B) Desiccation (C) Efflorescence (D) Deliquescene 17. Brass gets discoloured in air due to the presence of which gas in air — (A) Carbon dioxide (B) Oxygen (C) Hydrogen Sulphide (D) Nitrogen 18. Quartz crystals normally used in quartz clocks etc. is chemically — (A) Sodium Silicate (B) Silicon dioxide (C) Germenium dioxide (D) A mixture of (B) & (C) 19. Bell Metal is an alloy of — (A) Brass and Nickel (B) Zinc and Copper (C) Tin and Copper (D) Nickel and Copper 20. The high temperature superconductors are —

(A) Metal alloys (B) Ceramic oxides (C) Inorganic polymers (D) Pure rare earth metals 21. The ingredients of Gun metal are — (A) Iron, tin (B) Copper, tin (C) Iron, brass, tin (D) Iron, zinc, titanium 22. The gas usually causing explosions in coal mines is — (A) Hydrogen (B) Carbon monoxide (C) Air (D) Methane 23. Cotton fibers are made of — (A) cellulose (B) starch (C) proteins (D) fats 24. Which of the following ores does not contain iron? (A) Haematite (B) Magnetite (C) Limonite (D) Cassiterite 25. Nuclear fission is caused by the impact of — (A) Proton (B) Electron (C) Neutron (D) (A) & (b) Answers: 1. (B) 2. (D)

3. (D)

4. (D)

5. (D)

6. (C)

8. (D)

9. (A)

10. (C)

7. (A)

11. (A) 12. (D) 13. (B) 14. (D) 15. (C) 16. (D) 17. (C) 18. (B) 19. (C) 20. (B) 21. (B) 22. (D) 23. (A) 24. (D) 25. (C)

General Science5 1. Which is a good nuclear fuel ? (A) Uranium — 238 (B) Neptunium — 239 (C) Thorium — 236 (D) Plutonium - 236 2. Long distance photography is facilitated by — (A) Visible light (B) X-rays (C) Infra Red rays (D) Ultra violet rays 3. Which radioactive pollutant has recently drawn the attention of the public due to its occurance in

the building materials ? (A) Radium (B) Radon (C) Thorium (D) Plutonium 4. In an atomic explosion enormous energy is released which is due to the — (A) Conversions of neutrons into protons (B) Conversion of chemical energy into nuclear energy (C) Conversion of mechanical energy into nuclear energy (D) Conversion of mass into energy

(D) Electrons & Nuclei 12. The age of most ancient geological formation is estimated by — (A) Potassium-Argon method (B) Ra-Si method (C) C14 method (D) Uranium-lead method 13. Which of the following is used as a moderator in nuclear reactor ? (A) Ordinary water (B) Radium (C) Thorium (D) Graphite

5. Which of the following is used as a coolant in nuclear reactors ? (A) Heavy water (B) Cadmium (C) Liquid sodium (D) Graphite

14. Isotopes are separated by — (A) Filtration (B) Sublimation (C) Distillation (D) Crystalization

6. The isotope of Uranium capable of sustaining chain reaction is — (A) U 235 (B) U 238 (C) U 239 (D) None of these

15. Who suggested that the most of the mass of atom is located in nucleus ? (A) Bohr (B) Thomson (C) Rutherford (D) Avogadro

7. Radioactive disintegration of Uranium ultimately results in formation of — (A) Radium (B) Thorium (C) Polonium (D) Lead

16. Meson particles are found in — (A) R-rays (B) X-rays (C) Laser beam (D) Cosmic rays

8. Atom bomb is made on the basis of — (A) Nuclear fusion (B) Nuclear fission (C) Both (A) & (B) (D) None of these

17. An atom of an element with mass number 23 and atomic number 11 will have — (A) 11 neutrons, 12 protons and 11 electrons (B) 11 protons, 12 neutrons and 11 electrons (C) 11 protons, 12 electrons and 11 neutrons (D) 23 protons and 11 electrons

9. Which of the following has least penetrating power? (A) Alpha particles (B) Beta particles (C) Gamma particles (D) All have same power

18. The location and energy of an electron in an atom can be specified by — (A) Atomic mass (B) Atomic number (C) Quantum numbers (D) None of these

10. What is increasing order of the wave lengths of the following colours — 1. Orange 2. Indigo 3. Yellow 4. Violet (A) 1, 2, 3, 4 (B) 3, 4, 1, 2 (C) 4, 3, 2, 1 (D) 4, 2, 3, 1

19. Old-written material, which cannot be read easily can be read by — (A) Cosmic Rays (B) Ultraviolet rays (C) Infra Red rays (D) None of these

11. Atoms are composed of — (A) Electrons only (B) Protons only (C) Electrons & Protons

20. In an atomic nucleus, neutrons and protons are held together by — (A) Gravitational forces (B) Magnetic forces (C) Exchange forces (D) Coulombic forces 21. Which of the following elements is non-

radioactive? (A) Uranium (B) Thorium (C) Plutonium (D) Zirconium

4. What are soaps ? (A) Salts of silicates (B) Ester of heavy fatty acids (C) Sodium or potassium salts of heavier fatty acids (D) Mixture of glycerol and alcohol

22. According to Dalton’s atomic theory the smallest particle which can exist independently is — (A) An atom (B) A molecule (C) A cation (D) An anion

5. Which of the following is used in making artificial sweetener saccharine ? (A) Benzene (B) Toluene (C) Phenol (D) Aniline

23. The recent atomic weight scale is based on — (A) 1H1 (B) 1H2 (C) 6C12 (D) 8O16

6. Rayon is chemically — (A) Glucose (B) Amylase (C) Cellulose (D) Peptin

24. The neutral atom’s two isotopes differ in the number of — (A) Electron shells (B) Protons (C) Valence electrons (D) Neutrons

7. Which of following is used as a filter in rubber tyres? (A) Graphite (B) Coal (C) Coke (D) Carbon Black

25. Optical fibres are mainly used in — (A) Communication (B) Weaving (C) Musical Instruments (D) Food Industry

8. In vulcanization, natural rubber is heated with — (A) Carbon (B) Sulphur (C) Silicon (D) Phosphorus

Answers: 1. (C) 2. (C)

3. (C)

4. (D)

5. (C)

6. (A)

8. (B)

9. (A)

10. (D)

9. Which type of fire extinguisher is used for petroleum fire ? (A) Foam type (B) Soda acid type (C) Powder type (D) None of these

7. (D)

11. (D) 12. (C) 13. (D) 14. (C) 15. (C) 16. (D) 17. (B) 18. (C) 19. (C) 20. (C) 21. (D) 22. (A) 23. (C) 24. (D) 25. (A)

General Science6 1. The first synthetic fibre made by man was — (A) Rayon (B) Nylon (C) Polyester (D) Terycott 2. Which variety of glass is heat resistant ? (A) Hard glass (B) Flint glass (C) Pyrex glass (D) Bottle glass 3. Which of the following is used for removing air bubbles from glass during its manufacture ? (A) Fledspar (B) Arsenic oxide (C) Potassium Carbonate (D) Soda Ash

10. Which is/ are the important raw materials in cement industry ? (A) Limestone (B) Gypsum & Clay (C) Clay (D) Limestone & Clay 11. Which of the following is the petroleum wax ? (A) Bees wax (B) Carnauba wax (C) Paraffin wax (D) Jojoba wax 12. Which of the following fibres is generally preferred for making gauze and lint ? (A) Cotton (B) Rayon (C) Nylon (D) Terylene 13. Rubber is coagulated from latex by adding — (A) Hydrochloric acid (B) Acetic acid (C) Sulphuric acid

(D) Carbonic acid 14. Paper is manufactured by — (A) Wood and resin (B) Wood, Sodium and Bleaching powder (C) Wood and bleaching powder (D) Wood, Calcium, hydrogen sulphate and resin 15. Which synthetic fibre is known as artificial silk ? (A) Cotton (B) Rayon (C) Terylene (D) Nylon 16. Deep blue colour is imparted to glass by the presence of — (A) Iron oxide (B) Cupric oxide (C) Nickel oxide (D) Cobalt oxide 17. The combustible material at the tip of a safety match stick is — (A) Sulphur (B) Manganese dioxide (C) Phosphorus (D) Antimony sulphide 18. Which of the following roofs provide better protection against fire ? (A) Cement slab (B) Asbestos sheet (C) Reinforced concrete (D) None of these 19. The material used for bleaching paper pulp is — (A) Chlorine (B) Caustic soda (C) Sodium Hypochlorite (D) Lime 20. Which of the following is a protein ? (A) Wool (B) Starch (C) Natural rubber (D) Cellulose 21. Soap is a mixture of sodium or potassium salts of— (A) Monocarboxylic acid (B) Glycerols (C) Dicarboxylic acid (D) Tricarboxylic acid 22. Which of the following material is used to prepare blue-black ink ? (A) Gallic acid (B) Tannic acid (C) Ferrous sulphate (D) All of these 23. The type of glass used in making prisms and lenses is —

(A) Soft glass (B) Pyrex glass (C) Jena glass (D) Flint glass 24. Carbon tetrachloride fire extinguisher should not be used in closed room because it produces poisonous glass called — (A) Carbon Monoxide (B) Phosphine (C) Phosgene (D) None of these 25. Which of the following is commonly called a polyamide ? (A) Rayon (B) Orion (C) Terylene (D) Nylon Answers: 1. (B) 2. (C) 6. (C) 7. (D) 11. (C) 12. (B) 16. (D) 17. (D) 21. (A) 22. (D)

3. (B) 8. (B) 13. (B) 18. (B) 23. (D)

4. (C) 9. (C) 14. (D) 19. (C) 24. (D)

5. (B) 10. (D) 15. (B) 20. (C) 25. (D)

General Science7 1. The major ingredient of leather is — (A) Carbohydrate (B) Collagen (C) Polymer (D) Nucleic acid 2. Glass is made from the mixture of — (A) Quartz and mica (B) Sand and salt (C) Sand and silicates (D) None of these 3. Epoxy resins is used as — (A) Moth repellents (B) Insecticides (C) Detergents (D) Adhesives 4. Polythene is industrially prepared by the polymerization of — (A) Methane (B) Styrene (C) Acetylene (D) Ethylene 5. A mixture of water and alcohol can be separated by — (A) Filtration (B) Evaporation (C) Distillation (D) Decantation 6. A substance which changes readily into vapour

without heating is called — (A) Efflorescent (B) Synthetic (C) Volatile (D) Effervescent 7. In which following processes light energy is converted into chemical energy ? (A) Respiration (B) Fermentation (C) Photosynthesis (D) Photorespiration 8. Cooking oil can be converted into vegetables ghee by the process of — (A) Oxidation (B) Hydrogenation (C) Distillation (D) Crystallisation 9. Photosynthesis is — (A) An exothermic process (B) An endothermic process (C) A neutral process (D) A thermostatic process 10. Which of the following substances exhibit the property of sublimation ? (A) Ice (B) Wax (C) Camphor (D) Ethyl Alcohol 11. Combustion is the process in which — (A) Heat is produced (B) Light is produced (C) Heat and Light is produced (D) None of these 12. The chemical used as a fixer in photography is — (A) Borax (B) Sodium thiosulphate (C) Sodium Sulphate (D) Ammonium persulphate 13. A mixture of iron filings and sand can be separated by — (A) Heating (B) Sublimation (C) Hand picking (D) Magnetic Separation 14. In which of the following process, Vanadium Pentoxide is used as a catalyst ? (A) Contact process (B) Haber process (C) Solvary process (D) None of these 15. The rate of chemical reaction does not depend on — (A) Concentration (B) Catalyst

(C) Temperature (D) Pressure 16. Which of the following metals can displace hydrogen from dilute acids ? (A) Zinc (B) Gold (C) Copper (D) Silver 17. Reaction of alcohol, with carboxylic acid is known as — (A) Substitution reaction (B) Addition reaction (C) Esterification (D) Hydrogenation 18. Saponification involves the hydrolysis of fats and oils by — (A) Water (B) Washing soda (C) Stearic acid (D) Caustic acid 19. Which of the following gases is obtained by the reaction of water with Calcium Carbide ? (A) Acetylene (B) Ethylene (C) Methane (D) Water gas 20. The gas liberated during the reaction of copper with dilute nitric acid is — (A) NO2 (B) N2O5 (C) O2 (D) NO 21. Which of following substances undergoes chemical change on heating ? (A) Sodium Chloride (B) Silica (C) Lead Nitrate (D) Platinum wire 22. Water is neither acidic nor alkaline because — (A) it cannot accept or donate protons (B) it boils at high temperature (C) it can dissociate into equal number of hydrogen ions (D) it cannot donate or accept electrons 23. PVC is obtained by the polymerisation of — (A) Propene (B) Vinyl Chloride (C) Styrene (D) Acetylene 24. Which of the following metals can displace zinc from a solution of zinc sulphate ? (A) Lead (B) Magnetism (C) Iron (D) Mercury

(D) Decible 25. Water gas is prepared by passing — (A) Steam over white hot coke (B) Air over red hot coke (C) Methane over red hot coke (D) Steam over heated sulphur Answers: 1. (B) 2. (C)

3. (D)

4. (D)

5. (C)

6. (C)

8. (B)

9. (B)

10. (C)

7. (C)

11. (C) 12. (B) 13. (D) 14. (A) 15. (D) 16. (A) 17. (C) 18. (D) 19. (A) 20. (D) 21. (C) 22. (C) 23. (B) 24. (B) 25. (A)

General Science8 1. Which of the following metals react with nitrogen to form nitride ? (A) Sodium (B) Potassium (C) Magnesium (D) None of these 2. One micron is equal to — (A) 1/10th of mm (B) 1/100th of mm (C) 1/1000th of mm (D) 1/10000th of mm 3. Hydrometer is an instrument — (A) For measuring sound in water (B) To detect the presence of hydrogen in the atmosphere (C) For measuring the specific gravity of liquids (D) To detect the changes in atmospheric humidity 4. Which thermometer is used to indicate the lowest temperature ? (A) Clinical thermometer (B) Gas thermometer (C) Alcohol thermometer (D) Resistance thermometer 5. A chronometer measures — (A) Sound waves (B) Time (C) Water waves (D) Colour contrast 6. One fathom is equal to — (A) 6 metres (B) 6 feet (C) 60 feet (D) 60 cms 7. What is the unit for measuring the pitch or frequency of sound ? (A) Coulomb (B) Hum (C) Cycles

8. The fastest acting enzyme in the biological kingdom is — (A) lipase (B) amylase (C) carboxypeptidase (D) carbonic anhydrase 9. German biochemist, Emil Fischer — (A) gave Operon model (B) compared the fit between enzyme substrate to lock and key (C) proposed the theory of competitive inhibition (D) proposed the feed back inhibition theory 10. Enzymes generally have — (A) same pH and temperature optima (B) same pH but different temperature optima (C) different pH but same temperature optima (D) different pH and temperature optima 11. Coenzyme is — (A) always protein (B) often metal (C) always inorganic compound (D) often a vitamin 12. J. B. Sumner isolated first enzyme from Jackbeans as — (A) amylase (B) trypsin (C) urease (D) renin 13. Enzymes are absent in — (A) fungi (B) bacteria (C) viruses (D) algae 14. The enzymes sucrase acts on — (A) sucrose only (B) sucrose and starch (C) all disaccharides (D) any organic monomer 15. Vitamins are — (A) inorganic substances which cannot be synthesized by animals (B) inorganic by animals (C) organic substances that cannot be generally synthesized by animals (D) organic substances which can be commonly synthesized by animals 16. Richest source of vitamin B1 (thiamine) is — (A) cod liver oil (B) curd (C) whole bread meal (D) eggs 17. One of these vitamins is called erythrocyte maturation factor —

(A) A (B) C (C) K (D) B12

16. (C) 17. (D) 18. (D) 19. (A) 20. (B)

18. The vitamin which can be synthesized in the gut by bacterial action is — (A) vitamin B1 (B) vitmain B2 (C) vitmain B12 (D) All above

General Science9

21. (D) 22. (D) 23. (B) 24. (C) 25. (D)

19. Deficiency of vitamin D causes — (A) rickets (B) beri-beri (C) scurvy (D) night blindness 20. Which one of the following is the best source of vitamin A? (A) Apple (B) Carrot (C) Amla (D) Raddish 21. Ascorbic acid is — (A) Vitamin K (B) Vitamin B (C) Vitamin A (D) Vitamin C 22. Sterility in some animals is caused due to deficiency of — (A) vitamin B (B) vitamin D (C) vitamin B12 (D) vitamin E 23. At the boiling temperature an enzyme becomes — (A) killed (B) denatured (C) uneffected (D) inactivated 24. Starch hydrolysing enzyme is — (A) sucrose (B) invertase (C) amylase (D) cellulase 25. The enzyme used for the formation of RNA on DNA is — (A) DNA polymerase (B) endonuclease (C) topoisomerase (D) RNA polymerase Answers: 1. (C) 2. (C)

3. (C)

4. (C)

5. (B)

6. (B)

8. (D)

9. (B)

10. (C)

7. (D)

11. (D) 12. (C) 13. (C) 14. (A) 15. (C)

1. The term ‘enzyme’ was coined by — (A) de Duve (B) Kunhe (C) C. Darwin (D) de Candolle 2. Which set of conditions represents easiest way to liquify gas ? (A) Low temperature, high pressure (B) High temperature, low pressure (C) Low temperature, low pressure (D) High temperautre, high pressure 3. Artificial rain is caused by spraying small pellets of which of the following over clouds ? (A) Ice (B) Dry Ice (C) NaOH (D) NH4Cl 4. Galvanisation is deposition of — (A) Zinc of iron (B) aluminium on Iron (C) tin on iron (D) copper on iron 5. Equal volumes of different gases at any definite temperature and pressure have — (A) Equal weights (B) equal masses (C) equal density (D) equal no. of molecules 6. Milk is an example of — (A) suspension (B) true solution (C) emulsion (D) gel 7. Which of the following modes of expressing concentration is independent of temperature — (A) Molarity (B) Molality (C) Normality (D) Formality 8. If temperature is kept constant during the reaction the process is called — (A) Adiabatic (B) Isobaric (C) Isochoric (D) Isothermal 9. Cholera is caused by — (A) vibrio cholerae (B) salmonella

(C) bacterioceoccurs (D) None of these

(C) Gravity separation (D) Dry distillation

10. Why do colloidal substance do not deposited below ? (A) Specific gravity is less (B) It is of very less amount in respect of solvent (C) They carry electrical charges (D) They are converted to sovent

20. Saponification involves the hydrolysis of fats and oils by — (A) water (B) washing soda (C) stearic acid (D) caustic soda

11. Lightening cause rainfall because — (A) It cause combination of oxygen and nitrogen (B) Some of the gas molecules become bigger (C) It activate H2O molecule (D) Photo-electricity reaction starts

21. Photo-synthesis is a/ an — (A) exothermic process (B) endothermic process (C) a neutral process (D) a thermostatic process

12. Nitrification means — (A) Liquifaction of nitrogen (B) Convert the atmospheric nitrogen to effective nitrogen compound. (C) Production of nitrogen from air (D) Conversion of nitrogen to nitric acid.

22. Which of the following is a physical change ? (A) oxidation (B) reduction (C) sublimation (D) decomposition

13. Cell membrane is — (A) permeable (B) selectively permeable (C) semipermeable (D) impermeable

23. Which of the following is not a chemical reaction ? (A) Burningof paper (B) Digestion of food (C) Conversion of water into steam (D) Burning of coal

14. Cholesterol is one kind of — (A) Saturated fatty acid (B) unsaturated fatty acid (C) Steroid (D) Diglyceride

24. Which of the following is a chemical change ? (A) Rusting of iron (B) Tempering of iron (C) Melting of iron (D) Bending of iron

15. Ethyl-alcohol is mixed completely with water. How ethyl alcohol is separated from the mixture ? (A) by separation flannel (B) by evaporation (C) partial-distillation (D) evaporation of water

25. Photoelectric effect was discovered by — (A) Einstein (B) Hertz (C) Bohr (D) Plank

16. White vitriol is — (A) FeSO4, 7H2O (B) ZnSO4, 7H2O (C) MgSO4, 7H2O (D) CuSO4, 7H2O 17. C.T. Scanning uses — (A) Ultrasound waves (B) Gamma rays (C) X-rays (D) None of the above 18. Chemically ‘speropolenin’ is a / an — (A) co-polymer of carotinoid and fatty acid (B) Carbohydrate (C) Propene (D) Lactic acid 19. A mixture of salt and sand can be separated by — (A) Sublimation (B) Dissolving water

Answers: 1. (B) 2. (A)

3. (C)

4. (A)

5. (D)

6. (C)

8. (D)

9. (A)

10. (A)

7. (B)

11. (C) 12. (B) 13. (C) 14. (A) 15. (C) 16. (B) 17. (A) 18. (A) 19. (B) 20. (D) 21. (B) 22. (C) 23. (C) 24. (A) 25. (A)

General Science10 1. The penetrating power is maximum in — (A) a-rays (B) b-rays (C) g-rays (D) cathode rays 2. Which of the following rays carry no charge ? (A) Cathode rays (B) X-rays (C) a-rays (D) Positive rays

3. An atom bomb is based on the principle of — (A) Chemical reaction (B) Chain reaction in the form of fission (C) Nuclear fusion (D) None 4. A plant cell differs from an animal cell in the absence of — (A) mitochondria (B) centrioles (C) ribosomes (D) endoplasmic reticulum 5. A Vitamin, the absence of which leads to sterility in both males and females is — (A) Vitamin K (B) Vitamin C or ascorbic acid (C) Vitamin D or calciferol (D) Vitamin E or tocopherol 6. Anaemia is caused in man due to the deficiency of — (A) folic acid (B) vitamin A (C) vitamin B12 (D) none 7. Antibiotics are drugs used for the cure of — (A) Bacterial diseases (B) Cancer (C) Malaria (D) Nervous disorders 8. Blood does not coagulate inside the body due to the presence of — (A) haemoglobin (B) heparin (C) fibrin (D) plasma 9. Blood pressure is dependent on — (A) systolic force (B) cardiac output (C) peripheral resistance (D) all of these 10. Which of the following substances undergoes chemical change on heating ? (A) Sodium chloride (B) Silica (C) Lead nitrate (D) Platinum wire 11. Vulcanisation is a — (A) Science of studying volcanoes (B) method of degrade polymers (C) Process connected with the making of voltaic cells (D) Process of hardening of rubber by heating it with sulphur. 12. Water gas is prepared by passing — (A) steam over white-hot coke

(B) air over red-hot coke (C) methane over red-hot coke (D) steam over heated sulphur 13. Which of the following gases is obtained by the reaction of water with calcium carbide — (A) Acetylene (B) Ethylene (C) Methane (D) Water gas 14. Cooking oil can be converted into vegetable ghee by the process of — (A) oxidation (B) hydrogenation (C) distillation (D) crystalisation 15. The contact process is involved in the manufacture of — (A) nitric acid (B) Sulphuric acid (C) Ammonia (D) Caustic soda 16. Polythene is industrially prepared by the polymerisation of — (A) methane (B) styrene (C) acetylene (D) ethylene 17. Combustion is a process by which — (A) heat is produced (B) light is produced (C) heat and light both are produced (D) None of these 18. PVC is obtained by the polymerisation of — (A) propane (B) vinyl chloride (C) styrene (D) Acetylene 19. The process by which an organic compound breaks down into simpler compounds on heating to high temperature is known as — (A) Aromatisation (B) Polymerisation (C) Pyrolysis (D) Reduction 20. The hydrogenation of the vegetables oils takes place in the presence of finely divided — (A) aluminium (B) charcoal (C) silica (D) nickel 21. In which of the following processes light energy is converted into chemical energy ? (A) Respiration (B) Fermentation (C) Photosynthesis

(D) Photorespiration

(D) None of these

22. Rusting of iron involves — (A) oxidation (B) reduction (C) decomposition (D) displacement

5. Which temperature in Celsius scale is equal to 300 K ? (A) 30°C (B) 27°C (C) 300°C (D) None of these

23. LPG contains — (A) Butane and isobutene (B) Butane and Propane (C) Isobutane and Propane (D) Butane, Isobutane and Propane 24. The hormone which stimulates milk production in mammal is known as — (A) Glucagon (B) prolactin (C) progesterone (D) oestrogen 25. Antidiuretic hormone (ADH) — (A) inhibits the secretion of growth hormone by the pituitary (B) inhibits the rate of heart beat (C) causes the muscular walls of the arterioles to contract that simulates the reabsorption of water from the kidney tubules. (D) causes an increase in the blood pressure Answers: 1. (A) 2. (B)

3. (B)

4. (B)

5. (D)

6. (A)

8. (B)

9. (D)

10. (C)

7. (A)

11. (D) 12. (A) 13. (A) 14. (B) 15. (B) 16. (D) 17. (C) 18. (B) 19. (C) 20. (D) 21. (C) 22. (A) 23. (B) 24. (B) 25. (C) 1. Where is the Punjab Lalit Kala Academy located ? (A) Muktasar (B) Ludhiana (C) Patiala (D) Chandigarh 2. What does happens when water is condensed into ice ? (A) Heat is absorbed B) Heat is released (C) Quantity of heat remains unchanged (D) None of these 3. Which of the following gases is not a noble gas ? (A) Zenon (B) Argon (C) Helium (D) Chlorine 4. Which of the following diffuses most quickly ? (A) Solid (B) Gas (C) Liquid

6. First Youth Olympic games will be held in— (A) Japan (B) China (C) North Korea (D) Singapore 7. Where was the capital of Pandya dynasty situated ? (A) Mysore (B) Kanchipuram (C) Madurai (D) Delhi 8. Tripitik is the scripture of— (A) Jain religion (B) Hindu religion (C) Buddhishtha religion (D) Muslim religion 9. Who is the author of ‘Adhe-Adhure’ ? (A) Mohan Rakesh (B) Prem Chand (C) Nirala (D) Pant 10. Which of the following Constitutional Amendments has included fundamental duties into the Constitution ? (A) 42nd (B) 43rd (C) 44th (D) 39th 11. Where is the Central Food Technology Research Institute situated ? (A) Delhi (B) Anand (C) Ahmedabad (D) Mysore 12. Which of the following is common in both, Buddhism and Jainism ? (A) Nonviolence (B) Violence (C) Triratna (D) Truth 13. Light-year measures which of the following ? (A) Intensity of light (B) Mass (C) Time (D) Distance 14. Which of the following gases is used for ripening the fruits ?

(A) Methane (B) Ethane (C) Ethylene (D) Acetylene 15. Who among the following was involved in Alipore bomb case ? (A) Aravind Ghosh (B) P. C. Banerjee (C) Bipin Chandra Paul (D) Chandrashekhar Azad 16. Sikh Guru Arjundev was contemporary to which of the following rulers ? (A) Humayun (B) Akbar (C) Shahjahan (D) Jahangir 17. Besides hydrogen, which of the following elements is common in organic compounds ? (A) Phosphorus (B) Sulphur (C) Nitrogen (D) Carbon Directions—(Q. 18–21) Find the correct meanings of the words given below : 18. EWE (A) Calf (B) Female sheep (C) Deer (D) None of these 19. Buffalo (A) Calf (B) Baby box (C) Baby bison (D) Baby cow 20. Veneration— (A) Esteem (B) High respect (C) Devotion (D) Worship 21. Vicious— (A) Remorseless (B) Ferocious (C) Kind (D) Wicked Directions—(Q. 22–25) Choose the word / phrase which is nearest in meaning to the words in question : 22. Bizarre (A) Colourful (B) Odd (C) Insipid (D) Smart 23. Innuendo (A) Narration

(B) Insinuation (C) Insist (D) Insutale 24. Salutary (A) Welcome (B) Discharge (C) Promoting (D) Remove 25. Fictile (A) Fiction (B) Moulded (C) Fictitious (D) Smooth 26. Solid Carbon dioxide is termed as— (A) Soft ice (B) Dry ice (C) White ice (D) None of these 27. 1 kg of a liquid is converted into its vapour at its boiling point. The heat absorbed in the process is called— (A) Latent heat of vaporisation (B) Latent heat of fusion (C) Latent heat of sublimation (D) None of these 28. Whether all the universities in the country should start online admission at all levels with immediate effect ? (i) No, since all the students may not have access to the internet easily. (ii) Yes, it may liberate the students and their parents from the long-standing problems of knocking at the doors of different colleges and standing in queue. (A) Only argument (i) is correct (B) Only argument (ii) is correct (C) Neither argument (i) nor argument (ii) is correct (D) Both the arguments, (i) and (ii), are correct 29. The product ‘Fair and Lovely’ is related to— (A) WIPRO (B) I.T.C. (C) P & G (D) H.U.L. 30. Should the Government make it compulsory for the private medical colleges to join the entrance test conducted by the Government ? (i) No, private institutions should be empowered, so that they may decide their own admission strategy and improve their work-management. (ii) Yes, all medical institutions, whether these are private or government’s, should adopt the same entrance standard. (A) Only argument (i) is correct (B) Only argument (ii) is correct (C) Either argument (i) is correct or argument (ii) is correct (D) Neither argument (i) is correct nor argument (ii)

is correct 31. In case the President of India decides to resign, he will address his letter of resignation to— (A) Prime Minister (B) Chief Justice (C) Speaker of Lok Sabha (D) Vice-President 32. The metal extracted from Bauxite is— (A) Silver (B) Copper (C) Manganese (D) Aluminium 33. The Cyclone represents a state of atmosphere in which— (A) Low pressure in the center and high pressure around (B) There is high pressure in the center and low pressure around (C) There is low pressure all around (D) None of these 34. The ‘Ocean of Storms’ is the name given to— (A) Atlantic Ocean (B) Pacific Ocean (C) A waterless area on moon surface (D) None of these 35. The capital of Pallavas was— (A) Arcot (B) Kanchi (C) Malkhed (D) Banavasi 36. Which Indian state was ranked as the No. 2 tourist destination in the world by LONELY PLANET? (A) Himachal Pradesh (B) Tamil Nadu (C) Kerala (D) Uttarakhand 37. How much water is contained in our body by mass ? (A) 65% (B) 70% (C) 60% (D) None of these 38. What determines the sex of a child ? (A) Chromosomes of the father (B) Chromosomes of the mother (C) RH factor of the parents (D) Blood group of the father 39. The two civilizations which helped in the formation of Gandhara School of Art are— (A) Indian and Roman (B) Indian and Egyptian (C) Greek and Roman (D) Indian and Greek

40. ‘Thinkpad’ is a laptop associated with which among the following companies ? (A) HP (B) TCS (C) Infosys (D) IBM 41. The first summit of SAARC was held at— (A) Kathmandu (B) Colombo (C) New Delhi (D) Dhaka 42. The wire of flash bulb is made of— (A) Copper (B) Barium (C) Magnesium (D) Silver 43. The curves showing the volume pressure behaviour of gases plotted at different fixed temperatures are called— (A) Isochors (B) Isothermals (C) V.T.P. Curves (D) Isocurves 44. Project Tiger was launched in— (A) 1973 (B) 1976 (C) 1978 (D) 1983 Directions—(Q. 45 and 46) Attempt the question to the best of your judgement. 45. How many letters in the word TRYST have as many letters between them as in the alpha bet ? (A) None (B) 2 (C) 3 (D) 4 46. From the alternatives, select the set which is most like the given set. Given set (23, 29, 31)— (A) (17, 21, 29) (B) (31, 37, 49) (C) (13, 15, 23) (D) (41, 43, 47) Directions—What should come in place of question mark (?) in the following number series ? 47. 13 13 65 585 7605 129285 …?… (A) 2456415 (B) 2235675 (C) 2980565 (D) 2714985 48. If ‘VEHEMENT’ is written as ‘VEHETNEM’ then in that code how will you code ‘MOURNFUL’ ? (A) MOURLUFN


(B) Knowledge (C) Author (D) Teacher

49. MOLLIFY is to APPEASE as APPURTENANCE is to ? (A) Gratify (B) Avarice (C) Accessory (D) Amend

56. River : Dam : : Traffic : ? (A) Signal (B) Vehicle (C) Motion (D) Lane

50. Praduman is older than Janaki; Shreshtha is older than Chhama; Ravindra is not as old as Shreshtha but is older than Janaki. Chhama is not as old as Janaki. Who is the youngest ? (A) Praduman (B) Janaki (C) Shreshtha (D) Chhama 51. In a row of children facing North, Bharat is eleventh from the right end and is third to the right of Samir who is fifteenth from the left end. Total how many children are there in the row ? (A) 29 (B) 28 (C) 30 (D) 27 52. Which number is missing ? 45389, ?, 453, 34 (A) 34780 (B) 8354 (C) 4892 (D) 3478 53. If in the word CALIBRE, the previous letter in the English alphabet replaces each consonant and each vowel is replaced by the next letter and then the order of letters is reversed, which letter will be third from the right end ? (A) A (B) C (C) B (D) K 54. How many such digits are there in the number 57683421, each of which is as far away from the beginning of the number, as they will be when arranged in descending order within the number ? (A) One (B) Two (C) Three (D) More than three Directions—(Q. 55 to 57) In the following question there are two words to the left of the sign (::) which are connected in some way. The same relationship obtains between the third word and one of the four alter-natives under it. Find the correct alternative in each case. 55. Medicine : Sickness : : Book : ? (A) Ignorance

57. Session : Concludes : : ? : Lapses (A) Leave (B) Permit (C) Agency (D) Policy 58. If 16 = 11, 25 = 12, 36 = 15, then 49 = ? (A) 14 (B) 20 (C) 19 (D) 17 59. Pick out the odd in the following— (A) Ashok—Assam (B) Poonam—Punjab (C) Gyanendra—Gujarat (D) Anjana—Rajasthan 60. KEATS = 25, SHELLEY = 35, BROWNING =? (A) 45 (B) 37 (C) 50 (D) 40 Directions—(Q. 61 and 62) What approximate value should come in place of question-mark (?) in the following questions ? (You are not expected to calculate the exact value) 61. (9321 + 5406 + 1001) ÷ (498 + 929 + 660) = ? (A) 13•5 (B) 4•5 (C) 16•5 (D) 7•5 62. 561204 ×58 = ? ×55555 (A) 606 (B) 646 (C) 586 (D) 716 63. The difference between the greatest number and the smallest number of 5 digits 0, 1, 2, 3, 4 using all but once is— (A) 32976 (B) 32679 (C) 32769 (D) None of these 64. Area of a parallelogram whose base is 9 cm and height 4 cm is ……… sq cm. (A) 9

(B) 4 (C) 36 (D) 13 65. The number which is neither prime nor composite is— (A) 0 (B) 1 (C) 3 (D) 2 66. The length of a room is three times its breadth. If the perimeter of the room is 64 cm, then its breadth is ……… cm. (A) 64 (B) 32 (C) 16 (D) 8 67. Aditi read 4/5th of Tintin comic book which has 100 pages. How many pages of the book is not yet read by Aditi ? (A) 40 (B) 60 (C) 80 (D) 20 68. What is the meaning of beckoned ? (A) Summon by sign or gesture (B) Did not signal (C) Did not call (D) Invite 69. A box contains coins (equal no. of every one) of rupee and half rupee, coins of 25 paise, 10 paise, 5 paise value, 2 paise value and one paise value. The total value of coins in the box is Rs. 1158. Find the number of coins of each value. (A) 500 (B) 400 (C) 700 (D) 600 70. The area of a rhombus with diagonals 12 cm and 20 cm is ……… sq cm. (A) 120 (B) 12 (C) 20 (D) 240 71. A piece of road is one kilometer in length. We have to supply lamp posts. One post at each end, distance between two consecutive lamp posts is 25 metres. The number of lamp posts required is— (A) 41 (B) 51 (C) 61 (D) 42 72. There are 800 students in a class. On one particular day, if 1/10th of the students were absent, how many students were present ? (A) 700 (B) 650

(C) 720 (D) 750 73. The quotient in a division is 403. The divisor is 100 and the remainder is 58, the dividend is— (A) 40458 (B) 34058 (C) 43058 (D) 40358 74. A labourer was engaged for 25 days on the condition that for every day, he works, he will be paid Rs. 2 and for every day, he is absent he will be fined 50p. If he receives only Rs. 37•50, find the no. of days he was absent— (A) 5 (B) 6 (C) 7 (D) 4 Directions—(Q. 75 to 77) Choose the word/phrase which is most opposite in meaning to the word ? 75. Quixotic (A) Visionary (B) Whimsical (C) Realistic (D) Foolish 76. Rabid (A) Mad (B) Normal (C) Furious (D) Fanatical 77. Scurrilous (A) Inoffensive (B) Vulgar (C) Insulting (D) Coarse 78. Digits of first place and third place are interchanged of the numbers 349, 483, 766, 598, 674 and then the new numbers are arranged in ascending order. Which would be the fourth number ? (A) 483 (B) 766 (C) 674 (D) 598 79. What least number should be added to 2600 to make it a complete square ? (A) 3 (B) 9 (C) 1 (D) 25 80. When sun-light passes through a glass prism, which of the following colours refracts the most ? (A) Blue (B) Red (C) Orange (D) Green

81. If (78)2 is subtracted from the square of a number, we get 6460. What is that number ? (A) 109 (B) 112 (C) 111 (D) 115 82. The difference between 28% and 42% of a number is 210. What is 59% of this number ? (A) 900 (B) 420 (C) 885 (D) None of these 83. A–B means A is the father of B. A + B means A is the daughter of B. A ÷ B means A is the son of B. A ×B means A is the wife of B. Then, what is the relation of P with T in the expression P + S – T ? (A) Son (B) Daughter (C) Sister (D) Wife

(C) Allahabad (D) Chennai 89. What is ginger ? (A) Flower (B) Root (C) Stem (D) Leaf 90. Battle of Kalinga was fought at which of the following places ? (A) Udaigiri (B) Dhauli (C) Balasore (D) Barabaki 91. MIG aircraft manufacturing plant is located at which of the following places of Orissa ? (A) Beharampur (B) Sunabeda (C) Koraput (D) Sambalpur

84. Ellora caves in Maharashtra were built during the rule of which of the following dynasties ? (A) Rashtrakoot (B) Pallav (C) Pala (D) Chola

1. D

2. A

3. D

4. B

5. B

6. D

7. C

8. C

9. A

10. A

11. D

12. A

13. D

14. C

15. A

16. D

17. D

18. B

19. C

20. B

21. D

22. B

23. B

24. C

25. B

85. But for the Surgeon’s skill, the patient ……… died. (A) may have (B) must have (C) should have (D) would have

26. B

27. A

28. D

29. D

30. B

31. D

32. D

33. A

34. C

35. B

36. C

37. B

38. A

39. D

40. D

41. D

42. C

43. B

44. A

45. B

46. D

47. D

48. A

49. C

50. D

51. B

52. B

53. D

54. D

55. A

56. A

57. D

58. B

59. D

60. D

61. D

62. C

63. A

64. C

65. B

66. D

67. D

68. A

69. D

70. A

71. A

72. C

73. D

74. A

75. C

76. B

77. A

78. D

79. C

80. A

81. B

82. C

83. C

84. A

85. D

86. C

87. A

88. A

89. B

90. B

86. I want to see the Principal, …… I have something to tell him urgently. (A) so (B) for (C) since (D) and 87. I wasn’t really listening and didn’t ……… what he said. (A) catch (B) receive (C) accept (D) take

91. C

88. The first division of Congress took place in— (A) Surat (B) Kolkata

Latest Inventions / Discoveries in Science Substitute for human skin developed— Israeli surgeons have now developed a successful, safe and effective substitute for the human skin which in expected to find used market soon. The artificial skin called the ‘Omiderm’ in thin plastic transparent sheet.

Artificial corneas developed— For the first time in the history of medical science lab grown corneas, which could restore the sight of blind people have been developed by scientists in the United States. Scientists Discover Fern that Suck up Arsenic— As per reports dated Feb., 1, 2001, U.S. Scientists have found a fern that sucks up arsenic holding out the prospect of a fast, cheap and safe way of cleaning up contaminated mines and industrial sites. World’s First Rain-making Machine— Professor Stephan Salter at Scotland’s Edinburgh University has been awarded a government grant to develop the world’s first rain-making machine. Prof. Salter will create 200-foot high turbine to suck water out of sea and turn it into water vapours through noozles, spraying it up into the atmosphere. The rain maker, described as looking like ‘giant eggheater’, would be based on Catamarans’ and placed off the coast of desert land. Vegetable Salt— Researchers at the Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute at Bhavnagar (Gujarat) have succeded in producing salt from a vegetable plant. Named ‘Saloni’, it contains several important nutrients not normally found in sea salt. The institute has applied for an international patent. World’s First Remote Surgery— Australia’s top kidney specialist Dr. David Nicol of Brisbane’s Princess Alexandera Hospital helped doctors in New Zealand to carry out a delicate operation, removal of a diseased kidney from a woman, using advanced digital conferencing technology and remote control cameras to talk to his New Zealand counterparts throughout the operation. The First Artificial Structure— A team of researchers led by David Baker of Howerd Hughes Medical Institute at the University of Washington, USA has recently developed a novel functional 93- amino acid protein structure called Top-7. It is the first artificial protein structure designed and developed by scientists. As experts believe, this feat will go a long way in enabling scientists to have answers to some mind-boggling questions regarding the evolution of proteins as well as the process of a certain protein folding over others. Mice Created in Lab without Genetic Fathers— As per reports published in the April issue of Nature, a team of Japanese scientists led by Tamohiro Kono of the Tokyo University has succeeded in creating mice by using two genetic mothers and no father. It has been referred to as an unprecedented land mark in the sphere of genetic research as far as mammals are concerned. Particle Collider Test Successfully Conducted— The world’s largest particle Collider passed its first major test by firing two beams of protons in opposite directions around a 17 mile (27 km) underground ring on September 10, 2008 at the control centre of the CERN (European Organization for Nuclear Research) in what scientist believe could give a better understanding of origin and make up of the Universe. After a series of trial runs two white dots flashed on a computer screen indicating that the protons had travelled clockwise along the full length of the 4 billion Swiss francs ($ 3·8 billion) Large Hadron Collider, described as the biggest physics experiment in history. Physicists around the world now have much greater power to smash the components of atoms together in attempts to learn about their structure. The European Organization for Nuclear Research known by its French acronym CERN began firing protons—a type of subatomic particles around the tunnel in stages with the first beam injection. Five hours later, a beam was fired counter-clockwise. The collider is designed to push the proton beam close to the speed of whizzing 11,000 times a second around the tunnel.

First in India •

Earliest school of medicine known to humans: Ayurveda

● First Air Force in Asia to fly jets: Indian Air Force (1948) ● First Book in any Indian Language: It was printed in 1578 in Tamil. ● First Census in India: 1901 ● First Cinema House in India: It was built by J.F.Madan in 1907 in Calcutta. ● First complete Technicolor film: Jhansi Ki Rani (1953) ● First Constitutional Amendment: 1950 ● First country-wide agricultural census: 1970-71 ● First English Newspaper in India: Bengal Gazette printed in 1790 by James Augustus in

Calcutta. ● First Film Centre: Nandan. Located in Calcutta, it was inaugurated in September 1985. ● First Film with an all-female cast: Marathi Film Bindhast, directed by Chandrakant Kulkarni. ● First Five-Year Plan: Started in 1951 ● First General Elections: They were held in 1952. ● First hydroelectric project in India: Shivasamudram, across the River Kaveri in 1902 ● First Indian state to set up a women’s court: Andhra Pradesh ● First international co-production: Nala Damayanti (1921) made in collaboration with Italy. ● First Marine National Park: Jamnagar ● First Moonlit Animal House in Asia: Located in the Nehru Zoological Park, Hyderabad. ● First Navodaya School: Navegaon-Khairi in Nagpur ● First Postage Stamp: It was issued in India in 1852 at Karachi. ● First Printing Press: It was set up in Goa in 1556 by the Portuguese. ● First Railway Line: It was opened on April 16, 1853 between Bombay and Thane. ● First Rupee in India: It was minted during the reign of Sher Shah Suri in 1542. ● First ship built in India: Jala Usha built by Vishakapatnam Shipyard was commissioned in 1948. ● First silent feature film in India: Pundalik made in 1912 by N.G. Chitre and R.G. Torney. It was half British in its make. ● First solar crematorium: It is proposed to be set up in Valsad, Gujarat. ● First Solar Energy Centre: Gwalpahar, Gurgaon, Haryana ● First song-less film: JBH Wadia's Naujawan (1937). ● First south Indian film to be released in Korea: Tamil Film Muthu Maharaja (June, 2000) ● First Talkie Film: Alam Ara (1931) ● First Telefilm: Satyajit Ray's Sadgati (telecast on Doordarshan in April 1981) ● First Telegraph Line: It was laid between Calcutta and Agra in 1854. This line was 1280 km long. It was extended up to Lahore in 1857. ● First Telephone system: It was started in 1881 from Calcutta. ● First Television Reception Centre: Arvi, located in Maharashtra ● First veterinary college: Opened in Parel in Bombay in 1885. It is still in existence and is the oldest veterinary college in Asia. ● First Wind farm: Mandvi, Kutch in Gujarat ● Highest Airfield in the world: Thoise, Ladakh ● Highest road in India: Khardung La Pass ● India’s first Antartica expedition: January 11, 1982 ● India’s first Satellite: Aryabhatta, April 19, 1975 ● India's first colour film: Prabhat's Sairandhri, which was processed and printed in Germany in 1933. ● India's first fully indigenous silent feature film: Raja Harishchandra produced by Dada Saheb Phalke on May 3, 1913. ● India's first indigenously built missile destroyer: INS 'Delhi' (commissioned on November 15, 1997 at Mumbai). ● India's first indigenously built submarine: INS 'Shakti' (commissioned on February 7, 1992) ● India's first indigenously made colour film: Ardashir Irani’s Kisan Kanya made in 1937. ● India's first manufacturer of light bulbs and electrical equipment: Bengal Lamps, Calcutta (1933) ● India's First Oil well: Digboi (1890) ● India's first radio programme: This was broadcast privately with a 40w transmitter by the

Madras Presidency Club Radio in 1924. ● India's largest inland lake: Lake Chilika, Orissa ● Largest circulated multi-edition daily in India: Roudramukhi Swar in Hindi (12,92,277 copies in 1997). ● Largest circulated periodical in India: Malayala Manorama (11,27,414 copies) ● Largest circulated single edition newspaper in India: Hindustan Times from Delhi (5,40,919 copies in 1997). ● Largest Nandi in India: Nandi of the Leepakshi Temple at Andhra Pradesh ● Largest Stupa in India: Mahachaitya Stupa, Amravati, Andhra Pradesh ● Oldest era in the world: Hindu Era ● Oldest para-military force in India: Assam Rifles (1835) in Shillong ● Only Place in the world where a Brahmat Temple is found: Pushkar in Rajasthan ● Shortest era in the world: Christian Era ● State with the highest % of Scheduled Castes to total population: Punjab (28.31% - 1991 Census) ● State with the highest% of Scheduled tribes to total population: Mizoram (94.75%) ● State with the largest number of Scheduled Castes: Uttar Pradesh (29.276 million - 1991 Census) ● State with the largest number of Scheduled Tribes: Madhya Pradesh (15.399 million 1991 Census) ● State with the largest number of towns: Uttar Pradesh (704) ● State with the largest number of villages: Uttar Pradesh (1,12,803 - 1991 Census) ● State with the least number of towns: Nagaland (7) ● State with the lowest % of Scheduled tribes to total population: Uttar Pradesh (0.21%) ● State with the lowest number of Scheduled Castes: Mizoram (1000 - 1991 Census) ● State with the lowest number of Scheduled Tribes: Sikkim (91,000) ● State with the lowest number of villages: Goa (360 - 1991 Census) ● World's First University: Taxila (700 B.C.) ● World's highest STD/PCO facilities: Siachen glacier (established in November 1997) ● World's largest school: The Guinness Book of World Records recognizes City Montessori School in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, as the world's largest school with 23,000 students on its rolls. ● Youngest para-military force in India: Coast Guard (1978)

List of First in India (Woman) ● First Woman President of India : Pratibha Patil •

Delhi’s First Mayor: Aruna Asaf Ali (1958)

● Delhi's First woman chief secretary: Shailja Chandra ● Fastest Asian to swim across the English Channel: Anita Sood ● First all-women crew to fly an air Force Chetak Helicopter: Flight Cadets Cheryl Dutta and Simran Sodhi of IAF (December, 1995). ● First Asian woman magistrate appointed in United Kingdom: Kantha Talwar ● First Asian woman mayor in United Kingdom: Lata Patel ● First Indian woman President of Indian National Congress: Sarojini Naidu (1925) ● First Indian woman producer and director: Fatima Begum, who produced and directed Bulbul-e-Parastan in 1926. ● First Indian woman to become Miss Universe: Sushmita Sen (1994) ● First Indian woman to become Miss World: Reita Faria (1966)

● First Indian woman to climb Mt. Everest: Bachendri Pal ● First Indian Woman to go in space: Kalpana Chawla ● First woman to head any Wakf board in India : Bader Sayeed (TN Wakf Board) ● First Indian woman to reach the final of an Olympic event: P.T.Usha ● First Indian woman to win a medal in an Olympic event: Karnam Malleshwari (bronze medal, Sydney Olympics) ● First Indian woman boxer to win an international event : M.C.Merykom ● First Indian woman to swim across the English Channel: Arati Saha ● First Miss Universe of the new millennium: Lara Dutta ● First woman Ambassador from India: Vijay Lakshmi Pandit (to USSR from 1947-49) ● First woman Central Minister: Rajkumari Amrit Kaur ● First woman chief justice of a High Court: Leila Seth (CJ of Himachal Pradesh, 1991) ● First woman Chief Minister of an Indian state: Sucheta Kriplani (Uttar Pradesh from 19631967) ● First woman film star to be a member of Rajya Sabha: Nargis Dutt ● First woman Governor of an Indian state: Sarojini Naidu (Uttar Pradesh from 1947-1948) ● First woman Governor of Tamil Nadu: Justice M. Fatima Beevi (1997) ● First woman IPS Officer of India: Kiran Bedi ● First woman Judge of the Supreme Court: Justice M. Fatima Beevi (1989) ● First woman judicial officer: Anna Chandy, who was appointed munsif in the Travancore state in 1937. ● First woman Minister of an Indian state: Vijay Lakshmi Pandit (Uttar Pradesh) ● First woman officer of the Indian Air Force (IAF) to be promoted to the rank of air commodore: 55-year old Padma Bandhopadhyay who was commissioned to the IAF in 1968. ● First woman President of Indian National Congress: Annie Besant (1917) ● First woman President of UN General Assembly: Vijay Lakshmi Pandit (1953-54) ● First woman Prime Minister of India: Late Indira Gandhi (1966-1977 and 1980-1984). ● First woman Speaker of an Indian state: Shano Devi ● First woman Speaker of Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly :Kavali Prathibha Bharati ● First woman winner of the Bharat Ratna: Indira Gandhi (1971) ● Grandma Madonna from India: Asha Bhonsle ● India's first commercial pilot: Durba Banerjee (1966, Indian Airlines) ● India's first Test-Tube Baby: Kruti Parekh ● India's first woman railway driver: Surekha Yadao ● India's first woman tabla maestro : Dr Aban Mistry ● India's officially recognized billionth citizen: Astha (She was born on May 11,2000 at New Delhi). ● World's first woman Airbus pilot: Durba Banerjee ● Youngest Indian to swim across the English Channel: Arati Pradhan

List of First in India (Man) •

First American President to visit India- Dwight David Eisenhower

● First Asian to be elected president of Britain's Liberal Democratic Party (LDP): Lord Navnit Dholakia ● First Asian to head a British university: Lord Swaraj Paul (when he was elected Chancellor of the Wolverhampton University on May 9, 2000) ● First British Prime Minister to visit India: Harold Macmillan ● First Chairman of the University Grants Commission: S.S.Bhatnagar

● First Chief Election Commissioner of India: Sukumar Sen (21.3.1950 to 19.12.1958) ● First Chief Justice of India: Harilal J.Kania (26.1.1950-6.11.1951) ● First Chief Minister of the tri-lingual Bombay Presidency: B.G.Kher ● First Chief of Air Staff: Air Marshall Sir Thomas Elmherst (1947-1950) ● First Chief of Army Staff: Gen. Maharaj Rajendra Sinhji (1.4.1955 to 14.5.1955) ● First Commander-in-Chief: Gen.Sir Roy Bucher (1.1.1948 - 14.1.1949) ● First Dalit Lok Sabha Speaker: G M C Balayogi ● First Defence Minister of Independent India: Sardar Baldev Singh ● First Deputy Prime Minister of India: Sardar Vallabhai Patel ● First Director General of ICAR: B.P.Pal ● First Eunuch to be elected as a Mayor of an Indian city: Kamla Jaan, who elected Mayor of Katni city in Madhya Pradesh in January 2000. ● First Eunuch to get elected to a state legislature: Shabnam Mausi, won the Sohagpur Assembly constituency in Madhya Pradesh in the February 2000 elections. ● First European to invade India: Alexander ● First Field Marshal: Gen. S.H.F.J. Manekshaw ● First fighter pilot to win the Param Vir Chakra: Flying Officer Nirmaljeet Singh Sekhon (posthumous) for IAF in 1971 Indo-Pak conflict. ● First Foreign Secretary of Free India: K.P.S.Menon ● First Governor-General of Independent India: Lord Mountbatten ● First Indian bowler to get a hattrick in Test cricket: Harbhajan Singh ● First Indian Chief of Air Staff: Air Marshal Subroto Mukherjee (April 1, 1954). ● First Indian Chief of Naval Staff: Vice Admiral R.D.Katari (1958-1962). ● First Indian Governor-General of India: C.Rajagopalachari ● First Indian to be awarded with the 'Victoria Cross': Khuda Dad Khan (for Gallantry in Belgium during the first World War) ● First Indian to be elected a member of British Parliament: Dadabhoi Naoroji ● First Indian to be elected to the US House of Representatives: Dilip Singh Saund ● First Indian to go in space: Squadron Leader Rakesh Sharma. He went in the Soyuz 7-II Spacecraft on April 3, 1984 and returned on April 11, 1984. ● First Indian to hoist the National Flag over the North Pole: Squadron Leader Sanjay Thapar. ● First Indian to record a song on a gramophone disc: Sashi Mukhi of Classic Theatres, Calcutta (1902) ● First Indian to swim across the English Channel: Mihir Sen ● First Indian to win an Olympic Bronze: Khashaba Jadhav (wresting; 1952, Helsinki Olympics) ● First Indian to win the All England Open Badminton Tournament: Pullela Gopi Chand (March 11,2001) ● First Indian to win the World Billiards Championship: Wison Jones ● First Jnanpith Award Winner: G.Sankara Kurup (1965), for his work ‘Ottakkuzhal’ in Malyalam. ● First Minister without Portfolio: N.Gopalswami Ayengar in Jawaharlal Nehru's Cabinet. He, however, went on to become the Minister of Defence. ● First Photographer in India: Raja Deendayal ● First President of India: Dr Rajendra Prasad (1950-1962) ● First President of the Indian Union of Civil Liberties: Rabindranath Tagore (1930s). ● First Prime Minister of India: Jawaharlal Nehru (1947-1964) ● First Prime Minister to win a popular entertainment award: Atal Behari Vajpayee (when he won the Screen-Videocon "Best Lyricist" prize in the non-film music category for his collection of poems titled "Nayi Disha" in February 2000).

● First Secretary-General of South-South Commission: Dr Manmohan Singh ● First Surveyor General of India: Sir George Everest ● First Vice-President of India: Dr S.Radhakrishnan (1952-1962) ● First Winner of Param Vir Chakra: Maj.Somnath Sharma (posthumously) in November, 1947 ● India's first Test-tube baby: Harsha (born on August 6, 1986). ● Indian Johann Sebastian Bach: Ustad Ali Akbar Khan ● India's longest serving Chief Minister : Jyoti Basu ● Only Army Chief to be awarded with Maha Vir Chakra twice: Late Gen. A.S.Vaidya

First Woman in India ● Prime-Minister—Indira Gandhi ● Woman (India and World) who crossed English Channel through Swimming—Arti Shah ● Governor—Sarojini Naidu (U. P.) ● I. P. S.—Kiran Bedi ● President of National Congress—Anne Besant ● Chairman of the Union Public Service Commission—Rose-William Baithu ● Winner of Nobel Prize—Mother Teresa (for peace) ● Awardee of Miss World—Reeta Farhia ● Awardee of Miss Universe—Sushmita Sen ● Mayer—Tara Charian (Madras-1957) ● Minister in Central Cabinet—Rajkumari Amrit Kaur ● Chief Minister—Sucheta Kriplani ● Parliamentrian—Radhabai Subbarayan (1938) ● Judge of Supreme Court—Justice Meera Sahaib Fatima Bibi ● Chief Justice of High Court—Justice Leela Seth (Himachal Pradesh) ● Session Judge of the Counting—Anna Chandi (Kerala) ● Mountaineer who climbed (Conquered) the Mt. Everest—Bacchendri Pal ● Awardee of Norman Barlog Prize—Dr. Amrita Patil ● Literature who was awarded the Sahitya Akademi award—Amrita Pritam (1956) ● Honoured with ‘Bharat Ratna’—Indira Gandhi ● Awardee of Lenin peace award—Aruna Asaf Ali ● Awardee of Jananpith Purshkar—Asha Purna Devi (1976) ● Woman who reached ‘Antarctica’—Mahel Musa (1977) ● Woman who reached the North Pole—Pritisu Gupta (1993) ● Woman who travelled All round the world—Ujjawala Patil (1988) by Boat ● Chief Engineer—P. K. Tresia Naguli ● Pilot—Flying Officer Sushma Mukhopaddhyaya ● Air Lines Pilot—Capt. Durga Banerjee ● Commander of Boeing 737 Plane—Capt. Saudamini Deshmukh ● Paratrooper of Indian Air Force—Geeta Ghosh ● I. A. S.—Auna George Malhotra ● First television news broadcaster—Pratima Puri ● Participated in mustic programme of U.N.O.—M. S. Subbuluxmi (1966) ● Woman participated in Olympic games—Meri Lila Row (1952) ● Woman who won the medal in Olympic games—Malleshwari (weight lifting—Sydney) ● Woman who won the Gold Medal in Asian games—Kamaljeet Sidhu (1970, 400 metre)

● Woman who won the medal in Commonwealth games—Anil Ghiya and Kawal Thakur Singh (woman Doubles Badminton, 1978) ● Medal winner in International Athletic Championship—Anju B. George (2003 Paris) ● Grandmaster winner in Chess—Bhagiya Sri Thispey (1988) ● One hundred wicket taker in International Cricket—Indulgi (1986) ● Awardee of Arjun Purskar—N. Lamsden (Hockey, 1961) ● Woman who made hat-trick in football—Youlandade-Suza (1978) ● Awardee of Ashok Chakra—Neerja Bhanot (Posthumously) ● Awardee of Sena Medal—Vimla Devi (1988) ● Degree of graduation—Kadambni Ganguly (Bose) and Chandramukhi Bose (Kolkata University, 1883) ● Awardee of B. E. degree—Ella-Majumdar (1951) ● M.B.B.S. Degree awardee—Vidhumuti Bose and Virginia Mitter (Kolkata Medical College) ● First Surgeon—Dr. Prema Mukherjee ● Deputy Governor of Reserve Bank—K. J. Udesi (2003) ● Chairman of NABARD—Ranjana Kumar ● D. I. G. (Police)—Kanchan Chaudhry Bhattacharya ● Lieutenant General—Punita Arora ● Chairman of Indian Air lines—Shushma Chawla ● Barrister—Cornonia Sorabji (Allahabad High Court-1923) ● Advocate—Regina Guha ● Ambassador—Vijayalaxmi Pandit (U.S.S.R.-1947) ● Woman who crossed over Gibralter Strait by Swimming—Arati Pradhan ● World Record in Powerlifting—Sumita Laha (1989) ● Represented the nation in all three games (Cricket, Hockey and Basketball)—Shrin Khushro Kiyasa ● First Commercial test Pilot of the world—Capt. Surun Darsi and Capt. Rose Lopar ● Pilot of Indian Air Force—Harita Daoel ● Twice scaled the Mt. Everest—Santosh Yadav ● Ramon Magsaysay Prize awardee—Kiran Bedi ● Heroin awarded Dada Sahaib Phalke Prize—Devika Rani Rorik ● Youngest woman who scaled the Mt. Everest twice—Decky Dolma ● Scientist who was awarded Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar award—Ashima Chatterjee ● Foreign Secretary—Chokila Ayyar ● First Chief Secretary of the Country—Nirmala Buch ● First Space traveller—Kalpana Chawla ● Joint Director of C.B.I.—Archana Sunder Lingam ● Winner of Murti Devi Prize—Pratibha Rai ● Woman Contested the Presidential election—Capt. Laxmi Sahgal ● Air Vice-Marshal and Air-Marshal in Indian Air Force—P. Bondyopaddhyay ● Non-military Police Advisor in U.N.O.—Kiran Bedi ● Revenue Secretary—Vinita Rai ● Referee in Boxing—Rajia Sabnam ● First woman of Indian origin who stayed for the longest time in space—Sunita William ● Census—1872 ● Regular Decadal Census—Since 1881 ● Warship Aircraft Carrier—I. N. S. Vikrant ● National Nuclear Power Submarines—I. N. S. Chakra

● Football Club—Mohan Bagan–1889 ● Hydro-electric Project—Shiv Samudram (1902) ● Newspaper—Bengal Gazette (James Hikki) ● Vernacular Daily—Samachar Darpan ● Hindi Newspaper—Udant-Martand ● Telegraph Line—Diamond Harbour to Kolkata (1853) ● International Telephone Service—Mumbai to London (1851) ● Television Centre—New Delhi (1959) ● Colour Programme from T.V.—15th August, 1982 ● Silent Film—Raja Harish Chandra ● Talky Film—Alam-ara ● Satellite—Aryabhatta-19th April, 1975 ● Atomic underground test—Pokhran (18th May, 1974) ● Test tube baby—1986 born baby Harsha ● Country made missile—Prithvi (1988) ● Antarctica mission—1982 under the leadership Dr. S. Z. Quasim First Person in India ● First Governor-General of Independent India—Lord Lewis Mountbatten ● Indian Governor-General of Independent India—Chakravarti Rajgopalachari ● Chief of the Indian Armed Forces—General K. M. Carriappa ● Field Marshall—General S. H. F. J. Manekshaw ● President—Dr. Rajendra Prasad ● Vice-President—Dr. Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan ● Prime-Minister—Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru ● Non-Congress Prime-Minister—Atal Behari Bajpai ● British Governor-General of Bengal—Warren-Hastings ● Space traveller—S. Leader-Rakesh Sharma ● I. C. S.—Satendra Nath Tagore ● Swimmer who crossed over the English channel by swimming—Mihir Sen ● Raman-Magsaysay awardee—Acharya Vinoba Bhave ● Novel prize winner—Rabindra Nath Tagore ● President of National Congress—Vyomesh Chand Banerjee ● Chairman of Lok Sabha—G. B. Mavlankar ● Chief Election Commissioner—Sukumar Sen ● Indian Chairman in International Court—Justice Dr. Nagendra Singh ● Foreigner awardee of Bharat Ratna—Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan ● Leader of the Indian Antarctica Mission—Dr. Syed Zahuv Quasim ● Chief Justice of Supreme Court—Justice Hiralal J. Kaniya ● Awarded with ‘Bharat Ratnas’—Dr. Rajgopalachari, Sir C. B. Raman




● Posthumally Bharat Ratna Awardee—Lal Bahadur Shastri ● Person awarded Bhartiya-Gyan-Peeth Purskar—G. Shankar Kurup (Malayalam–1965) ● Successful Surgeon who transplanted heart—Dr. P. Venugopal ● Successful heart transplanted person—Devi Ram (1994) ● President of National Human Rights Commission—Justice Rangnath Mishra ● Hindi Literature person-awarded Bhartiya Gyan Peeth Purskar—Sumitra Nandan Pant (1968)

● Indian who won the World Billiard award—Wilson Jans ● Indian who won the Grammy award—Pt. Ravi Shankar ● Person delivered the Lecture in Hindi in U.N.O.— Atal Behari Bajpai (1977) ● Indian member in British House of Commons— Dada Bhai Naoroji (1892) ● First President of Indian Science Congress—Sir Asutosh Mukherjee ● Mountaineer who scaled Mount Everest 8 times—Sherpa-Augarita ● Writer who was awarded ‘Vyas Samman’—Ramvilas Sharma ● Indian Managing Director of World Bank—Gautam Kazi ● Player awarded ‘Padam Bhusan’—C. K. Naidu ● Indian players played Davis Cup—M. Salim and S. M. Jacob (Singles), A. A. Faiyaz and L. S. Dare (Doubles) (1921) ● Indian player who played the test cricket—K. S. Ranjeet Single (from England) ● Scientist elected for Lok Sabha—Dr. Meghnad Saha ● Scientist awarded Ghanshyam Das Birla award—Prof. Ashish Datta (1991) ● Literature who was awarded Murti Devi Purskar—C. K. Nagraj Rao (1993) ● Person, who became High Commission in Great Britain—V. K. Krishna-Menon ● Indian who was awarded the Lenin Peace Prize—Dr. Safuddin Kichlu (1952) ● First Indian who contested the election for British Parliament—Lal Mohan Ghose ● An Indian, appointed the judge of High Court, during the British period—Ram Prasad Ram ● Indian member of Viceroy Executive Council—Sir. S. P. Sinha ● Chairman of Finance Commission—K. C. Niogi ● Indian member of American Congress—Deleep Singh ● Bowler who made hat-trick in Test Cricket—Harbhajan Singh ● Batsman who made 300 runs in test Cricket—Virendra Sehwag ● First Marshal of Indian Air Force—Arjan Singh ● First Indian who individually won the Gold medel in Olympic games—Abhinav Bindra ● First Indian who won the Bronze medel in Boxing in Olympic games—Vijendra Kumar Some general science questions along with the answers are mentioned below. No Answer Question . Albert Einstein 1 The theory of relativity was propounded by


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The unit of loudness is



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Calcium hypochlorite


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Hydrochloric Acid


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Sulphuric Acid


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Hydrogen peroxide


A fungus which can only survive on other living organisms is called

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A plant which lives in the dark is called



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Bifocal lens was invented by

Benjamin Franklin


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Joseph Aspdin


Laser was invented by

Dr.Charles H.Townes


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William Sturgeon


Rayon was invented by

Sir Joseph Swann


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Constant temperature


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Council of Scientific and Industrial Research


ISRO stands for

Indian Space Research Organisation


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Neil Armstrong


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ISRO Satellite Centre


VSSC stands for

Vikram Sarabhai space Centre


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Augmented Satellite Launch Vehicle


INSAT stands for

Indian National Satellite


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Max Plonck


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James Watt


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Louis Braille

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Anders John Angstrom

Dactylography is the study of

Finger Prints

11 6

A tangent galvanometer is used to study the

Strength of direct current

11 7

The fruit of Oak is called


ZETA stands for

Zero Energy Thermonuclear Assembly

The formula C6H5OH stands for


Michael Faraday worked as an assistant under another scientist whose name was

Sir Humphry Davy

Vulcanised rubber was invented by

Charles Goodyear

The symbol Zn stands for


The symbol He stands for


Celluloid was invented by


Glider was invented by

Sir George Caley

Safety matches was invented by


Radio valve was invented by

Sir J.A.Fleming

Space Applications Centre is located at


Atomic Energy Commission is located at


Dynamics is the study of

Movements of bodies

13 1

Statics is the study of

Forces acting on bodies at rest

13 2

Mechanics is the study of

Forces acting on bodies

11 2 11 3 11 4 11 5

11 8 11 9 12 0 12 1 12 2 12 3 12 4 12 5 12 6 12 7 12 8 12 9 13 0

13 3 13 4 13 5 13 6 13 7 13 8 13 9 14 0 14 1 14 2 14 3 14 4 14 5 14 6 14 7 14 8 14 9 15 0 15 1 15 2 15 3 15 4 15 5 15 6 15 7 15 8 15 9 16 0 16 1 16 2

Zoology is the study of

Animal life

Botany is the study of

Plant life

Psychology is the study of

Human mind

The first American to orbit earth was

John H.Glen

The electro-cardiograph was invented by

William Einthoven

The molecular formula of cane sugar is


A compound which contains only hydrogen and Carbon is called a The liquid used to preserve specimens of plans and animals is


The law of segregaton was propounded by


Auriscope is used to detect

Ear disorders

The three states of matter are

Solid,liquid and gas

The scientific name for blood platelets is


The response of a plant to heat is called


The response of a plant to touch is called


The symbol Zr stands for


Nickel was discovered by


Manganese was discovered by


The common name for pottasium carbonate is


Bismuth was discovered by


The biggest plant seed is


Toxicology is the study of


Virology is the study of


Paleontology is the study of


Calorimeter is used to measure

Quantity of heat

Chronometer was invented by

John Harrison

Stethoscope was invented by

William Stockes

Spinning frame was invented by

Sir Richard Arkwright

Al stands for


Gd stands for


Ir stands for



16 3 16 4 16 5 16 6 16 7 16 8 16 9 17 0 17 1 17 2 17 3 17 4 17 5 17 6 17 7 17 8 17 9 18 0 18 1 18 2 18 3 18 4

Bi stands for


The Chemical formula of sodium bicarbonate is


The chemical formula of common salt is


The chemical formula of washing soda is


The chemical formula of lime soda is


The chemical formula of chloroform is


The study of grasses is known as


The study of antiquities is known as


The study of the duration of life is known as


The study of bacteria is known as


Nylon was invented by

Dr.Wallace H.Carothers

Electric razor was invented by

Jacob Schick

The symbol of silver is


The symbol of silicon is


The symbol of titanium is


Calcium oxide is commonly known as

Quick lime

A deviation of light passing from one medium to another is known as An apparatus for generation of atomic energy is called a A machine used for converting mechanical energy into electrical energy is called a


The first Indian woman in space was

Kalpana Chawla

The revolver was invented by

Samuel Colt

The refrigerator was invented by


Acrophobia: fear of heights Amaxophobia: fear of driving a car Anthrophobia: fear of flowers Achluophobia: fear of darkness Androphobia: fear of men Arithmophobia: fear of numbers Atychiphobia: fear of loneliness Bibliophobia: fear of books Cacophobia: fear of ugliness Chionophobia: fear of snow Chromophobia: fear of colors Cynophobia: fear of dogs Dendrophobia: fear of trees

Reactor Generator

Elurophobia: fear of cats Equinophobia: fear of horses Ephebiphobia: fear of young people Gynophobia: fear of women Gamophobia: fear of marriage Glossophobia: fear of speaking, especially in public Hemophobia: fear of blood Hydrophobia: fear of water Iatrophobia: fear of doctors Leukophobia: fear of white color Lockiophobia: fear of childbirth Mysophobia: fear of germs and dirt Noctiphobia: fear of the night Obesophobia: fear of gaining extra weight Papyrophobia: fear of paper Pedophobia: fear of children Pteromerhanophobia: fear of flying Pyrophobia: fear of fire Philophobia: fear of love Scolionophobia: fear of school Somniphobia: fear of sleep Technophobia: fear of technology Trypanophobia: fear of injection Urophobia: fear of urinating Verminophobia: fear of germs Xenophobia: fear of strangers Zeusophobia: fear of gods Agoraphobia: fear of society or situation Arachnophobia: fear of spiders Acrophobia: fear of heights Xenophobia: fear of foreigners or strangers Carcinophobia: fear of cancer Necrophobia: fear of the death

Important Alloys and their composition Alnico Duralumin Rose metal Brass Bronze Nickel silver Steel Stainless steel Cast iron Pig iron Wrought iron German silver Nichrome Sterling silver Solder

(aluminum, nickel, cobalt) (copper, aluminium) (lead, tin, bismuth) (zinc, copper) (tin, aluminium, Copper) (nickel, copper) (carbon, Iron) (chromium, nickel, Iron) (carbon, Iron ) (carbon, Iron ) (carbon, Iron ) (copper, zinc, Nickel) (chromium, Nickel) (copper, Silver) (lead, antimony, tin)

Abbreviations and full forms 1. AAA -> Asian Athletics Association 2. ADB -> Asian Development Bank 3. AICTE -> All India Council For Technical Education 4. AIDS -> Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome 5. AIIMS -> All India Institute Of Medical Science 6. AITUC -> All India Trade Union Congress 7. ALGOL -> Algebraic Oriented Language 8. ANN -> Artificial Neural Network 9. ASCII -> America Standard Code for Information Interchange 10.ASEAN -> Association Of South East Asian Nations 11.ASLV -> Augmented Satellite Launch Vehicle 12.AT & T -> American Telegraphic & Telephone Co.,Ltd 13.ATM -> Automated Teller Machine B 1. BARC -> Bhabha Atomic Research Centre 2. BBC -> British Broadcasting Corporation 3. BHEL -> Bharath Heavy Electricals Ltd., 4. BIFR -> Board Of Industrial Reconstruction 5. BP -> Blood Pressure 6. BPL -> Below Poverty Line 7. BPO -> Business Process Outsourcing 8. BSE -> Bombay Stock Exchange 9. BSF -> Border Security Force 10.BSNL -> Bharath Sanchar Nigam Ltd., 11.BRIC -> Brazil, Russia, India, China C 1. C-in-C -> Commender in Chief 2. c.v -> Curriculum Vitae 3. CAT -> Career Aptitude Test 4. CBI -> Central Bureau Of Investigation 5. CDMA -> Code Division Multiple Access 6. CEO -> Chief Executive Officer 7. CIS -> CommonWealth Of Independent States 8. CMP -> Common Minimum Programme 9. CNN -> Cable News Network 10.COSMAT -> Communication Satellite Corporation 11.COPRA -> Consumer Protection Act 12.CRR -> Cash Reserve Ratio 13.CSIR -> Council Of Scientific & Industrial Research 14.CSO -> Central Statistical Organisation 15.CVC -> Chief Vigilence Commision D 1. DDT -> Dichloro-diphenyl Trichloro-ethane 2. DNA -> Deoxyribo-nucleic Acid

3. DPT -> Diphtheria , Pertussis & tetanus (Vaccine) 4. DOTS->Directly Observed Treatment, Short-course E 1. E-MAIL -> Electronic Mailing 2. ECG -> Electro Cardio Gram 3. ELISA -> Enzyme Linked Immuno-Sorbent Assay 4. ERM -> European Exchange Rate Mechanism 5. ESCAP -> Economic & Social Commision for Asia & the Pacific. 6. EVE -> Economic Valuation of the Environment F 1. FAO -> Food & Agriculture Organistion 2. FAQ -> Frequently Asked Question (2) Fair Average Quality 3. FCI -> Food Corporation of India 4. FII -> Foriegn Institutional Investors 5. FIR -> First Information Report 6. FLAG -> Fibre optic Link Around the Globe 7. FM -> Frequency Modulation G 1. G7 -> Group of Seven (US, UK, Germany, France, Italy, Japan & Canada) 2. GAIN -> Global Alliance For Improved Nutrition 3. GATE -> Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering 4. GAVI -> Global Alliance for Vaccines & Immunisation 5. GBP -> Geosphere-Biosphere Programme 6. GDP -> Gross Domestic Product 7. GMAT -> Graduate Management Aptitude Test 8. GMRT -> Gaint Metrewave Radio Telescope 9. GMT -> Greenwhich Mean Time 10.GNP -> Gross Net Product 11.GRE -> Graduate Record Examination 12.GSLV -> Geo-Synchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle 13.GSM -> Global System for Mobile Communication 14.GUI -> Graphical User Interface H 1. HAL -> Hindustan Aeronautics Limited 2. HB -> Hard Black (pencil) 3. HDML -> Hyper Devices Markup Language 4. HIV -> Human Immunodeficiency Virus 5. HTML -> Hyper Text Markup Language 6. http -> Hypertext Transfer Protocal 7. HUDCO -> Housing & Urban Development Corporation I 1. IA&AS -> Indian Audit & Accounts Service 2. IAAI -> International Airport Authority of India 3.

IAEA -> International Automic Energy Agency

4. IAMR -> Institute of Applied ManPower Research

5. IAS -> Indian Administrative Service 6. IBM -> International Business Machines 7. IBRD -> International Bank for Reconstruction Development 8. ICU -> Intensive Care Unit 9.

ICWA -> Indian Council of World Affairs

10.ICWAI -> Institute of Cost & Works Accountants of India 11.IDA -> International Development Agency 12.IDBI -> Industrial Development Bank of India 13.IFC -> Industrial Finance Corporation 14.IFS -> Indian Foriegn Service 15. IGNOU -> Indira Gandhi National Open University

16.IISCO -> Indian Iron & Steel Company 17.ILO -> International Labour Organisation 18.IMF -> International Monetary Fund 19. IMNCI -> Integrated Management of Neonatal and Childhood

Illnesses 20.INA -> Indian National Army 21. INSAT -> Indian National Satellite

22.IOC -> Indain Oil Corporation 23.IP -> Internet Protocal 24.IPC -> Indian Penal Code 25. IPS -> Indian Police Service

26.IQ -> Intelligence Quotient] 27.IRDP -> Intergrated Rural Development Programme 28.IRS -> Indian Revenue Service 29. ISI -> Indian Statistical Institute 30. ISKCON -> International Society for Krishna Consciousness

31.ISRO -> Indian Space Research Organisation 32. IST -> Indiannal Standard Time

33.ITI -> Indian Telephone Industry K 1. KISCO -> Kudremukh Iron & Steel Company L 1. LASER -> Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation 2. LCD -> Liquid Crystal Display 3. LPG -> Liquified Petroleum Gas M 1. MICR -> Magnetic Ink Character Recognition 2. MRTP -> Monopolies Restrictive Trade Practices Act N 1. NABARD -> National Bank for Agriculture & Rural Development 2. NAC -> National Advisory Council 3. NAFTA -> North American Free Trade Agreement 4. NASA -> National Aeronautics & Space Administration 5. NASDAQ -> National Association of Security Dealers Automated Quotation 6. NASSCOM -> National Association of Software & Service Companies

7. NATO -> North Atlantic Treaty Organisation 8. NCC -> National Cadet Corps 9. NCERT -> National Council for Education Research & Training 10.NDA -> National Development Council 11.NIMHANS -> National Institute of Mental Health & Neuro Sciences 12.NTPC -> National Thermal Power Corporation O 1. ONGC -> Oil & Natural Gas Corporation 2. OPEC -> Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries 3. OSCAR -> Orbiting Satellite Carrying Amature Radio P 1. PAN -> Permanent Account Number 2. PIL -> Public Interest Litigation 3. PIN -> Postal Index Number 4. PSLV -> Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle R 1. R&D -> Research & Development 2. RAM -> Random Access Memory 3. RBI -> Reserve Bank of India 4. ROM -> Read Only Memory 5. RSS -> Rashtriya Swayam Sewak Sangha S 1. SAIL -> Steel Authority of India 2. SAM ->Surface to Air missile 3. SAPTA -> South Africa Preferential Trade for Agreement 4. SARS -> Severe Acute Respiration Syndrome 5. SEBI -> Securities & Exchange Board of India 6. SIM -> Subscriber Information Module 7. SLV -> Satellite Launch Vehicle 8. STD -> Subscriber Trunk Dialing T 1. TADA -> Terrorist & Disrupted Activities 2. TELCO -> Tata Engineering & Locomotive Company 3. TRIMS ->Trade Related Investment Measures 4. TRIPS -> Trade Related Intellectual Property Rights 5. TRYSEM -> Training of Rural Youth for Self-Employment U 1. UNESCO -> United Nations Educational Scientific & Cultural Organisations 2. UNI ->United News of India 3. UPA -> United Progressive Alliance 4. UPS -> Uninterrupted Power Supply 5. UPSC -> Union Public Service Commission 6. URL -> Uniform Resource Locator V 1. VAT -> Value Added Tax

2. VIRUS -> Vital Important Resources Under Siege 3. VSSC -> Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre W 1. WAN -> Wide Area Network (2) World Association of Newspaper 2. WHO -> World Health Organisation 3. WTO ->World Trade Organisation 4. WWW -> World Wide Web 5. XPD -> X-Ray Photoelectron Diffraction Z 1. ZIP -> Zone Improvement Plan

Common Name

Chemical Name


Potassium aluminum sulfate


Aluminum oxide

aqua fortis

nitric acid

Aqua regia

nitrohydrochloric acid


magnesium silicate


Acetyl salicylic acid


mineral form of basic copper carbonate

Baking powder

Sodium bicarbonate

Baking soda

Sodium hydrogen carbonate

Battery acid

Sulfuric acid

black lead

graphite (carbon)

Bleaching powder

chlorinated lime; calcium hypochlorite

caustic lime

calcium hydroxide

caustic potash

potassium hydroxide

Caustic soda

Sodium hydroxide


Calcium carbonate




Dichloro diphenyl trichloroethane


Calcium magnesium carbonate

Freon (refrigerant)

Dichloro difluoro methane


Lead II sulfide




Calcium sulfate dihydrate

Heavy water

Deuterium oxide

Laughing gas

Nitrous Oxide


Calcium oxide

lime, slaked

calcium hydroxide


Calcium carbonate


aqueous solution of calcium hydroxide

Lunar caustic

Silver nitrate


Calcium carbonate

Marsh gas


Milk of lime

Calcium hydroxide

Moth balls



Fuming sulfuric acid

Plaster of Paris

Calcium sulfate


Potassium carbonate


Silicon dioxide


Calcium oxide

Salt, table

Sodium chloride


Silicon dioxide


Silicon dioxide

Sugar of lead

Hydrated lead acetate

Sugar, table



Acetic acid, ethanoic acid

Vitamin C

Ascorbic acid


sulfuric acid

Washing soda

Sodium carbonate decahydrate

white caustic

sodium hydroxide

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